What is personnel management
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What is personnel management? definition and meaning
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Personnel manager Определение в кембриджском словаре
austin mba essay MBA Application Essay Topics: There is no major change in the essay prompts of this year. Like last year, McCombs business school asks its applicants to write two required essays and what is personnel one optional essay. ВЂњDegenerate And The Life Gurlitt.? However, both the essays have been tweaked a little bit. Also, one of the communication methods ( about.me option) for the first question has been dropped. Application deadline : October 11, 2016 at 11:59pm CT, Decision date: December 20, 2016. Application deadline: January 10, 2017 at 11:59pm CT, Decision date: March 29, 2017. Final application deadline : April 4, 2017 at what 11:59pm CT, Decision date : May 11, 2017. Lets take a closer look at the essays: Essay 1: The University of Texas at Austin values unique perspectives and The Secrecy created by WWII вЂњDegenerate and the life of Cornelius Gurlitt. cultivates a collaborative environment of what is personnel management distinct individual contributions. It is the first day of orientation. You are meeting your study group, comprised of five of your classmates from of scale, various backgrounds. Please introduce yourself to your new team, highlighting what drives you in what is personnel, your personal and professional life.
Select only one communication method that you would like to use for your response. Write an essay (250 words) Share a video introduction (one minute) This is the The Dangers of Alcoholism Essay fourth year running that McCombs requires the applicants to write an is personnel management, essay on introduction to their class mates. McCombs allows them to what are economies of scale, delve on their personal as well as professional attributes in 250 words. This essay, in terms of the topic and the medium of communication, provides applicants with a flexibility and freedom to showcase their creative side. It is asking you to introduce yourself to your peers, so you should convey your best side and talk about the traits that you feel are the what management best in you. Considering this is your first encounter with them, you should highlight your personal and by WWII life of Cornelius Gurlitt. professional accomplishments, your hobbies, your history (background), and issues that pique your interest. The motive is to tell you future class mates who you really are.
To showcase your creativity, McCombs offers you a choice of what is personnel two modes of communication. You should pick the are economies format that works best for you. If you are an introvert, or if you love to write, you may select the ‘essay mode’ for sure. If you are an extrovert, you may find the video mode more exciting. A video essay allows applicants not only to be more creative but also imaginative. So you may use your own imagination, focusing more on what the things that you like and Prominence Essay would want to share. For example, if you plan to share your culinary skills with your class mates, you may consider shooting the one minute video in your kitchen. I am sure it will be fun doing a video essay; however, it is is personnel management, my understanding that it would demand more time than a regular essay (This doesn’t imply that crafting an ‘introduction’ essay is easy).
So you may experiment with it if you can invest significant amount of time to make sure that you grab the of Alcoholism attention of what management your audience not only through your words, but also through your body language and facial expressions. The Secrecy Created By WWII ArtвЂќ Of Cornelius Gurlitt.? And remember your challenge is to say it all in a one minute video. Also, if you are camera shy and don’t feel comfortable before the camera, then video option may not be a good option. Whichever medium you choose, dedicate the work necessary to is personnel, ensure that your introduction is engaging and presents you as a likeable, friendly, and well-rounded individual to examples poems, your cohorts. Essay 2: Based on your post-MBA goals and what drives you in your personal and professional life, why is the Texas MBA the ideal program for you and how do you plan to engage in is personnel, our community? (500 words) For the by WWII life second essay response, McCombs has omitted the description of Texas community and focused only on goals, motivation, and potential contribution. The applicants are encouraged to focus their responses on what they hope to achieve while at McCombs, why McCombs is right for them, and what they will contribute to the McCombs community.
To address the first part of the question, explain why you wish to pursue MBA. Then, discuss why you are choosing McCombs and how various resources at Texas will help you fulfill your personal and professional needs and objectives and would aid in what, shaping up your future. To compose a solid response to this question, you need to do a thorough research of the resources and offerings of McCombs. You may also get in touch with the currents students and alumni to get insider’s perspective on their experience. Created ВЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ And The Life Of Cornelius Gurlitt.? If possible, visit the campus, attend a class, talk to faculty or other people to get feel of the school’s culture. This will help you determine your ‘fit’ with the is personnel school.
Please refer to the following example: “My past experiences, the knowledge gained in the classroom, McComb’s extensive NGO network, and the Net Impact club will equip me with skills to operate an NGO, helping me realize my dream of opening my own NGO.” To address the second part of the The Secrecy created by WWII Gurlitt. question, you should highlight your attributes and your strengths which you would be bringing to the Texas community. Focus on mentioning about your contribution to what, class discussions in your strong areas, and contribute to Essay, your class mates’ experience. Is Personnel? Also, you should comment on your involvement in 2-3 clubs/ organizations of your interest (both professional and personal) and elaborate on by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ life that. For example, if you are passionate about soccer and management have been a good soccer player you can talk about your passion for soccer and how you would enrich the Prominence among with Disabilities Essay Soccer Club. You may want to is personnel management, show your contribution by creating something new on campus e.g. a new club or a community event, or by leading it. Please provide any additional information you believe is important and/ or address any areas of concern that will be beneficial to the Admissions Committee in considering your application (e.g. unexplained gaps in work experience, choice of recommenders, academic performance, significant weaknesses in your application, or extenuating personal circumstances). (250 words) An optional essay is an opportunity for Prominence of Obesity Disabilities Essay you to give the Ad Com relevant information that you could not provide in other essays or other parts of your application essays, recommendation letters, and resume. This question is also meant to shine a spotlight on what management an experience or side of your personality that has not been revealed in the other parts of your application. To provide context for a weakness in your profile, like low GPA or GMAT or a gap in of love, your job history, make sure your reason is genuine to convince them that your low grades occurred due to what is personnel, unforeseen circumstances beyond your control. Also, keep in mind that your story should not only explain that particular weakness in your profile, but also bring out your other strong personality traits.
That means your response should be positive, straightforward, and The Secrecy by WWII вЂњDegenerate life of Cornelius Gurlitt. fact-focused and should not sound like you are making excuses for a weakness in your profile. Below is an example from an what, optional essay written by Prominence among People Disabilities Essay a female candidate to explain her employment gap after she was laid off from management, her company: “The past eight months have provided me adequate time for reflection for my next professional move. I conducted research on People Disabilities Essay potential employers, job profiles and reached out to my mentors to management, evaluate how to of emotional intelligence, use my capabilities and skills. I have evaluated my career goals and have decided to enhance my skill set by pursuing an MBA. On the personal front, this period gave me an opportunity to devote more time to the care of my child and pursue my hobbies such as swimming and traveling. Note: For more application tips and tricks, click here:
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Personnel management Определение в кембриджском словаре
Part 8 - Examples of what is personnel, Good and Bad Writing. Learning to write often works best by example. The following are excerpts from nine first-year student essays. Are Economies Of Scale! Most of the examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in the bunch. In most cases, the names and dates from the essays have been changed to not compromise the what is personnel management, subject matter for examples of love poems, future students (in other words, don't use any of the apparent research information here in your papers). Management! I have tried to categorize the Prominence of Obesity among with Disabilities Essay, errors as best as I could. Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to is personnel management help you identify them. Smith was a religious, Christian man. Examples Of Love Poems! His notion of monads included contextual references to God. He believed that God controls the harmony of life through these monads.
The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in a Christian context. Had the student omitted the above sentences, however, the is personnel management, discussion of religion would have been completely out of place, given the essay's topic. But since the person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is The Secrecy вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ and the life of Cornelius, relevant to is personnel mention the religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant. Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about The Dangers of Alcoholism someone in what management an essay if it wasn't relevant to the topic. For example, it is irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in an essay about their discovery unless the race impacted the discovery. An example of this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to Analysis of Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing find a cure for sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in proportionally higher numbers. If the same scientist was researching some aspect of what, physics, it would probably not be relevant to mention the race at all.
An introductory paragraph: On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and importance intelligence James Smith. Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and what is personnel influential men of politics with whom he discussed matters of mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Created ВЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ And The Life Gurlitt.! Smith was brilliant in each of these fields, but he became known particularly for his contributions in the fields of philosophy, mathematics, and logistics. Management! This paper will not only shed light on some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in his life that made him the about of Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing, man that he was. This is the introduction to a chronologically-ordered essay about Smith's life and discoveries. As such, the choice to begin with his date of birth is a good one. The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied.
The paper sets up an expectation for the reader of both a detailed explanation of Smith's discoveries and anecdotes describing his personality. The sentence structure is grammatically sound and is personnel flows well. In the late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to London , she then pulled him out of among with Disabilities Essay, school with the intent to make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. The decade is the 1650s. The sentence is management, a run-on. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the The Dangers Essay, she then should be changed to and. To make someone a farmer is to create a farmer for them. What Is Personnel Management! The student meant: to turn him into a farmer or to examples of love encourage him to what be a farmer. Smith invented the The Secrecy by WWII of Cornelius Gurlitt., widgetiscope and paved the what is personnel, way for future widget watching. Examples! All-the-while remaining a simple and humble man who considered himself to what is personnel be part of a team working for the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence.
The entire thing should be one sentence. All-the-while does not require hyphenation. The two differing approaches of development already described, eventually led to the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. This sentence is mispunctuated. The comma is importance of emotional, confusing and should be removed, and the semicolon should be a colon. Another of Smith's ideas was the is personnel, method of differentiation. The university re-opened after the plague in 1667. Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, and awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4). Examples Poems! After the realization that Calculus was important, and what is personnel was being recognized, a document to record all of the theories became a necessity. What Are Economies Of Scale! The Methodis Differantium, the is personnel management, document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in 1667. Smith believed he was being pulled in two directions when it came to publishing his theories and making his work known.
He felt a need for fame and fortune, yet on the other hand he had an abundant fear of rejection. To the intelligence, dismay of many future mathematicians, it was never published because of Smith's fear of criticism. Since he was not focusing on what, publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor. This so-called paragraph is an utter mess. There are far too many ideas in it, all of The Secrecy created by WWII and the, which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did. First, let's pick out the different topics being addressed: the method of differentiation the university re-opening after the plague Smith's ascension through the is personnel management, university ranks the need of a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and fears. Now, if we replace each sentence with the number of the corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and then leap to importance another topic in the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to mention something as an aside to complement the topic, the return to the topic should be swift and easy to understand. Don't bounce around within the paragraph as this student has done.
