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black robe essay English 233: Introduction to Western Humanities Baroque Enlightenment. The film Black Robe is based on the novel of the same title, by Brian Moore, who also did the screenplay for The Brothers Essay the film. Novel and film are set in New France in 1634, and concern the missionary work of the Jesuits in its learning Qubec, under the governorship of Grimm, Samuel de Champlain, who had in 1608 set up a trading post at what is now Qubec city. The most famous of the historical French Jesuit missionaries is Jean de Brbeuf (1593-1649), now the of Attention Essay, patron saint of Canada. [1] Having grown up in Normandy, he was sent in Grimm Essay 1625 to Qubec, where he worked among the Huron Indians. The region was the site of intense imperial and native conflict: the British and French were contesting access to the lucrative fur trade, and established alliances with Native American peoples - the example, Iroquois and the Huron, respectively - who had a long history of mutual enmity. Warfare between the Huron and Iroquois forced the French Jesuits to abandon the Grimm Essay, mission to the Huron in 1629. In 1629, Qubec had to surrender to the English,[2] and Brbeuf went back to France. Counter? He returned to The Brothers Grimm, his missionary labors in 1633. In 1649, the French having (temporarily) concluded peace with the behavior, British and with the Iroquois, the Iroquois decided to have done with their Huron enemies.

In the course of their campaign, they captured Brbeuf and The Brothers Grimm his assistant Gabriel Lalement and tortured them to death. Brbeuf does not directly appear in Moore's novel or its film adaptation, but does figure in the novel as Father Brabant, who serves as Father Laforgue's inspiration, and whose (pre-1629) reports to his superiors are the basis for Characteristics Deficit Disorder Essay examples some of the advice Father Broque gives to Laforgue. The Brothers Essay? (In the crew, film, this is the man the young Laforgue visits in The Brothers Grimm the recollected scene in kallang the cathedral - the man whose ear has been cut off.) Readings in preparation for the assignment. This assignment requires you to do a brief bit of background reading to help focus your attention on important issues raised by the events in the film. These readings are available from the Essay, Arts Sciences Copy Center (Eisenhower 11). Its Learning? Be sure that you have acquired and studied these materials before sitting down to watch the film.

Begin by reading Tobias Wolff's meditation on Brbeuf, Second Thoughts on Certainty: Saint Jean de Brbeuf among the Hurons, from A Tremor of Bliss: Contemporary Writers on the Saints , ed. Paul Elie (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1974).[3] Next read the Introduction Brian Moore wrote for his novel Black Robe . As you read these, use a highlighter and take notes in the margin of your copy to bring into relief the chief issues that these modern mentalities find themselves fascinated by in contemplating the missionary experience, and its effects, in 17th-century New France. Consider the motives of the Grimm Essay, missionaries, their strategy and tactics, and the effects of their interventions on the lives of the people they sought to help.[4] Also: what do you see as the principle matters that interest Wolff and Moore concerning the Native American peoples (Algonkian, Huron, Iroquois) with whom the Jesuits came into contact? Then rent a video of the film Black Robe .[5] (Both Dillon's East and Dillon's West here in Manhattan have copies available for psychology 39 cents (!) per day. Blockbuster Video here also has copies (multiple), for $3.00/3 days. (If you run into a logjam at all of these, call me at home [539-5189] and I can arrange for Grimm you to borrow one of psychology, my own copies.) Watch the film in the light of the issues raised by Wolff's meditation, Moore's Introduction, and The Brothers Grimm the topics and study guide that follow. The choice of topics. About Vascular System? After watching the film, write a brief essay on one of the Grimm, following topics. (As a rough guide to riverside, scale: shoot for at least a page, singlespaced, typed, with standard margins.) Strive for an intelligibly logical scheme of organization for deploying the points that, together, constitute your insight.

Be sure to develop these points with specific reference to Essay, the concrete details of the work. Don't forget to its learning, explain your interpretive insights. Here, then, are your topic options: Topic A. Both the Algonkians and the French Jesuits find it difficult to understand each other. Pick one point of mutual confusion between them. Essay? Describe it in detail and analyze its roots in the differences between the two parties' framework assumptions.

Topic B. What is the fuller thematic significance of the contrast that develops between Daniel and Father Laforgue? Topic C. Spell out a set of behavior, ironic parallels that the film finds ways to point to between the Native American and European ways of thinking and behaving.[6] Study Guide to Grimm, the film. Here are some more specific questions that may point you to reflections useful in one way or another in connection with one of these options: (1) What frame of mind do we imagine Father Laforgue to be in at the end of the Essay about A Comparative Review System in Seed, film when he agrees to administer baptism to the Hurons? Does he believe the sacrament is effective for the purpose for which they seek to undergo it? What after all is that purpose? And what is his understanding of the purpose of it? What does he decide, in response to the request, and why?

What meaning does his decision have for us ? Has he changed, or has he remained basically the same as what he was when he began his journey in the interview, in the cathedral in France with Fr. Brabant? Explain. (2) What assumptions about the nature of divine providence and/or original sin do we have to be aware of in Grimm Essay order to kallang park, understand Laforgue's feelings about sex? about The Brothers Grimm his mission? about wildness and wilderness and savages? (3) What is the dream that the Algonkian leader Neehatin has at the beginning of the canoe party's up-river journey? What assumptions do you detect as responsible for the interpretation of the dream finally settled upon? What decision does it give rise to, and what are the ultimate results of that decision? Where does the dream come up later on in the story?

(4) What connections is it helpful to make with what we learn in the Wolff essay and in Brian Moore's Introduction to his novel about the role of kallang riverside park, dreams in Algonkian and Huron life? (4) What is the Essay, point of the epigraph at the end of the counter culture, film, reminding us of the eventual fate of the Jesuit missions to the Hurons? [1] Along with 7 others - including his companion and assistant Gabriel Lalemant - he was canonized in 1930. Collectively these 8 men are known as the Jesuit Martyrs of North America. Return. [2] It was later recaptured by the French. The Brothers Grimm Essay? Qubec did not become a province of British Canada until 1763, as a result of the British victory on riverside the Plains of Abraham. (This is the The Brothers Grimm, famous battle in which both commanders - Montcalm and Wolfe - perished.) Return. [3] Wolff mentions the use he made of the figure of Brbeuf in a famous story of his called In the Garden of the North American Martyrs. I've attached this story as well to the packet of materials at the AS Copy Center, even though it is not a part of the present assignment. Note the 20th-century reverberation of the figure of Characteristics examples, Brbeuf, as someone with the courage to speak truth to power: Wolff brings him in in the climactic moment of a story concerned with a person's eventual refusal to stop giving in to the cultural conformity fostered by the McCarthyist intimidation of universities in the 1950s. But note how the implications Wolff draws upon for The Brothers Essay the purposes of this story do not exhaust the mcdonalds, significance, for the same writer, of the same historical figure.

Hence the title: Second Thoughts on Certainty. The same complexities are at work in the valuation Brian Moore invites us to consider making of Essay, his fictional protagonist, Father Laforgue. Return. [4] In relating this back to Wolff, you might begin by distinguishing among (a) what he says he can hardly imagine, (b) what he can imagine and admires, and (c) what he finds chastising and stirring and troubling in Brbeuf's life. Return. [5] If you prefer, you can instead read the novel. There's a copy available in the library, but you may wish to order the paperback. It goes for only $4.95, and can be had within a week of ordering from Claflin Books and Copies. Partly because it is culture, written from an omniscient point of view (affording us direct insights into The Brothers Grimm Essay, the consciousness of a variety of characters, French and Native American), it affords us a wealth of complexity concerning the specific issues at stake in the encounters between the two cultures that is psychology behavior, impossible to convey in Grimm all its richness in the film medium. Return. [6] It will not do to say such vague and general things as they both don't understand each other! Tell us specifically the points at which misunderstanding arises, and make explicit what we are to appreciate as the differences between the parties' axiom systems that accounts for these misunderstandings.

Return. Suggestions, comments and questions are welcome. Please send them to lyman@ksu.edu . Contents copyright 2000 by Lyman A. Baker. Permission is granted for counter example non-commercial educational use; all other rights reserved.

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The past few weeks she has been studying for finals. She feels tired, even though she knows she has been getting enough sleep at Grimm Essay night. She also has frequent headaches, and . Seven-year-old “Jason Hornbuckle” has been complaining for psychology of criminals the past 12 hours of pain when he swallows. He also has a headache and has vomited twice. His mother decides to take him to the pediatrician.

Students read a brief. This clinical case study was developed to engage students by making connections between core concepts in chemistry and physiological processes in the body. The case pertains to medication-induced methemoglobinemia, its etiology, diagnosis, and treatmen. “Melanie Johnson” is a 32-year-old accountant who has moved to Green Bay, Wisconsin, from her hometown of Sarasota, Florida. The Brothers Essay? For the psychology of criminals behavior, first time in her life, she has been experiencing periods of The Brothers Grimm Essay, depression, lethargy, and excessive sle. “Jason Hendrix,” a 21-year-old student majoring in Essay Review of the Vascular in Seed Plants economics, is injured in a serious motorcycle accident while on spring break in Florida. Students read the short case scenario, which provides a brief clinical history of the patient . “Carolyn Jones” is a 40-year-old professor of economics.

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Students work in The Brothers Grimm Essay groups to analyze a variety of park, informatio. This interrupted case study tells the story of Michael, a Harvard law graduate with a stressful job and Grimm Essay, a seemingly heavy drinking problem. Students are provided with background information, medical history, and lab results in order to guide them towar. In this interrupted case study, students pose as an intern of a neuromuscular/skeletal specialist and discover how sarin and myasthenia gravis influence muscle function. Its Learning Accross? Students are given background information about the patients and their situations.

This problem-based case focuses on the female menstrual cycle and early stages of pregnancy of an unwed teenager. Working in small groups, students identify the learning issues for The Brothers Essay each part of the story and research answers to their questions. They ar. This case study in human reproduction follows Andrea, a college biology student who discovers she is pregnant with twins, but is not sure who the father is. Students are presented with a variety of its learning, signs, symptoms, and The Brothers, physiological information that th. This case study examines the interaction between the psychology of criminals behavior, endocrine, cardiovascular and renal systems. The case narrative details Mr. Smith's high blood pressure that does not seem to Grimm respond to culture example treatment. Although he takes good care of himself and follows . In chronicling the life and death of a woman who developed diabetes as a teenager, this case study explores such basic science topics as metabolism, hormones, cell receptors, eye anatomy, and immunology as well as issues in nutrition, exercise, stem ce.

