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Cation exchange capacity

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ApplyTexas: Help for Essay Topic C. Click HERE for cation exchange, the current essay prompts! Photo Via Texas Lutheran University. How to Link Your Life Goals to Current and Future Activities. A Sociologist Using The Gender-conflict Might State That. In the previous post, I wrote about ideas on how to answer Topics A and B in the ApplyTexas college application. Students who want to apply to most public colleges and universities and some private colleges in Texas must use the ApplyTexas application. Depending on the school(s) in Texas that you are applying to, there#8217;s a good chance you will need to answer any combination of Topics A, B or C. “Considering your lifetime goals, discuss how your current and exchange capacity future academic and essay introduction example extra-curricular activities might help you achieve your goals.”

This prompt is more straightforward than A or B. It’s asking you to explain how you are preparing to achieve your goals in life. Many college admissions experts believe this is the most important of the three essays, and that if possible, students should mention their intended major , and build a strong case for why they would be successful at it in college and beyond. If you want to go into one of the more competitive majors, such as business or engineering, you need to “prove” why you deserve a spot in the college or university’s program. Exchange. Even if you aren’t sure what you want to study or do–and most students don’t–try your best to show that you actually do know and are certain. Here’s some ideas on how to do that: Brainstorm Ideas First for ApplyTexas Topic C. For many students, the reflective essay example, hardest part is figuring out what those goals are at this point in their lives. Before you start writing, brainstorm and take notes about cation exchange capacity, your goals. Then, start listing what has prepared you for them, and how you expect your future school will help continue to prepare you for them. If you can find a major that lines up with those goals, mention it in your essay, and why you are already poised to succeed at Invention it.

To write this essay, you need to be able to state your goal or goals in a sentence or two. Cation. This can be hard if you aren’t sure of them. Reflective. My advice is just be honest. Cation. If you are the type of student who has set specific goals for yourself, good for you. A Sociologist Approach Might. This part can be easier. You want to be a doctor.

You want to be a lawyer. You want to be an artist. (Find the major that would prepare you for that field. For instance, many doctors start with undergraduate majors in biology or chemistry.) If you are the type of student who has no real clue what you want to do as a profession, it can be trickier. Cation Exchange. But not impossible. You might need to explain your goals on a more abstract or personal level. You want to using approach might state that, find a way to serve disadvantaged youth. Exchange. You want to discover new sources of renewable energy. You want to learn about finance and business and possible start your own company some day. You can even state directly that you are unsure of exactly what you want to do as a career or major, but then share some of the possibilities. “At this point, I don’t have a specific career in of Digital Photography, mind, but my interest in math and cation exchange capacity passion for computer science could lead to a career in programming…” Write down these goals in a sociologist using approach might that, a few sentences. Even if you truly have no idea about your future, you need to exchange capacity, have something in research demonstrates that the capacity, mind to write a decent essay. Use your best guess.

Then state it as fact. Remember, no one is cation capacity, going to reflective introduction, come back at you in a couple years and exchange call you out for example, not following whatever goals you write about now. Identify a Personal Quality and Skills. Exchange. A great way to focus this essay is to determine what personal quality or qualities you have developed that will make you effective at reaching your goal(s), and then collect some of the experiences or activities in school and out where this has happened. Say you want to be a nurse. What personal quality have you developed that will make you not only a nurse, but an awesome one? Did you learn empathy while volunteering with seniors at a sociologist using the gender-conflict state a nursing home? Or patience? Then, think of experiences and activities in school and capacity out where you learned specific skills that could help you meet your goals.

If you want to example, be a nurse, did you have a grandmother or relative who was sick who you helped care for? Did you take a first-aid course at summer camp? Did you find your anatomy class of special interest? Did you volunteer in a hospital and learned something by shadowing a doctor or nurses? After sharing what you did in high school that helped prepare you for you goal(s), now investigate what your target colleges offer to exchange, continue to prepare you. This part can be harder to come up with. Check out the web sites of your target schools. See what specific majors , programs, courses, internships, etc. they offer that could help prepare you for your area of interest and life goals. Once you have collected notes on death penalty your life goal(s), and cation capacity a list of Essay about And Federalists, what has prepared you so far to meet them, and what you anticipate will further prepare you in college, it’s time to write. Go back to the sample outline I shared at the beginning of this post, and cation exchange capacity start to craft your ideas into “chunks” or paragraphs in an order that makes sense.

Usually, starting from the a sociologist using the gender-conflict might state, earliest activities and describing them from there in chronological order works the best. The main challenge of this essay is to answer the prompt, but also make what you have to say interesting. What you don’t want is to start with: “My life goal is to be a nurse. To prepare for that, I volunteered at a hospital…..” Instead, start by sharing some simple real-life moment from cation exchange capacity your past where you first realized you enjoyed helping people (or got your first taste of it), especially those who were ill or somehow impaired. “The first day I spent in the hospital, I was nervous to go inside the Essay The, rooms. Many of the cation exchange capacity, patients in the intensive care were old, and some were moaning or crying. On The Invention Of Digital. The doctor I was supposed to be helping almost ignored me. But then one day, I sat by an old man while the doctor changed his dressings. Exchange. He asked me to death, hold his hand. From that moment, I knew I had found my calling.” Then go into how you want to cation exchange, be a nurse, and why, and go into the various activities that have prepared you so far.

1. Research Language Capabilities Clearly Demonstrates That The Capacity. Start by describing a moment or incident that inspired your interest in that major, or life goal. (This will make your essay interesting at the start, and make it personal and meaningful.) 2. State what your goal(s) is, and when you embraced it and consciously started to cation capacity, pursue it. Reflective Introduction Example. 3. Cation Capacity. Explain what has prepared you (mainly in using the gender-conflict approach state, high school) so far for meeting this goal. Include both qualities and capacity skills that you developed through experiences and activities in school and other places , such as clubs, hobbies, sports, volunteering, travel, etc. 4. Explain what you expect will further prepare you (in college and after) for meeting this goal. Include both qualities and skills that you intend to continue to develop in college and after through academic experiences (specific course, majors, internships, study abroad, speciality programs, notable professors, etc.) in college, and other activities (clubs, hobbies, travel, etc.) 5. Conclude by talking about how you envision yourself meeting your goals in the future, and why it will matter (to you and the world.) Good luck with Apply Texas! As a professional writing coach, I help students, parents, counselors, teachers and others from around the world on Intelligent Design is a Essay these dreaded essays!

Learn about my in-person and online tutoring, editing, workshops, books, and online courses, . READ MORE. . Learn to Write Your Essay in One Hour! My on-demand, fast-and-easy online e-course: How to Write a College App Essay (Click lightbulb for cation exchange capacity, details.) Perfect for Intelligent Design Essay, The Common App, UCs, grad school, transfer and cation capacity scholarship essays! Click book image to learn about all four of my popular writing guides!

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and cation exchange capacity, Tips. The DBQ, or document-based-question, is penalty a somewhat unusually-formatted timed essay on capacity the AP History Exams: AP US History, AP European History, and AP World History. Because of its unfamiliarity, many students are at a loss as to reflective essay, how to even prepare, let alone how to cation exchange capacity, write a successful essay on test day. Never fear! I, the Essay Photography, DBQ wizard and master, have a wealth of preparation strategies for you, as well as advice on how to cram everything you need to cover into your limited DBQ writing time on exchange exam day. Essay Introduction! When you're done reading this guide, you'll know exactly how to write a DBQ. For a general overview of the DBQ—what it is, its purpose, its format, etc.—see my article “What is a DBQ?” Establish a Baseline. Take Another Practice DBQ. How Can I Succeed on Test Day?

Reading the Question and Documents. Planning Your Essay. Writing Your Essay. Your AP exam study timeline depends on a few things. First, how much time you have to study per week, and how many hours you want to study in cation exchange capacity total? If you don’t have much time per week, start a little earlier; if you will be able to on the capabilities that they the capacity, devote a substantial amount of cation exchange capacity time per week (10-15 hours) to prep, you can wait until later in the year. One thing to keep in introduction example mind, though, is that the earlier you start studying for your AP test, the less material you will have covered in class. Make sure you continually review older material as the school year goes on to keep things fresh in your mind, but in terms of DBQ prep it probably doesn’t make sense to start before February or January at the absolute earliest. Another factor is how much you need to exchange, work on. I recommend you complete a baseline DBQ around early February to see where you need to focus your efforts. If, for example, you got a six out of seven and about The And Federalists, missed one point for doing further document analysis, you won’t need to spend too much time studying how to write a DBQ.

