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Saga of erik the red

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orwells essay George Orwell confronted an of erik Asian elephant like this one in the story recounted for this lesson plan. Credit: Image courtesy of American Memory at the Library of Congress. Eric A. Blair, better known by his pen name, George Orwell, is today best known for his last two novels, the anti-totalitarian works Animal Farm and 1984 . Allianz Group? He was also an saga the red accomplished and experienced essayist, writing on questionare topics as diverse as anti-Semitism in England, Rudyard Kipling, Salvador Dali, and nationalism. Among his most powerful essays is the saga 1931 autobiographical essay Shooting an Elephant, which Orwell based on his experience as a police officer in colonial Burma. This lesson plan is designed to kohlberg of moral, help students read Orwell's essay both as a work of saga, literature and mcdonalds india as a window into the historical context about which it was written.

This lesson plan may be used in both the of erik History and Social Studies classroom and the Literature and Language Arts classroom. How does Orwell use literary tools such as symbolism, metaphor, irony and connotation to convey his main point, and what is that point? What is Essay on Usage Technology Construction Industry, Orwell's argument or message, and what persuasive tools does he use to of erik the red, make it? At the end of learning styles questionare, this lesson students will be able to. Situate Orwell's essay within its appropriate cultural and of erik historical context Distill and articulate the main points of allianz group, this essay Discuss Orwell's use persuasive tools such as symbolism, metaphor and saga irony in this essay, and explain how he uses each of these tools to convey his argument or message. The essay Shooting an Elephant is set in a town in the Social Inclusion A Grounded Theory, southern Burma during the colonial period.

The country that is today Burma (Myanmar) was, during the time of Orwell's experiences in the colony, a province of India, itself a British colony. Prior to British intervention in the nineteenth century Burma was a sovereign kingdom. After three wars between British forces and the Burmese, beginning with the First Anglo-Burmese War in 1824-26, followed by the Second Anglo-Burmese War of 1852, the country fell under British control after its defeat in the Third Anglo-Burmese War in 1885. Of Erik The Red? Burma was subsumed under the administration of British India, becoming a province of that colony in 1886. Fcib Internet? It would remain an Indian province until it was granted the status of an individual British colony in 1937. Burma would gain its independence in January 1948. Eric A. Blair was born in Mohitari, India, in 1903 to saga of erik, parents in the Indian Civil Service. His education brought him to England where he would study at Eton College (college in England is roughly equivalent to allianz group, a US high school). Saga? However, he was unable to win a scholarship to allianz group, continue his studies at the university level.

With few opportunities available, he would follow his parents' path into saga service for the British Empire, joining the Indian Imperial Police in 1922. He would be stationed in what is today Burma (Myanmar) until 1927 when he would quit the imperial civil service in disgust. His experiences as a policeman for of the A Grounded Theory the Empire would form the basis of of erik, his early writing, including the novel Burmese Days as well as the essay Shooting an Examining Interactions of the Inclusion A Grounded Elephant. These experiences would continue to influence his world view and his writing until his death in 1950. Review George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant . The text is saga of erik, available through the EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Center for the Liberal Arts. Familiarize yourself with the historical context of Orwell's story, as well as the biographical circumstances that placed him in Classroom: A Grounded Theory, Burma as a police officer. Additional information on saga of erik Burmese history, the British Empire in India and the biography of George Orwell can be accessed through the EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Internet Public Library.

Review metaphor, imagery, irony, symbolism and mcdonalds india connotative and denotative language. The definitions for each of these terms can be found through the EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Internet Public Library. Activity 1. British Bobbies in Burma. It was once said that the sun never set on the British Empire, whose territory touched every continent on earth. English imperialism evolved through several phases, including the early colonization of North America, to its involvement in the red, South Asia, the styles colonization of Australia and New Zealand, its role in the nineteenth century scramble for Africa, involvement with politics in the Middle East, and its expansion into Southeast Asia. At the height of its power in the early twentieth century the British Empire had control over nearly two-fifths of the saga of erik the red world's land mass and governed an empire of between 300 and 400 million people. Styles Questionare? It is the addition of the Southeast Asian countries today known as Burma (Myanmar), Malaysia and Singapore that set the stage for Orwell's vignette from the life of a colonial official. Review with students the history of the British Empire. For World History courses, you may wish to utilize materials you have already covered in earlier classes as well as your textbook.

You may also wish to use the saga of erik the red overview of the British Empire that is available through the EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Internet Public Library. Ask students to look at this late nineteenth century map of the British Empire. Have students note which continents had a British colonial presence at lawrence kohlberg of moral development the time this map was drawn in 1897. Next, ask students to read through the list of territories which were part of the British Empire in 1921. Again, ask students to of erik the red, note which continents had a British colonial presence that year. Both the styles map and the list of territories are available through the saga EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Internet Public Library.

Ask students to read the history of British involvement in Burma available through the EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Internet Public Library. Introduce students to Eric Blair, the man who would take the pen name George Orwell. You may wish to do so by reading the background information above to the class, or by reading a short biography of the writer available through the EDSITEment-reviewed Internet Public Library. Internet Banking? Explain that Orwell would spend five years in Burma as an of erik Indian Imperial Police officer. This experience allowed him to see the workings of the British Empire on a daily and very personal level. Activity 2. The Reluctant Imperialist. Ask students to read George Orwell's essay Shooting an Theory Elephant available through the saga EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Center for the Liberal Arts. Ask students to Essay on Usage of Information for the Construction Industry, take notes as they read of their first impressions, questions that may arise, or their reactions to of erik, the story. Ask them to also note any metaphors, symbolism or examples of Essay Construction Industry, irony in the text.

Ask students to discuss Orwell's relationships with his profession and with the people he is meant to be patrolling. Direct their attention to the moments in the text when Orwell confesses conflicted feelings. During the of erik class discussion students should concentrate on the tension between his feelings, his duties, and his conscience. Mcdonalds India? Discuss Orwell's feelings towards the British Empire and his role as an the red Imperial police officer. Students should focus on the ways in which Orwell writes about these feelings, and about his internal conflicts. You may wish to Essay on Usage Industry, have students answer questions such as the following: How does Orwell feel about the British presence in Burma? How does he feel about his job with the Indian Imperial police? What are some of the of erik internal conflicts Orwell describes feeling in his role as a colonial police officer? How do you know? He wrote and published this essay a number of years after he had left the civil service.

How does Orwell describe his feelings about the British Empire, and about his role in it, both at the time he took part in the incident described, and at the time of writing the essay, after having had the opportunity to reflect upon these experiences? Ask students to point to examples in the text which support their view. What did Orwell mean by the following sentence: It was a tiny incident in itself, but it gave me a better glimpse than I had had before of the real nature of imperialism -- the allianz group real motives for which despotic governments act . Discuss the following passages and saga of erik what they tell us about Orwell's conflicted feelings towards the project of of the Inclusion Classroom:, empire and the people who have been colonized. Of Erik? The two passages included here may help students to begin thinking about the tension in the text; however, wherever possible they should utilize other examples from throughout the Essay essay to think about the questions which follow. All this was perplexing and upsetting. For at saga of erik that time I had already made up my mind that imperialism was an evil thing and the sooner I chucked up my job and got out of it the better. Theoreticallyand secretly, of courseI was all for the Burmese and all against their oppressors, the British.

As for the job I was doing, I hated it more bitterly than I can perhaps make clear. In a job like that you see the Examining Inclusion Theory dirty work of Empire at close quarters. The wretched prisoners huddling in saga the red, the stinking cages of the lock-ups, the grey, cowed faces of the fcib internet long-term convicts, the scarred buttocks of the of erik the red men who had been flogged with bamboosall these oppressed me with an intolerable sense of fcib banking, guilt. But I could get nothing into perspective. I was young and ill-educated and I had had to think out my problems in the utter silence that is imposed on every Englishman in the East All I knew was that I was stuck between my hatred of the empire I served and my rage against the evil-spirited little beasts who tried to make my job impossible. With one part of my mind I thought of the British Raj as an the red unbreakable tyranny, as something clamped down, in allianz group, saecula saeculorum*, upon the will of the prostrate peoples; with another part I thought that the greatest joy in the world would be to drive a bayonet into a Buddhist priest's guts.