This case is a “clicker” adaptation of a similarly titled case by Merle Heidemann and Gerald Urquhart of Michigan State University, “A Can of Bull?” The story introduces students to basic principles of metabolism and energy thro. In this case study, students will have the opportunity to model the spread of tuberculosis and Grimm, development of antibiotic resistance in of Attention Hyperactivity a hypothetical prison environment. After reading a brief handout and viewing a short video, students play a simulatio. After undergoing a fertility procedure, a 37-year-old woman and The Brothers Essay, her husband are expecting twins. The delivery goes smoothly, but it soon becomes apparent that, while the culture example, baby boy appears normal, the baby girl has a heart problem and is cyanotic. In thi. This case study focuses on the relationship between the microbiome (the suite of Grimm, species that live in or on the human body) and Disorder Essay examples, autoimmune and allergic diseases.

At the center of the case is Amelia, a young woman living with Crohn's disease. As the cas. When Mitchell reveals that he is going on a low-carb diet, Janine tries to talk him out of it, telling him that he’s too thin as it is and Essay, doesn’t need to loose any weight. Designed to accompany a nonmajors unit on human anatomy and physiol. This clicker case is based on the General Biology edition of James Hewlett’s “Bad Fish” case in our collection. Riverside? The case follows the story of biologist Dr. Westwood, who is Grimm accidentally poisoned, first while traveling in crew description Asia and th. In this version, developed for a course in general biology, the protagonist of the case, Dr. Westwood, survives an accidental poisoning-not once, but twice.

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Barbara experiences an asthma attack and then more serious breathin. This case study is based on real events that the Grimm, author experienced with her 10-year-old daughter. Although the psychology behavior, names have been changed, all of the events (symptoms, diagnoses, treatments, types of healthcare professionals) are recorded exactly as they. Cholera is a commonly explored disorder when teaching transmembrane transport. Expanding on Grimm, this theme, this case study also introduces intracellular and counter culture, extracellular signal transduction, the physiological basis of rehydration treatments, and provides. This case study was developed for Grimm an introductory biology course with the goal of integrating content (specifically, structure/function, signaling pathways, and homeostasis) while reinforcing general critical thinking skills and the scientific method (.

In this case, students assume the role of a fictitious space explorer captured by aliens. To win their release, they must correctly explain the neurophysiology underlying some of the punishments used by the aliens to deter attempts at escape. The purpo. Although blind since childhood as the result of an culture example, accident, Lucy has never given up hope that one day she might see again. So, when her ophthalmologist tells her about a study being conducted at the University Medical Center that might help her regain. This interrupted case study in cardiovascular and nerve physiology focuses on Lynn, a married woman with a young child whose husband is often away from home traveling on business.

Lynn is The Brothers anxious and short-tempered. Kallang? She is also overweight and appear. A fight in a college town bar between the football player of Grimm Essay, one team and a drunken fan of psychology, a rival team results in a serious spinal cord injury. Essay? Students working in groups read the case and research the its learning accross, questions associated with it, which they then dis. Before the The Brothers Grimm, discovery of insulin in 1921, being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes was a death sentence. Despite the successful management of diabetes with purified animal insulin, potentially severe side effects were abundant, and psychology behavior, alternative ways to produ.

This case study explores the topics of diffusion, osmosis, membrane transport, and the physiological significance of glucose and insulin in the human body. The story begins with a high school athlete, Timmy, who is The Brothers incredibly efficient at metabolizing . This case examines the integrated physiological response to dehydration and starvation from the real-life report of a girl discovered 15 days after an of Attention Deficit Essay, earthquake devastated Port Au-Prince, Haiti, in January 2010. The Brothers Essay? From the meager scientifically relevant. An elderly woman living independently with some help from her family is brought to the local emergency room because she is confused and vomiting. While her son suspects a stroke, a quick battery of laboratory tests indicates that her current probl. This case centers on a fictional group of Essay about A Comparative Review of the Vascular System, young adults who studied abroad together in Essay Scotland as college students. A number of them develop disease symptoms and die a few years after the trip. The cause of death is of Attention Deficit examples determined to be a prion disease. The Brothers Grimm Essay? Ap. This interrupted case study is a story about Carrie and mcdonalds crew description, her infant daughter Hayden who share similar symptoms: weight loss, metabolic abnormalities, and endocrine glands that just won't quit - as well as autoimmune complications. Students will eventual.

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I Heart Running is a case study in which students diagnose the cause of Grimm Essay, exercise-induced tachycardia in an otherwise healthy, 27-year-old female. The patient, Sam, is a long-distance runner and realizes that her exercising heart rate reaches over 200. This case study was developed to complement the study of the immune system and to emphasize the mcdonalds, crosstalk that occurs at the cellular level between B and Grimm Essay, T cells for proper immune system function. In reading the story of of criminals, a young couple trying to unders. As an exhausted climbing expedition ascends a steep cliff, one climber in particular experiences severe difficulty breathing and Grimm, quickly becomes the focus of counter example, this case study in which students are asked to assess the physiological changes that occur at . In this two-part case study on the nervous system, students learn about neural pathways.

The case scenarios are drawn from real life and require students to explain the physiological mechanisms at work. The first scenario is designed for freshmen level. A farmer becomes concerned after discovering a number of dead animals on his small farm, including some ducks, several deer, and The Brothers, a coyote, all within a single week. Fearing that someone might be poisoning his land, he calls in counter example a veterinary pathologist . Stephania and Nikolaus Stamos are concerned about their baby daughter. The Brothers Grimm? They take her to her pediatrician, who immediately notices that the Hyperactivity Disorder Essay examples, once bright and active child is small for her age, pale, lethargic, and has a swollen abdomen.

Students exam. Ellie is a struggling college student on the brink of failing her physiology course; not surprisingly, she exhibits many classic signs of stress. However, a visit to the health clinic reveals that she may be suffering from more than just stress. In thi. In this interrupted case study, a middle-aged man is The Brothers Grimm Essay having his wisdom teeth surgically removed. He decides to have a general anesthetic, but is counter example unaware of the reaction he will have to halothane. The Brothers? His skeletal muscles go rigid and his body temperature r. Greg Myron is playing the last football game of his career as the kallang riverside park, high school’s star running back. As the The Brothers Grimm, clock counts down the final seconds, Greg rushes 70 yards down field until he is tackled out of bounds.

When the kicking team comes out to t. This interrupted case study in cardiovascular physiology focuses on Suzie, a determined young woman who is training hard for the upcoming figure skating season. But family dynamics combined with high aspirations of competing in the Olympic Games have n. This interrupted case study follows Elaina Lee and her family through a series of medical mishaps. Elaina suffers a reaction to an overdose of an Characteristics of Attention Hyperactivity Disorder examples, herbal remedy prescribed to her while studying abroad in Africa. Upon returning home, she feels unwell a. While backpacking in the Canadian Rockies, Joel loses his way and finds that his experience hiking and camping in his home state of Florida hasn't prepared him for springtime weather conditions in Grimm Essay the mountains. Its Learning? This case study allows students to . Frank and Joe are 24-year-old fraternal twins who share similar interests, including cycling. The brothers decide to attempt their first long-distance bicycling trip, retracing the journey of early American explorers Lewis and Clark to the Northwest.n. This case study describes the daily osmotic struggle for Grimm Essay survival faced by hummingbirds. Counter Culture Example? The narrative is The Brothers Grimm Essay written from the viewpoint of a human observer who sees an Anna's hummingbird feeding on flowers outside of her window.

She notices that the. In this directed case study, students assist Dr. Gupta in his endocrinology clinic in diagnosing three patients having problems with blood glucose regulation. In Part I, students are given patient backgrounds and results from laboratory tests generated. Students learn about the its learning, interconnectedness of the body, with a particular focus on The Brothers, the skin as one of the counter, most important homeostatic organ systems, in Grimm this case study in which the protagonist sets out on a three-hour drive across the Arizona desert to. In this directed case study, translated from the original English into Hebrew, students read about a man who sets out on a three-hour drive across the Arizona desert to psychology meet his fiancee in California but never shows up at his final destination. S. This case study examines the events surrounding the hatching and migration of loggerhead sea turtles, specifically what mechanisms they use to head towards the ocean (once hatched) and where and how they migrate once in the ocean. The story is wr. In this problem-based learning case, students read about a 41-year-old woman who is suffering from Essay, recurring headaches.

Working in small groups, the students analyze a variety of information and then formulate a diagnosis. This case study was developed. This collection of six short cases focuses on brain areas and neurotransmitters involved in the control of movement. Students are divided into working groups and given one or more of the case descriptions. Each scenario depicts a breakdown in the motor. Designed for an upper-level psychology class titled Brain Behavior, this series of mini-cases can be used in any undergraduate course that covers the major classes of commonly abused legal and illicit psychoactive drugs from a biological. This case is a variation of a longer case in our collection titled Murder or Medical Mishap? Death on the Metabolic Ward, which has a murder-mystery aspect to it. In both versions of the case, students assume the role of pre-med students part. This case teaches about the Essay of the Plants and Humans, causes and effects of Type 2 diabetes by working through the various options available to a young Native American woman suffering from the disease. The case can be used in a variety of settings, including nutrition classroom.

In this clicker case, students assume the role of pre-med students participating in a summer internship. As interns, they diagnose several different genetic deficiencies of glycolytic pathway enzymes based on the biochemical activity of blood samples. This case is designed to help students develop a deeper understanding of negative feedback regulation. Basic principles of negative feedback systems are illustrated by focusing on the effects of anabolic steroids on the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicula. This case explores the question of whether gender identity is determined strictly by genetics (nature) or social variables (nurture).

It is based on a true story about a man who was raised as a girl and later rejected the Essay, female gender identity.. This case study follows a young cystic fibrosis (CF) patient named Lucas. Mcdonalds? Through Lucas's story and interactions between his parents and pediatrician, students learn about the scientific background and Grimm, basis of of criminals behavior, CF. By reviewing email correspondence bet. This role-play case study teaches students about plasma membrane transport and the functions of transport proteins in the phospholipid bilayer. Students act out the Grimm, parts of molecules and structures in a fantastical cellular world where the its learning, unionized t. Topamax®, developed to treat epilepsy, is also used as a preventative for migraine.

In this case study, students read about a woman experiencing a side-effect of Topamax and from there move to a review of acid-base balance in the human body. The ca. This directed case study involves two “stories,” each one concerned with some aspect of osmosis in living cells. Part I is Grimm Essay centered around the Review System, effects of a hypertonic environment on plant cells, while Part II focuses on the effects of a hyp. This directed case study, translated from the original English into Hebrew, involves two “stories,” each concerned with some aspect of osmosis in living cells.

Part I is centered around the Essay, effects of a hypertonic environment on plant cells. This directed case study focuses on the physiology of bone homeostasis and methods of prevention and crew member description, treatment of osteoporosis. One of the overall purposes of the case is to show students that osteoporosis is not simply a disease that afflicts elderly . In this clicker case, two teenagers are diagnosed with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), a cancer of the bone marrow where there is an abnormal overproduction of lymphocyte precursors. The girls' reactions to treatment are very different, however, du. In 2012, Mike Prickett, a world-renowned underwater cinematographer, was working on a commercial photo shoot in Tahiti when he witnessed a fellow diver sinking and Grimm Essay, drowning. While saving the drowning victim, Mike fell victim to decompression sickness (. While the majority of mcdonalds description, people are prone to HIV infection, some individuals remain uninfected despite repeated exposure.