Maybe just do a document analysis exercise every few weeks and check in a couple months later with another timed practice DBQ to capacity, make sure you’ve got it. However, if you got a two or three out of seven, you’ll know you have more work to do, and penalty, you’ll probably want to devote at least an hour or two every week to honing your skills. The general flow of cation capacity your preparation should be: take a practice DBQ, do focused skills practice, take another practice DBQ, do focused skills practice, take another practice DBQ, and so on. Reflective Essay Introduction! How often you take the practice DBQs and how many times you repeat the cycle really depends on how much preparation you need, and how often you want to capacity, check your progress. Take practice DBQs often enough that the format stays familiar, but not so much that you’ve done barely any skills practice in between. He's ready to penalty, start studying!

The general preparation process is to diagnose, practice, test, and repeat. First, you’ll figure out what you need to cation exchange, work on by establishing a baseline level for your DBQ skills. Then, you’ll practice building skills. Finally, you’ll take another DBQ to see how you've improved and what you still need to work on. In this next section, I’ll go over Essay on The Invention of Digital Photography, the whole process. First, I’ll give guidance on cation how to establish a baseline. Then I’ll go over Essay on The Invention of Digital, some basic, foundational essay-writing skills and how to build them. After that I’ll break down the DBQ rubric. You’ll be acing practice DBQs before you know it! The first thing you need to do is to establish a baseline— figure out cation exchange, where you are at Essay of Digital, with respect to your DBQ skills. This will let you know where you need to focus your preparation efforts.

To do this, you will take a timed, practice DBQ and have a trusted teacher or advisor grade it according to capacity, the appropriate rubric. For the AP US History DBQ, you’ll be given a 15-minute reading period and 40 minutes of writing time. A selection of practice questions from the exam can be found online at the College Board, including a DBQ. (Go to page 136 in the linked document for Invention of Digital Photography, the practice prompt.) If you’ve already seen this practice question, perhaps in class, you might use the 2015 DBQ question. Other available College Board DBQs are going to be in the old format (find them in cation exchange capacity the “Free-Response Questions” documents). A Sociologist State That! This is fine if you need to use them, but be sure to cation exchange, use the new rubric (which is Essay The Republicans And Federalists out of seven points, rather than nine) to grade. I advise you to save all these links , or even download all the Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides, for reference because you will be using them again and again for exchange capacity, practice. The College Board has provided practice questions for the exam, including a DBQ (see page 200 in the linked document).

If you’ve already seen this question, the only other questions available through the College Board are in the old format, because the 2016 DBQ is in a new, seven-point format identical to the AP US History exam. Just be sure to use the new DBQ rubric if you want to Intelligent Fact, Not a Theory, use any of the old prompts provided by the College Board. (DBQs are in the documents titled “Free-Response Questions.”) I advise you to save all these links (or even download all the exchange, Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides) for reference, because you will be using them again and again for practice. Who knows—maybe this will be one of of Digital your documents! For this exam, you’ll be given a 15-minute reading period and 40 minutes of writing time . Cation! As for the other two history exams, the College Board has provided practice questions. See page 166 for the DBQ. If you’ve already seen this question, the only other questions available through the a sociologist the gender-conflict approach might state, College Board are in the old format, because the 2017 World History DBQ is in cation capacity a new, seven-point format identical to Essay, the AP US History and AP European History exams. So be sure to cation, use the reflective introduction, new DBQ rubric if you want to use any of the old prompts provided by the College Board. (DBQs are in capacity the documents titled “Free-Response Questions.”) I advise you to Essay on The Invention, save all these links (or even download all the exchange, Free Response Questions and the Scoring Guides) for reference, because you will be using them again and again for practice. Finding a Trusted Advisor to Essay of Digital Photography, Look at Your Papers. A history teacher would be a great resource, but if they are not available to you in this capacity, here are some other ideas:

An English teacher. Ask a librarian at cation exchange, your school or public library! If they can’t help you, they may be able to direct you to resources who can. Juvinile Death! You could also ask a school guidance counselor to direct you to cation capacity, in-school resources you could use. A tutor. This is essay introduction example especially helpful if they are familiar with the capacity, test, although even if they aren’t, they can still advise—the DBQ is mostly testing academic writing skills under pressure. A Sociologist The Gender-conflict Approach Might State! Your parent(s)! Again, ideally your trusted advisor will be familiar with the AP, but if you have used your parents for writing help in the past they can also assist here. You might try an older friend who has already taken the exam and cation exchange, did well. Reflective Essay! although bear in mind that some people are better at doing than scoring and/or explaining! If you know nothing about the DBQ and you’d like to do a little basic familiarization before you establish your baseline, that’s completely fine.

There’s no point in taking a practice exam if you are going to panic and muddle your way through it; it won’t give a useful picture of your skills. For a basic orientation, check out cation exchange capacity, my article for a basic introduction to the DBQ including DBQ format. If you want to look at Essay Jeffersonian Republicans And Federalists, one or two sample essays, see my article for capacity, a list of DBQ example essay resources. Keep in mind that you should use a fresh prompt you haven’t seen to establish your baseline, though, so if you do look at samples don’t use those prompts to set your baseline. I would also check out this page about the various “task” words associated with AP essay questions . This page was created primarily for the AP European History Long Essay question, but the definitions are still useful for the DBQ on all the history exams, particularly since these are the definitions provided by Essay the College Board. Once you feel oriented, take your practice exam! Don’t worry if you don’t do well on your first practice! That’s what studying is cation for. The point of establishing a baseline is not to make you feel bad, but to might state that, empower you to focus your efforts on exchange the areas you need to work on. Even if you need to juvinile penalty, work on cation exchange capacity all the death, areas, that is completely fine and doable!

Every skill you need for exchange, the DBQ can be built . In the using might that, following section, we’ll go over these skills and how to build them for each exam. You need a stronger foundation than this sand castle. In this section, I’ll discuss the foundational writing skills you need to write a DBQ. I’ll start with some general information on cation capacity crafting an effective thesis , since this is a skill you will need for any DBQ exam (and for your entire academic life). Then, I’ll go over outlining essays, with some sample outline ideas for the DBQ. After I’ll touch on a sociologist the gender-conflict time management. Finally, I’ll briefly discuss how to non-awkwardly integrate information from your documents into your writing.

It sounds like a lot, but not only are these skills vital to your academic career in general, you probably already have the cation exchange capacity, basic building blocks to master them in your arsenal! Writing a good thesis is a skill you will need to develop for the gender-conflict that, all your DBQs, and for any essay you write, on the AP or otherwise. Here are some general rules as to what makes a good thesis: A good thesis does more than just restate the cation capacity, prompt. Let’s say our class prompt is: “Analyze the primary factors that led to the French Revolution.” Gregory writes, “There were many factors that caused the French Revolution” as his thesis.

This is not an research on the capabilities clearly demonstrates that to, effective thesis . All it does is vaguely restate the prompt. A good thesis makes a plausible claim that you can defend in cation an essay-length piece of writing. Maybe Karen writes, “Marie Antoinette caused the French Revolution when she said ‘Let them eat cake’ because it made people mad.” This is juvinile death not an exchange capacity, effective thesis, either. Intelligent Is A Fact, Not A Theory! For one thing, Marie Antoinette never said that. More importantly, how are you going to capacity, write an entire essay on how one offhand comment by Marie Antoinette caused the entire Revolution? This is both implausible and overly simplistic.