Another problem: there doesn't seem to be a coherent timeline within the paragraph. What Is Personnel Management! Did the university re-open in what are economies of scale 1667, or was the plague in 1667? Is the student saying that Smith was elected to a minor fellowship that year or another year? Similarly, when did the major fellowship and Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to have all happened in one year, though it is possible. The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to publish and seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667? It sounds like that was a very busy year for poor Smith! The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to understand.
I'll make some assumptions regarding the confusing date information. Here is how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on the method of differentiation were gaining recognition in the mathematical community, which made it necessary for him to produce a document detailing all of his theories on the subject. Thus, when the university re-opened in 1667 following the plague and Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium. Although Smith wished to attain fame and fortune, he also feared rejection. This dichotomy resulted in his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by what is personnel management, mathematicians well into of emotional intelligence the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in what [insert year]. Since he was not interested in publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in created of Cornelius 1705 to be given the title of is personnel, Sir Joe Smith, which made him the importance of emotional, first scientist to be so honored for his work (Bogus) . The phrase to be given is awkward here. It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705, which gave him the what is personnel management, title of Sir.
Who else could be honoured for Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . What Are Economies Of Scale! which made him the what management, first man to be honored for what of scale, scientific work. What Is Personnel! There probably should be a page number listed in the citation. Jones had a main idea of analytic geometry. What does this mean? Does the student mean that one of Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry? Does he mean that one of the of emotional intelligence, main ideas of analytic geometry was conceived by what management, Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and importance of emotional intelligence is very awkward. Whether Smith made no use of the manuscript from which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope, are questions on which at is personnel, this distance of time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts. This is a very awkward way of saying that the events in question happened so long ago that there is no longer sufficient evidence to answer certain questions.
It would be better written: Questions as to whether Smith made further use of the The Secrecy by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ and the Gurlitt., manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the what management, widgetiscope are rooted so far in the past that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. This is still a bit awkward. It's best when broken up into smaller sentences: There are still questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope. Such questions are rooted so far in the past, however, that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. Smith formed a political plan to try to persuade the Germans to attack the French due to him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the means of his visiting Hamburg.
Due to him not agreeing with is a very awkward way of of Obesity among People with Disabilities, saying: because he disagreed with. The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Proved the means of his visiting is a very awkward way of saying is is personnel management, why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and of Obesity among People with Disabilities Essay simplified problems too complex to approach. Not only is this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible. If the ideas were too complicated to understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself. If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and Pronouns.
After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for several months. After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to the manor. A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of what management, land, the manor house, livestock, grain, and Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). His mother gave birth to Smith three months after Smith senior died. He was premature after suffering from illness due to the shock of The Dangers Essay, her husband's passing during the fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is not properly attached to what is personnel management Smith's father.
Instead, it is saying that the lawyer did not recover from of emotional intelligence, something. A will does not include land, a house, etc. It states to whom such things are bequeathed. This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock and grain to [whomever]. I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into this sentence. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. What! refers to the antecedent Smith Senior.
Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and is clearly not what the student meant to what of scale say. They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth. Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is inconsistency in capitalization. It is Smith Senior once, and Smith senior another time. Is Personnel Management! The he in he was premature again refers to importance the wrong antecedent. Smith Senior was not premature.
Smith did not suffer illness due to the shock of Smith Senior's passing. Elizabeth did. This sentence says that Smith suffered the illness. The student suddenly introduces the phrase during the fall when no other mention of the season has been made. This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the what is personnel, inverse relationship between area and Essay the tangent were never attained. The relationship is is personnel management, singular, even though it refers to multiple elements. Thus, the verb were should be singular as well, and changed to was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is a section of Prominence People with Disabilities, time.
Say it is a place where. or a time when. In this case, It was this century when. What Management! Adding an 's' without an apostrophe in this case is The Dangers of Alcoholism, pluralization, not indicative of possession. The student means world's. But perhaps the largest obstacle , which the Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and what is personnel measuring system . Were is plural, but obstacle and system are singular. Of Love! It should be was. Tragically at the age of six, Smith's father died. This says that Smith's father died at the age of six. The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died.
Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the publication of management, his discoveries. After the publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's? Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the angles of the about in Much by Shakespeare, projected colour, a new law of refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered. To make a new law of management, refraction, Jones would have to alter physics. During the seventeenth century, the inhabitants of England did not realize the with Disabilities Essay, importance of scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and is thus a poor choice of management, a word. What Of Scale! Are we to understand that ALL of the people in what management England failed to realize the importance of scientific advancement for an entire century? It would have been better if the of emotional intelligence, student had said most people in England. At the current time, the dominant belief was that light traveled in wave . The current time is the moment the reader is reading the sentence.
The student meant to what is personnel management say that the of Obesity with Disabilities, belief was such during the historical time period being discussed. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an error. It should either be in waves or in a wave. Both may be correct, but such an what management, error can be misunderstood if one is incorrect.
This would likely have been caught if the student had read the paper out loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to the identification of solutions of computational features found frequently to different problems. Here is an example of a student not knowing the proper meaning of a word. Impedance means opposition to the flow of electric current. Importance Of Emotional Intelligence! It does not mean the same as to what management impede, which is to Essay about Character in Much Nothing be an obstacle. Is Personnel Management! This could be an instance where a student used the thesaurus in a word processor to come up with a word without bothering to check if the importance intelligence, word fit the context. It could also simply be that the student had mislearned the word themselves. Incidentally, a quick check of MS Word 97 shows synonyms to impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and maze. What Is Personnel! So here is what of scale, direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word. Be diligent and look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary before using them in your essay.
In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the what is personnel management, two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and one being aware doesn't fit either. This is a student trying to sound fancy but instead making no sense. The sentence should read: In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the poems, two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and his mother, partly for abandoning him at such a young age. Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from a source, it was plagiarism to include it without attribution.
Smith managed one friendship through this time and the value of that is always questioned. Who is questioning the management, value? There is no attribution to explain who questions it or to prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the student. What precisely is being questioned? The value of only having one friend, or the value of the one friendship to Smith in particular? . which means that the cut in the # of points is equal to the degree of the curve.
Using the # symbol instead of the word number is a bad short cut, and certainly inappropriate for a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry. How does a focus on are economies of scale, a subject help to what is personnel improve a community? It might improve the understanding of the subject in the community, but does that improve the community itself? This is a badly worded assertion.
If it truly did benefit the scientific community as a whole, the student should cite a source demonstrating that to be the Prominence with Disabilities Essay, case. No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for the better. A boy ranked just above him kicked him in what is personnel the stomach. At the by WWII вЂњDegenerate of Cornelius Gurlitt., end of the what is personnel management, day John challenged the boy to a fight. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy. Winning the fight was still not enough. John applied himself in class, and soon became the top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for the purpose of explaining what drove John to become a better student. Incredibly, it manages to The Dangers of Alcoholism completely fail to mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm. What Is Personnel Management! The relationship is of Alcoholism Essay, implied and the reader can guess that John wished to beat the boy in what is personnel more than just a physical fight, and thus worked hard to outrank the boy in the classroom, but that is not stated.
The paragraph is very choppy and the sentences do not flow well. Read it out loud, and you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of by WWII life of Cornelius, a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock. He constructed the clock out of an old box. This is choppy. What! It could be easily combined into one sentence.
Jones became began to importance intelligence study motion. This error was probably due to what is personnel management a sentence that once legitimately contained the word became being edited without became being removed. If the student had read the essay out loud or given it to a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Moon's distance from Earth was incorrect. Here is another example of a simple error of omission that could have been caught if the student had read the essay aloud or given it to a friend to read. The word of should be between calculation and the.
That one small error makes the Essay, entire sentence awkward and confusing. If the instructor has to reread the sentence to try to understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is interrupted. If this happens often enough in the essay, it gives an what is personnel management, overall bad impression on what otherwise might be a very good paper in terms of poems, research. More examples of is personnel, errors that could have been caught if the students had bothered to read their essay: One of Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the The Dangers of Alcoholism, notion of the infinite widget, which in fact cam as a great service to Smith in that it served as an important too in helping explain his branch of widgetry. Jones might have in fact perputuated the ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of them from the beginning. Admiration for Smith grew in the filed of widgetry. With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of monographs on religious topics. Smith considers out universe to be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from.
In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and science rejected his theories about light until the next century. Management! Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the of Obesity among with Disabilities Essay, research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is a good idea to fully explain who did the proving when, and possibly even how they came to their conclusion. These sentences contradict each other. Is Personnel Management! Was Jones proven incorrect or correct? Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all? Or was Jones correct about some things and Character in Much Ado About Nothing not others? The use of Thus implies causality.
How does the what is personnel management, proof that Jones is among People Disabilities Essay, incorrect and the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of his theory being correct? Regardless of what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to what is personnel management correct, there is nothing given to establish causality. It's disappointing to see such sloppiness as this in an essay. This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on a computer with a modern word processor. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Such complete disregard is automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about their final product, and while the error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to the grader. In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. That's inexcusable at the university level.
It was also during this time that he traveled to examples of love poems his uncle's place in Brunswick. Place is colloquial. What Is Personnel! Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead. Smith attempted to obtain his doctorate of law degree at what are economies, the University of Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for the older students -- and Smith was much too young. Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of negative feelings that the management, Dean's wife held for him. Smith's secretary is probably dead, since this essay is about someone from the importance, 19th century. Therefore, they no longer claim anything. It should be past tense. Since the student doesn't cite this, there is an implication that perhaps the secretary is not dead and the student went so far as to interview the secretary personally. What Is Personnel! That is, of Essay Analysis by Shakespeare, course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources.
The following are a few concepts that form the basis of Leibnizian calculus: [followed by management, three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of direct quotation] Using bullets in a formal essay is rarely appropriate. It is preferable to write out the bulleted information into proper paragraph form. Created By WWII! This student seems to is personnel have been too lazy to bother paraphrasing a bunch of direct quotations into a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by numerous scholars to be a pioneer of calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith? There has only been one? The student means another, not other. Sloppy. The first page of the essay starts with: have been developed (5).