This case study is based on Essay, the landmark paper by Paxton et al. (1996) that uncovered some of the mechanisms of protection against kallang riverside park HI. This clicker case is an adaptation of a case by Annie Prud'homme-Généreux that was originally published by the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science titled Resistance Is Futile . or Is It? The Immunity System and The Brothers Grimm, HIV Infec. This interrupted case study follows the course of Cara, a high school athlete training for the state championships in cross country. She suffers from polycystic ovarian syndrome and Essay Vascular in Seed Plants, her prescribed medication (spironolactone) greatly diminishes the The Brothers Grimm Essay, acti.

“Ed Cramer” is its learning accross a 47-year-old mechanical engineer who is being treated for venous thromboembolism. He was 45 when he first developed a blood clot in the lower part of his left leg and had to be hospitalized for five days. A year later, he de. This series of mini cases focuses on language deficits (aphasias) and their likely organic causes (problems in specific brain areas). Students read one of the six cases, which are based on actual cases reported in the literature, and connect the Grimm, sympto. This case study involves a couple deciding whether or not their son should undergo brain surgery to riverside park treat a severe seizure disorder. In examining this dilemma, students apply knowledge of brain anatomy and function. They also learn about brain scanning. In this “clicker case,” students read about a college student who becomes sick. As they set out to identify the cause of the The Brothers Grimm Essay, illness, students learn about the differences between viruses, prokaryotes, and eukaryotes in order to decide which. In this interrupted case study, students follow the story of Mr.

Gower, who must have a root canal. All goes well at the dentist's, but that night Mr. Gower feels tired and behavior, light headed. In the morning, his jaw is stiff and he has no appetite. Ove. The physically demanding sport of The Brothers Grimm Essay, competitive rowing is the backdrop for this case about homeostasis in about A Comparative Review of the Vascular Plants which students follow the physiological changes that occur in Essay an athlete competing in a 2000-meter race. The case was developed for use in a second-. Since caffeine is a widely used substance, especially by kallang riverside park, college age students, this case on the effects of caffeine on the human body serves as a real-world connection to Grimm Essay many students’ lives. The case is divided into sections covering background. The parents of a six-week-old baby girl know there is something seriously wrong with their child, but it takes a number of frustrating visits to the pediatrician before they finally get a correct diagnosis. Once they do, the behavior, parents must decide whether.

Designed for a first- or second-semester Anatomy Physiology course, this directed case study involves a 48-year-old Jamaican fisherman who suffered a cerebrovascular accident. He was taken to a hospital, where he stayed for three days befor. This case examines the hormonal control of the development and The Brothers Grimm Essay, maturation to adulthood and the role of stress hormones in of the Vascular System Plants that developmental process. The case was adapted from results summarized in Maggioncalda and Sapolsky’s (2002) article in. This case study was originally developed for undergraduate science students as part of an extracurricular competition, but it could also be delivered as a directed case. Accordingly two versions of the The Brothers Grimm, activity are included. Each version requires stude. Loss of species richness is often due to anthropogenic activity. The global decline of amphibians is one such example. This case study examines the member, impact of road deicing agents on The Brothers, amphibians living near bridges and roads treated heavily with salt duri.

This case study presents a fictional story in a realistic setting to teach aspects of human cardiovascular and respiratory physiology as they pertain to decompression sickness and its treatment options. Specifically, students learn about the partial pr. This interrupted case study traces the football career of Anthony Tony Tonka Truck Williams, and the types of brain trauma that he suffers from youth league through high school, college and his draft into the pros. In order to be successful dur. This interrupted case study was developed for an undergraduate class in human cardiac physiology. Characteristics Of Attention Deficit Disorder? The story follows a patient whose heart attack damaged a papillary muscle in the left ventricle of the heart.

This caused valve dysfunction and mitral val. Roma and Clint Underhill are relaxing after a stressful day in Grimm Essay their hot tub with some wine. But tragedy strikes, and the next morning their lifeless bodies are found in the water by culture, their housekeeper. The paramedics who respond to her frantic 911 call. In this interrupted case study, good friends Sara and Mallory discuss Sara's recent healthy weight loss and her difficulty in maintaining her desired weight. Sara recently heard about a hormone, ghrelin, and wonders if that chemical may have something . The high school ice hockey team is playing the last of three games in Grimm Essay one day.

The game gets rough and Rick, the star player, is of criminals slammed against the boards. Injured, he has to be escorted from the The Brothers Grimm, ice. This interrupted case study follows Ricks he. This case study examines the structure of hemoglobin and myoglobin and how the structure of counter example, these molecules dictates their function. Essay? The case is written as a play in which several candidates have responded to a help wanted ad seeking an employee with a. The evolution of its learning accross, physiological characteristics can be strongly influenced by physics. Animals whose physiology allows them to better escape predators will live longer, on average, and The Brothers Grimm Essay, be more likely to pass on park, the genes that led to The Brothers these favorable trai. This case uses the of criminals behavior, real story of Dawn Langley Simmons, who may have been misidentified as male at The Brothers Grimm birth, to illustrate the developmental basis of kallang riverside, human sexual dimorphism and Grimm, how gender misidentification may occur. Its Learning? Students also consider the emotional, . During the Paleolithic era, human life expectancy was only 33 yearsroughly half of The Brothers Grimm Essay, what it is today. We owe our more extended lives in part to better hygiene, medicines, and more plentiful foods.

Yet some people aspire to return to that earlier . In this interrupted case study, students learn about the function of crew, cellular respiration and the electron transport chain and what happens when that function is impaired. The case is loosely based on the real-life 1982 Chicago Tylenol murders where se. In this case, a young woman learns that her uncle has been diagnosed with Huntington’s disease. She talks with her fellow graduate students to try to The Brothers Grimm better understand the physiology of the disorder, along with the medical and personal implicatio. Phyllis Jackson has fainted on the soccer field. Counter Culture? She thinks she is just dehydrated, but her husband is worried. He has noticed that she has been having difficulty concentrating at work and Grimm Essay, is forgetful at times at home. At his suggestion, Phyllis goes . In this case study, translated from the original English into Hebrew, students read and interpret the signs and symptoms of crew, a woman suffering from a neurological disorder and make a diagnosis.

The case was developed for use in a one-semester animal phy. Annie is on a college swimming scholarship. Recently she has been feeling tired and her times have been getting slower. She has also noticed that her vision is often blurred. Concerned, she goes to see her doctor over the mid-term break and is referred. Kasey is The Brothers Grimm Essay a busy undergraduate student who is psychology behavior struggling with her body image and wants to lose weight. To aid in this process, Kasey keeps a food and activity journal. Students review Kasey's food and exercise choices, calculate Kasey's daily caloric in. In this interrupted case study, students shadow an endocrinologist as she tries to determine what is wrong with Angela Barber.

Angela is a middle-aged woman presenting with symptoms suggestive of a thyroid issue. The Brothers Essay? Students are given background informati. Jessica and George are students struggling to understand the forces which control ions moving across membranes. For the nervous system in of criminals behavior particular, ions create the electrical signals neurons use to communicate with one another. Jessica is. This case study is based on a newspaper article about the Essay, suicide of Sherman Sizemore shortly after he underwent an mcdonalds member description, exploratory laparotomy (abdominal surgery). After his surgery, Sherman experienced symptoms similar to post-traumatic stress disor. Signaling at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is a complex process that is required for many actions that sustain life within humans. Toxins that act upon the NMJ, both natural and The Brothers Grimm, synthetic, act in a variety of ways to inhibit this function.

This case. In this clicker case, students are introduced to counter culture George, an undergraduate student who has been experiencing some odd symptoms. His roommate convinces him to see a physician who recognizes that George's symptoms are consistent with diabetes mellitus; bu. This case study follows a woman faced with a series of difficult medical decisions. Students apply systems-level physiology as they explore a pregnancy with medical complications and discuss situations involving life-changing decisions prompted by mode. The main character of this case is Denise, who we first meet in the early morning hours as she wakes up in a cold sweat, gasping for The Brothers Grimm Essay breath. But it is her husband, Jeremy, who has been diagnosed with heart disease, not her. What’s going on? In th. This case study presents three true stories of people who suffered fatal hyponatremia (low sodium concentration in their body fluids) after consuming excessive amounts of water. Students examine the Review of the Vascular System Plants and Humans, tonicity of the extracellular environment created by . This interrupted case study for the flipped classroom introduces the human microbiome from the Essay, perspective of one of its occupants, Heidi Helicobacter (Helicobacter pylori).

Heidi lives in example the gut of Kristen, a college student, and discu. This case study is designed to integrate important aspects of the nervous and muscular system portions of an The Brothers Grimm Essay, anatomy and physiology course. Students follow the Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder examples, story of “Kathy,” whose symptoms involve both sensory and motor components of th. This clicker case introduces the human menstrual cycle and its associated misconceptions by Essay, following the story of Ann, a newlywed college student. Ann worries that she is of criminals pregnant and The Brothers Grimm Essay, confides in her friend, Karen, a biology major. By following their . An Amish infant suddenly dies and law enforcement officials suspect the parents of child abuse. But experts who advocate for mcdonalds the parents argue that an underlying genetic disorder common among the Amish may have resulted in the baby’s death. Stude. In this interrupted case study, two students explore evidence suggesting that environmental estrogens leach out of some plastic containers and The Brothers Grimm, that these chemicals have a negative impact on the development of mammals. Students analyze data, consider th. In many physiology classes the frog neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is presented as the Characteristics Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay, classic example of a chemical synapse, but many synapses show properties that are different.

For example, in many chemical synapses there is a protein transporter in The Brothers Essay t. This case study was inspired by a real-life scenario, and mcdonalds description, follows the story of Roberto, a migrant farmworker whose health is impacted by The Brothers Grimm, the usage of pesticides on a farm. With the help of a health care provider, Roberto becomes aware of the effe. Carla, a first semester graduate student in audiology, has noticed that her grandfather appears to be having trouble hearing what her grandmother says. Other people in the family can’ help but notice it too as it becomes a source of increasing ag.

This case study was developed to Deficit Hyperactivity teach the topic of human ABO blood type and genetic inheritance in biology courses at the lower undergraduate level or upper high school level. It is suitable for entry level biology, genetics, and physiology courses. T. Alvin’s parents are worried about him. The Brothers Essay? He has had a cough for almost a week, and member description, he’s wheezing a lot more than they think is normal for Grimm Essay a child with a cold, which is of criminals behavior what their family pediatrician says he has. When they take him to the ER, .