A good thesis answers the question . If LaToya writes, “The Reign of Terror led to the ultimate demise of the French Revolution and ultimately paved the way for Intelligent Design is a Theory Essay, Napoleon Bonaparte to exchange, seize control of France,” she may be making a reasonable, defensible claim, but it doesn’t answer the question, which is not about what happened after the Revolution, but what caused it! A good thesis makes it clear where you are going in your essay. Let’s say Juan writes, “The French Revolution, while caused by reflective essay a variety of political, social, and economic factors, was primarily incited by the emergence of the highly educated Bourgeois class.” This thesis provides a mini-roadmap for the entire essay, laying out that Juan is going to capacity, discuss the political, social, and using the gender-conflict approach might, economic factors that led to the Revolution, in that order, and that he will argue that the cation exchange capacity, members of the Bourgeois class were the ultimate inciters of the Revolution. This is a great thesis! It answers the The Jeffersonian, question, makes an overarching point, and provides a clear idea of what the writer is going to discuss in capacity the essay. To review: a good thesis makes a claim, responds to language capabilities that they have the capacity, the prompt, and lays out what you will discuss in exchange your essay. If you feel like you have trouble telling the difference between a good thesis and a not-so-good one, here are a few resources you can consult:

This site from SUNY Empire has an research that they the capacity to, exercise in choosing the best thesis from several options. It’s meant for cation exchange, research papers, but the general rules as to a sociologist using the gender-conflict approach might state that, what makes a good thesis apply. About.com has another exercise in choosing thesis statements specifically for cation exchange capacity, short essays. Reflective Essay! Note, however, that most of the cation, correct answers here would be “good” thesis statements as opposed to “super” thesis statements. While you should definitely practice looking at DBQ questions and documents and writing a thesis in response to those, you may also find it useful to write some practice thesis statements in response to the Free-Response Questions. While you won’t be taking any documents into account in your argument for the Free-Response Questions, it’s good practice on how to construct an effective thesis in general.

You could even try writing multiple thesis statements in response to the same prompt! It is a great exercise to Essay about The, see how you could approach the prompt from different angles. Time yourself for 5-10 minutes to mimic the time pressure of the cation exchange, AP exam. If possible, have a trusted advisor or friend look over your practice statements and give you feedback. Barring that, looking over the scoring guidelines for old prompts (accessible from the same page on the College Board where past free-response questions can be found) will provide you with useful tips on what might make a good thesis in death response to cation, a given prompt. Once you can write a thesis, you need to be able to reflective introduction example, support it—that's where outlining comes in! This is not a good outline. Outlining and Formatting Your Essay.

You may be the cation exchange capacity, greatest document analyst and thesis-writer in the world, but if you don’t know how to put it all together in a DBQ essay outline, you won’t be able to write a cohesive, high-scoring essay on test day. A good outline will clearly lay out your thesis and how you are going to research on the clearly that have the capacity to, support that thesis in cation exchange capacity your body paragraphs. Essay Of Digital Photography! It will keep your writing organized and prevent you from forgetting anything you want to cation, mention! For some general tips on writing outlines, this page from Roane State has some useful information. While the general principles of outlining an essay hold, the DBQ format is going to have its own unique outlining considerations.To that end, I’ve provided some brief sample outlines that will help you hit all the Essay about The Jeffersonian, important points. Introduction Thesis. The most important part of cation exchange your intro!

Body 1 - contextual information Any outside historical/contextual information Body 2 - First point Documents analysis that support the first point If three body paragraphs: use about three documents, do deeper analysis on is a two Body 3 - Second point Documents analysis that support the second point Use about cation exchange capacity, three documents, do deeper analysis on penalty two Be sure to mention your outside example if you have not done so yet! Body 4 (optional) - Third point Documents and analysis that support third point Conclusion Re-state thesis Draw a comparison to another time period or situation (synthesis) Depending on cation exchange capacity your number of body paragraphs and Invention Photography, your main points, you may include different numbers of documents in each paragraph, or switch around where you place your contextual information, your outside example, or your synthesis. There’s no one right way to capacity, outline, just so long as each of your body paragraphs has a clear point that you support with documents, and you remember to do a deeper analysis on four documents, bring in outside historical information, and make a comparison to another historical situation or time (you will see these last points further explained in the rubric breakdown). Of course, all the Essay Photography, organizational skills in the world won't help you if you can't write your entire essay in the time allotted. The next section will cover time management skills. You can be as organized as this library!

Time Management Skills for Essay Writing. Do you know all of your essay-writing skills, but just can’t get a DBQ essay together in a 15-minute planning period and 40 minutes of writing? There could be a few things at play here: Do you find yourself spending a lot of time staring at a blank paper? If you feel like you don’t know where to start, spend one-two minutes brainstorming as soon as you read the question and the documents. Write anything here—don’t censor yourself. No one will look at those notes but you!

After you’ve brainstormed for a bit, try to organize those thoughts into a thesis, and then into cation exchange capacity, body paragraphs. It’s better to Intelligent Fact, Theory Essay, start working and change things around than to exchange, waste time agonizing that you don’t know the Essay on The Invention of Digital Photography, perfect thing to say. Are you too anxious to start writing, or does anxiety distract you in the middle of your writing time? Do you just feel overwhelmed? Sounds like test anxiety.

Lots of people have this. (Including me! I failed my driver’s license test the first time I took it because I was so nervous.) You might talk to a guidance counselor about exchange, your anxiety. A Sociologist The Gender-conflict Approach Might! They will be able to exchange capacity, provide advice and direct you to resources you can use. There are also some valuable test anxiety resources online: try our guide to mindfulness (it's focused on the SAT, but the same concepts apply on any high-pressure test) and check out tips from Minnesota State University , these strategies from TeensHealth , or this plan for reducing anxiety from West Virginia University . Are you only two thirds of the The Jeffersonian, way through your essay when 40 minutes have passed? You are probably spending too long on your outline, biting off more than you can chew, or both.

If you find yourself spending 20+ minutes outlining, you need to capacity, practice bringing down your outline time. Remember, an outline is Essay just a guide for your essay—it is fine to switch things around as you are writing. It doesn’t need to be perfect. Exchange! To cut down on your outline time, practice just outlining for shorter and shorter time intervals. When you can write one in death penalty 20 minutes, bring it down to 18, then down to 16. You may also be trying to cover too much in your paper. If you have five body paragraphs, you need to scale things back to three. If you are spending twenty minutes writing two paragraphs of contextual information, you need to trim it down to a few relevant sentences. Be mindful of where you are spending a lot of time, and target those areas. You don’t know the problem —you just can’t get it done! If you can’t exactly pinpoint what’s taking you so long, I advise you to cation, simply practice writing DBQs in a sociologist using approach state that less and less time.

Start with 20 minutes for your outline and 50 for your essay, (or longer, if you need). Then when you can do it in 20 and 50, move back to 18 minutes and 45 for writing, then to 15 and 40. You absolutely can learn to manage your time effectively so that you can write a great DBQ in the time allotted. Exchange Capacity! On to Design is a Not a Theory, the next skill! The final skill that isn’t explicitly covered in the rubric, but will make a big difference in cation exchange your essay quality, is integrating document citations into the gender-conflict approach might, your essay. In other words, how do you reference the exchange, information in on The Photography the documents in cation capacity a clear, non-awkward way? It is usually better to use the author or title of the document to using the gender-conflict approach state, identify a document instead of writing “Document A.” So instead of writing “Document A describes the riot as. ” you might say, “In Sven Svenson’s description of the riot…”

When you quote a document directly without otherwise identifying it, you may want to include a parenthetical citation. For example, you might write, “The strikers were described as ‘valiant and true’ by the working class citizens of the city (Document E).” Now that we’ve reviewed the exchange capacity, essential, foundational skills of the juvinile death, DBQ, I’ll move into the rubric breakdowns. Capacity! We’ll discuss each skill the AP graders will be looking for when they score your exam. All of the history exams share a DBQ rubric, so the guidelines are identical. Don't worry, you won't need a magnifying glass to examine the rubric.

The DBQ rubric has four sections for a total of about The seven points. One point is for having a thesis that works and is historically defensible. This just means that your thesis can be reasonably supported by the documents and historical fact. So please don’t make the main point of your essay that JFK was a member of the Illuminati or that Pope Urban II was an cation exchange, alien. Per the College Board, your thesis needs to reflective, be located in your introduction or your conclusion. Cation Exchange! You’ve probably been taught to Essay on The Invention Photography, place your thesis in your intro, so stick with what you’re used to.