The second page starts with the created вЂњDegenerate of Cornelius, header Introduction and is personnel the opening paragraph. Clearly, the student stapled the pages out of order. What a sloppy mistake! Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to for some reason, and вЂњDegenerate life of Cornelius you should always ensure that all of the pages are present and in proper order before binding the essay. If the is personnel management, instructor has to begin by figuring out what the heck is going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of your essay and of Obesity among with Essay possibly of you. Jones was quite a busy man in that along with his position in the Court of Mainz, he also managed to serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and most importantly, friend.
Quite a busy man is is personnel management, a bit colloquial. The Secrecy Created Life Of Cornelius Gurlitt.! A busy man would do. The first as is an what management, error, since Jones did not serve as the Baron, he served the Baron. This may have been caught if the The Dangers of Alcoholism Essay, student had read their essay out loud. His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from this fellowship in 1683. Chummy should only be included if it was Smith's actual word for Jones. If this is the management, case, it is a quotation from among People Disabilities Essay, a source and what management should be cited. If not, it is colloquial and should just say His friend Bill Jones.
Who should be whom in this case. A site called Grammar and of love poems Style has information on how to use who and whom. This isn't even a complete sentence. Smith was born prematurely and was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is redundant. Management! Who does they refer to? Doctors? Parents?
Relatives? Townsfolk? It is a pronoun without an antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the belief systems of the natural philosophical world around him. Has is the wrong word here because the essay is about a person who is The Dangers of Alcoholism Essay, now dead.
Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in the present, so the what management, word should at least be had. Essay About In Much Ado About Nothing! But even had is is personnel, awkward, and a better word would be wrote. Prominence People With Essay! Discourse means to converse, especially orally. One does not speak orally in a publication. Is Personnel! It is written. The Dangers Of Alcoholism! This word should be omitted. Between denotes at least two participants, but Jones is the only one having the management, supposed discourse. Of Obesity! This too should be omitted. Natural philosophical world is confusing.
Does the student mean the natural, philosophical world, which would be the world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in which natural modifies philosophical and not world, in which case the is personnel, grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as: In this publication, Jones wrote of the of emotional intelligence, belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him. or, depending on is personnel, the answer to what are economies the fourth point: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the is personnel, naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for approximately 18 months, according to The Secrecy by WWII and the Jones the 18 months was the most predominant time period of his life. This is a run-on sentence. It should either end between 18 months and according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence. 18 months is repeated for what, no reason. 18 months is of love, plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was.
Predominant means superior especially in power or numbers. Something cannot be most superior. What! Most should be omitted. Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway. If the student means it was the most powerful time of Jones' life, they should be clear about that. If they mean it was the most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old. Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment.
Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly. The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. The Dangers! The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and confusing. Jones was not that easy to what? The student probably means Jones was not that easy to what is personnel management satisfy or something equivalent. This is a run-on sentence. It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Which two men?
Simpson and Jones or Smith and Jones? The information on physics before this section is important to understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of mathematics, most importantly Calculus. Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. A site called Grammar and are economies of scale Style has information on what management, how to use who and whom. There should not be a comma between arguably and Prominence of Obesity People Essay his. There is what management, no citation as to are economies of scale anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in is personnel management mathematics. This might be because it would be difficult to prove in the face of the importance of Newtonian physics. Advancements is probably the wrong word. Achievements or discoveries would be better.
Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. The addition of most importantly is awkward. Particularly would have been a better word. The use of greatest and of Alcoholism most importantly referring to what Calculus is hyperbole. Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up.
The declarations of superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and possibly pandering. It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on forever in the ever-changing world of science and mathematics . How can the student know that Smith's work will live on forever? That's an impossible assertion to make. Work, theories and studies don't live. They exist, but they are not organic creatures.
If the world is of Alcoholism Essay, ever-changing, how again can the student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense? Or lost entirely? World is singular, but it refers to two worlds, one of science and what is personnel one of mathematics. Prominence Of Obesity People With Essay! This conclusion reeks of hyperbole. (So does the phrase reeks of hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by the name of Jones knew that he could demonstrate the ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is a bit awkward. It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that. Is Personnel Management! Ration is the wrong word. The student meant ratio.
This is one of those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to be the inventor of the widgetiscope and Prominence of Obesity among with Disabilities Essay another man was proclaiming the management, exact same thing; who is telling the truth? The main problem here is the change in tense. You can't go from Essay about Character of Beatrice in Much Ado About, was to is if the subject remains fixed in time. Furthermore, it is incorrect to is personnel management refer to importance of emotional intelligence someone who is dead as doing anything in the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting).
A dead person is not telling anything right now, but they were in the past. Try to what avoid using the passive form was proclaiming and instead use proclaimed. Importance Intelligence! This particular statement is what is personnel, also bad because of the subject matter. The student has already shown in the essay that both men happened to independently invent the widgetiscope, but the issue is who deserved the title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to libel people.
The phrasing here is awkward and possibly a bit too conversational in the final question. A better way of writing this would be: Two men proclaimed to be the inventor of calculus, but only are economies of scale, one could be given the credit. The argument was so drawn out that a decision was not easy to come by what is personnel, which worked against Smith's favor. Jones had been considered the Essay, sole inventor of the widgetiscope for fifteen years already, which gave him the upper hand. The student meant to say that the duration of the argument caused Smith to what lose. But because the student failed to put the of Alcoholism Essay, necessary comma between the management, bolded words, this sentence actually says, by means of about Character Analysis of Beatrice Ado About, a complicated string of multiple negatives, that it was not easy to come to a decision against Smith, meaning he won. This sentence would be better worded this way: Because the what management, argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the of love, next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to unravel and never really came to a definitive decision.
This negates what the student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the duration of the argument. This also repeats the fact that it was a long argument, which is redundant. It was from the is personnel, Greeks, where the underlying of widgetry emerged and set the basis of what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from Essay of Beatrice by Shakespeare, whom, not where. The comma in this sentence should not be there.
It sets up an expectation that the portion after the comma is what is personnel, a separate clause, as in: It was from the created by WWII вЂњDegenerate of Cornelius, Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth. Note that because the who is in the separate clause, it should not be whom. The underlying what ? You can't just say the underlying of widgetry. It has to be the underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is basis, foundation, etc. Although there was a time of intellectual heightening , there came a period of darkness in the development of mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an icky, awkward phrase. Intellectual development would have been much better. Is Personnel! In going over what, this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the name Edwards. I checked the bibliography to confirm the name, and is personnel discovered that nothing by Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at all. Had this gone noticed when the paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the Prominence People with Disabilities Essay, student's sources and bibliography. Be sure to what list all sources in are economies of scale your bibliography, and be sure to is personnel management spell them correctly when citing!
One motive of Sumerian algebra was to of Obesity among with impose on themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and is personnel precisely compute, and for this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the infinite, such as limit concepts, from their own mathematics. Motive applies to Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians. Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on themselves. It should be written: One motive of the Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on themselves. although that is still an awkward phrase. Concepts should not be plural. This is of love poems, sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the student had bothered to read over his essay. What! The sentence should end after compute. ВЂњDegenerate! A new sentence should begin, For this reason. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to say: For this reason, they rejected concepts.
This sentence is so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is just icky. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the sentence to management bring that idea out on its own. If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in these elements and refused to use real numbers and limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102). The verb refused applies to Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is nonsensical. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the subject you intend for them. Don't use till when you mean until. That's colloquial at of Obesity among People, best, and not really a proper use of the word at all at management, worst. The proper phrase is Prominence among People Disabilities Essay, have never been formed. To say something never formed begs the question: What didn't it form? Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole. Is Personnel Management! I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the The Dangers of Alcoholism, student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the advent of calculus.
Be careful that you don't paraphrase in such a way as to management claim a source said something that they did not. If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and counting as obsolete, which is ridiculous. Essentially , it is a case of Smith's word against a number of suspicious details pointing against him. He acknowledged possession of a copy of part of one of examples, Jones' manuscripts, on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them, and what is personnel management a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to 1673) (Bogus, 78) Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to use words like essentially and basically too often. Among Disabilities Essay! It's somewhat conversational, and possibly colloquial. Try to is personnel avoid it unless something is of emotional, truly essential. A number of suspicious details pointing against him is an management, awkward way of saying: suspicions of Disabilities, his guilt. But what the student means is not suspicions, but points of evidence. When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the what is personnel, way to punctuate it is The Dangers of Alcoholism, as follows (note the is personnel management, placement of the colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4].
This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and each proof still points to the main part of the sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to say: It is a case of Smith's word against the evidence of his guilt: he acknowledged possession of a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them; and his manuscripts had been falsified by changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition: The editors of the famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the mathematical world , in that they only described fingleish widgetry, and failed to include an explanation of The Dangers, fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at higher levels of education it might even be required. But if you're going to is personnel management do it, be careful to do it well and with evidence. This just sounds presumptuous. The student has not shown whether or not the Prominence among Essay, dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of is personnel, sufficient definition.
Saying the dictionary is of Obesity among, famous is probably unnecessary, and possibly hyperbole. A cardinal sin is a sin of what management, fundamental importance. In the Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder. Thus, calling a disagreement in definition in a dictionary a cardinal sin is definitely hyperbole. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world. The student meant against the mathematical world. It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the Essay about Analysis Ado About Nothing, case in Webster's Dictionary, on a subject that has tested such great minds for centuries upon what centuries . It is surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in their essays. That sounds nasty, doesn't it? That's because it is.
Sentences like this are insulting and created by WWII вЂњDegenerate life off-putting, and don't belong in a formal essay. Such great minds requires an example. The word such should be omitted. Management! Centuries upon centuries is redundant. Just say centuries and of Alcoholism Essay leave it at that. Jones' first object in Paris was to make contact with the French government but, while waiting for such an opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers there, in particular Davis and management Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is a thing.
The student means Jones' first objective. With Essay! This is what is personnel management, a bad run-on. It should be broken up like this: Jones' first objective in Paris was to make contact with the French government, but while waiting for an opportunity to do so, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers such as Davis and Myers. He discussed a variety of topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). Smith's contribution to math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one. Math is the colloquial version of ArtвЂќ life of Cornelius, mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only what, help our society? What about other societies?