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MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in writing custom essays, research and The Brothers Essay, term papers in its learning, many fields. MLA essay format is most widely used in the field of humanities and liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to formatting essays were updated in 2009. Among the new rules of The Brothers Grimm Essay formatting, the mcdonalds crew description Works Cited or References list is the requirement of indicating the medium of publication for every cited source. It could be a Print source for books and articles or a Web source for on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing. Since it can be used with either one, the writer must choose which reference style to use. In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice. By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the source list at Essay the end of the essay.

However, if you use footnotes instead of in-text citations, you may be allowed to do without Bibliography page. You may follow MLA template to easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to MLA format requirements . You can use the MLA template for making your work look like a professional one. The text in MLA style essay format is typed with a double space. A Comparative Vascular In Seed Plants? This rule concerns the basic text of your essay, along with the formatting of Grimm in-text citations and the Works Cited page. Example? 12-font size is preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is Grimm Essay, used in the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on all sides of its learning accross your essay, research or term paper. Remember that the headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in Grimm, bold. The first line of counter culture each paragraph has to The Brothers Essay be indented a half inch from the left side.

You should put page numbers at the top, and of criminals, justify it to the right. It is not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended that you type your last name before the page number, if the paper is several pages.Using this MLA template for Word simply change the editable fields and follow the guidelines within the text. Here you may find an example of The Brothers Grimm Essay proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in an essay written in MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is absolutely unacceptable. Psychology Of Criminals Behavior? The same concerns indirect in-text references.

Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in an improper way. The following rules must be observed while writing an The Brothers Grimm Essay, essay in MLA style. Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in Essay about Review Vascular System in Seed Plants and Humans, double quotation marks. At the Grimm end of the citation, you have to state the Review Vascular System Plants authors name and the page number where the MLA citations are from in the text. This information should be enclosed in round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to quote from a book Greenmantle of The Brothers John Buchan from 1916. It will look like this: There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman But there might be a Superwoman (Buchan 154). Note : there is no comma or full stop between the authors last name and page number. In cases when the accross author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the page number in reference. Example: As Buchan wrote There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman But there might be a Superwoman (154).

Long citations. When a citation takes more than three lines of a typed text, it is called a long citation and has to be placed separately from a new line. The Brothers? Quotation marks are not used in this case. However, the authors name and the page number should still be indicated in round brackets. Example: One of the Essay A Comparative Review of the in Seed Plants characters in Grimm, Kiplings novel Kim describes the Mutiny in the following way: A madness ate into all the mcdonalds crew description Army, and they turned against The Brothers Essay their officers. That was the riverside park first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands. But they chose to kill the Sahibs wives and children. Then came the Essay Sahibs from over the sea and called them to accross most strict account (Kipling 77). Reducing of citation If the original citation in a MLA essay is reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in place of Grimm those words. The omitting of words in MLA citations is about Review Vascular in Seed, used in cases when you are directly interested in only part of the statement of the author in Essay, the original source, which is located in the middle of the quoted sentence.

In this situation, you can preserve the key information and omit the details that you do not need. Example: Lawrence was compared to a caliph . Member? . . who had stepped out Essay, from the behavior pages of The Arabian nights (Thomas 16) Adding information . In the MLA essay , it is allowable to The Brothers add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in crew member description, square brackets. Example: When discussing civil rights, it is The Brothers, hard to not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the words of the Emancipation Proclamation: a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of its learning Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice (King 813). More than one source of reference If you cite more than one book in a sentence of a MLA essay , then at the end of the The Brothers Grimm sentence indicate in brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon. Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as a legend of the British empire, to whom the Orient added its greatness, but at the same time as a man whose brain has dried out under the hot sun of the desert (15; 47).

Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of of criminals work, indicate the title in italics and the page number in the parenthesis. Example: As stated by the presidential commission (Report 4) In-text citations in a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the reference and they have to correspond to the information indicated in the Works Cited list at Grimm the end of essay. To get detailed information about the formatting of Works Cited list in a MLA style read the paragraph devoted to MLA Works Cited List Format at P rof E ssays.com. The formatting of your research or term paper may become rather difficult. In the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for professional help from P rof E ssays.com. Our writers are ready to its learning accross assist you in writing and formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E ssays.com is just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements.

The process of gathering and formatting the information for your custom essay, research or term paper is quite exhausting. Improper formatting of citations may spoil the Grimm results of your hard work. Order you paper at P rof E ssays.com and be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to the latest recommendations of formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E ssays.com is a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in writing your MLA format essay . Example? Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes. P rof E ssays.com is the best place to Essay buy MLA format essays of the highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is not compulsory, so when there is behavior, no special requirement of The Brothers Grimm Essay writing it, never do it. However, there are specific requirements to the first page in counter example, MLA essay. Learn how to The Brothers Grimm Essay format your MLA Title Page properly with us. Type your name, the name of your instructor, the title of the course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the first page. The title of your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in the middle of the title page. Remember that the title of your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. Culture Example? The text of your MLA essay comes next to the title with a double space.

If your instructor asked you to write an MLA title page , then you should comply with all the rules of formatting the cover page in a MLA style. MLA Format Outline (Click on Image to Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and The Brothers Essay, even submitted before writing an essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay. Needless to psychology behavior say that both can be done in MLA format . MLA outline should be done on a separate page. The title of the essay should be typed at the top of the Grimm page and centered. Introduction and its learning, conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for different levels of The Brothers MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in MLA outline , remember that the section of outline cant have only one sub-section.

So, logic requires that at each level of the outline if you have sub-section A in Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay examples, your paper, you need to have a B; or if you have point 1, you need point 2, etc. MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on Image to Enlarge) The detailed information about the author, the title, the year of publication, the publishing house and the overall number of pages in a book, periodical, etc. is provided at the end of your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography. The MLA format sets specific rules of formatting the Woks Cited list. Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in The Brothers, cited within the MLA essay format must be arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the mcdonalds description author. In cases when there is no author, the references must be listed alphabetically by Grimm Essay their titles. When you are citing several books by the same author , arrange them in the Works cited list alphabetically by counter culture example their title. When you do the references of this kind, you should put the authors last name in front of his first name which shouldnt be shortened. The title of the book is listed after the authors name, and then the The Brothers Grimm Essay place of publication, the Essay publishing house and the year of publication.

Do not forget to Essay italicize the title of a book. Example: Buchan, John. Greenmantle. London: Abacus, 1916. Print. Note: According to about of the Vascular in Seed the update in 2009 for the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the medium of The Brothers Essay publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources).

Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the first author in its learning accross, the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to The Brothers Grimm Essay be placed in the direct order. So be attentive to how you place the first name and then only the last name of the second author. In cases when there are more than three authors of the book, you can choose to Essay A Comparative Review of the System list all names in the Works Cited list of your MLA essay or just indicate the inverted name of the first author and add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson. Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and Power. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1994. Print. Some books are published by organizations, commissions, associations, committees and other corporate authors. The Brothers Grimm? When there is no single author distinguished on riverside park, the cover page of a book, put the name of the corporate organization in the first place.

Example : Herbert F. The Brothers Essay? Johnson Museum of Art. A Guide to the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973. Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles. The formatting of newspaper articles in Characteristics of Attention Deficit Essay, a MLA essay differs a lot from the The Brothers formatting of cited books. The general scheme of citing a newspaper article is the following: at first you should indicate the authors inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in double quotation marks, then the title of Characteristics Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the The Brothers Grimm Essay day, month and year of crew member description publication, followed by the number of pages. Additionally, the medium of the publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in regards to the MLA style. Example : Smith, Lewis. Leading scientist urges teaching of creationism in schools. The Brothers? The Times.

London, 2008, Sept 12. 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to italicize the title of a book, and in crew member description, the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the periodical and not the title of the article. The month of publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.). Only May, June and July are never abbreviated. The qualified writers of P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to the adopted rules.

The general rules of formatting on-line sources in MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and periodicals. The Brothers Grimm? The former requirement of representing the Characteristics of Attention examples URL address of cited on-line source is simplified in The Brothers Grimm, the last edition of the MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the authors name, article title, publishers name and year of kallang park edition. The Brothers? Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information. In such cases, list the available information. When indicating the medium of publishing, put Web for on-line sources. Example : MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. ProffEssays.com.. 2011, January. http://www.professays.com/info/mla-essay-format/ . Characteristics Of Attention Disorder Essay? Web. Note: Be sure the The Brothers Grimm on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. Characteristics Of Attention Deficit Essay? The preference in the choice of on-line sources is given to Essay the official web sites of organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc.

URL is indicated in angle brackets. P rof E ssays.com can easily assist you in writing and formatting MLA essays . Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and format MLA essay in accordance with the standard rules. Though the preferable format of a MLA essay includes the in-text citation, the Footnotes and Endnotes may still be used in the custom essay, research or term paper that is written in the MLA style. Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in the text by Arabic numbers in superscript. The footnotes are indicated at the foot of counter culture example every page and The Brothers, the endnotes are indicated at kallang riverside park the end of your paper on a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E ssays.com , will help you to format the MLA footnotes and endnotes and to write an Essay, excellent custom essay, research or term paper. Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with authors name is typed next to the page number at kallang the top of each page. While heading refer to The Brothers Grimm the title of your paper and the the titles of accross its sections. MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the use of The Brothers Grimm headings, just some general norms:

The headings of the MLA essay are usually typed in same font and size as the rest of the paper, however you are free to italicize them or type in bold. The title of the MLA paper should be centered. Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. All headings of the sections in MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and Conclusion .

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10 practical tips for Essay, writing better exam essays. Accross? The key words in the title are practical and exam . Last week I ran a competition to The Brothers Grimm Essay write an riverside park, essay on aid and poverty. Essay? The essays I received were spectacularly good and I do suggest you check them out in the comments section. My one worry though was were they really practical essays in Characteristics Deficit Hyperactivity examples, an exam. My essay, which you will find below, is I think much simpler than almost all the essays I received and perhaps a more practical model for exams. I should add that these are mostly band score 8.0 writing tips and are written especially for candidates who are aiming high. Essay? The moral is: 1. Read write read write read write read write read write read.

What does this mean? It means that you should go back and read the paragraph you have just written before you start the next one. You may think that this is counter culture example, a waste of time. If so, youd be wrong. Its important to link your paragraphs together what more practical way to do that than just read what you have written? It helps you with words for the next paragraph it is good to The Brothers Grimm repeat some words as this improves your coherence.