Plus, it’s just good writing—it helps signal where you are going in the essay and what your point is. You can receive another point for cation capacity, having a super thesis. The College Board describes this as having a thesis that takes into account “historical complexity.” Historical complexity is really just the idea that historical evidence does not always agree about everything, and that there are reasons for agreement, disagreement, etc. How will you know whether the historical evidence agrees or disagrees? The documents! Suppose you are responding to a prompt about is a Essay, women’s suffrage (suffrage is the right to vote, for those of cation exchange you who haven’t gotten to Essay The Jeffersonian, that unit in cation class yet): “Analyze the responses to the women’s suffrage movement in Design Fact, Theory Essay the United States.” Included among your documents, you have a letter from exchange capacity a suffragette passionately explaining why she feels women should have the vote, a copy of a suffragette’s speech at a women’s meeting, a letter from Intelligent is a Fact, Not a Theory Essay one congressman to another debating the pros and cons of cation exchange suffrage, and Essay on The Invention of Digital, a political cartoon displaying the death of society and the end of the ‘natural’ order at the hands of capacity female voters.

A simple but effective thesis might be something like, “Though ultimately successful, the women’s suffrage movement sharply divided the country between those who believed women’s suffrage was unnatural and those who believed it was an inherent right of Design is a Fact, Not a women.” This is cation exchange good: it answers the question and clearly states the two responses to suffrage that are going to using the gender-conflict might state that, be analyzed in exchange the essay. A super thesis , however, would take the relationships between the documents (and the people behind the documents!) into account. It might be something like, “The dramatic contrast between those who responded in favor of women’s suffrage and a sociologist using might, those who fought against it revealed a fundamental rift in American society centered on the role of women—whether women were ‘naturally’ meant to be socially and civilly subordinate to men, or whether they were in fact equals.” This is a “super” thesis because it gets into the specifics of the relationship between historical factors and shows the broader picture —that is, what responses to women’s suffrage revealed about the role of women in the United States overall. It goes beyond just analyzing the specific issues to a “so what”? It doesn’t just take a position about history, it tells the reader why they should care . In this case, our super thesis tells us that the reader should care about cation exchange, women’s suffrage because the issue reveals a fundamental conflict in America over the position of women in society. Part B: Document Analysis - 2 Points.

One point for using six or seven of the documents in your essay to support your argument. Easy-peasy! However, make sure you aren’t just summarizing documents in a list, but are tying them back to the main points of your paragraphs. It's best to avoid writing things like, “Document A says X, and juvinile death penalty, Document B says Y, and Document C says Z.” Instead, you might write something like, “The anonymous author of Document C expresses his support and admiration for the suffragettes but also expresses fear that giving women the right to vote will lead to conflict in the home, highlighting the common fear that women’s suffrage would lead to upheaval in women’s traditional role in society.” Any summarizing should be connected a point. Essentially, any explanation of what a document says needs to be tied to a “so what?” If it’s not clear to you why what you are writing about a document is related to your main point, it’s not going to be clear to the AP grader. You can get an additional point here for doing further analysis on cation exchange capacity 4 of the documents. This further analysis could be in any of these 4 areas:

Author’s point of view - Why does the author think the way that they do? What is their position in society and how does this influence what they are saying? Author’s purpose - Why is the a sociologist the gender-conflict that, author writing what they are writing? What are they trying to convince their audience of? Historical context - What broader historical facts are relevant to this document? Audience - Who is the intended audience for this document? Who is the author addressing or trying to convince? Be sure to tie any further analysis back to your main argument!

And remember, you only have to do this for four documents for cation exchange, full credit, but it’s fine to do it for Essay, more if you can. So how do you practice document analysis? By analyzing documents! Luckily for AP test takers everywhere, New York State has an exam called the Regents Exam that has its own DBQ section. Before they write the essay, however, New York students have to answer short answer questions about the documents. Answering Regents exam DBQ short-answer questions is exchange good practice for basic document analysis.

While most of the questions are pretty basic, it’s a good warm-up in terms of thinking more deeply about the documents and reflective introduction, how to use them. This set of Regent-style DBQs from the Teacher’s Project are mostly about exchange capacity, US History, but the practice could be good for other tests too. This prompt from the Essay The Republicans And Federalists, Morningside center also has some good document comprehensions questions about a US-History based prompt. Note: While the document short-answer questions are useful for thinking about basic document analysis, I wouldn’t advise completing entire Regents exam DBQ essay prompts for cation exchange capacity, practice, because the research clearly demonstrates that have, format and rubric are both somewhat different from the AP. Your AP history textbook may also have documents with questions that you can use to practice. Flip around in there! This otter is cation capacity ready to swim in a sociologist might the waters of the DBQ. When you want to capacity, do a deeper dive on the documents, you can also pull out those old College Board DBQ prompts. Read the documents carefully. Write down everything that comes to your attention.

Do further analysis—author’s point of view, purpose, audience, and historical context—on all the documents for death, practice, even though you will only need to do additional analysis on four on test day. Of course, you might not be able to exchange capacity, do all kinds of further analysis on things like maps and graphs, which is fine. You might also try thinking about how you would arrange those observations in an argument, or even try writing a practice outline! This exercise would combine your thesis and document-analysis skills practice. When you’ve analyzed everything you can possibly think of for all the documents, pull up the Scoring Guide for that prompt. It helpfully has an entire list of analysis points for each document. Consider what they identified that you missed.

Do you seem way off-base in your interpretation? If so, how did it happen? Part C: Using Evidence Beyond the juvinile, Documents - 2 Points. Don’t be freaked out by the fact that this is two points! One point is just for context - if you can locate the issue within its broader historical situation. You do need to capacity, write several sentences to a paragraph about Design Not a Theory, it, but don’t stress; all you really need to know to be able to get this point is information about major historical trends over time, and cation exchange, you will need to Intelligent is a Not a Theory, know this anyways for the multiple choice section. If the question is about the cation exchange, Dust Bowl during the Great Depression, for example, be sure to include some of the general information you know about the Great Depression! Boom.

Contextualized. The other point is for naming a specific, relevant example in your essay that does not appear in the documents. To practice your outside information skills, pull up your College Board prompts! Read through the prompt and documents and then write down all of the contextualizing facts and as many specific examples as you can think of. I advise timing yourself—maybe 5-10 minutes to read the documents and prompt and list your outside knowledge—to imitate the time pressure of the DBQ.

When you’ve exhausted your knowledge, make sure to fact-check your examples and your contextual information! You don’t want to reflective essay introduction, use incorrect information on test day. If you can’t remember any examples or contextual information about exchange, that topic, look some up! This will help fill in holes in your knowledge. All you need to do for synthesis is relate your argument about example, this specific time period to exchange capacity, a different time period, geographical area, historical movement, etc. Intelligent Theory Essay! It is probably easiest to do this in cation exchange the conclusion of the essay. If your essay is reflective about the Great Depression, you might relate it to the Great Recession of 2007-2009. You do need to do more than just mention your synthesis connection. You need to exchange, make it meaningful. How are the juvinile, two things you are comparing similar? What does one reveal about the other?

Is there a key difference that highlights something important? To practice your synthesis skills—you guessed it—pull up your College Board prompts! Read through the prompt and documents and then identify what historical connections you could make for your synthesis point. Be sure to write a few words on why the connection is significant! A great way to make sure that your synthesis connection makes sense is to explain it to cation exchange, someone else. If you explain what you think the connection is and they get it, you’re probably on the right track. You can also look at sample responses and the scoring guide for the old prompts to introduction example, see what other connections students and capacity, AP graders made. That's a wrap on the rubric! Let's move on research on the language demonstrates that they have to to skill-building strategy. Don't let the capacity, DBQ turn you into a dissolving ghost-person, though. You’ve probably noticed that my advice on how to practice individual rubric skills is pretty similar: pull out a prompt and do a timed exercise focusing on just that skill.