More technological in building things is a really awkward way of saying improved our technological aptitude. Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived and Essay about Character of Beatrice Ado About by Shakespeare this paper will demonstrate that, starting from his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to blow that up to one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived is hyperbole. Even if it is true, the paper didn't demonstrate it because the paper didn't compare Smith to is personnel other great geniuses that have lived. The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the geniuses that have ever lived. Of Emotional! If you start from something, you go to or follow through to another something. The phrase starting from his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the section of time inclusively between his childhood and death and not saying where you're going.
Furthermore, the paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child. The student means, starting with his childhood and following through to his death. That is still awkward, and the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and this paper will demonstrate that by examining his entire life. So John lived for seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in this context is colloquial and should be omitted. Is Personnel! This really should be cited. John's address may be a matter of public record and therefore doesn't have to importance intelligence be cited, but comments on the emotional quality of the household imply research, and the student should give credit to the source.
Really is colloquial, and what is personnel management should be omitted. While at Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in his dedication to math . Who is Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself. A better way to what write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication.
Math is colloquial. It should be mathematics. This information helps us to understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an invisible force weighing us down as we push against it and what it pushes back against us . This hand full of knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of heavenly bodies and their movement. It has also allowed scientist to Essay delve further in exploring our galaxy. Does gravity only affect humans? Granted, the is personnel, student is trying to make the science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of doing it.
It is also something that seems to indicate an of Alcoholism, essay geared to children. While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and intellectual peers. What Is Personnel! The description of the invisible force is very awkward. Examples Poems! A better wording would be: do have an invisible force that we push against as it pushes back against what is personnel management, us. Gravity does not, in fact, weigh people down. The student's own definition of it earlier in the essay mentions this, and here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. To add in the bit about it weighing us down is contradictory. The Dangers Essay! The student means handful. This is a bad description anyway, since the student is trying to is personnel show how this knowledge is monumental to scientists.
Both instances of examples, scientist should be pluralized. One delves further into something, not in it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and is personnel management awkward. It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. The second part of this is a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions. Show off is colloquial. Demonstrate would be better. Prominence With Essay! Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural. A concluding paragraph: Jones was a great man who made an impact in all of our lives . Management! He is recognized as one of the centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to The Secrecy created ArtвЂќ and the life of Cornelius Gurlitt. further math along.
This intellectual man has created something which has and will be used for what, years to come. This is an created вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ life of Cornelius, important part of history which will and should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. Is Personnel! It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man. A great man is one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and their contributions to their society.
Jones may have been all of this, but the essay did not reflect it, so it is hyperbole to declare it in the conclusion. It is of Obesity among People with Disabilities Essay, also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to one person may not for another. Centuries is the plural of century, not the possessive. The student means century's. But Jones was not of our current century, so the what, student should define which century they mean. Impacts are made on, not in.
If by all of us the student means everyone on the planet, this is incorrect. The Secrecy By WWII And The Life! Jones' contributions to mathematics hardly impact the management, life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Examples Poems! Even if the student merely means her peers, it is still hyperbole to declare that everyone has been impacted. If you're going to what mention that the person did something in your conclusion, mention what that something is. While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the student cannot effectively predict the future in this way. Some of these comments may seem nitpicky, but the fact of the matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on you and your essay. No one is perfect, and an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for those instances. But an essay that is full of the The Secrecy created by WWII and the life of Cornelius Gurlitt., errors listed above prevents the reader from understanding the content. If the is personnel management, instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade.
Last updated in February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman. Among People With Essay! All rights reserved. This original work is what management, available for distribution, provided the following: it is only distributed in this complete form, it contains my name and copyright, it is not altered during distribution without my consent, and it is not used to generate income for anyone without my consent. I would strongly appreciate knowing if anyone is distributing this in printed form.
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Why Footbinding Persisted in China for a Millennium. For the past year I have been working with Britain’s BBC television to is personnel management, make a documentary series on the history of importance of emotional women. What Is Personnel Management? In the latest round of filming there was an incident that haunts me. It took place during a segment on the social changes that affected Chinese women in the late 13th century. Every Step a Lotus: Shoes for Bound Feet. Cinderella's Sisters: A Revisionist History of Footbinding. These changes can be illustrated by the practice of female foot-binding.
Some early evidence for it comes from the tomb of Lady Huang Sheng, the wife of an imperial clansman, who died in 1243. Archaeologists discovered tiny, misshapen feet that had been wrapped in gauze and placed inside specially shaped “lotus shoes.” For one of my pieces on camera, I balanced a pair of embroidered doll shoes in the palm of my hand, as I talked about The Dangers Essay, Lady Huang and the origins of foot-binding. When it was over, I turned to the museum curator who had given me the shoes and made some comment about the silliness of what is personnel using toy shoes. This was when I was informed that I had been holding the real thing. The miniature “doll” shoes had in Essay Analysis in Much Nothing by Shakespeare, fact been worn by a human. The shock of discovery was like being doused with a bucket of freezing water. Foot-binding is said to have been inspired by a tenth-century court dancer named Yao Niang who bound her feet into the shape of a new moon. What? She entranced Emperor Li Yu by dancing on her toes inside a six-foot golden lotus festooned with ribbons and precious stones.
In addition to Essay Analysis in Much Nothing, altering the shape of the foot, the practice also produced a particular sort of gait that relied on the thigh and buttock muscles for support. From the start, foot-binding was imbued with erotic overtones. Gradually, other court ladies—with money, time and what, a void to of emotional, fill—took up foot-binding, making it a status symbol among the elite. A small foot in China, no different from a tiny waist in management, Victorian England, represented the height of importance of emotional female refinement. For families with marriageable daughters, foot size translated into its own form of currency and a means of achieving upward mobility. The most desirable bride possessed a three-inch foot, known as a “golden lotus.” It was respectable to have four-inch feet—a silver lotus—but feet five inches or longer were dismissed as iron lotuses. The marriage prospects for such a girl were dim indeed. As I held the lotus shoes in my hand, it was horrifying to realize that every aspect of women’s beauty was intimately bound up with pain. Placed side by side, the shoes were the length of my iPhone and what is personnel management, less than a half-inch wider. Importance Of Emotional Intelligence? My index finger was bigger than the “toe” of the shoe. It was obvious why the process had to begin in childhood when a girl was 5 or 6.
First, her feet were plunged into hot water and her toenails clipped short. Then the feet were massaged and oiled before all the toes, except the big toes, were broken and bound flat against the sole, making a triangle shape. Next, her arch was strained as the foot was bent double. Finally, the feet were bound in place using a silk strip measuring ten feet long and two inches wide. These wrappings were briefly removed every two days to prevent blood and pus from infecting the foot. Sometimes “excess” flesh was cut away or encouraged to what is personnel, rot. The girls were forced to walk long distances in Character Analysis of Beatrice Ado About, order to hasten the breaking of their arches. Over time the wrappings became tighter and the shoes smaller as the heel and sole were crushed together. What? After two years the process was complete, creating a deep cleft that could hold a coin in place.
Once a foot had been crushed and bound, the shape could not be reversed without a woman undergoing the same pain all over again. As the practice of foot-binding makes brutally clear, social forces in China then subjugated women. And the impact can be appreciated by considering three of about Analysis of Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing China’s greatest female figures: the politician Shangguan Wan’er (664-710), the what, poet Li Qing-zhao (1084-c.1151) and the warrior Liang Hongyu (c.1100-1135). Of Alcoholism Essay? All three women lived before foot-binding became the norm. They had distinguished themselves in their own right—not as voices behind the throne, or muses to inspire others, but as self-directed agents. Though none is well known in the West, the women are household names in China. Shangguan began her life under unfortunate circumstances. She was born the year that her grandfather, the chancellor to Emperor Gaozong, was implicated in a political conspiracy against is personnel management the emperor’s powerful wife, Empress Wu Zetian.
After the plot was exposed, the irate empress had the male members of the Shangguan family executed and all the female members enslaved. Nevertheless, after being informed of the 14-year-old Shangguan Wan’er’s exceptional brilliance as a poet and scribe, the empress promptly employed the Essay Character Analysis in Much Ado About Nothing, girl as her personal secretary. What? Thus began an Analysis of Beatrice in Much Nothing by Shakespeare extraordinary 27-year relationship between China’s only what management female emperor and the woman whose family she had destroyed. Wu eventually promoted Shangguan from of emotional, cultural minister to chief minister, giving her charge of what is personnel drafting the imperial edicts and of Alcoholism, decrees. The position was as dangerous as it had been during her grandfather’s time. On one occasion the empress signed her death warrant only to have the punishment commuted at the last minute to facial disfigurement.
Shangguan survived the empress’s downfall in 705, but not the political turmoil that followed. She could not help becoming embroiled in the surviving progeny’s plots and counterplots for what management, the throne. The Dangers? In 710 she was persuaded or forced to what, draft a fake document that acceded power to the Dowager Empress Wei. During the bloody clashes that erupted between the factions, Shangguan was dragged from her house and of emotional intelligence, beheaded. A later emperor had her poetry collected and recorded for posterity. Many of what is personnel management her poems had been written at imperial command to commemorate a particular state occasion. But she also contributed to the development of the “estate poem,” a form of poetry that celebrates the what are economies, courtier who willingly chooses the simple, pastoral life.
Shangguan is management considered by some scholars to вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ and the life Gurlitt., be one of the forebears of the High Tang, a golden age in Chinese poetry. Management? Nevertheless, her work pales in significance compared with the poems of Li Qingzhao, whose surviving relics are kept in poems, a museum in her hometown of Jinan—the “City of Springs”—in Shandong province. Li lived during one of the more chaotic times of the what management, Song era, when the country was divided into northern China under the among People with Essay, Jin dynasty and southern China under the Song. Her husband was a mid-ranking official in the Song government. What Management? They shared an intense passion for art and poetry and were avid collectors of ancient texts. Li was in her 40s when her husband died, consigning her to an increasingly fraught and penurious widowhood that lasted for another two decades. The Dangers? At one point she made a disastrous marriage to a man whom she divorced after a few months. An exponent of ci poetry—lyric verse written to popular tunes, Li poured out her feelings about her husband, her widowhood and her subsequent unhappiness. She eventually settled in what management, Lin’an, the capital of the southern Song. Li’s later poems became increasingly morose and despairing. But her earlier works are full of joie de vivre and erotic desire.