Look at my sample essay to psychology behavior see how I repeat/reflect language. In one paragraph I talk about the short term, this makes it easy to move onto the long term in the next paragraph. You may also want to check out my series of lessons on the process of writing IELTS essays where you will find a much more detailed explanation of this, 2. The Brothers Essay? Dont be smart, be clear select your best idea. One of my very first posts/articles on this site was headed IELTS is not a test of intelligence. While the accross post itself now looks a little old, the Essay advice is still good. You are being tested on the quality of your English, not on the quality of your ideas. This advice is particularly important for candidates who come from an academic background where they are used to being graded on quality and quantity of ideas. IELTS is counter culture, different: it is quite possible to write a band 9.0 essay and not include some key #8220;academic#8221; ideas, let alone all the ideas. The practical advice here is to select your best idea and write about that. That means not writing everything you know leave some ideas out . Dont worry if it is not your best explanation, worry about whether it is your clearest explanation. 3. Write about what you know relax about ideas.

This is a similar idea. IELTS is an international exam (thats the I in IELTS) and the questions are written to be answered by anyone around the world. Some people stress about finding ideas. The Brothers Grimm? They shouldnt. Mcdonalds Description? The ideas you need are generally simple (egI disagree, This is not a good idea). The practical solution is to think about what YOU know and what YOUR experience is. If you look at the question, this is what it tells you to do. If you come from Bonn, write about Bonn; if you come from Ulan Bator, write about Ulan Bator!

4. Examples are easier to write than explanations. In an The Brothers Essay, exam you are under pressure. You want to psychology of criminals behavior make things as easy for yourself as possible. One practical idea to achieve this is to focus as much on examples as explanations when you write. Grimm Essay? Why? Its simply harder if you only think because. Some of the ideas may be very complex and, under pressure, it can be difficult to explain these with reasons. What may happen is of Attention Deficit Essay, that your sentences become too long and the ideas confused. The practical bit is to concentrate as much on examples. Grimm Essay? This is a good idea as examples tend to be easier to Characteristics of Attention Disorder write as you are simply describing situations. You should also note that the The Brothers Grimm instructions tell you to use examples!

All you need to do is make sure that your examples are relevant to the main idea. 5. Characteristics Of Attention Disorder Essay Examples? Dont write too much the examiner is paid by the minute. The Brothers Grimm? There is no upper word limit I know of, but it really isnt a good idea to write 350 words or more. Heres why: Examiners will only spend so much time looking at any essay. Write too much and they will read what you wrote less carefully. It is easier to kallang read/grade a 300 word essay than a 400 word essay! The more you write, the more likely you are to make language mistakes. The more you write, the more likely you are to go off topic. The examiner wont read/grade anything that doesnt directly relate to Grimm Essay the question. If you write less, you give yourself more time to choose the best words and thats what you are being graded on.

If you write less, you give yourself more time to go back and its learning accross check what you have written. One of the most famous philosophical thoughts is know yourself. How does this apply to exam writing? Did Plato really have IELTS in mind when he wrote his dialogues? Well, no, but#8230; The idea is that you should check for your mistakes when you write. The practical part here is that you shouldnt check for mistakes generally thats too hard and probably a waste of time in the exam. The Brothers Essay? What isnt a waste of time though is to look for mistakes you know you can correct the ones you normally make! The really practical thing is to have your own checklist in your head before you start writing. 7. Characteristics Hyperactivity Essay? See the whole essay in your head before you start writing.

Its very important that your essay is a whole that all the bits fit together. If you dont do that, you may lose significant marks for both coherence and task response. This means planning of course. Planning bothers some people and bores others. There are different ways to do this, but at Grimm the very least have a map of your essay in your head. 8. Focus on the backbone of your essay. This is its learning accross, a related point. All the essay matters of course, but perhaps some bits matter more than others. Id suggest the practical thing to The Brothers Grimm do is concentrate on the backbone of your essay, the bits that help you write better and the examiner to understand better. The backbone is: The introduction : this should identify the question and outline your position.

Dont rush it as it is the first thing the examiner will read. First impressions count. The first/topic sentences of each paragraph : these should be clear and to the point. They should identify exactly what that paragraph is about and show how it relates to the rest of the essay. The practical tip is to keep the detail/clever ideas for the body of the paragraph. Start off general and of Attention Hyperactivity Disorder Essay then build towards the specific. Grimm Essay? The conclusion : this is the easiest part of the essay normally. Most often, all you need to kallang riverside do is go back to the introduction and rephrase it. The Brothers? Get these bits right and the rest of the essay tends to take care of itself. Description? 9. Dont just practice whole essays. The best way to learn to write essays is to write essays?

True or false? My answer is a bit of both. Yes, you do need to practise writing complete essays, but it may be a mistake to The Brothers Grimm Essay do only that. The different part of essays require slightly different skills. To write an its learning, introduction, you need to be able to paraphrase the question. To write a body paragraph, you need to be able to The Brothers Essay explain ideas. To write a conclusion, you need to be able summarise.

The practical suggestion is to practise writing introductions, body paragraphs and conclusions separately. Focus on skills. 10. Focus on the question and refocus on the question. I have left this one to last as it is for me the most important idea.

Essays go wrong for different reasons. Some of mcdonalds crew member these you may not be able to Grimm avoid: the quality of riverside your English may not be good enough yet. The one mistake you can always avoid is that you didnt answer the The Brothers Grimm question. Too many essays go wrong because candidates didnt read and think about the accross question properly. The practical suggestion: before you write each paragraph, refer back to the question to remind yourself about what you are meant to write about. Grimm Essay? It is counter culture, very easy to get carried away in Essay, exams. You may start off on its learning accross, topic, then you have a good idea as you write. So you write about that.

Sadly, that good idea may not fully relate to the question. Big problem. My sample essay on poverty and aid. This essay which you can download below is The Brothers Grimm Essay, intended to be an example of the riverside ideas in this post. It is fairly simple in structure.

It focuses clearly on the question I left many of my best ideas out. I concentrated on what I could explain clearly. It comes in at only just over 300 words. This is Grimm Essay, where I catalogue all my writing materials. If you are looking for more specific advice, this is the place to start. The ideas here are similar and you will find more general guidance on dos and don#8217;ts in IELTS essays. How to Essay about A Comparative Review of the in Seed Plants and Humans like it, share it and save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site. The Brothers Grimm Essay? Keep up with me on culture example, Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there.

Or just get all my free lessons by email. 96 Responses to Grimm Essay 10 practical tips for writing better exam essays. Its Learning Accross? Thank you, Dominic. Very useful. And a very nice essay! fanks so much, this is excellent. Thanks for all your tips.

I think it is really useful for me. thank you!! This is a big help for me #128521; Thanks for good information. Really it is very help full. now i got why i dropped out the Essay last two exams. hope these tips will help a lot in my test to counter achieve a good score#8230;thanks for tips.. I want to Grimm write exam. Can we use #8216;quotation#8217; in the essay (task 2)? Umm, I actually have a plan to start my essay with quotation (of course if the topic allows me to do so). To illustrate, lets say the topic is #8216;Today, the high sales of riverside popular consumer goods reflect the Grimm power of advertising and not the real needs of the society in kallang riverside, which they are sold#8217;. To what exten do you agree or disagree. Can I have the following introduction: #8216;Brother, please convince dad to buy me Galaxy S4#8217;-said my 12 years old younger brother. I was wondering why a 12 years old would need a Galaxy S4.

Then I realized he actually does not need this, it is the The Brothers Grimm Essay eye catching advertisements that made him feel he needs this. Truely, people nowadays buy many things because of the attractive advertisements, even if they actually do not need this. Umm how do you rate this introduction? Is there any problem to kallang riverside use #8216;quotation#8217;? The instruction says that you should use any relevant examples or experience. So logically there should not be any problem, right? But the problem is I have not seen this approach in any of the model answers.

So not sure whether this is a good one. Thanks in advance. Please tell me what is wrong with me writing and how I should improve my writing to get 7 or even 8 easily. Nowadays, everyone wants to be famous and The Brothers Grimm Essay tries to be shown on Characteristics of Attention Hyperactivity Essay, the silver screen. Although some people reckon that fame has a lot of merits, others have a different idea in this. In this essay, both advantages and The Brothers Grimm Essay disadvantages of being a celebrity will be elaborated. Being famous has a significant number of positive points which will be discussed in more details. Celebrities receive huge amounts of money, so they can buy luxurious cars, devices and gadgets. Therefore, they enjoy their lives as well as draw ordinary people#8217;s attention. For example, TV, magazines, newspapers and yellow pages print their photos on the front page, and park they can be viewed by viewers.

Also, they can really enjoy their lives because they can purchase what they like. On the other hand, there are some negative sides with fame, which cannot go unseen. Famous people do not have privacy at The Brothers Grimm all, so they cannot live like ordinary people. For instance, they cannot go to shopping centres and do shopping there because people will gather to take a photo with them, due to psychology behavior their high popularity amongst people, especially teenagers. The Brothers? In addition, paparazzi and journalists scrutinize their personal lives because people like to know about its learning their stars. Grimm? As a result, superstars always should hide themselves from the eyes of journalists who want to its learning intrude their privacy. Furthermore, because of being a model for The Brothers Grimm, pupils and adults, they are responsible for culture example, their actions because teenagers adore and follow them. To sum up, demerits of Essay fame outweigh its positive points because of reasons which were cited in psychology, this essay. Thank you so much:D. The Brothers Grimm Essay? thanks helped a lot. I must say that you have worked really well on this piece of writing.

It brings some new thoughts in reader#8217;s mind and that will really reflect in the way he usually thinks over a matter. Its Learning? The writing ideas you suggested is looking working and Essay effective in both cases, whether for surpassing the existing skills or to have some new skills. Good job,thank u. Thanks for helping self learners all over the world. Psychology Behavior? God bless you abundantly. Thank you! You are my angel. i hope that ,it is useful my ilets exam,thanks for giving good message. Thank you for ur kind information#8230;.. These informations will be surely useful for ma future life#8230;. thank you, good advice is beyond price. The Brothers Essay? A big thank you Dominic.. I was able to clear IELTS(7) by following your website.

It is extremely valid for IELTS preparation, since you should be aware of the scoring criteria. thanx a lot ,,4 nice tips. Thank you sir for your best effort#8230;. Myriad of thanks for letting me be courageous to about A Comparative Review Vascular dream for The Brothers, a better score than I really deserve in the real test. Good,better and even best tips. thank you for psychology behavior, all informations. Thanks for your advice! it will be very useful to study for the exam. However, I want you to ask for one last advice#8230; I dont know how to start studying for The Brothers Essay, the writing test, what do you think is the Characteristics of Attention Deficit examples order of steps to success? thanks in advance. The practical advice here is to select your best idea and write about that. That means not writing everything you know. Essay? these tips are obsolutely marvellous.i will use it to score my ielts writing.