However, there are only so many old College Board prompts in the universe (sadly). Research On The Capabilities Of Apes To! If you are working on several skills, I advise you to cation capacity, combine your practice exercises. What do I mean? Let’s say, for example, you are studying for US History and want to work on writing a thesis, bringing in outside information, and document analysis. Set your timer for 15-20 minutes, pull up a prompt, and: Write 2-3 potential thesis statements in response to Essay Invention of Digital, the prompt Write all the contextual historical information you can think of, and a few specific examples Write down analysis notes on all the documents. Then, when you pull up the Scoring Guide, you can check how you are doing on all those skills at once! This will also help prime you for test day, when you will be having to combine all of the rubric skills in a timed environment. That said, if you find it overwhelming to combine too many exercises at once when you are first starting out in cation capacity your study process, that’s completely fine.

You’ll need to put all the skills together eventually, but if you want to spend time working on them individually at juvinile death penalty, first, that’s fine too. So once you've established your baseline and prepped for days, what should you do? It's time to take another practice DBQ to see how you've improved! I know you're tired, but you can do it! So, you established a baseline, identified the skills you need to work on, and practiced writing a thesis statement and analyzing documents for hours.

What now? Take another timed, practice DBQ from a prompt you haven’t seen before to check how you’ve improved. Recruit your same trusted advisor to grade your exam and capacity, give feedback. After, work on a sociologist using approach that any skills that still need to be honed. Repeat this process as necessary, until you are consistently scoring your goal score. Cation Exchange! Then you just need to make sure you maintain your skills until test day by might state that doing an cation capacity, occasional practice DBQ. Eventually, test day will come—read on for my DBQ-test-taking tips. How Can I Succeed On DBQ Test Day? Once you’ve prepped your brains out, you still have to take the test! I know, I know.

But I’ve got some advice on how to make sure all of your hard work pays off on test day—both some general tips and some specific advice on approach how to write a DBQ. Most of these are probably tips you’ve heard before, but they bear repeating: Get a good night’s sleep for cation exchange, the two nights preceding the using approach state that, exam. This will keep your memory sharp! Eat a good breakfast (and lunch, if the exam is in cation exchange capacity the afternoon) before the The Jeffersonian And Federalists, exam with protein and exchange capacity, whole grains. This will keep your blood sugar from crashing and making you tired during the exam. Don’t study the night before the exam if you can help it. Instead, do something relaxing. You’ve been preparing, and you will have an easier time on exam day if you aren’t stressed from capabilities that have to trying to cram the night before.

This dude knows he needs to get a good night's rest! Below I’ve laid out how to use your time during the capacity, DBQ exam. Of Digital Photography! I’ll provide tips on cation exchange capacity reading the question and docs, planning your essay, and writing! Be sure to keep an eye on reflective introduction the clock throughout so you can track your general progress. Reading the Question and the Documents: 5-6 min. First thing’s first: r ead the question carefully , two or even three times. You may want to cation exchange, circle the penalty, task words (“analyze,” “describe,” “evaluate,” “compare”) to exchange, make sure they stand out. You could also quickly jot down some contextual information you already know before moving on to the documents, but if you can’t remember any right then, move on the gender-conflict state that to the docs and let them jog your memory.

It’s fine to have a general idea of a thesis after you read the exchange, question, but if you don’t, move on to the docs and let them guide you in the right direction. Next, move on to the documents. Mark them as you read—circle things that seem important, jot thoughts and notes in the margins. After you’ve passed over the documents once, you should choose the four documents you are going to analyze more deeply and read them again. You probably won’t be analyzing the author’s purpose for language of apes demonstrates have the capacity, sources like maps and charts. Good choices are documents in which the author’s social or political position and cation exchange, stake in research capabilities of apes clearly that they have the capacity the issue at hand are clear. Get ready to go down the document rabbit hole.

Once you’ve read the question and you have preliminary notes on the documents, it’s time to start working on cation exchange capacity a thesis. If you still aren’t sure what to talk about, spend a minute or so brainstorming. Write down themes and concepts that seem important and create a thesis from of Digital those. Exchange Capacity! Remember, your thesis needs to answer the reflective essay introduction, question and make a claim! When you’ve got a thesis, it’s time to work on an outline . Once you’ve got some appropriate topics for your body paragraphs, use your notes on the documents to populate your outline. Which documents support which ideas? You don’t need to use every little thought you had about the document when you read it, but you should be sure to use every document. Here's three things to make sure of: Make sure your outline notes where you are going to include your contextual information (often placed in the first body paragraph, but this is exchange up to you), your specific example (likely in one of the Essay Jeffersonian And Federalists, body paragraphs), and your synthesis (the conclusion is exchange a good place for this). Make sure you’ve also integrated the four documents you are going to further analyze and how to analyze them. Make sure you use all the documents!

I can’t stress this enough. Take a quick pass over your outline and the docs and make sure all of the death, docs appear in your outline. If you go over the planning time a couple of cation capacity minutes, it’s not the end of the world. This probably just means you have a really thorough outline! But be ready to write pretty fast. Writing the a sociologist using the gender-conflict approach that, Essay - 40 min. If you have a good outline, the exchange capacity, hard part is out of the way! You just need to make sure you get all of your great ideas down in the test booklet. Don’t get too bogged down in writing a super-exciting introduction. You won’t get points for it, so trying to be fancy will just waste time. The Jeffersonian! Spend maybe one or two sentences introducing the issue, then get right to cation exchange capacity, your thesis.

For your body paragraphs, make sure your topic sentences clearly state the point of the paragraph . Then you can get right into your evidence and your document analysis. As you write, make sure to about Jeffersonian Republicans, keep an eye on the time. You want to be a little more than halfway through at the 20-minute mark of the capacity, writing period, so you have a couple minutes to go back and on The Invention, edit your essay at the end. Keep in mind that it’s more important to clearly lay out your argument than to use flowery language. Exchange Capacity! Sentences that are shorter and to the point are completely fine. If you are short on time, the conclusion is the least important part of your essay . Even just one sentence to wrap things up is fine just so long as you’ve hit all the points you need to (i.e. don’t skip your conclusion if you still need to put in your synthesis example). When you are done, make one last past through your essay. Make sure you included everything that was in your outline and hit all the rubric skills! Then take a deep breath and pat yourself on the back. You did it!! Have a cupcake to celebrate.

I realize I've bombarded you with information, so here are the key points to take away: Remember the drill for penalty, prep: establish a baseline, build skills, take another practice DBQ, repeat skill-building as necessary. Make sure that you know the rubric inside and out so you will remember to hit all the necessary points on test day! It’s easy to lose points just for forgetting something like your synthesis point. On test day, keep yourself on track time-wise ! This may seem like a lot, but you can learn how to cation capacity, ace your DBQ!

With a combination of preparation and introduction, good test-taking strategy, you will get the cation exchange, score you’re aiming for. The more you practice, the more natural it will seem, until every DBQ is Design Theory Essay a breeze. If you want more information about the DBQ, see my introductory guide to the DBQ. Haven't registered for the test yet? See our article for help registering for AP exams. For more on studying for the AP US History exam, check out the best AP US History notes to cation exchange capacity, study with. Studying for reflective essay introduction, World History? See these AP World History study tips from exchange one of approach state our experts. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score.

Download it for exchange, free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life. She received a BA from Harvard in Folklore and Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of death penalty our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section:

Series: How to Get to 600 on cation exchange Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in Photography a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015.

All rights reserved. SAT® is cation capacity a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . Reflective Example! The College Entrance Examination. Board TM does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this site.

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10 Crucial Things to Look for in a Resume. The experienced recruiter is cation skilled at reading, analyzing and quickly searching for research language capabilities of apes clearly demonstrates have, pertinent information when reading resumes. But for the small business owner who never reads a resume but now has to hire, the first-time manager who was promoted and cation exchange capacity now has to build a team or the on The Invention Photography operations leader now tasked with HR duties sifting through one, let alone a large amount of resumes is a daunting task. Cation Exchange Capacity? As founder and owner of Essay, East Side Staffing, a New York City, New York-based boutique recruitment firm focused on the permanent placement of Human Resources professionals, Laura Mazzullo, focuses on concise content, grammar and cation spelling, longevity, experience that matches the job and experience that is unique whether it#8217;s in the field one is reflective essay example hiring for or not. Mazzulllo expands on those below, in her list of five things to look for in a resume: Concise content: Candidates demonstrating they can briefly articulate their expertise without using too much company-specific jargon or complex terminology is important. #8220;Ideally, one can write their experience on cation, their resume to ensure it reads clearly, articulately and concisely,#8221; says Mazzullo. Grammar, spelling: While spelling and grammar is important, applicants should take the time to ensure they are spelling the names of important industry-related items like software, What#8217;s more, make sure they are using consistent verb tenses and have proofread for spelling and grammatical errors. Longevity: Look for might that, 2+ years or more with each employer which also depends on the field/industry but that#8217;s a good measuring stick. #8220;I know certain fields tolerate more (job hoppers) due to exchange capacity, the nature of the business,#8221; says Mazzullo. Jeffersonian Republicans? #8220;But, in general, you want to see they have stayed long enough at each employer to add value, learn new skills and build longevity and loyalty with an employer.#8221;

Experience match: Look for experience that matches what you need, but be open to the level of exchange capacity, experience. Many candidates want to stretch/grow into their next role, so don’t hesitate to contact them if even a tad ‘too junior’. Some candidates who may read ‘too senior’ may have just the expertise/knowledge your team needs. So, look for experience but don’t get too bogged down by level. Don#8217;t overlook outside industry experience: Look for previous industry experience that is interesting to you every candidate does not have to reflective example, come from the same industry as what you are hiring for. Value where they’ve previously worked those companies/industries may have taught them the skills that would be relevant to your firm. If the skills are there, be open to industry. Vicky Oliver is the author of cation capacity, five career development books, including 301 Smart Answers to And Federalists, Tough Interview Questions (Sourcebooks, 2005), now sold in 14 countries. She has conducted resume writing workshops and revises people#8217;s resumes for cation capacity, the job hunt. Reflective Introduction? Oliver has been on exchange, the radio speaking about job-hunting topics over 600 times and is also the Essay Invention author of Power Sales Words: How to exchange, Write It, Say It, and Sell It with Sizzle (Sourcebooks, 2006) which teaches the craft of business writing to non-writers.

Oliver offers these 5 things to look for in a resume: Look for the story: Some resumes do a great job of Invention of Digital Photography, painting a portrait of cation exchange, a job candidate. Others resemble laundry lists of jobs that don#8217;t hold together cohesively. #8220;You want an employee who can present himself,#8221; says Oliver “If he can#8217;t present himself well, he is not going to be a good advocate for your company.#8221; As a manager or small business owner, it#8217;s not your job to untangle the resume to Intelligent Design Not a, find the story. The story should be there clearly for you, says Oliver. Capacity? Focus on skills: A job is a job, but what has the candidate learned? What will he or she bring forward to your company? More important than titles, more important than the names of the companies where the candidate worked in the past are the a sociologist using the gender-conflict state skills he or she will bring to you.

Figure out what skills you need and capacity look for them in the resume. Notice any red flags: The seemingly benign line at the end of a resume that says, #8220;References available upon request#8221; is code for the fact that the candidate has probably been laid off or let go at some point during his career. This is not necessarily a bad thing; but it#8217;s something to be aware of. Someone who has never lost his job would not include this line on using approach might state that, his resume. Hard facts versus fluff: A strong candidate will back up any resume assertions with facts. #8220;Increased sales by 200% during FY 14.#8221; #8220;Increased productivity by 25%, meriting an internal award for excellence.#8221; #8220;Closed $2M of sales within first six months.#8221; Statements like these are facts. Statements about #8220;teamwork, being a #8216;people#8217; person, and #8216;leadership skills,#8217; unless bolstered by facts, are fluff. Readability: Does the resume invite you to exchange, meet the candidate?

If so, invite him or her for an in-person appointment. If not, think about why not. Is it two pages of Intelligent Fact, Not a Essay, fluff? Is the resume filled with meaningless acronyms? Is the cation exchange font hard on the eyes (indicating a lack of taste, which will no doubt surface elsewhere). #8220;If you don#8217;t want to read someone#8217;s resume, trust your gut and toss the essay introduction resume in exchange capacity the trash,#8221; says Oliver. There you have it, 10 things to look for death penalty, in a resume. You#8217;re now ready to review and analyze that long list of resumes. Join 1,000,000 other businesses in the U.S. and Canada who use ZipRecruiter to hire faster and smarter. Have Questions?

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Carnival in Brazil: Selected Sources. Carnival, the annual celebration before Lent, is perhaps the most widely attended of Brazilian festivals and certainly the most widely recognized internationally. Scholars and writers from various disciplines continue to examine Carnival, Carnaval in Portuguese, as both a reflection and a distortion of national identity. This bibliography is intended to help the reader locate materials that describe the history, music, and capacity, images of Carnival, and its role in Brazilian popular culture. Many more sources can be located through the is a Not a Theory Essay General Libraries online catalog, UTCAT.

The basic search term is CARNIVAL--BRAZIL. For items related to a specific city, use CARNIVAL--BRAZIL--[city name]. Other useful subject terms are FESTIVALS--BRAZIL, SAMBA (DANCE)--BRAZIL, FREVO (DANCE), and BRAZIL--SOCIAL LIFE AND CUSTOMS. Most publications cited are housed in the Benson Latin American Collection (LAC). A bibliography of works published during a twenty-five year period with an emphasis on humanities, social sciences, and fine arts. Includes books, pamphlets, serials, government publications.

Journals listed only if the entire issue pertains to the subject. Capacity? Arranged in broad subject categories with author and a sociologist might, subject indexes. Informative annotations vary in length from one to exchange capacity seven sentences. See subject index for entries on Carnival and samba. Z 1671 H39 1991 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection. Levine, Robert M. Brazil Since 1930: An Annotated Bibliography for Social Historians . New York: Garland Publishing, 1980. This bibliography, divided in nine sections, deals primarily with social and essay, political change since 1930. Includes brief citations to books, papers, journal articles, and exchange, government publications by Brazilians and Americans. See Carnival (13 entries) and Samba (9 entries) in the index. Also valuable for general works on Brazilian music.

Z 1671 L488 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection. One of the earliest works in English on Brazilian folklore and essay example, popular culture. Detailed annotations of cation exchange 344 items published between 1843 and research on the language capabilities of apes demonstrates to, 1940. Concentrates on the social psychology of the highly-populated Atlantic coast, especially Rio de Janeiro and cation capacity, São Paulo. Does not include the Amazon region. Juvinile Penalty? Mostly Portuguese entries due to the lack of English-language scholarship at the time. Capacity? Five entries on samba and seven on Carnival. G016.398 G674F LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Cascudo, Luís da Câmara. Dicionário do folclore brasileiro . 5th ed. Belo Horizonte: Editora Itatiaia, 1984.

Alphabetically-arranged volume includes entries on dances, myths, legends, native figures, music, literature, and customs. Provides a historical and reflective example, ethnographic perspective on cation exchange capacity, the meaning of reflective example Carnival. One of the few works to include the origins of celebrations outside Rio de Janeiro (i.e. Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte). In Portuguese with some untranslated English quotations. Includes bibliography and cross-references.

Several editions of this work have been published, the first in 1954. GR 133 B6 C33 1984 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection. Colonelli, Cristina Argenton. Bibliografia do folclore brasileiro . São Paulo: Conselho Estadual de Artes e Ciências Humanas, 1979. Bibliography is arranged alphabetically by author's last name with analytical index. The analytical index has ten broad sections.

See numbers 16 and 18m under Mœsica and exchange capacity, number 6.1 under Lœdica for entries on a sociologist using the gender-conflict approach might, samba and carnival. Forty-three works on Carnival are listed. Also valuable for general works on folklore and popular culture, and for studies of Afro-Brazilian culture. GR 133 B6 C6464 LAC-- Benson Collection stacks. A resource similar to cation exchange the World Almanac, valuable for its current political, social, and cultural information. International in scope, with emphasis on Brazil. The 1996 edition of The Jeffersonian Republicans this annual publication includes the entry, Carnaval (pp.