Feelings like these are the normal by-products of saga the red, imperialism; ask any Anglo-Indian official, if you can catch him off duty. . Fcib Banking? * In saecula saeculorum is a liturgical term meaning for ever and of erik the red ever. Discuss how Orwell writes about his conflicted feelings. Questions you may wish to ask the students might include: Orwell states that he was against the British in styles questionare, their oppression of the Burmese. However, Orwell himself was British, and in of erik the red, his role as a police officer he was part of the on Usage of Information Technology for the Industry oppression he is speaking against. Saga Of Erik The Red? How can he be against the British and their empire when he is Essay Technology for the Construction Industry, a British officer of the empire? What does Orwell mean when he writes that he was theoretically all for saga the Burmese and learning questionare all against their oppressors. Why does he use the word theoretically in this sentence, and what does he mean by it? How does this theoretical belief conflict with his actual feelings?

Does he show empathy or sympathy for the Burmese in his description of this incident? Does he show a lack of sympathy? Both? Ask students to focus on the kind of saga of erik, language Orwell uses. How does he convey these feelings through his use of language? Does Orwell believe these conflicting feelings can be reconciled? Why or why not? What does he mean by the utter silence that is imposed on every Englishman in the East? Compare the excerpt above with Orwell's opening description of his experience as a European in colonial Burma. Mcdonalds India? You may wish to review the definition of symbolism, accessible through the EDSITEment reviewed web resource Internet Public Library, before beginning this exercise. Again, the saga of erik two passages included here may help students to begin thinking about the tension in banking, the text; however, they should utilize examples from throughout the essay to think about the questions which follow.

I was sub-divisional police officer of the town, and in an aimless, petty kind of way anti-European feeling was very bitter. No one had the of erik the red guts to raise a riot, but if a European woman went through the Examining the Social Interactions Inclusion Classroom: Theory bazaars alone somebody would probably spit betel juice over her dress. As a police officer I was an of erik the red obvious target and was baited whenever it seemed safe to do so. When a nimble Burman tripped me up on the football field and the referee (another Burman) looked the other way, the crowd yelled with hideous laughter. This happened more than once.

In the end the sneering yellow faces of young men that met me everywhere, the the Social Inclusion Classroom: A Grounded insults hooted after me when I was at a safe distance, got badly on my nerves. The young Buddhist priests were the worst of all. There were several thousands of them in the town and none of them seemed to have anything to do except stand on street corners and jeer at Europeans. Knowing that Orwell had sympathy for the position of the Burmese under colonialism, how does it make you feel to read the description of the saga way in which he was treated as a policeman? Why do you think the Burmese insulted and Examining the Social Interactions of the Classroom: A Grounded laughed at him? The first sentence of saga of erik, this paragraph is kohlberg, In Moulmein, in lower Burma, I was hated by saga of erik the red large numbers of people- the only time in my life that I have been important enough for learning styles this to happen to me. What does he mean when he says he was important enough to be hated? As a colonial police officer Orwell was both a visible and accessible symbol to many Burmese. What did he symbolize to saga, the Burmese?

Orwell was unhappy and angry in his position as a colonial police officer. Why? At whom was his anger directed? What did the Burmese symbolize to Orwell? Activity 3. The Price of Saving Face. Orwell states As soon as I saw the elephant I knew with perfect certainty that I ought not to shoot him. Later he says I did not want to shoot the elephant. Despite feeling that he ought not take this course of action, and feeling that he wished not to take this course, he also feels compelled to shoot the animal.

In this activity students will be asked to discuss the reasons why Orwell felt he had to kill the elephant. Ask students to read the mcdonalds india following excerpt and discuss the questions which follow. It was perfectly clear to me what I ought to do. I ought to saga the red, walk up to within, say, twenty-five yards of the elephant and test his behavior. Lawrence Theory Of Moral? If he charged, I could shoot; if he took no notice of me, it would be safe to leave him until the mahout came back. But also I knew that I was going to do no such thing. I was a poor shot with a rifle and of erik the red the ground was soft mud into which one would sink at every step. If the elephant charged and of moral I missed him, I should have about as much chance as a toad under a steam-roller. But even then I was not thinking particularly of my own skin, only the watchful yellow faces behind. For at that moment, with the crowd watching me, I was not afraid in the ordinary sense, as I would have been if I had been alone The sole thought in saga of erik, my mind was that if anything went wrong those two thousand Burmans would see me pursued, caught, trampled on and reduced to Examining the Social Interactions of the Classroom: A Grounded, a grinning corpse like that Indian up the hill. And if that happened it was quite probably that some of them would laugh.

That would never do. Orwell repeatedly states in the text that he does not want to saga, shoot the elephant. In addition, by the time that he has found the elephant, the animal has become calm and has ceased to be an immediate danger. Despite this, Orwell feels compelled to execute the creature. Why? Orwell makes it clear in this essay that he was not a particularly talented rifleman.

In the excerpt above he explains that by mcdonalds india attempting to shoot the elephant he was putting himself into grave danger. But it is not a fear for his own skin which compels him to go through with this course of action. The Red? Instead, it was a fear outside of the mcdonalds india ordinary sense. What did Orwell fear? In colonial Burma a small number of British civil servants, officers and military personnel were vastly outnumbered by their colonial subjects. They were able to saga the red, maintain control, in part, because they possessed superior firepower -- a point made clear when Orwell states that the Burmese population had no weapons and were quite helpless against mcdonalds india, (the elephant). Yet, Orwell's description of the of erik relationship between the Burmese and Europeans indicates that the division of power was not necessarily that simple. How did the styles questionare Burmese resist their colonial masters through non-violent means? Ask students to show examples from the text to support their ideas.

Ask students to explain how they would feel and saga the red what they would do were they in Orwell's position. Activity 4. Theory Development? Reading Between the Lines. Ask students to read the of erik following passages from the essay, which they should then use as a jumping off point for answering the following questions. Answers may be supplemented with other examples from the text. Allianz Group? You may wish to review the definitions of metaphor, irony, and connotation and denotation that are available through the EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Internet Public Library before asking students the questions which follow. How does Orwell use metaphors in order to describe a people and a situation geographically and culturally unfamiliar understandable to of erik the red, his readers? The sole thought in mcdonalds india, my mind was that if anything went wrong those two thousand Burmans would see me pursued, caught, trampled on saga of erik and reduced to a grinning corpse like that Indian up the hill. And if that happened it was quite probable that some of them would laugh. That would never do. When irony is employed by a writer the true intent of his or her words is covered up or even contradicted by the words that are used. Where is irony employed in this excerpt, and on Usage Technology for the Construction what is Orwell's true intent?

The use of irony often also presumes there being two audiences who will read or hear the delivery of the ironic phrase differently. One audience will hear only the literal meaning of the words, while another audience will hear the intent that lies beneath. Who are the two audiences to whom Orwell is speaking? In this section a series of sentences and phrases will be supplied which should provide examples for students to discuss the saga differences between the connotative and denotative meanings. Explain that denotative meanings are generally the literal meaning of the word, while connotative meanings are the coloring attached to words beyond their literal meaning.

For example, the army of people Orwell refers to in his essay bring to mind not only a large group of allianz group, people, but also a military and oppositional force. Ask students to explain the of erik connotative and denotative meanings of the following words or phrases using this organizational chart, or its online interactive equivalent. One day something happened which in a roundabout way was enlightening . It was a poor quarter, a labyrinth of squalid bamboo huts , thatched with palmleaf, winding all over the steep hillside . I marched down the hill, looking and feeling a fool, with the rifle over my shoulder and an ever-growing army of fcib internet banking, people jostling at of erik the red my heels. They were watching me as they would watch a conjurer about to perform a trick. They did not like me, but with the magical rifle in my hands I was momentarily worth watching. Examining The Social Classroom: A Grounded Theory? He wears a mask , and his face grows to fit it.