Really nice tips. I was first surprised that the SBI PO exam also involves an English descriptive test that may even ask you to culture write essay. I was never good at essay writing, but now, I am getting better thanks to such wonderful tips and The Brothers Grimm online practice material I got. Working more on my exam preparation with more practice tests. Thanks your tips have certainly cleared many concepts that were ambiguous for me. thanks again! very nice helpfull. I#8217;m just talking from that #8216;Lett#8217;s GCSE guide to get an culture example, A/A*#8217; Why are you doing their job in a complete opposite behaviour?! Writing essays in exam is very hard thing in our school days#8230;#8230;. So this article is very helpful for collage and school students. Thank you for this valuable tips #128578; thanks you master. thanx. it was really helpful.. i want to The Brothers Grimm know more about writing introduction for an eassay.

Brilliant essay your tips were most helpful#8230; keep on of criminals, writing looking forward to read more of your essays #128512; Very useful. THANK YOU. Its use full knowledge. Thank you for Grimm Essay, this informative and useful website. Superb! I would like to ask you a question about psychology how to give a good or example in writing task 2. 1. Essay? What makes a good hypothetical or generalization example ? 2. Can we make up data for the example as in the report writing?

For example, give specific organization name, data, percentage, etc. in order to make the example persuasive. Thanks in advance. 1. hard question to answer without an example. But let me try. Let us imaging you#8217;re writing about #8220;happiness#8221;. You could use a conditional such as. Some men might lead more fulfilled lives if they became full-time parents and looked after their children. 2. Psychology Behavior? Yes you can. Don#8217;t get silly about it though. Make sure the Grimm data is plausible and relates to the point you are trying to make, thanks for its learning accross, your useful essay.

Thank you very much your tips will help me a lot in my test#8230; Thanks for the remarkable points. Very well written guide for The Brothers Grimm, writing effective personal essays. Brainstorming is the of criminals initial stage everyone must do. Following the things you mentioned in the post is really beneficial for Grimm, making the personal essay effective and up to the mark.

Thank You for your Fabulous tips. They are of great help to me. Nice thanx a lot for the tips.I was really in need of it. Thnq u very much. Thanks for the advice, I jotted the main points and memorised it for my selective exams. I really think your tips improved my way of #8216;thinking#8217; when it comes to essays.

I found it v.helpful. thanx now i can prepare for my exams #128512; Its a good tip nw i think i will get satisfaction marks in my exam. Thank you very much with your tips hoping that i will Pass my Exams. thanks a lot for this information, this surely has improved my essay writing. Thanks for clear my mind.. Just about to do an English exam, this is by far the best site. Nice tips, especially those about examples and explanations, it was very interesting and helpful for me. But you now, it is very difficult to counter invent a nice example on the spot. Some more tips about Grimm Essay writing are here https://abcessays.com/en/essays. Kallang Riverside Park? I use it from time to time as they have plagiarism check there and some other helpful tools. Every student/writer should keep all these ten in mind. Keeping focus on The Brothers Grimm, all these, I think its a guarantee to a good score. Thanks for sharing.

Thanks for your valuable tips.It has really given a better concept regarding the tests#8230;..Thanks again#8230;Have a good day. Good Read Dominic. Something I was looking for essay writing in exam. Thank you so much. The information is really helpful.

I now have a better understanding on how to write good essays. I appreciate all of your advices. Very very useful content.I am grateful to you for this service. Essay About A Comparative Plants? Thanks a lot. thanks alot honey. Thank you very much. Essay? Great Website. It is extremely helpful for me. Mcdonalds? Thank you so much for the information. It was extremely helpful. As you suggested for poverty we all are suggested by you for writing thnx so much for having such a ability regard hanan. Essay? we shell fallow this all instruction for essay writing. Thanks!

Helped me a lot #128578; Thanks , for you tips . I think it will help me in my next exam . Thanks for your good tips. I found it useful. Keep on working. Essay Review Vascular Plants And Humans? very informative . Thank you Dominic Cole for widening our horizons of Grimm Essay knowledge. Keep teaching and i must say you are really a good teacher. thanks really appreciate your tips. #8220;the road to mcdonalds member description band score 8.0 often means doing the simple things well#8221;, this concept helped me clear my writing exam and Grimm score 8.0. thank you so much for Characteristics, this wonderful website. you are a great ielts teacher.. I hope these tips will be helpful for me coz tomorrow#8217;s my exam. #8230; Your brilliant cue and suggest can give me better solution. or it can be right point for The Brothers, whole IELTS students. Kallang Riverside? I want to know thanks you into love and respect#8230;#8230; Thank you very much for your work, cheer #128578; Wonderful guidance and tips for Essay, essay writing. Thanks for your effort Dominic.

Thanx for Ur useful information keep writing like this and give us these types of Hyperactivity Disorder examples substantial conformance I think that it can enhance my vocabulary power and essay writing. The Brothers? I really felt pink after reading this I think that it was the main problem in my exams thanku so much. nice one..verry impressive i see you#8230;#8221;valuing charity#8221;#8230;keep it up#8230;i hope it can help my essay writing contest for tomorrow:-) Can anyone please advise me to what use weather pencil or pen for essay writing.This would be a great help. Hi Dominic plz tell me whats is the level of this essay.Kindly suggest me corrections. The rising trend of an increasing number of women turning as major bread earners of the family is Characteristics of Attention Deficit Disorder examples, pervasive these days. This essay will first accentuate that women empowerment is the major cause of this shift and then it will highlight its effect of abstained family and societal duties. Firstly, the most significant reason behind the women contributing to the proportionate amount of family earnings is, the orientation of the society towards revolutionary women empowerment . The Long felt need for the contribution of women to the economic and societal decisions was propelled by The Brothers, their inner thrust of riverside park self accomplishment . Grimm Essay? Hence, they broke the shackles of Characteristics Deficit Disorder Essay examples household chores and The Brothers Grimm Essay moved out of the houses to earn money and equal status as that of men.

Moreover, this movement was further supported by the governments of various countries.For instance, reservations were made for women to occupy significant positions in its learning, public enterprises, services and other institutions. On the other hand, this positive development in the society has resulted into more number of Essay impoverished families.Women being considered the heart and soul of the accross families are more proficient in accomplishing family affairs than their male counterparts.However, more and Grimm more number of women moving out of the Characteristics of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder families for work has affected the family and societal bondings negatively to a considerable level.It is evident from the The Brothers Grimm fact that younger generations are now more interested in hangout with friends than attending family and social rituals. In conclusion, while women are giving remarkable economic contribution to their families resulting in culture, better living standards nonethless, this has led to an anomaly of a weak society.This aberration however can be overcome through collective effort of the The Brothers Essay family members in sharing role and responsibilities, thus framing better work -life balance. I#8217;m sorry but I really don#8217;t have time to give individual feedback of psychology behavior this sort.

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cbt case study essay Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Schizophrenia: A Case Study. University of Minnesota. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Journal, 12, (1) 13-25, 1998. Cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) has rarely been applied as the The Brothers Grimm, primary treatment for the multiple, severe and persistent problems that characterize schizophrenia. This case study describes the process of CBT in the long-term outpatient care of a young woman with schizophrenia. The study highlights the adaptation of cognitive-behavioural strategies to the unique needs of schizophrenia and presents data regarding clinical outcomes in this case. Measures of psychosocial functioning, severity of symptoms, attainment of treatment goals and hospitalisation data were used to assess change over of criminals the 3- year treatment period and at 1-year follow-up.

Results indicate considerable improvement in all outcome variables and maintenance of The Brothers, treatment gains. These findings suggest the potential usefulness of Review of the Vascular and Humans, cognitive-behavioural interventions in the treatment of schizophrenia. Cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) has been widely used and its effectiveness established with numerous patient populations and problems (Beck, 1993). Grimm Essay! However, there has been limited application of CBT techniques in the treatment of persons with schizophrenia and little research regarding its efficacy with this population. This neglect may be due to the dominance of pharmacological treatment and the decline of psychotherapy, the severity of the disorder, or the inadequacies of previous attempts to understand and manage schizophrenia from a cognitive behavioural framework (Birchwood Preston, 1991; Goggin, 1993) There is a growing commitment to the design of psychotherapeutic treatments that are grounded in mcdonalds member, knowledge of the psychopathology of specific diagnostic groups and tailored to the unique needs of the population (Hogarty et al., 1995; Liberman, 1993). This paper will highlight current clinical findings and critical issues regarding schizophrenia that must be considered in order to develop an effective disorder relevant cognitive-behavioural treatment of The Brothers Grimm, schizophrenia. A model of CBT of schizophrenia responsive to psychology, these issues will be described and Grimm Essay, illustrated by a detailed case study.

Schizophrenia: Current Research and Critical Issues. Schizophrenia is defined by positive symptoms (hallucinations and Essay A Comparative System in Seed Plants and Humans, delusions), disorganised speech and behavior, negative symptoms (affective flattening, abolition, etc.) and significant impairment of psychosocial functioning. While it has been considered a uniformly chronic and progressively debilitating disorder, recent long-term outcome studies suggest the course and outcome of schizophrenia is quite varied and The Brothers Grimm, that outcomes can be significantly influenced by medications and psychosocial interventions (Carpenter Strauss, 1991; McGlashan, 1988). Schizophrenia is also characterised by cognitive, psychophysiological, interpersonal and Essay about A Comparative Review of the System in Seed and Humans, coping skills deficits that result in marked vulnerability to stress (Rolzman, 1987; Seidman, 1984; Zubin, 1986). Stress, coping and the individual's response to his or her disorder significantly influence the severity of disability in schizophrenia. Relapse is frequent and The Brothers Essay, there are identifiable prodromal symptoms and stages of decompensation that involve problems in affective regulation and management of stress (Herz, 1985, 1989). Relapse has been specifically associated with stressful life events (Luckoff, Snyder, Ventura, Nucchterlein, 1984) stressful interactions with family members (Leff Vaughn, 1985), and behavior, overstimulating residential and treatment environments (Cournous, 1987; Drake Sederer, 1986).

Previous research has suggested identification of prodromal symptoms and early intervention can be effective in reducing relapse (Herz, Glazer, Mirza, Mostert, Hafez, 1989). There are also discrete phases in the process of recovery that need to be understood in treatment of schizophrenia in The Brothers Grimm Essay, order to park, not precipitate decompensation due to overly aggressive rehabilitation efforts (Breier Strauss, 1983; Carr, 1983; Neuchterlein; 1992; Strauss, 1989). Numerous authors have reported that intensive rehabilitation attempts precipitated relapse in first 6 months of treatment (Drake Sederer, 1986; Hogarty et al., 1991; Lin, Kett, Caffey, 1980). While it is commonly accepted that the experience of self is impaired in schizophrenia, there has been limited focus on the subjective experience of persons with schizophrenia (Bradshaw Brekke, in review; Strauss Estroff, 1989). Strauss (1989) has highlighted the need to Grimm Essay, focus on the interaction between the person and his disorder: how the person's goals, feelings regarding illness and self and ways of managing affect the course of the disorder and culture example, vice versa. The Brothers Essay! Similarly, Estroff (1989) has emphasized that focusing on the impact on System and Humans, the self of the person with schizophrenia is critical for treatment of schizophrenia. Assessment and treatment focused primarily on symptoms and Essay, psychosocial functioning while important is Characteristics Hyperactivity Disorder incomplete. Instead, as Strauss (1989) has stated, attention to life trajectories, personal goals, characteristic approaches to regulating one's life. is essential. These findings regarding illness-specific deficits in schizophrenia suggest a conceptual and empirical foundation for the development of Grimm Essay, CBT with schizophrenia. Hyperactivity Disorder! They highlight the need for (I) specific coping skills that help the client modify environmental stresses, change perceptions and interpretations of events, reduce physiological arousal and manage affect, and (2) focus on the interaction of the illness and the person. Enhancement of the client's ability to Essay, cope with stress and manage affect is essential to prevent relapse and improve functional agility.

Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment and Schizophrenia. Previous CBT with schizophrenic clients has focused primarily on modification of hallucinations and delusions. Several studies describe positive results with the use of graded, nonconfrontational examination of evidence and the development of counter, alternative explanations to modify the strength of hallucinations and delusions and to increase control of these symptoms (Beck, 1952; Chadwick Lowe, 1994; Fowler Marley, 1989; Hartman Cashman, 1983; Holel, Rush, Beck, 1979; Lowe Chadwick, 1990; Milton, Patwa, Hafuer, 1978; Rudden, Gilmore, Frances, 1982; Tarrier et al., 1993; Watts, Powele, Austin, 1973). Others have described the use of CBT as an Grimm adjunctive therapy in accross, residential and inpatient treatment settings. Grimm Essay! Kingdom and Turkington (1991, 1994) describe the counter, use of a destigmatising, normalising rationale to explain symptom emergence and The Brothers Essay, management to clients. Their results suggest that these methods resulted in Review System in Seed Plants and Humans, reduced levels of symptomatology, hospitalisations and improved social adjustment. Perris (1988, 1992) reports successful use of cognitive milieu treatment with patients living in The Brothers, group homes in Sweden. In a single subject design study of the CBT of four persons with schizophrenia who participated in outpatient treatment, Bradshaw (1997) found that clients experienced considerable reduction in symptomatology, rehospitalisations and improvement in psychosocial functioning and Essay about in Seed Plants and Humans, attainment of treatment goals that were maintained at 1-year follow-up.

Taken as a whole this literature suggests the Essay, potential usefulness of CBT with schizophrenic clients. However, these initial clinical findings are limited due to its learning accross, significant methodological problems: some have described relatively brief periods of experimental treatment with brief follow-up; others lack designs that control for the multiple treatments clients received in inpatient settings; most lack standardised measures of Grimm Essay, outcome and provide limited posttreatment data. In addition, there has been little comprehensive application of psychology, CBT to the multiple problems of schizophrenic clients over the long-term course of the disorder. Studies of the treatment process and outcome of The Brothers Grimm, CBT with schizophrenic clients are few and need further replication. This case study describes a model of CBT that is responsive to the unique issues of persons with schizophrenia, delineates the its learning accross, use of CBT strategies in the three year outpatient treatment of The Brothers Essay, a schizophrenic client and provides outcome and follow up data at one year post treatment.

CASE DESCRIPTION AND CONCEPTUALIZATION. Carol is a 26-year-old single White female. She is kallang riverside a high school graduate and completed 1 year of college. Essay! She was raised in an upper-middle-class family where academic and career success were extremely important as was their conservative Christian faith. She was the its learning, third of five children. Carol was a good student, hard working and somewhat self-critical. She was shy but had several friends and dated occasionally. After graduation from high school Carol went out of Essay, state to college.

She received passing grades her first year but began to experience auditory hallucinations and delusions. She began to act in bizarre ways and park, withdrew from people. She was hospitalised at The Brothers Grimm, age 18 for 1 month and dropped out of college. In the past 7 years she has been hospitalised 12 tunes. She has been unable to work and Characteristics of Attention Hyperactivity Disorder Essay examples, was supported by SSI. There was no history of psychiatric illness in the family. Her family was supportive of her financially. Carol was discharged from a psychiatric hospital after 2 months of inpatient treatment. Her diagnosis was schizophrenia, undifferentiated type, chronic. Her Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) at The Brothers Essay, discharge was 30.

She lived with her parents and was on SSI. She took 500 mg of thorazine daily and was medication compliant. Carol was referred by its learning accross her psychiatrist for ongoing psychotherapy as part of Grimm Essay, her discharge plan to help her adapt to the demands of community living and manage her illness. Cognitively she experienced auditory persecutory hallucinations and delusions as well as frequent cognitions like, I'm no good, I can't do anything, I'll always be this way. Crew! Affectively she had flat affect and anxiety related to interpersonal situations and tasks and the content of the hallucinations and delusions.

Interpersonally she was withdrawn and socially isolated. Behaviourally she was inactive, unable to work or live independently. Her basic self-care was severely limited. Carol's psychosocial functioning was significantly impaired by the interaction of her illness and The Brothers Grimm, her methods of coping. The hallucinations, delusions and cognitions interfered with her functioning. Its Learning! Her coping methods of avoidant behavior toward tasks and interpersonal situations and the increase in negative symptoms (apathy, avolition, anhedonia) to Essay, deal with stress in turn increased anxiety, negative cognitions and psychotic symptoms. Four outcome variables were used in this study: symptomatology, psychosocial functioning, attainment of treatment goals and hospitalisations. Symptomatology was measured by the Global Pathology Index (GPI) of the Hopkins Psychiatric Rating Scale (Derogatis, 1974). Mcdonalds Crew! The GPI is an 8-point behaviourally anchored scale that describes severity of symptoms.

Psychosocial functioning was measured by the Role Functioning Scale (RFS) (McPheeters, 1988). RFS is made up of four subscales: work, social, family and independent living subscales. Each scale is a 7-point behaviourally anchored scale. The RFS and GPI are rater-based scales. Hospitalisation was measured by the number of times hospitalised and total days in hospital. Attainment of treatment goals was measured by Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) (Kiresuk Sherman, 1968). Grimm Essay! In GAS behavioural descriptions of functioning for mcdonalds member description various levels of goal achievement are developed and scored with the Grimm, client. A score ranging from -2 (regression in accross, goal attainment) through 0 (attainment of goal) to +2 (exceeds standards) is given for each goal based on the client's attainment. The GPI, RFS and hospitalisation data were independently obtained by the case manager on a quarterly basis throughout the 3-year treatment period and at 6 months and Essay, 1-year follow-up.

GAS was used as a pretest-post-test assessment of overall accomplishment of treatment goals. THERAPIST CLIENT JOINING. The development of a therapeutic relationship is critically important in work with persons with schizophrenia (Frank Guncerson, 1990; Lamb, 1982). Rapport took some time to kallang riverside park, develop (approximately 3 months) and was established by consistent use of the core conditions of genuineness, respect and accurate empathy. The worker was directive, active, friendly and used feedback, containment of The Brothers Grimm Essay, feelings, reality testing and self-disclosure to develop the real relationship and lessen transferential problems.

For example, Carol had enjoyed playing softball and had been an avid baseball fan. Riverside Park! When the therapist shared that he had similar interests it became a regular point of conversation and strengthened their connection. Self-disclosure was also used to normalise situations and promote discussion of real life difficulties. Length of sessions were determined by the client's capacity at the moment and The Brothers Essay, would range from 15 minutes to an hour or more. The therapist and client frequently went for walks during the sessions when Carol was agitated or lethargic. The goals of this phase were to develop the therapeutic alliance regarding the accross, rationale of treatment, to facilitate the The Brothers Grimm, client's understanding of the psychology of criminals behavior, process of Essay, cognitive-behavioural treatment and to establish agreement about treatment goals. This phase of treatment (approximately 2 months) involved the therapist taking an Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay examples active role educating the The Brothers Grimm Essay, client about schizophrenia and the process of treatment. Crew Description! The normalising destigmatising procedure described by Kingdom Turkington (1991, 1994) was used to explain the experience of Essay, schizophrenia. This rationale emphasizes the biological vulnerability to stress of individuals with schizophrenia and the importance of identifying stresses and improving methods of coping with stress in order to minimise disabilities associated with schizophrenia. The ABC model (Ellis, 1970) was used to teach the cognitive view and process of treatment.

Issues from the client's daily life were used to highlight the cognitive components of feeling and behavior. The therapist and client would label the A (activating event) and C (the emotional consequence) of an emotional episode and Disorder Essay, the therapist would help the client figure out possible self- statements (B) that could have led to the emotional consequence or that would lead to other emotional responses. The Brothers Grimm Essay! It was initially difficult for Carol to do this in times of stress or when applying the ABC model to significantly loaded situations. The ABC model was reinforced by use of empathic reflective comments that highlighted the cognitive underpinnings of the situation. Characteristics Essay Examples! Frequent repetition and Essay, personal examples from the crew description, therapist were helpful in her gaining a reasonable understanding of the cognitive model over a period of The Brothers, 3 months. EARLY PHASE OF TREATMENT. The focus of the early phase of treatment (approximately 12 months) was on her inactivity and her difficulty managing stress and anxiety. Carol would spend much of her time in bed, watching TV and riverside park, smoking. When she would consider doing some activity or was requested by her parents to The Brothers Grimm, do something, she would become anxious and hallucinations and delusions would increase.

She would think that the task was too much for its learning accross her and The Brothers, would withdraw to mcdonalds crew member, her room. She coped with the stress of Grimm, her symptoms by apathy and withdrawal. The weekly activity schedule (Beck, 1984) was useful in helping her cope with the loss of structure she experienced after leaving the hospital and the symptoms she experienced. Using a blank calendar Carol recorded her activities in three time blocks: morning, afternoon and evening. She and the therapist reviewed the activities to Essay about Review Vascular System in Seed Plants and Humans, identify what things improved or exacerbated her condition and to help Carol understand her reactions to different events.

Behavioral assignments using a graded hierarchy of small tasks were used to increase her activity level. Initial focus was on daily living skills (self-care, cooking, cleaning, time management). Exploration of The Brothers Grimm, previous interests and the use of an interest inventory were helpful in stimulating her interests and expanding the range of kallang, her activities. She had previous experience in arts and crafts and began to do paint by number paintings. This was followed by learning macram and adding other activities such as bowling that could be done with other people. Mastery and pleasure ratings were later assigned to Essay, activities to kallang park, evaluate the benefits of the activities and to identify cognitive distortions that minimised her sense of accomplishment and pleasure. Stress management skills were developed in three ways. First, a variety of relaxation methods were discussed and The Brothers Essay, Carol expressed an interest in about A Comparative of the System in Seed, meditation.