Like this one attributed to her: . I finish tuning the pipes. face the importance of emotional intelligence, floral mirror. crimson silken shift. over icelike flesh. in snowpale cream. glistening scented oils.
to my sweet friend. my silken curtains. your pillow, your mat. Literary critics in later dynasties struggled to reconcile the woman with the poetry, finding her remarriage and subsequent divorce an affront to is personnel, Neo-Confucian morals. Ironically, between Li and her near-contemporary Liang Hongyu, the former was regarded as the more transgressive.
Liang was an ex-courtesan who had followed her soldier-husband from camp to camp. Already beyond the pale of are economies of scale respectability, she was not subjected to the usual censure reserved for women who stepped beyond the nei —the female sphere of management domestic skills and household management—to enter the wei , the so-called male realm of вЂњDegenerate and the life literary learning and public service. Liang grew up at a military base commanded by her father. What Is Personnel? Her education included military drills and of emotional intelligence, learning the martial arts. In 1121, she met her husband, a junior officer named Han Shizhong. With her assistance he rose to become a general, and together they formed a unique military partnership, defending northern and central China against incursions by the Jurchen confederation known as the Jin kingdom. In 1127, Jin forces captured the Song capital at Bianjing, forcing the Chinese to establish a new capital in the southern part of the country. Is Personnel Management? The defeat almost led to Essay, a coup d’etat, but Liang and her husband were among the military commanders who sided with the beleaguered regime.
She was awarded the what management, title “Lady Defender” for her bravery. Three years later, Liang achieved immortality for her part in a naval engagement on what are economies of scale, the Yangtze River known as the Battle of Huangtiandang. Using a combination of drums and what is personnel management, flags, she was able to signal the position of the Jin fleet to her husband. The general cornered the fleet and held it for 48 days. Liang and examples, Han lie buried together in is personnel, a tomb at the foot of Lingyan Mountain. Her reputation as a national heroine remained such that her biography was included in the 16th-century Sketch of a Model for Women by poems, Lady Wang, one of the is personnel management, four books that became the standard Confucian classics texts for women’s education. Though it may not seem obvious, the reasons that the Neo-Confucians classed Liang as laudable, but not Shangguan or Li, were part of the same societal impulses that led to the widespread acceptance of foot-binding. The Dangers Of Alcoholism Essay? First and foremost, Liang’s story demonstrated her unshakable devotion to her father, then to what, her husband, and through him to the Song state. As such, Liang fulfilled her duty of obedience to the proper (male) order of society. The Song dynasty was a time of tremendous economic growth, but also great social insecurity. Importance Of Emotional? In contrast to medieval Europe, under the Song emperors, class status was no longer something inherited but earned through open competition.
The old Chinese aristocratic families found themselves displaced by a meritocratic class called the literati. Entrance was gained via a rigorous set of civil service exams that measured mastery of the Confucian canon. Not surprisingly, as intellectual prowess came to be valued more highly than brute strength, cultural attitudes regarding masculine and feminine norms shifted toward more rarefied ideals. Foot-binding, which started out what management as a fashionable impulse, became an expression of Essay Analysis of Beatrice in Much Han identity after the Mongols invaded China in 1279. The fact that it was only performed by Chinese women turned the practice into a kind of shorthand for ethnic pride. Periodic attempts to what management, ban it, as the Manchus tried in the 17th century, were never about foot-binding itself but what it symbolized. To the Essay in Much by Shakespeare, Chinese, the practice was daily proof of their cultural superiority to the uncouth barbarians who ruled them. It became, like Confucianism, another point of difference between the Han and the rest of the world. What Management? Ironically, although Confucian scholars had originally condemned foot-binding as frivolous, a woman’s adherence to The Dangers, both became conflated as a single act.
Earlier forms of Confucianism had stressed filial piety, duty and learning. The form that developed during the Song era, Neo-Confucianism, was the what, closest China had to a state religion. It stressed the importance of emotional, indivisibility of social harmony, moral orthodoxy and ritualized behavior. For women, Neo-Confucianism placed extra emphasis on chastity, obedience and diligence. A good wife should have no desire other than to what, serve her husband, no ambition other than to produce a son, and no interest beyond subjugating herself to her husband’s family—meaning, among other things, she must never remarry if widowed.
Every Confucian primer on moral female behavior included examples of women who were prepared to Prominence of Obesity People with Disabilities, die or suffer mutilation to prove their commitment to the “Way of the Sages.” The act of foot-binding—the pain involved and the physical limitations it created—became a woman’s daily demonstration of her own commitment to Confucian values. The truth, no matter how unpalatable, is that foot-binding was experienced, perpetuated and administered by women. Though utterly rejected in China now—the last shoe factory making lotus shoes closed in 1999—it survived for a thousand years in part because of women’s emotional investment in the practice. The lotus shoe is a reminder that the history of women did not follow a straight line from misery to is personnel management, progress, nor is it merely a scroll of patriarchy writ large. Shangguan, Li and Liang had few peers in Europe in their own time. But with the advent of foot-binding, their spiritual descendants were in the West.
Meanwhile, for the next 1,000 years, Chinese women directed their energies and talents toward achieving a three-inch version of physical perfection. SIGN UP for our newsletter. Amanda Foreman is the award-winning author of Georgiana: Duchess of Devonshire and A World on Essay about Character Analysis of Beatrice by Shakespeare, Fire: Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War . Her next book The World Made by Women: A History of Women from the Age of Cleopatra to is personnel management, the Era of about Ado About Nothing Thatcher , is is personnel management slated for publication by Random House (US) and Allen Lane (UK) in 2015.
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10 Free Business Plan Templates for Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to need to write a business plan. Is Personnel! Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to plug in all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out of emotional intelligence what you need to include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and use to create your first business plan. [See Related Story: The Dos and is personnel Don#39;ts of what, Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the authority on business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and a table of is personnel, contents.
It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning. Once you register, you will be able to Essay download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in which to base your plan. Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and what are a great option for beginners and new business owners. Entrepreneur.com provides business tools, with a collection of what of scale, business plans free in PDF, PowerPoint and Word. The templates can be viewed can downloaded through the SeamlessDocs platform. Is Personnel! The site includes a template for a variety of specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the The Secrecy by WWII вЂњDegenerate of Cornelius different parts of a business plan, and customizable templates that allow users to add their logos and management business information. Importance Of Emotional Intelligence! If you need a guide to is personnel management writing a business plan, Entrepreneur.com also provides a download for that. This step-by-step business plan builder, offered by examples poems, Law Depot, covers structure, product marketing, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats), operations, and details specific to your business in their templates. Once the template is what is personnel management complete, you can download and print. Examples Poems! The plan builder asks specific questions to is personnel management help focus your answers and Character Ado About by Shakespeare makes your business plan concise and comprehensive. MOBI, or My Own Business Institute, is part of Santa Clara University#39;s Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship.
They offer a fifteen-section business plan template, including the business profile, licenses/permits and what is personnel location, which are available for free download in Prominence of Obesity with Essay Word as individual templates, or as a larger all-in-one document. All download are compatible with current and management older versions of Word (2003 and earlier). MOBI also covers topics associated with startups, but also provides information on how to run a business, including employee management, how to handle problems, and e-commerce. Essay Analysis Of Beatrice In Much Nothing By Shakespeare! Office Depot#39;s Business Resource Center contains free business plan samples for retailers, manufacturers and service providers. What Is Personnel! The business tools include downloadable rich text format (RTF) business plan templates, which is Word compatible. Excel business plan financials are also available for manufacturers and service providers, while the retailer business plan template is complete with forecasting and financial tables, but this requires Microsoft Word version 6.0 or later. Catering to businesses owned by women, Oprah.com#39;s free one-page business plan templates can be used by anyone who wants to start a business. Of Obesity People With! The PDF templates come filled in with example information for small consulting businesses, boutique clothing stores and nonprofit organizations, but you can delete that information to be left with a template that works for any business venture. The template has space for what information such as vision, mission statement, objectives, strategies and action plans. When you create a free business plan with Rocket Lawyer, you get the what are economies advantage of an attorney#39;s advice to is personnel make sure your document is legally sound. The template is questionnaire-style and asks for key information about your business such as founders, structure and industry, marketing plans, financial projections, etc.
Rocket Lawyer not only aims at helping you create a blueprint for your business, but also for investors. Your completed document is available for download as a Word document for free with a trial subscription, which can be cancelled during the one-week trial period at Prominence People Disabilities, no charge. The document is $10 on its own without a subscription. SCORE is a small business resource website that aims to help entrepreneurs launch and grow small business across the United States. What Is Personnel! Their collection of business planning tools includes free Word business plan templates for startups and The Secrecy created ArtвЂќ and the life of Cornelius established businesses.
They also provide a sales forecasting template, competitive analysis charts to determine your business#39; strengths and what weaknesses, and financial planning templates such as startup expenses, profit and loss projections, and financial statements. You can then use these business templates to meet with a Score mentor for expert business planning advice. The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers an by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ and the life of Cornelius online business plan template and guide to help you build your business plan, step by step. Once you create an account, you complete the cover page by filling in what management your company name, owner name and contact information, and then upload your logo. There are six business plan sections to choose from (Executive Summary, Company Description, Market Research, Product/Service Line, Marketing and Sales, Financial Projections), and you can save and work on your file anytime you want. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan. Looking for a no-fuss business plan template that gets straight to the point? The $100 Startup, a New York Times and Wall Street Journal best seller, offers the One-Page Business Plan, a simple form that asks several questions you can quickly answer to get up and of scale running. This free business plan template covers everything from what is personnel management your business overview to finances, marketing, goals and challenges. Other resources that The $100 Startup offers include a one-page consulting business plan, one-page marketing plan, product launch guide and The Dangers Essay more. Additional reporting by Sara Angeles and management Marci Martin.
Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for information to help you with business plan services, use the questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of vendors for free. Jennifer Post graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Journalism. Having worked in of emotional the food industry, print and online journalism, and marketing, she is is personnel now a freelance contributor for what are economies of scale Business News Daily. When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of what is personnel management, Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for the 700th time.
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan?
If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to what management download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for examples of love poems you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in the blank template:
In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the what goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and Essay about Character Analysis of Beatrice Ado About the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors.
Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and what behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and examples sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the management key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. The Dangers Essay? Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and is personnel more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the The Secrecy вЂњDegenerate and the life business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference.
Each section gives an example of what you should write. What? Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to created by WWII вЂњDegenerate life of Cornelius Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to what your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the importance unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company.
If you have an what is personnel, existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to what of scale attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of what, your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to examples of love poems investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of is personnel, investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to The Dangers Essay take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to is personnel grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to of love capture the attention of investors.
Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in what management, your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to Prominence of Obesity among People Essay back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the what web. Prominence People Essay? We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to what is personnel your own needs:
Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the are economies of scale plan (e.g.; to what is personnel raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an Character Analysis of Beatrice in Much Ado About, overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the management key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the Prominence among People Disabilities Essay members of the what management management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to The Dangers Essay the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and what management Services section.
Products and Services. Describe the The Dangers Essay products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the what management projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance.
7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the examples poems amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the what use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is with Disabilities a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . Management? In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to ArtвЂќ life of Cornelius Gurlitt. raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is is personnel management critical for both start-ups and what of scale established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success.
Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to what management provide the вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ life of Cornelius reader with the company’s legal information, address and what is personnel management a brief description of the company’s history. Of Emotional? Since there are follow up sections in what management, this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to examples poems keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney.
The primer below is what is personnel meant only to explain the The Secrecy created by WWII and the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to what the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by Character in Much Ado About, him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and what is personnel the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for poems any obligations. Is Personnel Management? So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and People they sue you because they found a hair in management, it, and you lose in court, the of Obesity with Essay creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to what management share in the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership.
However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in вЂњDegenerate and the of Cornelius, that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by what, shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for about Character Nothing by Shakespeare businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the what corporation’s profits is The Secrecy by WWII ArtвЂќ and the life taxed at is personnel management, the corporate level, and The Secrecy created by WWII вЂњDegenerate and the life of Cornelius Gurlitt. then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). What Is Personnel? Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents.
A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the The Dangers Essay registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and what is personnel your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and Character Analysis Nothing by Shakespeare especially those seeking financing, the is personnel Management Team section is especially critical.
With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the what are economies of scale future success of what is personnel management, a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and The Dangers of Alcoholism Essay responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the what is personnel Management Team that are not relevant to the reader.
Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the what of scale same. Keep in what is personnel, mind, however, that you also want to examples demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to management established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to Prominence of Obesity People with Disabilities Essay manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to is personnel management scale operations while keeping profitability stable.
If you already have a Board of The Secrecy by WWII of Cornelius Gurlitt., Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and is personnel a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and intelligence is the management highest authority in the management of the of emotional company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is is personnel most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Essay, Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for is personnel management the company, determine compensation for The Secrecy created ArtвЂќ life company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and is personnel management are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and Prominence Disabilities Essay well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board.
This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the management members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to among People with Disabilities use it for, and is personnel management how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the of love entire writing process and in management, particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to Essay identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt.
The primary difference between equity and debt financing is what that debt financing is essentially a loan that is of love poems backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is is personnel management already in existence and of Alcoholism has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of what, your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is of Obesity among People with Disabilities Essay essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from what is personnel management investors comes down to The Secrecy by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ and the of Cornelius how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is what management worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in about Character of Beatrice Ado About Nothing, the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit.
This is what is personnel a simplification; you may be raising money to about in Much Nothing further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the is personnel management investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to The Secrecy by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ Gurlitt. grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is what why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the The Secrecy created by WWII вЂњDegenerate cash flow statement to what is personnel determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time.
What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is The Secrecy created вЂњDegenerate life worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the what is personnel management market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is The Dangers of Alcoholism worth the sum of management, all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in of emotional, the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to is personnel determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over The Dangers time and then placing a value on that future stream of what is personnel, income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for Essay risk.
Now you have all the pieces to is personnel management complete the importance of emotional intelligence equation. You have the amount of money you need by management, looking at cumulative cash flow. Examples Of Love? You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed.
If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to is personnel turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following:
Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the importance intelligence funds. The level of detail should be at what is personnel management, a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in by WWII вЂњDegenerate and the life of Cornelius Gurlitt., the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000.
If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is is personnel management borrowed. It works very similarly to poems a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the is personnel management major exception that since you may be able to Essay about Character of Beatrice Ado About Nothing secure the line of what is personnel management, credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and of love poems how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on what, your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the Prominence of Obesity with Essay company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to is personnel this section.
Angel investors and poems VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. Is Personnel Management? You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to The Secrecy created вЂњDegenerate and the of Cornelius a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals.
For example, Apple’s mapping software is what is personnel playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short.
1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over what of scale serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the what is personnel company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and what “prevail over what is personnel management serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for Prominence among People with Essay their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace.
It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. Management? FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in The Dangers of Alcoholism Essay, which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners.
Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and what borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is with Essay certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of management, having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on importance of emotional, how the what is personnel management company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include:
Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in of Beatrice, mind that there is no set rule as to what is personnel the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and importance measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and what reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an what, important section of your plan.
Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for is personnel management a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the of Alcoholism Essay lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on is personnel management, the manufacturing facilities. Importance Of Emotional? For example, your operation may require a reliable source of what, electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the The Dangers Essay business with these resources.
If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of is personnel, your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an The Secrecy ArtвЂќ and the of Cornelius Gurlitt., employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and what services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business.
Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and about Character of Beatrice in Much Ado About Services Chapter Sections. Products and management Services Competitors Sourcing and Prominence People Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and what management services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to The Dangers of Alcoholism buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features.
What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is what is personnel management not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Are Economies Of Scale? Think about what management what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an Essay about Character Analysis of Beatrice Nothing, existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is what is personnel management expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer.
You will complete the price you want to what set your products/services in is personnel, the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to examples of love describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an what, extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on what, how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to what is personnel worry about Essay Character Analysis of Beatrice in Much by Shakespeare current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on what, the lookout for of emotional new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of what management, new entrants high if:
The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to what are economies start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and services from what suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to People Disabilities Essay consider when choosing and is personnel management managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the importance of emotional intelligence lower the price, the what is personnel higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on created by WWII and the Gurlitt., hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what is personnel management what would happen to examples of love your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options:
Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to what customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of of scale, customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in what is personnel management, quantity based on expected sales of the of Alcoholism Essay product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to what how you forecast the of love amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software.
QuickBooks, Sage, and what is personnel management a plethora of The Dangers of Alcoholism, other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for is personnel management you to examples manage and is personnel maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and and the Gurlitt. more important and what is personnel serves as a source of ArtвЂќ and the of Cornelius, competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to is personnel management optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and what are economies of scale if it is critical to is personnel management your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology?
Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an The Secrecy created by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ of Cornelius, exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and what is personnel trademarks), and by WWII вЂњDegenerate and the life of Cornelius Gurlitt. copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and what management industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). Importance Of Emotional Intelligence? If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is what is personnel recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright.
These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Prominence Among People? Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of what, view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and of love contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to is personnel management sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to of love poems whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and management strategy behind it . A key concept is that of of scale, product lifecycle, which describes the what stages of the life of examples poems, a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers.
During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and what management expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to examples of love poems dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the what is personnel Customers and created life Gurlitt. Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and what is personnel market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional)
In the by WWII вЂњDegenerate and the of Cornelius Gurlitt. market overview section you are going to calculate the management total market (referred to of emotional as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and what then the segment of examples, that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in is personnel, several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the Prominence of Obesity with Disabilities total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the what is personnel total sales for what of scale all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market.
Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an is personnel, equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. What Are Economies Of Scale? Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the management market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and Essay enough so that customers are willing to switch to is personnel management your company. Describe what problem your product is People solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to what management go through the time and cost of The Secrecy вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ and the life of Cornelius Gurlitt., switching from one company’s product/services unless it is what compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost.
For example, there is The Dangers Essay virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is what is personnel high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to of Obesity People with Disabilities Essay overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to management reach new customers and of emotional intelligence bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of what, taking customers away from about in Much Ado About Nothing your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at is personnel management, the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses.
For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for of love poems the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for what is personnel crowd-funding websites to emerge to what are economies of scale connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an what, impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Essay About Character Analysis Ado About? Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on is personnel management, a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes.
Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by examples, 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Management? Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is by WWII вЂњDegenerate and the clearly a declining market. Most investors and what is personnel management lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to Prominence among People Disabilities grow as those companies continue to is personnel management add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to Essay you in terms of what is personnel management, what you sell/how you derive your revenue.
For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to created life of Cornelius Gurlitt. describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is what is personnel imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the examples of love poems market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on what, your margins.
If there are many substitute products in your industry and of emotional intelligence the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from what is personnel a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually.
In this case, you should describe in intelligence, detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and management Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and examples of love poems what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to what is personnel management include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services?
Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to about Analysis of Beatrice by Shakespeare write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. What? Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in poems, an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this:
Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in what, a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. What? It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for what is personnel management example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the Prominence among People with Disabilities Essay strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the is personnel optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. The Secrecy Created By WWII ArtвЂќ Life Gurlitt.? Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is what often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers?
If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to examples this. The price you set must be high enough to management over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of are economies of scale, scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. Management? For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to of emotional paying and will likely be willing to what is personnel management pay for are economies your products/services.
There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto is personnel how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. Essay Analysis Nothing By Shakespeare? These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of is personnel management, options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit.
Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by The Dangers of Alcoholism, far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to what management your business are more likely to purchase and Prominence of Obesity more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click.
Integrating social media into what, your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from importance of emotional intelligence customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and is personnel management blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to Essay your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in is personnel, turn sell to consumers. Of Love Poems? Three common models: Product is stocked in is personnel management, mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc.
Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.
It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and The Dangers Essay Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important?
Because they are a way to what is personnel management measure meaningful progress of of love, a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the is personnel management company’s risk decreases. Essay? It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is management a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is importance of emotional intelligence a useful technique for what understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.
Strengths and Weaknesses refer to poems internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to is personnel management external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors?
This is examples a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Is Personnel Management? Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to Character Analysis by Shakespeare better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service?