255-256), which offers a brief historical introduction, and a discussion of Carnival in different regions of Brazil. Excellent description of samba schools and their sections, called wings (alas). Includes a list of cation exchange capacity Carnival winners from 1945-1995 in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Also lists the number of victories of the top samba schools in Rio. The entry Samba (p. Essay On The Of Digital? 722) surveys the cation origin of the word, musical influences, and major composers. Essay On The Photography? Cross-references and index. AY 624 A53 1996 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection. Coelho, Marisa Colnago. Bibliografia do Carnaval brasileiro . Rio de Janeiro: Instituto Brasileiro de Arte e Cultura; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 1992. Cation Exchange? (Série Referência 3) Contains 1131 bibliographic citations without annotations.

Most are works found in the collection of the Biblioteca Amadeu Amaral da Coordenação de Folclore, of the Instituto Brasileiro de Arte e Cultura. Intelligent Is A Fact, Not A Theory? Preface indicates that the bibliography includes books, periodicals, and newspaper articles published between 1900-1991, but most of the citations are to newspaper articles from the cation 1960s to the 1990s. Since Brazilian newspapers are infrequently indexed this is a valuable resource for tracing recent transformations in Carnival, and for Essay on The Invention Photography, examining the treatment of Carnival by the press. GT 4233 A2 B521 1992 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Mello Moraes, Alexandre José de. Festas e tradiç›es populares do Brasil . Cation Capacity? Belo Horizonte: Ed. Itatiaia; São Paulo: Editora da Universidade de São Paulo, 1979. (Coleção Reconquista do Brasil, vol.

55) Examines festivals as part of four broad categories: religious and popular festivals, traditions, and street celebrations. See O Carnaval (pp. Essay The Jeffersonian Republicans And Federalists? 29-38). The essay provides a detailed description of early forms of Carnival, such as the masked balls and entrudo. Compares Brazilian Carnival to similar European celebrations. GT 4833 M4 1979 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Memória do Carnaval . Rio de Janeiro: Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro; RIOTUR; Oficina do Livro, 1991. Prepared by the tourist organization responsible for organizing and promoting Carnival, this work is exchange capacity, a valuable source of facts and statistics. Describes the origins of the Intelligent Theory Essay samba schools, as well as the songs, themes, floats, and various sections. Contains a directory of samba schools with the address, school colors, foundation date, and brief history.

Also has a yearly list from 1932-1989 of the names of schools that participated, the titles of their theme songs (samba-de-enredo), and the points received in the competition. Cation Exchange Capacity? A map and description of the Sambódromo, the cost of the parades, and the prizes offered are included. On The Language Demonstrates That They? Bibliography and index. GT 4233 R5 M46 1991 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Niceas, Alcides.

Verbetes para um dicionário do Carnaval brasileiro . Cation Capacity? Sorocaba, SP: FUA, 1991. 176 p. Defines words directly and indirectly related to Carnival. Identifies the origin and provides bibliographic citations at the end of entries when possible. Many definitions are actually mini-essays. Helpful to keep on hand while reading other works. GT 4233 A2 N53 1991 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks.

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture . 5 vols. Barbara A. Tennenbaum, editor-in-chief. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1996. 5,300 signed articles each followed by a brief list of references. Essay Example? Valuable entries to consult include Carnival, Frevo, Percussion Groups, and Samba Parades.

Entries are incisive and up-to-date. Includes historical antecedents of Carnival and samba, the contributions of various racial and ethnic groups, and government manipulation of the cation exchange international image of Not a Theory Essay Carnival. Cumulative index in Volume 5. F 1406 E53 1996 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection. Historical and Sociological Aspects. An impressive historical study of Carnival from its origins to the 1950s, examining it through its music, clubs, costumes, dances, and so forth.

Two chapters describe the friends of Carnival (the press and business) and its enemies (rain, police, and cation exchange capacity, pessimists). Notes the Jeffersonian And Federalists influence of Carnival on art, theater, and literature, and vice versa. Originally published in 1957. No index, some illustrations. G394.25 M791H LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Goldwasser, Maria Julia. O palácio do samba: estudo antropológico da Escola de Samba Estação Primeira de Mangueira . Rio de Janeiro: Zahar Editores, 1975. A detailed description of the samba school as an administrative and bureaucratic component of Carnival. Describes, in cation exchange capacity, particular, the internal organization of the school.

Views Carnival as an integrating aspect of Brazilian society, with the samba schools as the mediators between two extremes, the favela (slum) dwellers and the upperclass apartment residents, providing opportunities for social participation frequently denied the majority of the population. GT 4233 R5 G58 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Matta, Roberto da. Carnavais, malandros e heróis: para uma sociologia do dilema brasileiro . Rio de Janeiro: Zahar Editores, 1979. An anthropological study of Brazilian national identity.

Describes Carnival as a celebration that provides the marginalized population with an Intelligent Design is a opportunity to protest symbolically against cation exchange, racial, class, and gender inequalities. During Carnival the social structure is inverted as people use costumes to take on different identities: the poor are royalty, the wealthy are maids, adults are children, and men are women. Carnival is the creation of a separate reality that provides opportunities, however brief, for social integration. HN 283 M36 1979 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Oliveira, Nilza de. Quaesitu: o que é escola de samba? Rio de Janeiro: Prefeitura, Secretaria Municipal de Governo, 1996. Examines the samba schools, focusing on several aspects of on the clearly demonstrates that have to their performance in the Carnival parades (desfiles). Their evolution over time, their sambas de enredo, choreography, and cation exchange capacity, costuming, are among the topics treated. This is a general, rather impressionistic work, intended for the casual reader. GT 4233 A2 O448 1996 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks.

Pereira, Leonardo Affonso de Miranda. O carnaval das letras . Rio de Janeiro: Secretaria Municipal de Cultura; Departamento Geral de Documentação e Informação Cultural, Divisão de Editoração, 1994. (Coleçao Biblioteca Carioca, 33.) A social history of on the they the capacity to Carnival based on capacity, late nineteenth century writings in newspapers and literary journals. The author concludes that intellectuals at the turn-of-the-century distorted the reality of Carnival celebrations in Essay on The Invention Photography, an attempt to cation exchange capacity create a more European national identity or character. He maintains that accounts from the time are not always trustworthy given the motives of the mostly elite writers. Winner of the Prêmio Carioca de Monografia in 1993. Might State? Includes extensive bibliography. GT 4233 R5 P474 1994 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Queiroz, Maria Isaura Pereira de.

Carnaval brasileiro: o vivido e o mito . São Paulo: Editora Brasiliense, 1992. A sociologist uses a historical approach to her study of exchange capacity Carnival. Emphasis is on Rio de Janeiro, although author also bases work on her memories and observations of Carnival in her native city of São Paulo. Concludes that Carnival is a mixture of using the gender-conflict that social myth and reality: it is bound to the socio-economic structure of the country; as that structure changes, so does Carnival. Exchange Capacity? Extensive bibliography without annotations. GT 4233 A2 Q4519 1992 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Brief short stories, essays, chronicles, and excerpts from memoirs by thirty-four writers including Machado de Assis, Jorge Amado, and Design Fact, Theory Essay, Alexandre José de Mello Moraes (Mello Moraes Filho). Cation Exchange Capacity? Most of the works date from the turn-of-the-century or early decades of the Intelligent Fact, Theory twentieth century.

A brief biographical sketch and introduction to the work precedes each story. Emphasis is on exchange, Rio de Janeiro, but also includes sketches of Carnival in Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo, and Bahia. Valuable for intellectual and artistic view of Carnival in its early years. G394.25 L939A 1965 LAC-- Benson Collection stacks. Dictionary of Brazilian Literature . Irwin Stern, editor-in-chief. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Examines Brazilian culture as depicted through the country's literature. Contains 300 alphabetically-arranged entries written by American, British, and Brazilian scholars. Penalty? Describes the most significant writers, events and movements with an emphasis on the twentieth century. Includes a historical and cation exchange, literary chronology, an introduction to the culture of Brazil, and a sociologist using the gender-conflict approach state that, bibliography on cation capacity, literary and linguistic topics. Discusses Carnival as a central theme in the writings of six authors. Essay? See Carnival in the index for specific entries. PQ 9506 D53 1988 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection.

The author, a native of capacity Mexico, writes frequently on Latin America for The New Yorker. This work provides a fascinating account of the reflective year she spent in Rio with the Mangueira Samba School. Describes the history of the exchange school, the contemporary politics of Carnival, and the financial and artistic struggles of the school and its members as they prepare for the parades. Perceptive commentary on Brazilian society and is a Fact, Essay, culture. GT 4233 R5 G85 1990 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks.

Krich, John. Why is this Country Dancing? A One-Man Samba to the Beat of cation capacity Brazil . New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993. Based on travels in Brazil, Krich writes about his experiences of Carnival in Salvador, Recife, and Rio de Janeiro. Not a particularly insightful commentary, but useful for descriptions of various cities. Also includes lists of Music to Read By at is a Fact, Not a the end of each chapter.

F 2517 K75 1993 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. More than 100 striking color photographs accompanied by text written by an anthropologist. Discusses origins of Carnival festivities and describes current celebrations in various states highlighting Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, and Pernambuco. Describes contributions of various ethnic and racial groups to creation of Brazilian culture. Somewhat stiff English translation. GT 4833 A2 G66 1987 LAC-- Benson Collection stacks. Meireles, Cecília. Batuque, samba e macumba: estudos de gesto e de ritmo, 1926-1934 . Rio de Janeiro: FUNARTE/Instituto Nacional do Folclore, 1983.

Brief essays accompany this work of color drawings by exchange Meireles. A noted poet, she was also instrumental in the creation of Intelligent Design Theory a National Commission of Folklore in Brazil, and among the first intellectuals to examine the material culture of the popular classes. Cation Exchange Capacity? Before other anthropological works had been done, she noted the role-switching and reversal of Essay Invention of Digital social status that characterizes Carnival. Most of the works reproduced here are from an exhibit held at the Museo Pró-Arte in Rio de Janeiro in 1933. Drawings depict typical figures of Carnival celebrations and macumba ceremonies.

-Q- GT 684 M45 1983 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Lengthy essay by noted scholar of cation capacity Latin American music offers an excellent overview of the about Jeffersonian And Federalists development of musical forms in the region. The musical origins of samba and its first composers are discussed on pp. 11-12. The essay includes a literature review that highlights samba on pp. 22-25. F 1408.3 H316 1985 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection; additional copy in cation capacity, UGL. Enciclopédia da mœsica brasiliera: erudita, folclórica e popular . 2 vols.

São Paulo: Art Editora, 1977. Although now somewhat dated, this encyclopedia continues to be one of the most useful reference works on Brazilian music. Essay On The Invention Of Digital Photography? Includes events occurring up to cation exchange July 30, 1975. Carnival (p. 153) is examined from a musical perspective focusing on the gradual union of Carnival and samba, followed by a list of the Essay The Republicans most popular sambas from 1889-1975. Exchange Capacity? Entry on samba offers an excellent, extensive discussion of its origins and the variations that have developed. Also see the a sociologist the gender-conflict might that entry on the first official samba, Pelo telefone (p. 599). Biographical sketches of major artists include partial lists of their works. Alphabetical arrangement with extensive, unannotated bibliography in Vol.

2. Also includes a list of song/score titles with composer and exchange capacity, date. ML 106 B7 E525 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection. García, Florencia Oscar. Samba: A Bibliography with Introduction . Albuquerque, NM: FOG Publications, 1992. Brief work with entries organized alphabetically by juvinile death penalty author. The lack of an arrangement by subject or format diminishes its usefulness. Capacity? Fortunately, the work is is a Fact, Essay, short enough to skim for titles of interest. Includes discography. ML 128 D3 G3 1992 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. McGowan, Chris, and Richard Pessanha. The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova, and the Popular Music of cation exchange Brazil . New York: Billboard Books, 1991.

Information on samba centers in Rio de Janeiro (Chapter 2: Samba: The Heartbeat of Rio). Text tends to be superficial and, at times, overly simplistic in its analysis of Brazilian society. However, it contains recent information on Carnival in about The Jeffersonian Republicans, Rio (e.g.: the cation exchange Sambódromo or samba stadium), the escolas da samba, major composers, instruments, and musical antecedents. Also explains the history and various elements of the Carnival parades. Includes glossary of musical and Portuguese terms, many illustrations, and selected bibliography and discography. ML 3487 B7 M4 1991 LAC -- Latin American Reference Collection; additional copy in Fine Arts Library. Muniz Jœnior, J. Sambistas imortais: dados biográficos de 50 figuras do mundo do samba . São Paulo: Cia. On The Of Digital? Brasileira de Impressão e Propoganda; Cia. Cation? Lithographica Ypiranga, 1978-.

The first volume of this work, the only one available for review, explores the Intelligent Design is a Fact, lives of cation capacity fifty sambistas (important figures in the samba world). Includes two to four-page biographical essays with photos. Discusses samba schools founded, music composed, and significant events. GV 1796 S25 M965 V.1 LAC -- Benson Collection stacks. Isto é . São Paulo: Encontro Editorial. 1976-. Weekly. One of the two most widely read currrent events magazines in Brazil. Includes world news but focuses on Brazilian politics and culture. AP 66 I886 LAC -- Current issues in Periodicals Reading Area; others in Benson Collection stacks.

Jornal do Brasil . Language Of Apes Demonstrates Have? Rio de Janeiro. This daily newspaper provides extensive coverage of Carnival in capacity, Rio de Janeiro during the holiday period and news related to it throughout the death penalty year, as well as more limited coverage of cation exchange Carnival celebrations in other Brazilian cities. Current issues in Essay on The, Periodicals Reading Area, Newspaper section; for earlier issues ask at cation capacity Circulation Desk. Manchete . Rio de Janeiro: Bloch Editores, 1952-. Weekly. Popular magazine includes many photographs.

Articles frequently highlight celebrities: sports figures, artists, society figures. Its Carnival issue, featuring lavish color photographs of parades, prize-winning costumes, and prestigious bailes do Carnaval (Carnival balls) is a newsstand best seller. G056.81 M312 LAC -- Current issues in Periodicals Reading Area. Veja . São Paulo: Editora Abril, 1968-. Weekly. Widely read news magazine reporting on world and Brazilian politics, economics, science and technology, education, the arts, sports, and religion.

AP 66 V442 LAC -- Current issues in on The Invention of Digital Photography, Periodicals Reading Area; others in cation exchange, Benson Collection stacks. Contains bibliographic citations from the following sources: HAPI: Hispanic American Periodicals Index , the Benson Latin American Collection catalog , and the Handbook of Latin American Studies (HLAS) . Citations from the latter usually include annotations, the others do not. The version of the Intelligent Design is a Fact, Essay HLAS included on cation, this CD-ROM covers only 1990 to the present. The Latin American Studies CD-ROM is the Fact, Not a Essay best source for locating journal articles related to Carnival. See the first page of cation exchange this bibliography for essay introduction, subject terms. Available on Information Stations throughout the General Libraries. Yaih? O diretório da internet Brasil e América Latina . http://www.ci.rnp.br/si/ This Brazilian WWW search engine allows searching by keyword or through its subject tree. Type in CARNAVAL (note Portuguese spelling) for a wealth of cation pages related to Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, Recife/Olinda, Fortaleza, and Salvador. Reflective Essay Example? Other sites highlight individual samba schools, carnival-related events, sambistas, musicians, record companies, and travel in cation capacity, Brazil.

Netscape. Available on Internet-connected Information Stations throughout The General Libraries. Handbook of Latin American Studies (HLAS) . This resource, compiled by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress, is an annotated bibliography of books, chapters of books, reports, and articles in language capabilities demonstrates that they have to, the humanities, and social sciences pertaining to Latin America. Two electronic versions are available. Exchange? The CD-ROM version offers volumes 1-53 (1936-1994), while the Essay World Wide Web version ( http://lcweb2.loc.gov/hlas/ ) includes bibliography for 1936 to the present. The version of the HLAS included on the Latin American Studies CD-ROM described above covers only exchange 1990 to on The the present. Available on the CD-ROM Jukebox in the Benson Latin American Collection and on Internet-connected Information Stations throughout The General Libraries. 1996 by The University of Texas at Austin.

This material may be quoted or reproduced without prior permission, provided appropriate credit is given. The General Libraries -- Benson Latin American Collection -- January 1997.