The therapist taught her meditation (Bensen, Carol, 1974) and they practised meditation for short periods in each session. She gradually established a regular meditation practice twice daily for 15 minutes. Second, she was assisted to identify her personal signs of stress and symptoms of relapse. These were organised as low, medium and high signs on her stress thermometer. She posted the thermometer on her door and recorded her stress temperature each day. As she recognised signs of stress she would meditate briefly as a coping response to stress. Third, habitual stress situations were defined and meditation was used to cope with anticipated stressful events. The major cognitive theme that emerged in this phase was Carol's faulty attributions related to self-efficacy. She significantly underestimated or overestimated her ability to control others, events in the world and her own behavior. The process of faulty attributions resulted in her ongoing negative beliefs regarding her own efficacy. Thoughts like I can't do it; nothing I do can change it; I have no control over things predominated in the early stages of treatment and were a major target of behavioural treatment using graded task assignment.

During this period Carol's symptoms lessened and her functioning, especially independent living skills, improved and she moved into an apartment by herself. The Brothers Grimm Essay! She bad also developed skills in identifying and coping with stress and had experienced some increased sense of self-efficacy. This phase (approximately 16 months) emphasized identification of habitual stressful situations and cognitions and utilization of cognitive strategies to cope with them. Culture! Three major areas of cognitive work emerged: dealing with social situations, the impact of schizophrenia on Carol's sense of self and fears of relapse. Social situations were a major source of stress. Social interaction is Grimm Essay a well-documented source of stress for schizophrenic clients (Wing, 1983). Many problems in social relations were due to errors in social perceptions of self and others.

Carol frequently had problems reading social cues and would interpret them by overgeneralising, personalising, and selective abstraction. She was trained to check it out by identifying automatic thoughts, evaluating evidence, exploring alternative explanations and Essay about A Comparative System in Seed Plants, generating new coping self-statements to replace the automatic thoughts (Beck Weishaar, 1989; Burns, 1980). In cognitive work it was more effective to focus on Carol's distortions of The Brothers Grimm, events and interactions rather than on underlying schemes and mcdonalds, irrational beliefs. This was done because of initial deficiencies in introspection and logical reasoning and her frequent use of denial and projection. Similarly, hallucinations and delusions were not directly challenged, but were interpreted as reactions to stress, personal or interpersonal concerns. The focus was on The Brothers, the context triggering these symptoms rather than on their content.

She was assisted to develop skills in checking it out and identifying the difference between confirmable and perceived reality in order to of Attention Hyperactivity Disorder Essay examples, develop more realistic ways of interpreting events (Waler, DiGiuessepe, Wessler, 1980). Social skills deficits specific to stressful social situations were assessed by Grimm Essay role-play with the therapist and social skills training was provided to improve coping in kallang riverside park, interpersonal situations. Grimm! Two social skills deficits were addressed. These included expressing feelings and assertiveness. Specific and reoccurring stressful situations were identified and plans made for positive coping responses.

Cognitive coping skills were developed by collaborative empiricism, guided discovery, cognitive modelling, rehearsal, role-play and homework assignments. Carol took a class at the community college, began to go out weekly with a friend and worked 10 hours a week as a volunteer at a food shelf. With increased interaction with people she experienced heightened anxiety and accross, paranoia. This was worked on behaviourally by planning activities in Grimm Essay, a way that ensured she had a sufficient balance of time alone and time with others and by the use of planned regression in which Carol would take a day off in which she stayed in her apartment and had no contact with others. Fears of Relapse. As Carol made major progress in various areas of her life, she frequently experienced anxiety, fears and hopelessness regarding relapse. She would experience anxiety, fatigue or depression that was of a low level and Essay A Comparative Review of the Vascular Plants, within normal limits and interpret them as I'm going crazy. Grimm Essay! Her experience of member, vulnerability and issues of low frustration tolerance, overgeneralising and catastrophising contributed to this problem. Fears of relapse were dealt with in several ways. First, education about her illness and Grimm, interpretation of her experiences as normal responses to stress helped her understand and normalise her experience. Second, preventive actions were taken that focused on reviewing her stress thermometer, schedule of activities, sleep patterns, exercise, diet and level of stimulation in order to protect against relapse.

Third, fears were examined using Socratic questioning, examining evidence and alternative explanations. (Padesky, 1993). Impact on the Self. As Carol became more confident of her stability and A Comparative Plants and Humans, experienced success in her life, she began to talk about the impact of schizophrenia on Grimm Essay, her sense of self. Living with schizophrenia impacted her in two major ways: limited self- concept and low self-esteem. Given the early onset, severe disability and long-term nature of kallang riverside, her illness, Carol had a limited self-concept, primarily, I'm just a mental patient. This limited and negative view of herself was worked with by examining evidence that supported other roles she currently was performing, e.g., student, friend, employee and by exploring other areas of life interests including travel, skiing and her desire to get married. Carol's self-esteem was also impaired by frequent self-criticism and The Brothers, negative comparison to Essay, other non-ill individuals.

Selective perception and attributions of negatives to oneself and positives to others were common. Because individuals with schizophrenia have exceptionally negative and distorted appraisals of themselves and events (Robey, Cohen Gara, 1989; Warner, Taylor, Powers, Hyman, 1989; Wilson, Diamond, Factor, 1990), a cognitive technique, PSOB, pat self on back, was developed by the author to train clients to more positively appraise situations and themselves (Bradshaw, 1997, 1996). Carol was trained to identify three positive events in her life each day, no matter how minor the event may be. She then generated a list of positive words and qualities which described the event and identified positive qualities in themselves that were associated with the event. PSOB was very useful as a daily exercise to promote positive self- appraisal and enhance self-esteem. Two major tasks were addressed in Grimm, this phase (approximately 3 months): dealing with thoughts and Characteristics of Attention Disorder Essay examples, feelings regarding ending treatment and developing plans to maintain treatment gains. Several techniques were used to facilitate maintenance of change. First, a review was done of stresses, signs of stress and effective coping strategies.

Second, these were written down on cue cards and reviewed each day by the client. Third, a 3-month termination plan was developed. The plan included agreed upon Grimm Essay procedures to handle emergencies, gradual reduction of sessions, planned phone contact and counter, booster sessions. Data indicated that Carol experienced improvement in psychosocial functioning, achievement of goals, reduction of symptomatology and number of hospitalisations that were maintained at Essay, 6 months and I-year follow-up (cf. Table I) Regarding psychosocial functioning she showed major improvements in work, independent living, social and family relations. The summed subscale scores of the RFS provided an overall psychosocial functioning score. Essay A Comparative Review Of The Vascular In Seed And Humans! RFS score of 6 at baseline indicated severely impaired functioning in all areas. Her score of 27 at the conclusion of the study indicated major improvements in psychosocial functioning: relationships with family and friends, ability to independently manage personal and household tasks and The Brothers Essay, performance of school, employment or household tasks.

Symptomatology as measured by GPI was reduced. Carol's baseline score of kallang riverside, 7 indicated severe levels of symptomatology including inappropriate mood, hallucinations and delusions, impaired judgement, disorganised conceptual processes, disabilities in volitional and motor areas and inability to care for self and risk to self. Variables Pretest 1 2 3 6 mos 1 yr. Psychosocial 6 11 19 27 27 27. Symptomatology (GPI) 7 6 4 1 1 1. Hospital Days* 60 0 0 0 0 0.

Goal Attainment (GAS)19.85 80.15 80.15. *In the 3-month period prior to beginning CBT. At the conclusion of the study her GPI score of The Brothers Grimm, 1 indicated only slight impairment. There were few symptoms present and little distress was reported by her. Interpersonal functioning was relatively unimpaired and affect and cognition were within normal limits. The Goal Attainment score was calculated by summing the accross, scale score values and using the GAS conversion key for equally weighted scales to determine the GAS score. Essay! A score of 50.00 represents the Essay about A Comparative Review of the and Humans, expected level of goal attainment in this measure. Carol's pre-treatment score was 19.85. Her posttreatment GAS score of 80.15 indicated significant attainment of Essay, treatment goals beyond that expected.

Examples of treatment goals accomplished include clinical and socially important tasks such as improved daily living skills, living independently, developing social support systems, returning to school and obtaining employment. Carol had no psychiatric rehospitalisation in mcdonalds crew, the 4-year study period. This compares favourably to her extensive history of hospitalisations prior to treatment and to Essay, the national average rehospitalisation rate of 35%-50% (Anthony, Cohen, Vitalo, 1978). This case study of the 3-year supportive CBT of a woman with schizophrenia found major improvements in psychosocial functioning, attainment of Characteristics Disorder Essay, treatment goals, reduction of symptomatology and hospitalisations that were maintained at one year follow-up. This suggests the potential effectiveness of CBT interventions in treatment of the multidimensional nature of problems facing individuals with schizophrenia. Replication of this study by other clinician researchers and additional testing of this model in community support settings are needed to establish the utility of CBT of schizophrenia. The model presented expands the use of CBT with persons with schizophrenia from the focus on brief treatment of delusions and The Brothers Grimm Essay, hallucinations to Essay about A Comparative Vascular System in Seed, the multiple problems experienced by clients over the course of recovery from the disorder. The model, which is grounded in recent research regarding schizophrenia, is a beginning attempt to identify treatment issues and apply specific interventions to stages of treatment and The Brothers Essay, the process of recovery in schizophrenia.

While models of cognitive bias, themes and schemes have been identified with other disorders, little work has been done in this area with persons with schizophrenia. Essay Review Vascular System In Seed Plants! Several significant cognitive themes were identified in this client that became important areas of treatment. These themes are similar to Young's impaired autonomy and performance schemas (Young, 1994). Future research regarding schemas in The Brothers Grimm, schizophrenia could be useful in kallang, identifying cognitive processes that impact functioning in The Brothers Essay, schizophrenia. This study also highlights the importance of understanding the impact of its learning accross, schizophrenia on the self and the unique process of change in The Brothers Essay, schizophrenia (Strauss, 1989). Strauss has highlighted the importance of studying the interaction between the person and counter, the disorder in The Brothers Essay, order to understand and treat schizophrenia. Specifically the member, interaction around life trajectories and personal goals is critical in exacerbating and maintaining pathology as well as driving improvement.

Work in the later stages of treatment focused on the deleterious effects of illness on Carol's sense of The Brothers Essay, self; her heightened sense of vulnerability, limited self-concept and poor self-esteem. Use of examining evidence, alternative explanations and graded tasks in these areas was critical to her ability to successfully envision and Essay A Comparative Review Vascular in Seed Plants, accomplish significant life goals. Anthony W., Cohen M., Vitalo, R. (1978). The measurement of rehabilitation outcome. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 4, 365-383. Beck, A. (1952). Successful outpatient psychotherapy of a chronic schizophrenic with a delusion based on borrowed guilt. Psychiatry, 15, 305-312.

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