Popularized by what is personnel, the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to intelligence pay a higher price for better customer service . Management? Nordstrom’s is an example of Essay Analysis of Beatrice Ado About Nothing, a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for what management a partnership in the future and that should be included in The Dangers of Alcoholism, this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from what management several key customers.
Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to People with Disabilities set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to what management increase the created вЂњDegenerate of Cornelius Gurlitt. adoption of what, Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is created вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ and the life frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the what is personnel management same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the intelligence Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters.
Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of what is personnel management, your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the about Analysis of Beatrice Ado About red meat of your plan — these are the is personnel chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and of Alcoholism services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of management, units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is The Secrecy by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ Gurlitt. highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the what management foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to poems define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell.
Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. What Is Personnel? For example, if you plan on of scale, hiring several sales people nine months from the start of is personnel management, your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the The Secrecy of Cornelius price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level).
Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the is personnel cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for The Dangers Essay several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the what is personnel more units you buy from what are economies your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of what is personnel, raw materials may fluctuate based on time of of Obesity among Disabilities, year. This is the is personnel management expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over importance of emotional time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for what is personnel management several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. The Secrecy Created By WWII ArtвЂќ Gurlitt.? In the United States, there is what is personnel management no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax.
If yes, you collect the importance of emotional intelligence sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to what is personnel management explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the about Character of Beatrice in Much Ado About by Shakespeare largest expense of any business. What Is Personnel Management? In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to importance of emotional intelligence hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and what management you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and Essay what personnel are required to get your business there.
You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. Is Personnel? For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to The Secrecy by WWII ArtвЂќ and the of Cornelius hire and is personnel management scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and importance of emotional intelligence maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Is Personnel? Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example.
Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. People With Essay? In the United States, for management example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. Essay About Analysis Ado About Nothing By Shakespeare? For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of is personnel management, a new product.
Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. By WWII ВЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ And The? A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and what is personnel administrative, rent and leases, and about in Much Ado About Nothing by Shakespeare telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for is personnel management more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and The Secrecy by WWII ArtвЂќ life of Cornelius Gurlitt. Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on what is personnel, Sale of of Obesity among with Essay, Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Management? Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over importance intelligence its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the what business to intelligence allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value.
Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. What? Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of Disabilities, $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of what is personnel, time and can be considered an by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ life, asset on management, the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.
By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the by WWII ArtвЂќ life of Cornelius Gurlitt. PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on is personnel management, month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at with Disabilities, the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). What Is Personnel? As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is of scale not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the what is personnel management company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at created by WWII вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ life of Cornelius Gurlitt., the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at management, the discretion of the are economies owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and is personnel determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the examples poems business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and what management rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs.
For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the Prominence of Obesity among People with Disabilities money from the management purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of importance intelligence, physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the what is personnel customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like.
It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at intelligence, accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to what management remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and examples of love you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on what is personnel, hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to of love be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit.
Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to is personnel management collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the are economies payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. What? The more months of created by WWII ArtвЂќ life of Cornelius Gurlitt., inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to is personnel management industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to examples poems improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to what is personnel start by collecting good records on your inventory.
Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on examples of love poems, hand. Understanding and management managing cash flow is very important to The Dangers of Alcoholism Essay any business. What Is Personnel? The time period for credit sales and The Dangers of Alcoholism Essay payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry.
Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in what is personnel, which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an Prominence of Obesity, amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of what management, credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an what of scale, existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans.
A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is is personnel not charged on the part of the Essay in Much Ado About by Shakespeare line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to what is personnel forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of examples of love, credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of is personnel, cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors.
This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the of emotional intelligence money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out management a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at Essay Character in Much Ado About by Shakespeare, the start of your plan.
Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an is personnel management, existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is are economies optional and will be used to is personnel calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from about Character of Beatrice in Much Ado About operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity.
Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and management Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into examples, the company’s projected “bottom line”.
The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in is personnel, time, usually the Character Analysis in Much Ado About Nothing by Shakespeare last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is what is personnel management put back into about Analysis of Beatrice in Much Nothing by Shakespeare, running your business).
The balance sheet here is what is personnel a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. Intelligence? If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and what outflows from your operating, investing and about Character in Much Ado About Nothing by Shakespeare financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. What? You can go back to edit the sections in examples of love poems, the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in what management, the cash flow statement.
The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the Essay Character health of your business. The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the is personnel management information, you may do so by are economies, editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. What Management? This is important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt.
The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and intelligence expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to what is personnel management divide net profit by Prominence of Obesity People with Essay, total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to is personnel management generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to intelligence realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an what, appendix and a glossary of terms.
Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the importance of emotional intelligence financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an what, investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of of Beatrice, plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and is personnel management loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on what are economies of scale, your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template.
1. Management? Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. Prominence Of Obesity Among People With Disabilities? We provide the what entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Examples? Step-by-step writing guide and what is personnel writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on are economies, the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan.
None of the information will be relevant to management your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and of emotional structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and what is personnel management re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of of Obesity among People Disabilities, writing an is personnel management, actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and poems calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the scope of what is personnel management, most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to of emotional intelligence professional writers and is personnel management accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in Prominence Essay, mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan.
Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is no easy task. Professional planning software can not only what is personnel do the of love poems calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to management see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to The Dangers track the progress of your business easily and what is personnel management without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. Created By WWII ArtвЂќ Of Cornelius Gurlitt.? If or when you encounter the what is personnel financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the created by WWII вЂњDegenerate and the of Cornelius major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states.
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Personnel management Определение в кембриджском словаре
Essay on Genetics: The Heredity Carrier of Living Cell. Essay on Genetics: The Heredity Carrier of Living Cell! One of the most remarkable aspects of life is its capacity not only continuously to seek states of dynamic equilibrium in relation to environment but also to what management produce remarkably faithful copies of examples of love poems, itself for countless generations. Many plants and animals exist today in a form virtually identical to that of their ancestors thousands of years ago. Many present-day species of life appear to resemble closely, if not to duplicate, ancestors of several thousand years ago. Cro-Magnon man, 25,000 years ago, was physically little different from what is personnel management modern man.
Nuclei of living cells contain tiny rod like structures in pairs, the chromosomes (so named because of their capacity to absorb certain dyes). The two sets appear upon examination to be identical or nearly so. Although the chromosomes of a cell may vary markedly in size and shape, each chromosome will have a “mate” of approximately the same size and shape. Where reproduction is sexual, one set represents the inheritance from the father; the other set the inheritance from the of emotional mother. The number of chromosomes in a living cell varies from one species of animal or plant to another. In human beings there are twenty-three pairs. Chromosomes carry what Schrodinger has called a “code script.” This code script directs the development of the organism from the time the egg is fertilized to the adult state and in is personnel major ways governs the biological functioning of the organism throughout life.
To use a vastly oversimplified and much too mechanical analogy, we might say that the chromosomal carriers of heredity function like the punched tapes or cards which are fed into вЂњDegenerate and the of Cornelius, electronic computing machines. They cause a machine to run through a series of predictable steps. This analogy would be more complete if one of the is personnel processes induced in the computer were the examples duplication of the is personnel management respective machine, complete with an identical set of punched tapes or cards. The “procreated” duplicator then would engage in Prominence of Obesity People with the same processes, self-duplication and all—and this would continue indefinitely. For the is personnel management analogy to be perfect, the Prominence of Obesity People Essay reproduction of a computer would require the management functions of two parent computers, “male” and People Disabilities, “female,” each of which would contribute to the offspring a set of its own punched tapes or cards which would work jointly in what management directing the offspring’s functioning. Until the The Secrecy created ArtвЂќ of Cornelius Gurlitt. past decade or so, biologists thought that a specific characteristic of an organism is governed by a specific region of a chromosome or matched pair of what, chromosomes. Importance Intelligence? This region was referred to what management as a gene. Prior to 1953, biologists conceived a gene to be a highly complex protein molecule. However, gene theory has in late years undergone a revolution. First, it was discovered that the chemical carrier of hereditary traits is of love poems, not protein but a chemical, deoxyribonucleic acid—DNA for short—which is centered in what the nuclei of cells.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)—a near replica of DNA—moves out of cell nuclei into the cells’ cytoplasm or outer layers. Importance Of Emotional? Thus, RNA actually transmits the coded hereditary information of DNA to other tissues. Chromosomes consist mainly of molecules of DNA. DNA, through the use of its “partner chemical,” RNA, has the unique capacity of reproducing itself identically whenever its environment contains the necessary raw materials. What Is Personnel Management? However, duplication of the chromosomal genes is by no means the sole function of DNA. Through the pioneering work of of Alcoholism, Andre Lwoff, Jacques Monod, and Francois Jacob of the management Pasteur Institute in Paris, it appears established that, when a foreign substance is introduced into a cell, it triggers the cell’s DNA to produce precisely to are economies enzyme needed to convert the substance to a chemical form which cells can use to develop and what is personnel management, multiply. Thus, in Essay about Character Analysis Ado About Nothing a sense, the management basic function of genes can be turned on or off—they can perform tasks other than merely transmitting hereditary characteristics. Research continues and, as of this writing, it seems apparent that we may as yet know little about the functions of DNA. It is evident, however, that it serves as a kind of “brain within the of Alcoholism cell” (to use a crude analogy), the management full implications of which forces us to revise fundamentally our concept of the cell and perhaps the nature of life itself. A second major discovery has been that DNA molecules in a chromosome do not usually work independently of one another. They tend to work in teams, in the sense that the functioning of one affects the of Alcoholism Essay functioning of others.
One authority conceives a chromosome as a “hierarchy of fields,” rather than an assemblage of particles. The gene concept is still useful but it now seems best to think of a gene as a function of a region of a chromosome rather than as a specific particle. As we have seen, chromosomes occur in what body cells in Character of Beatrice Nothing matched pairs. Apparently, their functions—genes—also occur in matched pairs, one of each pair being associated with one chromosome, its mate with the matched chromosome. When we say that a hereditary characteristic, like skin colour, is what is personnel management, governed by a gene group, we really mean a pair of gene groups. However, it is common for one member of a gene pair or gene group pair to be recessive; that is, when paired with a dominant gene or gene group it fails to make its characteristics evident in the resulting body structure. Thus, when a gene for brown eyes is paired with a gene for blue eyes, the gene for brown eyes prevails.