Activity 5. Persuasive Perspectives. Orwell was both an accomplished and a prolific essayist whose work covered a large number of topics. Many of his essays are written as third person commentaries or reviews, such as his Politics vs. Literature: An Examination of Gulliver's Travels. Saga The Red? Orwell often chose to include himself in his essays, writing from a first person perspective, such as that employed in one of his most famous essays, Politics and the English Language. In these works Orwell uses the first person perspective as a rhetorical strategy for supporting his argument. For example, he opens his 1946 essay Politics and the English Language with the following lines: Most people who bother with the Examining of the Inclusion A Grounded matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it. Our civilization is saga, decadent, and Interactions Theory our language- so the argument runs- must inevitably share in the general collapse. Saga? It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism Underneath this lies the half-conscious belief that language is a natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for fcib our own purposes. In the paragraph which follows the above excerpt Orwell switches from the first person plural to saga of erik, the first person singular.

By the second paragraph, however, he has already included his audience in his argument: we cannot do anything; our civilization is decadent. If we disagree with these sentiments, then we are ready to follow Orwell's argument over the following ten pages. While he does not use the inclusive we in Shooting an Elephant, Orwell's use of the first person perspective is a rhetorical strategy. Discuss with students Orwell's decision to utilize the first person perspective rather than the third person perspective. You might ask question such as:

How does seeing the incident through both the eyes of Eric Blair, the young colonial police officer, and learning styles George Orwell, the reflective essayist, support Orwell's argument? How does the story change by having the saga the red narrator not only present, but active, in the action of the story? How does the use of the first person perspective create a sense of fcib internet banking, sympathy or understanding for Orwell's position? If time permits you may wish to ask students to re-write a section of of erik, Shooting an Elephant from a different perspective- such as in the third person. What is gained by this shift in perspective? What is mcdonalds india, lost? Ask students to write a short essay about one of the following two topics. Students should be sure to support their answers with examples from the text. Explain Orwell's use of language, and of rhetorical tools such as the first person perspective, metaphor, symbolism, irony, connotative and denotative language, in his commentary on the colonial project. The Red? How does Orwell use language to bring his audience into the immediacy of his world as a colonial police officer? The litany of examples of cruelties, insults and moral bankruptcy extend from the Buddhist priests, to the market sellers, the referee, the young British officials who declare the worth of the elephant far above that of an Indian coolie, to Interactions of the A Grounded, Orwell himself.

While this essay contains anger and bitterness, is saga of erik, not simply a nihilistic diatribe. Fcib Internet Banking? In what ways did the project of empire affect all parties involved in the shooting of an elephant? George Orwell wrote a second essay called A Hanging about his time as a police officer with the Indian Imperial Police. In addition, Orwell's first novel, Burmese Days , give a fictionalized account of the red, his time in Burma. The essay and the novel are available through the EDSITEment-reviewed web resource Internet Public Library. George Orwell was not the Essay on Usage of Information Technology Industry only writer to discuss imperialism in saga the red, his work.

Another well known British author, Rudyard Kipling, also made imperialism the focus of fcib banking, some of his works, and saga of erik the backdrop to many others. Both Orwell and Kipling were born in India to English parents (Kipling was born in Bombay in 1865), and both returned to India after their educations. Despite similar backgrounds their descriptions of empire and their ideas on the moral foundations of the allianz group project of empire were quite different. Have students investigate the views of empire by each of these authors through a comparative reading of Orwell's Shooting an Elephant and of erik Kipling's famous poem urging American imperialism in the Philippines, The White Man's Burden . Kipling's poem is available on the EDSITEment-reviewed web resource, History Matters. 2-3 class periods. Subject Areas Literature and Language Arts Genre Common Core History and Social Studies Place Europe Literature and Language Arts Place British Literature and Language Arts Genre Essay History and allianz group Social Studies Place Asia Skills Critical analysis Critical thinking Discussion Interpretation Literary analysis Making inferences and drawing conclusions Authors Jennifer Foley, NEH (Washington, DC) George Orwell confronted an the red Asian elephant like this one in the story recounted for Essay of Information for the this lesson plan. Credit: Image courtesy of American Memory at the Library of Congress. A blog for and about the humanities in the classroom: literature, social studies, language, art and culture, and more. Get updates on of erik new lesson plans and other resources.

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Food Service (Waitress Waiter) Resume Samples. Click the of erik, images to expand the resumes to banking, a larger size. The Red? We have three resumes, and detailed explanations for how to write your own below. If you are an entry-level candidate (or have never been a waiter before), click here. If you need a food service cover letter, click here. Attention line cooks, prep cooks, chefs, and other food service workers Dont see your job here? Please view our full list of lawrence kohlberg theory, food service resume samples here. Click here to saga the red, download. This MS Word Food Service Resume. Food Service Resumes (Text Versions Quick Facts) Restaurant Server (Chrono)

Candidate uses a Reverse-Chronological resume format, and introduces the resume with a strong Career Objective Candidate emphasizes 7+ years of experience, and presents hard numerical evidence to prove she are a strong salesperson Candidate emphasizes depth of wine and entree knowledge to Essay for the, play up her competence. RESTAURANT SERVER (REVERSE-CHRONOLOGICAL) 8870 Haven Street, Bloomington, IN 44590(141)-212-5465. Food Service Worker with 7+ years of saga, experience in food preparation and service, and a certificate in kohlberg of moral, Food Handling and Safety. Possesses a keen knowledge of wines, entrees, and the responsibilities of a successful restaurateur. Faithfully adhere to the highest standards of saga, hygiene, quality and customer service. Mcdonalds India? Aiming to leverage my knowledge to effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. RIVERSIDE RESTAURANT Chicago, IL.

Food Service Worker September 2011 Present. Memorized restaurants wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average Write patrons food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for saga the red, transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Clean all work areas, equipment, utensils, dishes, and silverware and ensure they are stored appropriately in accordance to state law. Perform food preparation duties such as preparing salads, appetizers, and cold dishes, portioning salads, and brewing coffee in a fast-paced line kitchen. CARRABBAS ITALIAN GRILL Chicago, IL. Trainee Food Service Worker August 2007 July 2011. Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant Assisted host or hostess by answering phones to take reservations or to-go orders, and by greeting, seating, and questionare, thanking guests Stored food in designated containers and saga of erik the red, storage areas to prevent spoilage and increase shelf life Presented wine samples for guests to taste and opened the bottles for mcdonalds india, them upon their approval Served food and beverages to saga of erik the red, patrons, and prepared or served specialty dishes at tables as required. Certificate in Food Handling and Safety, June 2008. Bachelor of Examining, Arts Degree in saga the red, Culinary Arts, June 2007.

Team worker who is able to on Usage Technology Construction, adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Excellent problem solving and communication skills, with a focus on customer service Familiarity with Point of saga, Sale terminals Bilingual (Spanish/English) Candidate uses a Combination resume format to emphasize achievements and skills, beginning with a Professional Profile introduction to present critical and relevant information Candidate bolds key waitressing skill keywords in the Professional Profile section, and lists her achievements after them Candidate emphasizes her ability to the Social of the Inclusion Classroom:, upsell customers on alcoholic beverages. Three Key Server Waitress Skills: 1. Saga Of Erik? Salesmanship: Ability to convince customers to make extra purchases by persuasively presenting entree wine pairings, selling desserts, and convincing patrons to return to the establishment. 2. Communication: Ability to host, entertain, small talk, and speak fluidly in front of strangers at length. Ability to of Information Technology for the, work together with other food service workers as a team, often working in pairs for saga of erik, bigger tables. Ability to learning questionare, keep a cool head when dealing with irate customers. 3. Management: Ability to teach new hosts and waiters how to present menu items, how to use Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, and test trainees for memorization of food ingredients. Project Execution: Implemented new menu introduction strategies, increasing customer purchases of wine by 10% on average Management: Assisted in the training of 6 new waiters, ensuring attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of saga, restaurant methodology and practices Awards and Recognition: Frequently praised for fcib, excellent service on restaurant online rating system Salesmanship: Deep and broad knowledge of saga the red, wines and appropriate entree pairings Communication: Fluent in English and Spanish Excellent verbal and allianz group, written skills. Familiarity with Point of Sale (POS) and common restaurant machinery Able to memorize entire menu within a day, including ingredient combinations Proven ability to upsell alcohol, dessert, and saga the red, appetizers to customers Bilingual Spanish and English.

Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2012 Present. Memorized restaurants wine stock and appropriate entree pairings, leading to daily wine sales averaging $180, fully 15% higher than company average Wrote patrons food orders on slips, memorized orders, and managed food resources in allianz group, a 120+ seat restaurant Operated POS terminals to saga the red, input customer orders, swipe credit cards, and enter cash amounts received Received in-depth training for allianz group, proper food handing techniques, including proper freezer placement, appropriate soup temperatures, and of erik, equipment cleaning processes. Hostess Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2010 2012. Awarded Employee of the Month two months consecutively Bussed tables, presented menus, seated customers, and assisted waiters with drink orders Trained 3 new hosts in providing excellent customer service and learning styles, conflict resolution techniques. Florida State University, Orlando, FL. Bachelor of saga of erik the red, Arts in English, May 2008. Three Transferable Skills for Food Service:

1. Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at lawrence kohlberg theory of moral development a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of experience is transferable into any other customer service job. 2. Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper? All of these skills are transferable into food service. 3. Communication: Bilingual ability, especially Spanish, will help your food service career chances significantly. If youve ever had a job where youve had to speak in front of of erik, other people, that kind of allianz group, communication ability is considered transferable. 534 Shelby Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 24542 * (433) 623-6234 * [emailprotected]

Superior salesmanship skills, consistently outperforming company peers Friendly, outgoing, and saga the red, charismatic personality well suited for mcdonalds india, a fast paced, customer service oriented restaurant Experience with Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, with excellent basic math skills Working knowledge of wines, cocktail mixes, and other bartending skills Conversational in saga, Spanish. Awarded Employee of the internet, Month for consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the restaurant offerings, leading to more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in of erik the red, salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to meet company average. Experience with 3 types of POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and knowledge of equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and split bills in internet banking, the event of POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over 90% satisfaction rating on customer feedback surveys Conversational in Spanish (able to saga of erik the red, take orders from Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in the event of allianz group, customer dissatisfaction. University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of Science in Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to Writing the Ultimate Server Resume. Food service encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and hostesses, and busboys. A waiter takes orders from a happy couple. These roles fall into of erik the red, what are called the front end (customer service) and the back end (food preparation) of the establishments.

This resume is relevant to those of kohlberg theory of moral, you with front end server experience. We will teach you why this is an excellent resume, and how you can write your own in a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in saga, order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to kohlberg, ensure you achieve your goals.

By the saga the red, way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to Interactions, understand the major rules that all resumes need to follow, including server resumes. If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills. For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to include on a server resume. Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to decide if youre a worthwhile candidate. Be sure to of erik, include these key server skills on your resume. Keep in mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in Food Handling and Safety, you should place it at the top of your resume. If you dont have any, you can land more interviews and potentially increase your salary by earning one. The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here.

2. Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of your resume is called the Career Objective. This applicants Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included relevant information throughout the objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective. Pay particular attention to Interactions, the bolded parts: 1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of experience in saga of erik the red, food preparation and service 2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in Food Handling and Safety.

3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the business: Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and Examining Interactions Classroom: Theory, the responsibilities of a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the saga of erik the red, position she wants to fill: Aiming toeffectively perform a management position at your restaurant. In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicants Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the objective. It is also well written, and targeted at Examining the Social Interactions of the Inclusion Classroom: the managerial role she wants to fill. Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by of erik, 11% through 2022. Its very important to mcdonalds india, remember that the saga of erik the red, Career Objective does not relate to what YOU want from the job, but rather what you can do for theory of moral development, the company . In this way, the saga of erik the red, applicant makes a convincing argument that shed be an fcib, asset to the company in saga of erik the red, a managerial role. Our step by step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to allianz group, write your own. 3. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to your job description bullet points will help the hiring manager grasp the size and of erik, scope of your responsibilities, and allianz group, give them a clearer mental picture of your experience.

By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the vast majority of of erik the red, your competition. The easiest way to do this is to internet banking, simply write how big your food establishment is, and saga, how many seats it has. The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the bolded text below: Write patrons food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the kohlberg, vast majority of saga of erik, your competition. If you really want to mcdonalds india, blow away the hiring manager, youll need to do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurants wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to saga, daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average. Do you know how much you make in sales daily or monthly?

You can expect to make an average of development, $47,960 per of erik, years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants especially big chains will track their servers sales statistics for the purposes of budgeting (and, of course, to cajole low performers). Fcib Internet Banking? You can ask your manager to see these statistics, and saga of erik the red, include them on your resume. Even if you didnt perform spectacularly (like the fcib internet, applicant), simply including this information in your resume will indicate to the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. This is called writing an achievement oriented resume and saga the red, these tend to land the most interviews. Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume.

4. Include Relevant Additional Skills. Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to the job. Being bilingual in Spanish and English is a valuable asset to have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in allianz group, your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Problem solving and of erik, communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in Spanish and allianz group, English, that also tends to be a valuable asset to have in a US based restaurant especially for a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to saga the red, having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating. Getting the Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the education section.

Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. The most important reason the mcdonalds india, applicant is saga considered entry-level is lawrence kohlberg theory of moral development because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in Food Handling and Safety, BA in Food Science). Understandably, you may not and thats fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, youll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the employer should take a chance on you. The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and whimsical than a professional resume , because its likely that you dont have prior work experience. The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an active person or not. Of Erik The Red? Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs youve joined Greek life you participate in Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter (Note: One of the learning questionare, few decent resume samples in this industry on the red, the net. Learning Styles Questionare? The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and saga the red, could instead use more bullet points.

Otherwise, this is a great sample.) Waiter- (Note: A simple, but effective resume. On Usage For The Industry? Has a well done Professional Profile.) Cook (Note: Overall an excellent resume, although the saga of erik, Work Experience section is not formatted very well.) Share Food Service (Waitress #038; Waiter) Resume Samples Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. Lawrence Kohlberg Of Moral? We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to saga of erik, choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to fcib internet banking, Improve Your Resume.

Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to of erik the red, the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. Mcdonalds India? See why. How to saga the red, Modify and allianz group, Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template?

Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to saga of erik the red, unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to Examining Interactions of the Inclusion Classroom: A Grounded, have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including:

Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and saga the red, easily export to MS Word and PDF.

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12 easy ways to make your rsum stand out. Stand out. for saga of erik the red, the right reasons. Mcdonalds India. antoniodiaz/shutterstock. For any given job opening, hiring managers are deluged with rsums. Saga. Since they dont have the time or resources to interview everyone , they are always looking for ways to weed out candidates as quickly as possible. In fact, some merely glance at each rsum before deciding whether to toss it in internet banking, the yes or no pile so it's imperative that you make those few seconds count. Here are 12 ways to make your rsum stand out: 1. Incorporate industry keywords and buzzwords into your rsum, but dont overdo it. Use words and of erik the red, phrases like a ccomplished, developed, managed, and team player in the natural language of the document, says Lisa Rangel, an executive rsum writer. If your rsum makes it through the online filtering system, but it is evident to the reader that you were successful because of 'keyword stuffing,' the reader will feel you just gamed the fcib system and the red, will place your rsum in the 'no' pile.. But executive coach Stever Robbins says using the right buzzwords sparingly doesn't guarantee you anything. You could still end up in the rsum black hole if you don't have sufficient differentiation once those keywords are met, he says.. That's why it's important to follow the next 11 steps..

Tune your rsum to this specific role, with substantiating detail that shows why you are a great fit for the position, says Laura Smith-Proulx, a certified executive rsum writer and Essay of Information for the, LinkedIn profile expert. One way to do this is by including all of your skills and saga of erik, experience that are relevant to fcib internet, the job you're applying for. Of Erik. 3. Use a modern, professional format. Questionare. Format your rsum so that it is pleasing to the eye but doesn't focus more on visuals than content. Saga Of Erik. Here's an lawrence of moral, example of a nicely formatted rsum. 4. Make sure it is error-free and easy to read. HR reps equate typos and saga of erik the red, errors with laziness, says Greg Faherty, a certified professional rsum writer and owner of Make sure it's perfectly polished and error-free and don't forget to put the most important information on page one.. Include a clear, hard-hitting statement at the very top of the rsum that effectively defines who you are, keeping the specific position in mind, says Ann Baehr, a professional rsum writer and founder of Best rsums of New York. Learning. Do not use an objective. Think of it like a billboard.

Baehr says the header is a branding statement that is typically all caps going across the top of the page, usually sitting under your name and contact info. Don't include negative information about previous jobs or employers. Don't discuss your hobbies or personal qualities or politics. Simply stick to your career facts. Saga The Red. There's no better way to demonstrate how you'll add to on Usage Technology Construction, the bottom line or cut costs than to show quantifiable achievements, Smith-Proulx says. Plus, employers often assume past performance is indicative of saga of erik future results.

Faherty agrees. He says a majority of rsums fail because all they provide are job descriptions. The HR rep knows the basic duties of banking your job. What he or she wants to see is how you made a difference to previous employers. Saga Of Erik. In a piece Marc Cenedella wrote for styles, TheLadders, he says you should always c ount the number of $ signs and % signs on your rsum, and then double them. 8. Customize your rsum to tell a story. Your rsum should bring the reader through your professional experiences, accomplishments, skills, and knowledge. It should show how youve advanced over the years, and what you can bring to the table. Make your rsum long enough to saga, tell your story, but short enough to skim in a single sitting, Smith-Proulx says. Allianz Group. The key is readability and relevance to the job you're targeting.. 9. Make it longer than one page if it needs to saga of erik, be.

Use the appropriate amount of space for your experience. Examining The Social Interactions A Grounded Theory. If youve been in the workforce for saga, 15-plus years, do not feel forced to trim information about your achievements to keep to an arbitrary one-page rsum rule, Rangel says. Use what you need to, but do not make it unnecessarily long.. The Social Theory. 10. Keep the readers needs or industry requirements front and center. You need to know what they are looking for in your candidacy. Instead of developing your rsum and then conducting a job search, it is wise to research the requirements of saga several opportunities to get a sense for how you should be presented in terms of branding, focus, and keywords, Baehr explains. 11.

Don't overuse fancy fonts and colors. While you don't want to overdo it, you can use color in a conservative manner to make your rsum visually differentiated from the sea of documents the recruiter will review, Rangel says. For example, a subtle navy blue border can be very effective. These effects can draw the recruiter's eye to the document and make it stand out against the many black and kohlberg, white documents they've received, she says. But know that using color on your rsum is the red more acceptable and appropriate in some industries than others. 12. Supplement your rsum with a cover letter. About half of all HR reps say they won't even read a rsum if the candidate hasn't submitted a cover letter.

So, unless the Examining Classroom: Theory employer explicitly says they don't want a cover letter, write one. SEE ALSO: Top 9 resume mistakes to saga of erik, avoid. DON'T MISS: The 27 jobs that are most damaging to your health. Recommended For You Powered by mcdonalds india, Sailthru. Of Erik The Red. 12 easy ways to make your rsum stand out. For any given job opening, hiring managers are.

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essay philosophy Your paper must offer an argument. The Red? It can't consist in the mere report of your opinions, nor in a mere report of the opinions of the philosophers we discuss. You have to defend the claims you make. You have to offer reasons to believe them. So you can't just say: My view is that P. You must say something like: My view is that P. I believe this because. or: I find that the following considerations. provide a convincing argument for fcib banking, P. Similarly, don't just say: Descartes says that Q. Instead, say something like: Descartes says that Q; however, the following thought-experiment will show that Q is not true. Saga Of Erik? or: Descartes says that Q. I find this claim plausible, for fcib internet, the following reasons. There are a variety of things a philosophy paper can aim to accomplish. Saga Of Erik The Red? It usually begins by putting some thesis or argument on the table for consideration. Then it goes on fcib internet to do one or two of the saga, following:

Criticize that argument; or show that certain arguments for the thesis are no good Defend the argument or thesis against on Usage of Information Technology for the Industry, someone else's criticism Offer reasons to believe the of erik the red, thesis Offer counter-examples to the thesis Contrast the strengths and weaknesses of two opposing views about the thesis Give examples which help explain the thesis, or which help to make the thesis more plausible Argue that certain philosophers are committed to the thesis by their other views, though they do not come out and Essay for the Industry, explicitly endorse the thesis Discuss what consequences the saga of erik the red, thesis would have, if it were true Revise the thesis, in the light of some objection. No matter which of kohlberg theory development, these aims you set for yourself, you have to explicitly present reasons for the claims you make . Saga Of Erik? Students often feel that since it's clear to them that some claim is true, it does not need much argument. But it's very easy to overestimate the strength of allianz group, your own position. After all, you already accept it. You should assume that your audience does not already accept your position; and you should treat your paper as an attempt to persuade such an saga the red audience. Hence, don't start with assumptions which your opponents are sure to allianz group, reject. If you're to have any chance of persuading people, you have to start from saga the red common assumptions you all agree to. A good philosophy paper is Interactions of the Theory, modest and makes a small point ; but it makes that point clearly and straightforwardly, and it offers good reasons in support of it. People very often attempt to accomplish too much in a philosophy paper.

The usual result of this is a paper that's hard to read, and which is full of inadequately defended and poorly explained claims. So don't be over-ambitious. Don't try to establish any earth-shattering conclusions in your 5-6 page paper. Done properly, philosophy moves at saga of erik a slow pace. The aim of Essay of Information Technology for the Industry, these papers is for you to show that you understand the material and that you're able to think critically about it. To do this, your paper does have to show some independent thinking. That doesn't mean you have to of erik, come up with your own theory, or that you have to mcdonalds india, make a completely original contribution to human thought. There will be plenty of time for that later on. An ideal paper will be clear and straightforward (see below), will be accurate when it attributes views to other philosophers (see below), and will contain thoughtful critical responses to the texts we read. It need not always break completely new ground. But you should try to of erik the red, come up with your own arguments, or your own way of elaborating or criticizing or defending some argument we looked at in class.

Merely summarizing what others have said won't be enough. It's even more valuable to talk to each other about what you want to mcdonalds india, argue in saga the red, your paper. When you have your ideas worked out well enough that you can explain them to questionare, someone else, verbally, then you're ready to sit down and saga the red, start making an outline. The overall clarity of your paper will greatly depend on its structure. That is why it is important to styles questionare, think about the red, these questions before you begin to write.

I strongly recommend that you make an allianz group outline of your paper, and of the arguments you'll be presenting, before you begin to write. This lets you organize the points you want to make in the red, your paper and get a sense for questionare, how they are going to fit together. Saga Of Erik The Red? It also helps ensure that you're in a position to say what your main argument or criticism is, before you sit down to write a full draft of your paper. When students get stuck writing, it's often because they haven't yet figured out what they're trying to say. Give your outline your full attention. It should be fairly detailed. (For a 5-page paper, a suitable outline might take up a full page or even more.) I find that making an outline is at styles least 80% of the work of writing a good philosophy paper. If you have a good outline, the of erik the red, rest of the writing process will go much more smoothly. You need to leave yourself enough time to think about the internet, topic and write a detailed outline. Only then should you sit down to write a complete draft. The Red? Once you have a complete draft, you should set it aside for a day or two.

Then you should come back to it and rewrite it. Kohlberg Theory Development? Several times. At least 3 or 4. If you can, show it to saga, your friends and Essay of Information for the Industry, get their reactions to it. Do they understand your main point? Are parts of your draft unclear or confusing to them? All of this takes time.

So you should start working on your papers as soon as the paper topics are assigned. You may think that since your TA and of erik the red, I already know a lot about this subject, you can leave out a lot of basic explanation and write in a super-sophisticated manner, like one expert talking to another. Mcdonalds India? I guarantee you that this will make your paper incomprehensible. If your paper sounds as if it were written for a third-grade audience, then you've probably achieved the right sort of clarity. In your philosophy classes, you will sometimes encounter philosophers whose writing is obscure and complicated. Everybody who reads this writing will find it difficult and frustrating. The authors in saga the red, question are philosophically important despite their poor writing, not because of it. So do not try to emulate their writing styles. Make the structure of your paper obvious. How can you do this? First of all, use connective words, like: because, since, given this argument thus, therefore, hence, it follows that, consequently nevertheless, however, but in the first case, on the other hand.

These will help your reader keep track of where your discussion is going. Be sure you use these words correctly! If you say P. Thus Q. then you are claiming that P is a good reason to accept Q. You had better be right. If you aren't, we'll complain. Don't throw in a thus or a therefore to lawrence kohlberg development, make your train of thought sound better-argued than it really is.

Another way you can help make the structure of your paper obvious is by telling the of erik, reader what you've done so far and what you're going to allianz group, do next. You can say things like: I will begin by. Of Erik? Before I say what is wrong with this argument, I want to. These passages suggest that. I will now defend this claim. Further support for this claim comes from. Internet Banking? For example.

These signposts really make a big difference. Consider the following two paper fragments: . We've just seen how X says that P. I will now present two arguments that not-P. My first argument is. My second argument that not-P is. X might respond to my arguments in several ways. Saga? For instance, he could say that. However this response fails, because. Another way that X might respond to my arguments is by claiming that. This response also fails, because. So we have seen that none of X's replies to fcib internet, my argument that not-P succeed.

Hence, we should reject X's claim that P. I will argue for saga, the view that Q. There are three reasons to believe Q. Firstly. The strongest objection to Q says. However, this objection does not succeed, for the Social Interactions of the Inclusion Classroom: Theory, the following reason. The Red? Isn't it easy to see what the structure of these papers is? You want it to be just as easy in your own papers. A final thing: make it explicit when you're reporting your own view and when you're reporting the views of some philosopher you're discussing.

The reader should never be in doubt about whose claims you're presenting in a given paragraph. You can't make the structure of your paper obvious if you don't know what the structure of your paper is, or if your paper has no structure. That's why making an outline is so important. Be concise, but explain yourself fully. These demands might seem to pull in opposite directions. (It's as if the first said Don't talk too much, and the second said Talk a lot.) If you understand these demands properly, though, you'll see how it's possible to meet them both. We tell you to of moral development, be concise because we don't want you to saga the red, ramble on about everything you know about a given topic, trying to show how learned and intelligent you are. Interactions Inclusion A Grounded Theory? Each assignment describes a specific problem or question, and you should make sure you deal with that particular problem.

Nothing should go into your paper which does not directly address that problem. Prune out everything else. It is always better to of erik, concentrate on one or two points and develop them in depth than to try to cram in too much. One or two well-mapped paths are better than an mcdonalds india impenetrable jungle. Formulate the central problem or question you wish to address at the beginning of your paper, and keep it in the red, mind at all times. Make it clear what the problem is, and why it is a problem. Allianz Group? Be sure that everything you write is of erik the red, relevant to that central problem. In addition, be sure to say in Examining the Social Interactions Inclusion Classroom:, the paper how it is saga the red, relevant.

Don't make your reader guess. One thing I mean by explain yourself fully is that, when you have a good point, you shouldn't just toss it off in one sentence. Learning Styles? Explain it; give an example; make it clear how the saga the red, point helps your argument. But explain yourself fully also means to be as clear and explicit as you possibly can when you're writing. It's no good to protest, after we've graded your paper, I know I said this, but what I meant was. Say exactly what you mean, in the first place. Part of what you're being graded on is how well you can do that. Pretend that your reader has not read the material you're discussing, and has not given the topic much thought in advance. Allianz Group? This will of saga the red, course not be true. But if you write as if it were true, it will force you to explain any technical terms, to illustrate strange or obscure distinctions, and to be as explicit as possible when you summarize what some other philosopher said. Use plenty of mcdonalds india, examples and the red, definitions.

Examples are also useful for of the Inclusion Classroom:, explaining the notions that play a central role in the red, your argument. You should always make it clear how you understand these notions, even if they are familiar from learning everyday discourse. As they're used in saga of erik, everyday discourse, those notions may not have a sufficiently clear or precise meaning. For instance, suppose you're writing a paper about abortion, and Technology, you want to assert the claim A fetus is a person. What do you mean by the red, a person?

That will make a big difference to on Usage Technology Industry, whether your audience should find this premise acceptable. Saga Of Erik The Red? It will also make a big difference to how persuasive the rest of your argument is. Mcdonalds India? By itself, the following argument is pretty worthless: A fetus is a person. It's wrong to saga, kill a person. Therefore, it's wrong to Essay for the Industry, kill a fetus. For we don't know what the author means by calling a fetus a person. On some interpretations of person, it might be quite obvious that a fetus is a person; but quite controversial whether it's always wrong to kill persons, in saga of erik, that sense of person. Lawrence Theory Development? On other interpretations, it may be more plausible that it's always wrong to kill persons, but totally unclear whether a fetus counts as a person.

So everything turns here on the red what the author means by person. Learning Questionare? The author should be explicit about how he is using this notion. In a philosophy paper, it's okay to use words in ways that are somewhat different from the ways they're ordinarily used. You just have to make it clear that you're doing this. For instance, some philosophers use the of erik the red, word person to mean any being which is capable of rational thought and self-awareness. Allianz Group? Understood in this way, animals like whales and chimpanzees might very well count as persons. That's not the way we ordinarily use person; ordinarily we'd only call a human being a person. But it's okay to use person in this way if you explicitly say what you mean by it. And likewise for other words. Don't vary your vocabulary just for saga the red, the sake of variety.

If you call something X at questionare the start of your paper, call it X all the way through. So, for instance, don't start talking about the red, Plato's view of the self, and then switch to talking about Plato's view of the soul, and then switch to talking about allianz group, Plato's view of the mind. Of Erik The Red? If you mean to be talking about the same thing in lawrence kohlberg, all three cases, then call it by the same name. In philosophy, a slight change in vocabulary usually signals that you intend to saga, be speaking about something new. Using words with precise philosophical meanings. Philosophers give many ordinary-sounding words precise technical meanings. Mcdonalds India? Consult the handouts on Philosophical Terms and Methods to make sure you're using these words correctly. Don't use words that you don't fully understand.

Use technical philosophical terms only saga where you need them. You don't need to explain general philosophical terms, like valid argument and necessary truth. But you should explain any technical terms you use which bear on the specific topic you're discussing. So, for instance, if you use any specialized terms like dualism or physicalism or behaviorism, you should explain what these mean. Likewise if you use technical terms like supervenience and the like. Even professional philosophers writing for other professional philosophers need to explain the special technical vocabulary they're using. Different people sometimes use this special vocabulary in different ways, so it's important to make sure that you and your readers are all giving these words the same meaning. Development? Pretend that your readers have never heard them before. Presenting and assessing the saga of erik the red, views of others. Then ask yourself: Are X's arguments good ones?

Are his assumptions clearly stated? Are they plausible? Are they reasonable starting-points for X's argument, or ought he have provided some independent argument for them? Make sure you understand exactly what the kohlberg of moral, position you're criticizing says. Students waste a lot of saga of erik, time arguing against views that sound like, but are really different from, the views they're supposed to be assessing. Remember, philosophy demands a high level of precision. It's not good enough for you merely to get the theory of moral development, general idea of somebody else's position or argument. You have to get it exactly right. Of Erik? (In this respect, philosophy is more like a science than the other humanities.) A lot of the work in Essay on Usage of Information Technology for the, philosophy is making sure that you've got your opponent's position right. You can assume that your reader is of erik, stupid (see above). But don't treat the philosopher or the views you're discussing as stupid.

If they were stupid, we wouldn't be looking at them. If you can't see anything the view has going for theory of moral development, it, maybe that's because you don't have much experience thinking and arguing about the view, and so you haven't yet fully understood why the the red, view's proponents are attracted to it. Fcib Banking? Try harder to figure out what's motivating them. Philosophers sometimes do say outrageous things, but if the saga the red, view you're attributing to on Usage Technology for the Construction Industry, a philosopher seems to be obviously crazy, then you should think hard about of erik the red, whether he really does say what you think he says. Use your imagination. Try to figure out what reasonable position the philosopher could have had in mind, and direct your arguments against that.

In your paper, you always have to explain what a position says before you criticize it. If you don't explain what you take Philosopher X's view to be, your reader cannot judge whether the criticism you offer of X is a good criticism, or whether it is simply based on a misunderstanding or misinterpretation of X's views. So tell the reader what it is you think X is lawrence kohlberg theory development, saying. Don't try to tell the reader everything you know about X's views, though. You have to go on to offer your own philosophical contribution, too. Saga Of Erik? Only summarize those parts of X's views that are directly relevant to what you're going to go on to do. Sometimes you'll need to argue for your interpretation of mcdonalds india, X's view, by citing passages which support your interpretation.

It is permissible for you to discuss a view you think a philosopher might have held, or should have held, though you can't find any direct evidence of that view in of erik the red, the text. When you do this, though, you should explicitly say so. Internet Banking? Say something like: Philosopher X doesn't explicitly say that P, but it seems to me that he's assuming it anyway, because. When a passage from saga a text is particularly useful in supporting your interpretation of learning, some philosopher's views, it may be helpful to of erik the red, quote the passage directly. (Be sure to specify where the passage can be found.) However, direct quotations should be used sparingly. Allianz Group? It is seldom necessary to quote more than a few sentences. Saga Of Erik? Often it will be more appropriate to paraphrase what X says, rather than to quote him directly. When you are paraphrasing what somebody else said, be sure to say so. Learning? (And here too, cite the saga the red, pages you're referring to.) Quotations should never be used as a substitute for your own explanation. And when you do quote an author, you still have to explain what the internet, quotation says in your own words.

If the quoted passage contains an argument, reconstruct the argument in more explicit, straightforward terms. If the quoted passage contains a central claim or assumption, then indicate what that claim is. You may want to give some examples to illustrate the author's point. The Red? If necessary, you may want to distinguish the author's claim from other claims with which it might be confused. Sometimes when students are trying to explain a philosopher's view, they'll do it by giving very close paraphrases of the philosopher's own words.

They'll change some words, omit others, but generally stay very close to the original text. For instance, Hume begins his Treatise of mcdonalds india, Human Nature as follows: All the perceptions of the saga the red, human mind resolve themselves into two distinct kinds, which I shall call impressions and ideas. Mcdonalds India? The difference betwixt these consists in the degrees of force and liveliness, with which they strike upon the mind, and of erik the red, make their way into our thought or consciousness. Those perceptions, which enter with most force and violence, we may name impressions; and under this name I comprehend all our sensations, passions, and emotions, as they make their first appearance in the soul. Internet? By ideas I mean the faint images of saga the red, these in thinking and fcib banking, reasoning. Here's an example of how you don't want to paraphrase: Hume says all perceptions of the mind are resolved into the red, two kinds, impressions and ideas. The difference is in allianz group, how much force and liveliness they have in our thoughts and consciousness. The perceptions with the most force and violence are impressions. These are sensations, passions, and emotions.

Ideas are the faint images of saga the red, our thinking and reasoning. There are two main problems with paraphrases of on Usage Construction, this sort. In the first place, it's done rather mechanically, so it doesn't show that the of erik the red, author understands the text. In the second place, since the author hasn't figured out what the text means well enough to Essay of Information for the Construction, express it in his own words, there's a danger that his paraphrase may inadvertently change the the red, meaning of the text. In the example above, Hume says that impressions strike upon the mind with more force and liveliness than ideas do. My paraphrase says that impressions have more force and liveliness in fcib internet banking, our thoughts.

It's not clear whether these are the same thing. In addition, Hume says that ideas are faint images of impressions ; whereas my paraphrase says that ideas are faint images of our thinking . These are not the same. So the author of the paraphrase appears not to saga of erik, have understood what Hume was saying in Essay on Usage for the, the original passage. A much better way of of erik the red, explaining what Hume says here would be the following: Hume says that there are two kinds of 'perceptions,' or mental states. He calls these impressions and fcib internet banking, ideas. An impression is a very 'forceful' mental state, like the sensory impression one has when looking at a red apple. An idea is a less 'forceful' mental state, like the idea one has of an saga apple while just thinking about it, rather than looking at mcdonalds india it. It is not so clear what Hume means here by 'forceful.' He might mean. Don't be afraid of mentioning objections to your own thesis. Of Erik The Red? It is better to bring up an on Usage Technology for the objection yourself than to hope your reader won't think of of erik the red, it.

Explain how you think these objections can be countered or overcome. Of course, there's often no way to deal with all the objections someone might raise; so concentrate on the ones that seem strongest or most pressing. So it's OK to ask questions and raise problems in your paper even if you cannot provide satisfying answers to them all. On Usage Of Information Construction? You can leave some questions unanswered at saga the end of the paper. But make it clear to mcdonalds india, the reader that you're leaving such questions unanswered on purpose . And you should say something about how the question might be answered, and about what makes the question interesting and relevant to the issue at hand. If something in saga the red, a view you're examining is unclear to you, don't gloss it over. Call attention to the unclarity. Suggest several different ways of understanding the view. Explain why it's not clear which of allianz group, these interpretations is correct.

If you're assessing two positions and you find, after careful examination, that you can't decide between them, that's okay. It's perfectly okay to say that their strengths and weaknesses seem to be roughly equally balanced. But note that this too is saga of erik, a claim that requires explanation and reasoned defense, just like any other. You should try to provide reasons for this claim that might be found convincing by banking, someone who didn't already think that the two views were equally balanced. Sometimes as you're writing, you'll find that your arguments aren't as good as you initially thought them to be. You may come up with some objection to your view to saga of erik the red, which you have no good answer. Don't panic. If there's some problem with your argument which you can't fix, try to figure out why you can't fix it. It's okay to change your thesis to allianz group, one you can defend. For example, instead of writing a paper which provides a totally solid defense of view P, you can instead change tactics and write a paper which goes like this: One philosophical view says that P. This is a plausible view, for the following reasons.

However, there are some reasons to be doubtful whether P. The Red? One of these reasons is mcdonalds india, X. Saga Of Erik The Red? X poses a problem for the view that P because. It is not clear how the defender of P can overcome this objection. Or you can write a paper which goes: One argument for P is the 'Conjunction Argument,' which goes as follows. At first glance, this is Classroom:, a very appealing argument. However, this argument is faulty, for the following reasons. One might try to saga the red, repair the argument, by. But these repairs will not work, because. I conclude that the Conjunction Argument does not in fact succeed in establishing P. Writing a paper of Essay Construction Industry, these sorts doesn't mean you've given in to the opposition.

After all, neither of these papers commits you to the view that not-P. They're just honest accounts of how difficult it is to find a conclusive argument for saga the red, P. P might still be true, for all that. Then come back to on Usage Technology Construction, the draft and the red, re-read it. As you read each sentence, say things like this to yourself: Does this really make sense? That's totally unclear! That sounds pretentious. What does that mean? What's the Examining A Grounded Theory, connection between these two sentences? Am I just repeating myself here? and so on.

Make sure every sentence in your draft does useful work. Get rid of any which don't. If you can't figure out saga of erik what some sentence contributes to your central discussion, then get rid of it. Even if it sounds nice. You should never introduce any points in your paper unless they're important to styles, your main argument, and of erik, you have the room to Examining Interactions of the Inclusion Classroom:, really explain them. If you're not happy with some sentence in saga, your draft, ask yourself why it bothers you. It could be you don't really understand what you're trying to say, or you don't really believe it.

Make sure your sentences say exactly what you want them to say. For example, suppose you write Abortion is the the Social Interactions A Grounded Theory, same thing as murder. Is that what you really mean? So when Oswald murdered Kennedy, was that the saga the red, same thing as aborting Kennedy? Or do you mean something different?

Perhaps you mean that abortion is a form of murder. In conversation, you can expect that people will figure out what you mean. But you shouldn't write this way. Even if your TA is lawrence theory of moral, able to figure out the red what you mean, it's bad writing. In philosophical prose, you have to be sure to say exactly what you mean. Also pay attention to the structure of your draft. When you're revising a draft, it's much more important to work on lawrence of moral development the draft's structure and overall clarity, than it is to clean up a word or a phrase here or there.

Make sure your reader knows what your main claim is, and what your arguments for that claim are. Make sure that your reader can tell what the point of of erik, every paragraph is. Learning Styles Questionare? It's not enough that you know what their point is. It has to be obvious to your reader, even to a lazy, stupid, and mean reader. If you can, show your draft to your friends or to other students in of erik, the class, and get their comments and advice. I encourage you to do this. Do your friends understand your main point? Are parts of your draft unclear or confusing to them? If your friends can't understand something you've written, then neither will your grader be able to understand it. Your paragraphs and your argument may be perfectly clear to you but not make any sense at all to theory development, someone else.

Another good way to check your draft is to read it out saga loud. This will help you tell whether it all makes sense. You may know what you want to say, but that might not be what you've really written. Reading the paper out loud can help you notice holes in learning styles, your reasoning, digressions, and unclear prose. You should count on saga of erik writing many drafts of your paper. At least 3 or 4!! Check out the following web site, which illustrates how to revise a short philosophy paper through several drafts.

Notice how much the paper improves with each revision: Writing tutor for Introductory Philosophy Courses Also, don't begin with a sentence like Webster's Dictionary defines a soul as. Dictionaries aren't good philosophical authorities. Lawrence Kohlberg Of Moral? They record the way words are used in everyday discourse. Many of the same words have different, specialized meanings in philosophy. It's OK to end a sentence with a preposition. It's also OK to split an infinitive, if you need to. (Sometimes the easiest way to say what you mean is by splitting an infinitive. For example, They sought to the red, better equip job candidates who enrolled in fcib banking, their program.) Efforts to avoid these often end up just confusing your prose. Do avoid other sorts of grammatical mistakes, like dangling participles (e.g., Hurt by her fall, the tree fell right on of erik Mary 's leg before she could get out of the way), and lawrence development, the like. You may use the word I freely, especially to tell the reader what you're up to (e.g., I've just explained why. Now I'm going to consider an argument that. ).

Don't worry about using the verb is or to saga, be too much. In a philosophy paper, it's OK to use this verb as much as you need to. You shouldn't need to use these secondary readings when writing your papers. The point of the papers is to teach you how to analyze a philosophical argument, and present your own arguments for or against some conclusion. The arguments we'll be considering in class are plenty hard enough to deserve your full attention, all by themselves. Can you write your paper as a dialogue or story? But neither should your papers be too short! Don't cut off an allianz group argument abruptly.

If a paper topic you've chosen asks certain questions, be sure you answer or address each of those questions. Please double-space your papers, number the pages, and include wide margins. We prefer to get the saga of erik the red, papers simply stapled: no plastic binders or anything like that. Include your name on the paper. And don't turn in your only copy! (These things should be obvious, but apparently they're not.) You'll be graded on allianz group three basic criteria:

How well do you understand the issues you're writing about? How good are the the red, arguments you offer? Is your writing clear and well-organized? We do not judge your paper by whether we agree with its conclusion. Internet? In fact, we may not agree amongst ourselves about saga, what the learning, correct conclusion is. But we will have no trouble agreeing about whether you do a good job arguing for your conclusion. More specifically, we'll be asking questions like these: Do you clearly state what you're trying to accomplish in your paper? Is it obvious to of erik, the reader what your main thesis is? Do you offer supporting arguments for the claims you make? Is it obvious to the reader what these arguments are? Is the structure of kohlberg theory, your paper clear?

For instance, is the red, it clear what parts of your paper are expository, and Examining the Social Interactions Inclusion A Grounded, what parts are your own positive contribution? Is your prose simple, easy to read, and easy to understand? Do you illustrate your claims with good examples? Do you explain your central notions? Do you say exactly what you mean? Do you present other philosophers' views accurately and of erik, charitably? Explain this claim or What do you mean by this? or I don't understand what you're saying here This passage is learning, unclear (or awkward, or otherwise hard to read) Too complicated Too hard to follow Simplify Why do you think this? This needs more support Why should we believe this? Explain why this is a reason to believe P Explain why this follows from saga of erik what you said before Not really relevant Give an example? Try to the Social Inclusion Classroom: Theory, anticipate these comments and avoid the need for them!

Your paper should do some philosophical work. Here are some more interesting things our student could have done in his paper. He could have argued that B doesn't really follow from A, after all. Or he could have presented reasons for thinking that A is false. The Red? Or he could have argued that assuming A is an illegitimate move to make in a debate about Essay Technology for the Industry, whether B is true. Or something else of that sort. These would be more interesting and of erik the red, satisfying ways of engaging with Philosopher X's view.

Responding to comments from mcdonalds india me or your TA. Your rewrites should try to go beyond the of erik the red, specific errors and problems we've indicated. If you got below an A-, then your draft was generally difficult to read, it was difficult to see what your argument was and the Social Interactions Inclusion Classroom:, what the structure of your paper was supposed to be, and so on. You can only correct these sorts of failings by rewriting your paper from saga of erik the red scratch. (Start with a new, empty window in your word processor.) Use your draft and the comments you received on it to construct a new outline, and write from that. Keep in fcib banking, mind that when I or your TA grade a rewrite, we may sometimes notice weaknesses in unchanged parts of your paper that we missed the first time around.

Or perhaps those weaknesses will have affected our overall impression of the paper, and we just didn't offer any specific recommendation about fixing them. So this is saga of erik, another reason you should try to improve the whole paper , not just the questionare, passages we comment on. It is possible to improve a paper without improving it enough to raise it to the next grade level. Saga? Sometimes that happens. But I hope you'll all do better than that.

Most often, you won't have the opportunity to rewrite your papers after they've been graded. So you need to Classroom: A Grounded Theory, teach yourself to write a draft, scrutinize the draft, and revise and rewrite your paper before turning it in to be graded. Naturally, I owe a huge debt to saga the red, the friends and professors who helped me learn how to write philosophy. I'm sure they had a hard time of it. If you're a teacher and for the Construction Industry, you think your own students would find this web site useful, you are free to point them here (or to the red, distribute printed copies).

It's all in the public good.