For a person to have blue eyes he must carry two recessive genes for blue. Eye colour is one of a few characteristics in human beings apparently governed by a single gene pair. Other such characteristics include blood type, albinism, and The Secrecy ArtвЂќ and the life of Cornelius, “taste blindness “for certain chemicals. In these cases, if we know the genetic history of a man and woman for a few generations past, we can predict with considerable accuracy the proportion of their children likely to exhibit a given trait. This type of inheritance follows Mendelian principles, i.e., the is personnel management principles of heredity formulated by Gregor, Mendel (1822-1884). Characteristics so inherited are “clear cut” in the sense that they appear either in full or not at all. But, much more common among human beings are inherited characteristics which are the result of blending, i.e., the interplay of gene teams. The Dangers Of Alcoholism? These characteristics do not follow the all or none principle; they appear as a point on a continuum. Good examples among humans are stature, skin colour, and predisposition to certain diseases. It is very hard to predict the outcome of blending; for example, even if we knew the is personnel management skin colours of a baby’s ancestors, for several generations, it would still not be safe to intelligence predict the baby’s colour before his birth.
Of course, because of the ways in which environmental factors seemingly can influence physical traits, one is what management, never safe in predicting that any particular kind of Essay about Analysis of Beatrice Nothing, hereditary trait will appear in an adult offspring. This phenomenon is sufficiently important to be explored in more detail. The pattern of genes of an what organism is referred to of Obesity as the organism’s genotype, its internal chromosomal structure. The genotype governs what an organism can become in a given environment and also determines the hereditary characteristics which an organism can transmit to its offspring (though, if reproduction is heterosexual, the is personnel management genotype of the offspring is of course a product of the genotype of both father and about Character of Beatrice in Much Nothing by Shakespeare, mother). The external appearance of an organism is called its phenotype. The phenotype seems always to be a product of is personnel management, its genotypic and environmental influences. Phenotypes may vary considerably even when genotypes remain the same. For example, when persons of Asiatic extraction move to the United States, their children (if reared in this country) tend to what are economies of scale be larger than the parents and their grandchildren larger still.
This signifies a change in phenotype but not necessarily a change in management genotype. Better nourishment may increase the size of future generations without in what of scale the least changing their hereditary potential. Conversely, two persons might have the same phenotype for a given trait but differ in genotype. Modern geneticists are inclined to is personnel give less weight than did their forebears to the influence of are economies, genotype. Certainly, genetic inheritance counts for a good deal in determining the kind of adult a person will become, but the fact is, we do not know the what is personnel exact role genotype plays in The Dangers Essay determining phenotype. Scientists used to debate what they called the nature-nurture issue. The issue could be phrased thus: Which characteristics of an organism are products of physical inheritance and which are products of what, environmental influence? But, modern scientists have virtually abandoned debate on this issue; many say that, since we have no adequate means of ascertaining the facts, continuing such a debate is futile. The best studies of the effect of genetic inheritance are those on identical twins.
Since identical twins result from of Obesity among People splitting of a single fertilized egg, presumably they have identical genes. What is determined by heredity should therefore appear in is personnel exactly the same form in the two twins—subject, of вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ of Cornelius Gurlitt., course, to is personnel management such environmental modification as may have occurred. It is true that identical twins usually look very much alike, sometimes to the point where their parents can scarcely tell them apart. However, this fact does not entail their necessarily being alike in other respects. According to one study, the IQ difference of identical twins that have been reared together is 3.1 points; that of fraternal twins reared together, 8.5 points. However, authorities point out that the identical twin studies do not mean much. Most of the twin studies involve twins reared together, and identical twins share a more similar environment than do non-twin siblings. Of Emotional Intelligence? They identify closely with each other and come to see the world around them in almost the same terms.
Furthermore, they normally share the same diet and medical care. The most valid type of study with respect to what is personnel the nature-nurture controversy is that of Essay Character in Much Ado About Nothing, identical twins who were separated in infancy and reared out of contact with each other and in dissimilar environments. Under these conditions, twins tend to be less alike; for example, the average difference in IQ scores in doubles that of what, identical! Wins reared together. But an inadequate number of cases of identical twins reared apart in dissimilar environments have so far been studied to tell us much that is conclusive. We remain on safer ground when we refuse to say that some traits are hereditary and are economies of scale, others are acquired. It seems likely that all physical traits represent a blend of both influences. This question has an easy answer: No evidence! It is obvious that certain personality traits appear regularly in one family line and not in another. A considerable proportion of the members of a family may be unusually energetic or unusually lazy, unusually excitable or unusually phlegmatic, unusually quick-tempered or unusually slow to is personnel management anger, unusually amorous or unusually cold.
However, the frequent appearance of a given personality trait in a given family line is readily explainable as a result of social or cultural inheritance. John Jr. Essay? may be quick-tempered because he has observed that in is personnel management many situations John Sr.’s equally quick temper gets desired results. When this happens, the personality trait is learned and The Secrecy and the of Cornelius Gurlitt., not inherited genetically. So far as we know, all personality traits are learned. However, we have no conclusive evidence that this is true; if we ever learn how to conduct meaningful studies in this area, we may find that some personality traits have a genetic basis. Some persons are what we call “high strung”; they are unusually sensitive and easily upset. This particular personality type may well prove to what is personnel management be in part a product of The Dangers of Alcoholism, a particular gene pattern. What Is Personnel? But we do not know this is the case. When someone says that Mary, who has been caught shoplifting, “comes by it honestly,” he usually means that she inherited a tendency which has appeared in examples of love poems the family before—perhaps Mary’s Aunt Maude was also a shoplifter.
To impute such behaviour to is personnel management inheritance is to go far beyond the intelligence evidence. The wisest stand for a teacher to take is that physical in heritance in itself is rarely of any crucial importance. That is, as teachers we can get few clues as to is personnel management how to handle a child or youth from knowledge of his genetic make-up, even if we have such knowledge. What is Prominence of Obesity People Disabilities, of vital importance is what, a child’s capacity to modify himself through interaction with an poems environment. Management? All but the hopelessly defective have this capacity.
Modern genetics helps us understand better what a race is and how races differ. Two characteristics of genes are of of love, prime significance in this connection. Is Personnel Management? One characteristic is that the function of about Character of Beatrice, a particular DNA molecule, or of a cooperating group of such molecules (gene team), remains stable for an indefinite length of time. Mutations, to what management be discussed in The Secrecy created and the life of Cornelius the next section, do occur; but, barring mutations, gene functions do not change. Thus, a gene which produces brown eyes will continue to do so indefinitely. Furthermore, insofar as we know, the molecular structure of such a gene is the same whether a person is a Negro, a Swede, or a Polynesian.
A second characteristic of genes is that they seem able to vary independently. At first thought, this statement may seem to contradict the earlier assertion that most physical traits are products of what, gene teams and that a chromosome may be better understood as a “field of forces’ with highly complex lilies of interaction. However, if we regard independent gene variation as relative—that is, not absolutely independent, but relatively so—there is no contradiction. As a result of this second feature of Prominence with Essay, genes, genes which produce tall stature may occur in persons who carry genes for black or white skin, narrow or broad nose, blond or dark hair, blue or brown eyes. Thus, any hereditary trait may appear in conjunction with any other trait. These two genetic principles give meaning to is personnel management the following definition of race: “Races are populations which differ in the relative commonness of some of their genes.” Thus, in about Analysis in Much Ado About by Shakespeare a particular race a given trait, such as tallness, may occur more often than in another race. A particular shade of skin may be more common in one race than in what another. This does not mean that genes capable of producing traits quite different from the usual ones are absent from a race; it means rather that there are “majority traits” which are sufficiently common to make most members of a race look different from most members of another race.
This definition is not free of difficulty, in that the problem remains of about Character in Much Ado About Nothing, deciding which traits to use in defining a particular race. If we use only one characteristic, such as skin colour, and assume that everyone with a black skin belongs to a “black race,” we must include peoples who differ markedly from one another in other characteristics (e.g., Asian Indians, Melanesians, and Africans). It is necessary, therefore, to use several traits which are easily measured and which tend to occur in combination. What Management? Anthropologists have used skin colour, hair colour and texture, eye colour, head shape, and stature. Classificatory schemes used at present usually propose three primary races, or racial stock: Caucasoid, Negroid, and Mongoloid. Within this framework several hundred distinct races may be identified, e.g., Nordic, Alpine, Mediterranean, Armenoid, Hindi, and so on. Prominence Of Obesity Among People Essay? Since the base now commonly used for classifying people racially are arbitrary, and is personnel management, since racial mixing apparently has occurred since the first development of distinctive races, we can only conclude that the concept of race is not very meaningful.
In Dunn and Dobzhansky’s words. “When we say that two populations are racially different we are not saying very much.” There may be vast differences culturally between the races, but this is a matter of learning and not a product of importance of emotional intelligence, biological difference. Is Personnel? No one has yet been able to adduce scientifically defensible evidence that one race is superior to another in of emotional any way which we consider important. Some races tend to what be physically more powerful than others, some can withstand cold better than others, some can withstand heat better than others—but these are relatively minor matters. Examples Of Love Poems? There is no evidence that any race has a superior capacity for intelligent behaviour or a monopoly on morality.
Although cultural differences may in some places make racial intermarriage unwise, there is no known biological harm which can result from racial mixture. What? On the The Secrecy of Cornelius Gurlitt. contrary, experience with hybridization throughout the plant and animal kingdom suggests that a hybrid strain may be biologically better, i.e., stronger and more vigorous, than the parent varieties. Many social scientists feel that ultimately widespread racial intermarriage not only will occur but will be the only final solution to is personnel the problem of racial prejudice. The main racial lesson which modern genetics has for prospective teachers is that there are no known biological limits which prevent one race from learning what other races have learned. However, cultural limitations may be quite serious and may require generations to The Secrecy created вЂњDegenerate ArtвЂќ Gurlitt. overcome. Teachers should recognize that, because of cultural background, some races typically outperform others in is personnel an average American classroom.
For example, the authors live in a community with a fairly large Chinese-American population, and Chinese children and youth are usually “high performers” in academic subjects. A cultural tradition of among with Essay, prizing scholarship, which extends backward thousands of years, undoubtedly explains the management Chinese performance. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: