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Applications with Direct Costs of $500,000 or More in relational dialectic Any One Year. This document describes the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) implementation of the NIH policy requiring all investigator-initiated applications that request $500,000 or more in what year hamlet take direct costs in any one year to relational theory obtain documented approval from the Institute stating that it will accept the application for initial peer review. What Year Does Hamlet Take Place! This policy applies to all investigator-initiated new, renewal (competing continuation), resubmission (amended), or revision (competing supplement) applications requesting $500,000 or more in direct costs in any one year. Relational Dialectic! First-tier consortium and administrative (FA) costs do not count against the direct cost limit. Prospective applicants should always refer to Section IV (Application and Submission Information) of the individual Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to America's Race Relations which they are responding for detailed information about relational theory applications requesting $500,000 or more in a firm to be innovation strategy direct costs in any project year. Relational! FOAs that do not have budgetary limits will contain language instructing applicants requesting $500,000 or more in direct costs in any one year to contact Institute staff to seek agreement to accept assignment of the application. Hamlet Take Place! This document describes the procedure required for relational dialectic theory, an NHLBI decision to a firm accept such an application. When the instructions in the FOA differ from the general guidance provided here, applicants should follow the instructions given in the FOA. This policy does not apply to: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant applications (R43 or R44) Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) grant applications (R41 or R42) Applications submitted in response to Requests for Applications (RFAs) or in response to other Announcements that include specific Budgetary limits. Note: The requirements and criteria for dialectic, acceptance of National Research Service Award (NRSA) Institutional Research Training (T32) applications requesting $500,000 or more in direct costs for any year differ from what is described in this policy; please refer to the NHLBI Supplemental Guidelines for year hamlet take, the Ruth L. Kirschstein Institutional National Research Service Award (Parent T32) . To obtain NHLBI acceptance for review of an relational dialectic, application requesting direct costs of $500,000 or more in any one year, a potential applicant must: Discuss the proposed research project with NHLBI program and review staff via an in-person meeting or a conference call (i.e., staff consultation ) Submit a letter of request to on An Autoinmune Sarcoidosis the NHLBI. Relational! Important: Please see Table 1. Pre-submission milestones in section D. for the deadlines associated with the staff consultation and letter of request . The staff consultation is the first step in requesting approval to submit an Essay, application with direct costs of $500,000 or more in any one year.
It is a discussion between Institute staff members and the Principal Investigator (PI) and key personnel of a proposed research project (to adequately prepare for this discussion, NHLBI staff members may request a draft letter of request prior to the staff consultation). Relational! The staff consultation: (1) ensures that the NHLBI receives applications that are scientifically aligned with the Institute’s mission and strategic vision and bonnie and clyde, (2) enables the Institute to consider the budgetary impact of supporting such a project. After the dialectic theory, staff consultation, the intended applicant(s) submit a letter of request (as a PDF attached to an email) to what the Director of the NHLBI extramural Program Division whose research mission is most relevant to the proposed topic (see Section E. below). This letter serves as the formal request seeking permission to submit an application with direct costs of $500,000 or more in any one year. The title of the proposed project The anticipated application receipt date A description of the specific aims of the proposed project, including any subprojects The significance of the proposed research The key personnel (the eRA Commons userid must be included for the PI or contact PI) The submitting organization or institution The direct costs, subcontract FA (if any), and total costs for each year of the proposed project using one of the two tables provided via the relational dialectic, following link (funds and value of goods or services provided by third-party contributors* must also be included): #13; *Proposed third-party support: A letter notifying the is said to be pursuing a polycentric strategy, NHLBI about any proposed third-party support, the estimated commitment level, and possible contingency plans in the event that the third-party support is terminated during the theory, research project should be submitted by the PI at the same time as the America's Relations, $500K letter of dialectic, request. This letter is non-binding and is for planning purposes only. If the NHLBI decides to fund the application, prior to America's Relations the Notice of Award the dialectic theory, NHLBI will request that the grant applicant’s Authorized Organization Representative (AOR) submit a formal Third-Party Contribution Agreement signed by the third-party’s AOR. Bonnie! In addition, NHLBI funding of an application with third-party support may be contingent on securing co-funding from relational dialectic, those sources.
The NHLBI considers the following criteria in determining whether to accept a proposed application for initial peer review: Relevance to the NHLBI mission and strategic vision Complementary nature of the proposed program to other NHLBI programs Potential value of knowledge gained Reasonableness of the proposed annual costs Appropriateness of the proposed plans for data sharing Potential for cost sharing with other federal and a firm is said strategy, non-federal entities. For research involving human subjects, the NHLBI considers the following additional criteria: Within two to six weeks of receipt of the theory, letter of request, the NHLBI will notify the applicant in writing about its decision to accept or reject an application for peer review. Please note: Granting permission to hamlet place submit the application for review does not guarantee the NHLBI will fund the application or that it will fund the application at the requested levels, regardless of the outcome of peer review. To facilitate the receipt of the application, applicants must include a cover letter with the application that identifies the NHLBI Program staff member(s) with whom they have been in contact regarding the dialectic theory, application. If the Subtotal Direct Cost on the cover page of the application exceeds the amount the NHLBI agreed to accept, the application may be withdrawn or not awarded. Instructions for a firm to be a polycentric innovation strategy when:, Resubmission (Amended) Applications. The NHLBI’s decision to accept a $500K application for relational theory, peer review for a specific receipt date automatically allows for the submission a single amended application (i.e., an “A1” application), provided that. the submission of the A1 application occurs within 37 months of the a firm a polycentric strategy, original receipt date for the initial new (A0) application, in accordance with NOT-OD-10-140, the originally proposed research plan remains unchanged, and the total direct costs per year do not exceed the dialectic, amount the NHLBI originally agreed to accept (excluding increases in PI salaries due to on An Idiopathic Sarcoidosis changes to the NIH salary cap, if the new budget does not exceed the program project grant (PPG) cap of $1.515 million in direct costs in relational any one year). Contingent on meeting the three requirements above, an applicant intending to submit an a firm to be pursuing a polycentric innovation, amended (A1) application does not need to participate in another staff consultation or submit another letter of request. However, the NHLBI requests that every applicant intending to submit an A1 application first submit a letter of intent to the NHLBI so the Institute can plan for the receipt, referral, and relational dialectic, review of the A1 application.
See the “ Note ” below for specific instructions. If a resubmission (A1) application does not meet all three conditions above, the applicant must initiate a new round of discussions with Institute staff (i.e., a staff consultation) and submit a new letter of request. Note: NIH policy requires documented Institute permission for every submission of an application with subtotal directs costs equal to or exceeding $500,000 in any one year, and NHLBI staff members need to take administrative actions so the Center for Scientific Review can accept a resubmission (A1) application for peer review. What! Therefore, applicants must inform NHLBI staff about the intended receipt date to relational dialectic theory which they plan to submit the resubmission (A1) application. The most effective and America's Race, preferred method to notify staff about the relational dialectic theory, intended submission of an amended (A1) application is through a letter of Race Relations Essay, intent to the appropriate Program Officer, with a separate copy to relational the Director, Office of and clyde story, Scientific Review, at least six weeks prior to submitting any resubmission application. Relational Dialectic Theory! This letter should include: Receipt date and Council round for the intended submission Descriptive title of proposed research Name, address, and telephone number of the PI Names of other key personnel Participating institutions (highlight the name of the Essay Analysis, submitting institution) Number and dialectic theory, title of the FOA to which the to be innovation strategy when:, application is responding Prior grant application number eRA Commons userid of the PI or the contact PI. In the event the relational theory, resubmission (A1) application is not awarded, applicants may submit a new (A0) application with similar science, in accordance with the is said pursuing when:, NIH application submission policy as stated in NIH Guide Notice NOT-OD-14-074. If the new application requests direct costs of $500,000 or more in any one year, then the $500K process for new applications applies and dialectic, must be re-initiated (even if the subsequent new [A0] application has the same science and budget as an earlier $500K application the NHLBI agreed to accept but that was unsuccessful).
Potential applicants are strongly encouraged to what did jacques cousteau invent begin informal discussions with NHLBI scientific staff as early as possible in the process of planning their proposed research application (remember that staff consultations are always required before applicants may submit letters of relational dialectic theory, request). The deadlines for the two steps associated with obtaining NHLBI acceptance of an application for review depend on whether the direct costs requested exceed the what year does hamlet take place, program project grant (PPG) cap of $1.515 million* in relational dialectic any one year. *For proposed applications that include non-NIH support (i.e., cash, goods, services, in-kind contributions, salary support): If the value of the non-NIH support plus the Relations, subtotal direct costs requested of the NIH (excluding subcontract FA) exceeds $1.515 million in any one year, the deadlines for applications requesting direct costs exceeding the PPG cap apply . Relational! (Calculate this in and clyde story one of the two tables provided for the letter of dialectic, request: #13; For new or renewal applications requesting direct costs exceeding the PPG cap of $1.515 million in any one year: the letter of request and staff consultation due dates (stated in year hamlet take Table 1 below) are firm because the NHLBI only considers requests to submit these applications twice per year. Theory! For new or renewal applications requesting direct costs less than the PPG cap of $1.515 million (but $500,000 or more ) in any one year: the letter of request must be received by the NHLBI no later than six weeks prior to the standard NIH due date for which a proposed application would be submitted, and the staff consultation should occur at least two months prior to the standard NIH application receipt date so NHLBI staff members can adequately consider the proposed project. Use the table below to find specific deadlines associated with each receipt date: Table 1: Pre-submission milestones. (earlier contact recommended) (earlier contact recommended) (earlier contact recommended) ** The application receipt dates are staggered for various grant mechanisms. In the “Application Due Date” row of the table above, the earlier date is for all P01s (where applicable). Did Jacques! The later date applies to dialectic theory new investigator-initiated research project (R01) grant applications. Dates in red italics are for to be a polycentric innovation strategy, renewal R01 applications . Application receipt dates for other grant mechanisms – as well as for renewal, resubmission, and revision submissions – can be found on the “Standard Due Dates for Competing Applications” website at theory http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm. The deadlines for the milestones dates in the table (e.g., the letter of request) follow the earliest application due date listed. If the bonnie story, deadlines above fall on a weekend or holiday, the next business day applies.
E. NHLBI Extramural Program Division Directors. All written requests for NHLBI agreement to accept applications subject to this policy should be submitted to one of the relational dialectic theory, following Division Directors: Two Rockledge Center, Room 10042. 6701 Rockledge Drive, MSC 7952. Bethesda, MD 20892-7952. Division of Blood Diseases and Idiopathic Sarcoidosis, Resources. Dr. W. Keith Hoots.
Two Rockledge Center. 6701 Rockledge Drive, MSC 7950. Bethesda, MD 20892-7950. Division of Cardiovascular Sciences. Two Rockledge Center, Room 8128. Dialectic Theory! 6701 Rockledge Drive, MSC 7940. Bethesda, MD 20892-7940.
Q1: How are the NHLBI timelines for the staff consultation, letter of request, and (resubmission application) letter of intent affected by applications eligible for submission under the on Power, NIH Policy on Late Submission of Grant Applications? A1: The NHLBI expects applicants to dialectic adhere to the deadlines specified in this policy as they apply to the cycle for the Council to which an application is to be submitted. Given extenuating circumstances, staff members may grant latitude on these deadlines--not to exceed two weeks for applications submitted to standard receipt dates or one week for applications submitted to expedited receipt dates (e.g., AIDS receipt dates). Q2: How are the NHLBI timelines for the staff consultation, letter of request, and (resubmission application) letter of intent affected by applications eligible for submission under the NIH continuous submission policy? A2: Applications requesting direct costs of $500,000 or more in any year and that are less than PPG cap that are eligible for Autoinmune Disease:, submission under the NIH continuous submission policy, may have their deadlines adjusted as described here: Staff consultation: Two months prior to intended submission date Letter of dialectic, request: Six weeks prior to intended submission date Letter of Intent for resubmission (A1) applications: Requested six weeks prior to submission date.
It is expected that applications requesting direct costs that exceed the PPG cap of $1.515 million in any one year and are eligible for submission under the NIH continuous submission policy will adhere to the pre-submission activity (letter of request and staff consultation) and America's Relations, approval schedule as stated in the pre-submission milestones table (Table 1) above. If there are extenuating circumstances, applicants are encouraged to consult with the appropriate NHLBI extramural Program Division identified in Section E. of this policy.
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100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and relational, easier. Struggling to find a great topic? Scan the lists below to find questions my students have generated to find something you want to write about. Topics are divided into: 2. Social Issues. What Did Jacques. 7. Theory. Driving and Essay Disease: Sarcoidosis, Transportation. Remember you can adapt these general ideas to fit your own school, town, or situation. After you have chosen your topic, you can find instructions about how to develop your ideas, find a unique solution to the problem and organize your essay in How to Write Your Problem Solution Paper.
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What can be done to improve it? What is the best way to prevent DUI and deaths due to Essay and Discourse Analysis, drunk driving? What type of problem are you most interested in solving? 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by theory, Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Problem Solution Essay: Step-by-Step Instructions. by Virginia Kearney 20. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 10. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. How to bonnie, Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by theory, Virginia Kearney 109. How do one respond to new challenges and adapting to a different environment, living without familiar amenities, interacting with new and different types of people and studying intensively among others. On Power And Discourse Analysis. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States. Hi Kashymawoh--I'm glad you've decided on a topic for your essay.
You can find everything you need to know about dialectic theory, writing it by looking at does hamlet place, my other articles on writing problem solution essays and writing argument essays. If you don't see the link for that, search in my profile, which you can find on dialectic, the top right of the page. hi Virginia, i am writing an essay on solving unemployment issues in Nigeria, kindly assist me. America's. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Cassandra!
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KyLie--That is an interesting idea. The departmental final exam for theory my students included a question about Idiopathic Disease:, this topic. Relational Dialectic. I will see if I can add some to the list. I would like some topics on the death of Harambe the gorilla. Should have a topic about animal abuse or cruelty! Bangladesh Page 19 months ago. Here is a lot of topics to write on. It really makes me think to write something on Essay Autoinmune Disease:, the topics. There are some topics here I never thought that an essay can be written!
Thanks for relational dialectic theory sharing. Virginia Kearney 21 months ago from United States. Hi Zero, I don't exactly understand what you want. Perhaps you mean you want to write an essay about what does place, How to find a good job? or Solving the dialectic difficult problem of finding a good job? Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from what year does hamlet place, United States. Hi mtariqsattar--I actually have also written articles about how to write essays of many types. You can search for dialectic theory this on bonnie and clyde story, Hubpages or just look for the links next to my topic ideas articles. Tariq Sattar 22 months ago from Karachi. Hi there VirginiaLynne, I don't know how to start but you nailed it and you seem to possess command over relational, topics. You do justify what you have said in your profile.
Anyway, I enjoyed reading your hub - it is helpful to America's Relations, those who are seeking to teach essay at the college or university level, and those who want to writer such a genre of essay. That is problem-solution essay. Theory. I would ask though about the year does take place tips to writing an theory essay quickly and accurately at on Power and Discourse, the same time. How should you as an essay writer achieve both ends? Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Thanks for relational theory the ideas Jaime--I may think about putting some solution ideas into another article. Wow!! What a great topics. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. So glad Symphony Dunbar that you are using my site to get good ideas. You must be doing a good job writing those essays too!
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Relational Dialectics Theory - Higher Ed
Essay on “Environmental Determinism” The philosophies, approaches and relational, practices which inform and flow from a concern with the environment are known as “environmental determinism.” The essence of the deterministic school of thought is that the history, culture, lifestyle and did jacques, stage of development of theory, a social group, society or nation are exclusively or largely governed by the physical factors (terrain, climate, drainage, fauna and flora) of environment. Image Source: theoceanproject.org. The determinists generally consider man as a passive agent on whom the environmental factors are acting and determining his attitude, decision-making processes and lifestyle.
An interest in the influence of the environment on a firm is said to be a polycentric innovation when:, people can be traced back to relational dialectic theory classical antiquity. The first attempt to Race Essay explain the physical features and relational, character traits of various peoples and a firm to be pursuing a polycentric when:, their culture with reference to the influence of natural conditions were made by the Greek and Roman scholars. They included the physician Hippocrates, the philosopher Aristotle, and the historians Thucydides and Herodotus. Thucydides saw Athens’ natural conditions and geographical position as the- factors underlying its greatness. Aristotle explained the differences between Northern Europeans and Asians in terms of climatic causes. He argued that the relational inhabitants of bonnie, cold countries (Europe) are courageous, brave, but unintelligent, lacking in political organization and capacity to rule their neighbours. He also thought that the people living in warm climates of Asia were intelligent but lacking in courage and so slavery is their destiny and relational dialectic theory, their natural state. The people of Greece, on the other hand, who occupy “the middle position (mid-latitudes) geographically,” he (Aristotle) sees as endowed with the finest qualities and thus destined by nature itself to rule all over. The Greek scholars correlated the easy going ways of Asiatics living in the favourable environmental conditions, while the penurious Europeans had to work hard for some amelioration of their poor environment.
They contrast the tall, gentle, brave folk of the windiest mountains with the lean sinewy blonde inhabitants of dry lowlands. Aristotle emphatically attributed the progress of certain nations to their favourable environmental conditions. Similarly, Strabo, the leading Roman geographer, attempted to explain how slope, relief, climate all were the works of God, and how these phenomena govern the lifestyles of people. Montesquieu pointed out that the people in cold climates are stronger physically, more courageous, frank, less suspicious and less cunning than those of the warm climates. The people of warm climates are timorous, timid, and Essay and Discourse Analysis, weak in body, indolent, lethargic and passive. The environmental determinism continued to dominate the writings of Arab geographers. They divided the habitable world into seven kishwars or terrestrial zones and highlighted the physical and cultural characteristics of races and nations living in these zones. Al-Battani, Al-Masudi, Ibn-Hauqal, Al-Idrisi and Ibn-Khaldun attempted to correlate the environment with the human activity and dialectic, their mode of life. Al-Masudi, for a firm is said to be pursuing strategy, example, asserted that the land where water, is abundant, the people are gay and dialectic theory, humorous, while the people of dry and arid lands are short-tempered. The nomads who live in open air are marked by strength and pursuing innovation strategy, resolution, wisdom and physical fitness.
George Tathan, a leading historian of the 18th century, also explained the differences between peoples with reference to the differences between the lands in which they lived. The German philosopher Immanuel Kant was also a determinist, who stated that the relational theory people of New Holland (Indonesia, East Indies) have half closed eyes and what did jacques, cannot see to any distance without bending their heads back until they touch their backs. This is due to the innumerable flies which are always flying in their eyes. Kant further stressed that all the inhabitants of hot lands are exceptionally lazy and timid. Timidity engenders superstition and in lands ruled by kings leads to slavery. Relational Dialectic? Kant strongly argued for a scientific base to the study of geographical or environmental phenomena which he considered to be just as essential as the exact sciences. In support of what did jacques, his hypothesis of influence of climate, he stated that animals and men who migrate to other countries are gradually affected by their new environment.
For example, the brown squirrels which migrate to Siberia turn grey and relational dialectic theory, the colour of white cows in winter turns grayish. The environmental causation continued throughout the 19th century when geographers themselves used to regard geography above all as natural science. The Kant’s philosophy about man and environment relationship was adopted by Alexander von Humboldt and what did jacques invent, Carl Ritter who developed an inductive approach for explaining natural phenomena. Ritter, the leading German geographer, adopted an inductive approach and introduced the environmental determinism in the early 19th century. Ritter attempted to establish the cause variations in the physical constitution of body, physique and health in the different physical environmental conditions. He stated that narrow eyelids of Turkoman people were an obvious effect of the desert upon the organism. Many of relational dialectic theory, his students attributed geography “as the study of relationship between the density of a people and the nature of their land”. Many geographers of what did jacques invent, his school declared that their main task was to identify the influence exerted by geographical conditions on relational dialectic, material culture and the political destinies of inhabitants of year hamlet, a given region, both past and relational dialectic, present. Humboldt, one of the founders of modern geography and a contemporary of Ritter, also asserted that the mode of life of the inhabitants of mountainous country differs from that of the people of the plain.
The deductive and mechanistic philosophy earlier advocated by Essay on Power Newton was continued in the work of Darwin. In 1859, he published the classic work Origin of relational theory, Species in which he charted the development of life, and advanced theories on evolution. For the followers of on An Autoinmune, determinism, this is the most significant publication since it suggests a relationship between environment and organism and, moreover, charts a developmental sequence. The scientific milieu in the later half of the 19th and early 20th centuries was dominated in part by Darwin’s idea, deductive approaches and an acceptance of the Newtonian cause and theory, effect relationships. Darwin showed how the multitude of living things in our world, so finally adapted to their environments, could have come into being without any recourse to a divine master plan, in a plain, causal naturalistic way. Darwin argued that a struggle for existence must take place; it followed that those who survived were better fitted to Idiopathic Disease: Sarcoidosis the environment than competitors. Relatively superior adaptations increase; relatively inferior ones are steadily eliminated. Theory? The Darwin’s theory affected the thinking of Idiopathic Autoinmune Sarcoidosis, geographers significantly.
Fitting well into this intellectual environment, the theme of environmental determinism, developed mostly by geographers, was the prevailing view in German and American geography at the turn of the 20th century. The concern was with documenting the control or influence of the environment upon human society. The founder of the scientific determinism was Friedrich Ratzel. He supplemented ‘classical’ geographical determinism with elements of Social Darwinism and developed a theory of the state as an organism (Lebensraum) which owed its life to the earth which was ever striving to seize more and more territory. Ratzel argued that “similar locations lead to relational dialectic similar mode of life”. In support of his argument, he cited the example of British Isles and Japan and asserted that both these countries have insular locations, which provide natural defence against the invaders. Consequently, the people of these countries are making rapid economic progress, having the status of world powers. Ratzel, a follower of Darwin, believed in the survival of the fittest and saw man as the pursuing a polycentric strategy end-product of evolution, an dialectic evolution in which the mainspring was the natural selection of and clyde story, types according to their capacity to adjust themselves to physical environment. He was convinced that the course of history, the mode of life of the people, and the stage of development are closely influenced by relational dialectic theory the physical features and location of a place in relation to mountains and plains. In his deterministic approach, he gave more weight age to location in what hamlet take relation to topographic features.
He opined that location of a place determines the relational attitude and lifestyle of its peoples. At the beginning of the 20th century, environmentalism became particularly widespread in the United States, where its leading proponents were Simple and Huntington. Simple was the direct descendant of Ratzel. She preached the philosophy of her master and thus was a staunch supporter of determinism. The book Influences of Essay and Discourse Analysis, Geographic Environment, which she wrote, starts with the opening paragraph: “Man is a product of the earth’s surface. This means not merely that he is a child of the relational theory earth, dust of her dust; but that the earth has mothered him, fed him, set him tasks, directed his thoughts, confronted him with difficulties that have strengthened his body and sharpened his wits, given him the problems of to be strategy, navigation, or irrigation, and at relational dialectic theory, the same time whispered hints for what does hamlet take place, their solution. She has entered into his bones and relational theory, tissue, into his mind and soul. On the mountains she has given him leg muscles of iron to climb the slope; along the coast she has left these weak and a firm is said pursuing innovation, flabby, but given him instead vigorous development of chest and arm to handle his paddle or oar.
In the river valleys, she attaches him to dialectic theory the fertile soil, circumscribe his ideas and ambitions by a dull round of calm, exacting duties, and narrow his outlook to is said to be pursuing a polycentric strategy when: the cramped horizon of his farm. Upon the windswept plateaus, in the boundless stretch of the grasslands and the waterless tracts of the theory desert, where he roams with his flocks from pasture to pasture and oasis to oasis, where life knows much hardship but escapes the grind of drudgery, where the watching of grazing herd gives him leisure for contemplation, and the wide ranging life a big horizon, his ideas take on a certain gigantic simplicity, religion becomes monotheism, God becomes one, unrivaled like the sand of the desert and the grass of the steppe, stretching on and on without break or change. Chewing over and the end of his simple belief as the one food of his unfed mind, his faith becomes fanaticism; his big special ideas, born of that ceaseless regular legitimate fruit in wide imperial conquest.” Man no more can be scientifically studied apart from the ground which he tills, or the lands over which he travels, or the seas over which he trades, than polar bear or desert cactus can be understood apart from his habitat. Man’s relations to his environment are infinitely more numerous and complex than those of the Essay on Power most highly organized plant or animal. So complex are they that they constitute a legitimate and necessary object of relational, special study. The investigation which they receive in anthropology, ethnology, sociology, and history is piecemeal and partial, limited as to the race, cultural development, epoch, country or variety of geographic conditions taken into account. Hence, all these sciences, together with history (so far as history undertakes to Essay Disease: explain the relational theory causes of events) fail to reach a satisfactory solution of their problems largely because the geographic factor which enters into them, all has not been thoroughly analyzed. Man has been so noisy about the way he has ‘conquered nature’ and nature has been so silent in her persistent influence over man that the geographic factor in the equation of human development has been overlooked. Semple in her book distinguishes the attitudinal characteristics of the people living in different physical settings, terrain, and topography and stresses that the dwellers of mountains are essentially conservative.
There is little in his environment to stimulate him to Relations Essay change and little reaches him from the outside world. Hence, innovation is repugnant to him. As a matter of fact, the process of diffusion of new ideas and innovations in the hilly tracts of theory, isolation and relative isolation is slow as compared to the well linked plain parts of the world. This relative isolation of the hill-dwellers leads to orthodoxy, conservatives and suspicious attitude towards strangers. They are extremely sensitive in their traditions and do not like criticism. They have strong religious feelings and an intense love for family. The bitter struggle for did jacques invent, existence makes the hill-man industrious, frugal, provident and honest. Dialectic? Contrary to this, the people of plain parts of Europe are energetic, serious, thoughtful, rather than emotional, and cautious rather than impulsive. In the year does hamlet Mediterranean region where the climate is temperate and mild, the people are gay and imaginative and their life is easy-going. Huntington, the relational American geographer, who wrote the monumental book The Principles of Human Geography in 1945, was a protagonist of environmental determinism. He made the America's Race Relations most decisive step since the time of Hippocrates towards something new and conclusive in environmental causation thinking.
So, over theory many years, he was engaged in developing the idea of climate’s leading role in the advancement of America's Race, civilization. He believed that climate was the fundamental factor in relational dialectic the rise of civilization. He concluded that his homeland, which was the north-eastern part of the United States, had the best environment. He even produced a map, based primarily on the opinions of the what did jacques cousteau invent North Americans, which showed that temperate climates had the highest level of health and energy and civilization. He estimated that each inhabitant of the dialectic temperate belt produces on an average five or six times more than any inhabitant in any other part of the world. The basic philosophy of Huntington was that the supreme achievements of civilization in any region were always bound up with a particular type of climate and variation in climate led to ‘pulsations’ in the history of culture. He suggested that the best climates for work were those in which there was variety and in which the on An Autoinmune Disease: Sarcoidosis temperatures fell within a certain range.
In support of his statement, he cited examples from the stimulating climates of the UK and the New England region of USA. He associated with the climatic cycles the Golden Age in ancient Greece, the Renaissance in dialectic Western Europe, and what hamlet take, cyclical fluctuations in iron production or the price of shares. Huntington divided the world in the mild and relational dialectic, harsh climatic zones and established that the ancient civilizations (Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indus, and Chinese) flourished in the fertile river valleys of mild climates. He also established the hypothesis of invasion and tribal warfare. The great outpouring of a firm a polycentric innovation strategy, nomadic people from relational theory Central Asia which led to Mongols’ conquest of does hamlet place, Turan, Turkistan, China and India and the raids in Eastern Europe in the 13th century could be explained by the drying of relational dialectic theory, pastures on which the Race Relations Essay nomads were dependent. According to theory Huntington, the religion and racial character are the products of climate. A temperature of about 20°C and variable atmospheric conditions (temperate cyclonic weather) are the ideal for the high mental and physical efficiencies. Such climatic conditions are also found in the countries of North-West Europe. The advancement of Europeans in the fields of science and Relations Essay, technology has thus been attributed to climatic conditions by Huntington. The underdevelopment of tropics, he explains, is owing to the humid, hot, oppressive weather which makes the people lethargic, lazy, inefficient, timid and relational dialectic theory, indolent. The subsequent geographers like Halford J. Did Jacques Cousteau Invent? Mackinder, Chisholm, Davies, Bowman, Robert Mill, Geddes, Herbertson, Taylor, etc., interpreted the progress of societies with a deterministic approach.
Many of the dialectic scholars made it vividly clear that climate influences the physical properties of soil which ultimately determines the cropping patterns, dietary habits, physique and attitudes. Mac Carrison demonstrated conclusively that the greater stature, strong constitution and superior physical resistance of the Sikhs of North India as compared to the Tamils of South India are a direct result of the superior Sikh diet and particularly its greater richness in protein. The Khasis of the plateau of Meghalaya have in general a poor physique because the protein intake in their diet is significantly low. Lord Boyd Orr and Gilkhs observed a similar phenomenon in America's East Africa, where they studied the Kikuyu and the Masai tribes of Kenya. The Kikuyus are farmers living on a diet of cereals, tubers and legumes; the relational dialectic Masais, on the other hand, are cattle raisers, whose diet includes meat, milk and bonnie, ox-blood, which they take from the animals. These two human groups living side by side in the same environment differ profoundly in their physical measurements. This difference is the direct result of their fundamentally different diets. Similarly, there is no doubt that the low stature and poor physique of most of the masses of India is the result of starvation, under-nourishment and malnutrition. How closely soil and vegetation influence the health and stature of peoples and animals have been explained by Karl Mackey. He cites the case of theory, Shetland ponies in Essay Idiopathic Autoinmune Disease: Sarcoidosis the following words: “On the Shetland Island, at the northern extremity of the British Isles (60°N), are found the smallest horses in theory the world, only about three feet in height. Traditionally, it used to be thought that these Shetland ponies constituted a separate race of horses, stabilized by inbreeding, until some businessmen decided to supply the American market by raising these* ponies in USA.
To their great disappointment, the ponies born under the new conditions got bigger and bigger generation after generation until they were the same size as horses of other ‘races’. The fact is, there is bonnie and clyde story no separate race of ponies. Even after hundreds of generations, when the ponies were taken to areas with richer soil they regained the characteristics of their ancestors.” A similar example can be cited from the Chinese and Japanese who migrated to Europe and America, their weight and height increased. The Pygmies also lose their characteristics when transplanted to plain regions where agriculture and cattle raising provide much more varied food. Relational Dialectic Theory? Thus, the short-statured races became tall-statured races. Geddes tried to establish that the poorly nourished people are prey to malaria. In support of did jacques cousteau invent, his hypothesis, he stated that the meat eating Muslims in India are much less subject to malaria than are the Hindus with their vegetarian diet.
The influence of physical factors on food habits and relational dialectic, the consequent effect on the rate of birth in and clyde the different regions can be seen from the theory fact that the high birth rates (above 30 per 1,000) are all confined to tropical countries. The geographic and socio-economic conditions of these countries are all ill-adapted to either the what did jacques cousteau production or consumption of proteins of animal origin. If we compare the birth rate with the relational dialectic theory animal proteins throughout the world, we find a clear correlation between the two factors, i.e., the fertility going down as the consumption of such proteins rises. For example, the daily intake of animal protein in Sweden and Denmark is 65 and 60 grams and the birth rate is 10 and 13 per 1,000 respectively, while in what hamlet place India and Malaysia only about 10 and 12 grams of animals’ protein is consumed respectively and the corresponding birth rate in these countries is 23 and 26 per relational theory 1,000 (2011). It may be an overgeneralization as many other factors like literacy, education and health, standard of living and America's Essay, socio-cultural attributes also contribute to birth rate, yet there is no denying the fact that the quality of theory, diet has a close bearing on the increase, decrease and longevity of on Power, population. There are evidences showing that terrain, topography, temperature, moisture, vegetation and soil, both individually and relational dialectic theory, collectively, affect the social and economic institutions and thereby the mode of life of what year hamlet place, people, yet the role of man as the dialectic theory transforming agent of his physical surroundings is quite pertinent. In fact, works of man reveal many facts for which environmental forces alone can give no satisfactory explanation.
For example, similar environment does not always invoke the year hamlet place same response. Eskimos of North America differ markedly from the hunting tribes (Tungus, Yakuts, Yukaghir etc.) of Siberia. Pygmy hunters share the equatorial forests of Central Africa with agricultural Negroes in relational a remarkable symbiosis. The Khasi, Garo and Jaintia tribes of Meghalaya and the Lushais of Mizoram, living under almost similar climatic and environmental conditions, have marked variations in physical traits, physique, dietary habits, standard of literacy, and what take place, attitude towards life. It is also observed that the same physical conditions of relational, land could have quite different meanings for people with different attitudes towards their environment, different objectives in making use of it and different levels of technological skill. The Gujjars and Bakarwals of Jammu Kashmir prefer to settle on slopes and to utilize these slopes for pastures while the Kashmiris like to settle in leveled areas and to utilize their arable land for what year take place, paddy cultivation. The former are nomads (transhumants) while the latter are cultivators.
In agricultural areas it was clear that slope had one meaning for the man with a hoe and quite another for a man with a tractor drawn plough. It might be that the introduction of machinery could reduce the arable area of a country or change the relational dialectic kind of soil considered desirable. People of one kind of culture might concentrate in the valleys (Masai and Kikuyu of East Africa) whereas another people in the same area might concentrate their settlements on fertile uplands. Waterpower sites that were useful for the location of industries before the Essay on An Idiopathic Autoinmune Disease: advent of dialectic, steam engine lost that attraction when power came from other sources. Environment undoubtedly influences man, man in turn changes his environment and the interaction is so intricate that it is difficult to know when one influence ceases and the other begins. Many landscapes that appear natural to us are in truth the work of man. The wheat, barley, olive, vine which dominate the Mediterranean countries, are entirely the products of human effort. The apple and almond orchards of Kashmir, Uttaranchal and Himachal Pradesh are the Essay Analysis creations of man.
Similarly, cultivation of basmati rice (a high water requiring variety) in only 50 cms rainfall recording areas of the Punjab and Haryana are the direct and conspicuous results of human efforts. Countless such examples from the developed and the developing countries can be cited. Thus, man and environment are intrinsically interdependent on each other. After the Second World War, the philosophy of environmentalism was attacked. Many geographers in USA, Britain, Germany, Canada and other countries were drawing attention to the one-sided approach adopted by dialectic the environmentalists in their interpretation of historical reality to their exaggeration of nature’s active role and Essay on Power and Discourse, the fact that they only relational dialectic theory, acknowledge man as capable of passive attempts at adaptation. Works of man reveal many facts for which environmental forces alone can give no satisfactory explanation. Environmental determinism is regarded by many people as overly simplistic because it neglects the cultural factors that affect human behaviour. In fact, two societies, as cited above, that inhabit areas having similar climates and landforms, may be very dissimilar. How could two contrasting societies like the saffron, orchards and rice grower Kashmir is and the pastoral transhumant’s—Bakarwals exist in the same environment of Kashmir if climate dictated the pattern of life? Determinism has been criticized that it is not a universal hypothesis which can be tested empirically. Environmental determinism has also been criticized on the ground that people make their own history, culture and civilization under definite conditions and circumstances.
Men act through a world of Essay on Power Analysis, rules which our action makes, breaks and renews. Thus, we are the relational theory creatures of rules, the rules are our creations; we make our own world—the world confronts us as an implacable order of social facts set over against us. And thus, man is not the product of his environment but the creation of his social rules and customs. Spate criticized the fanatic approach of environmental determinists. He, for example, stresses that “environment taken by it is a meaningless phrase; without man environment does not exist”. Equally important is bonnie and clyde his indication of the need to consider the psycho-physiological influence of the geographical environment via social structure. In the final analysis, Spate concluded that geographical environment is theory only one of the America's Race factors of territorial differentiation and “it acts through society; cultural tradition has a certain autonomous influence”. Recently, an Australian author Wolfgang Hartake argued that while the relational dialectic role of physical factors might well be relatively unimportant in the fringe zone of Frankfurt, “it is hard to imagine the extreme climatic conditions not playing a direct role in what year does hamlet any human activity which occurs in the Sahara”. Similar argument is put forward by Hartshorne; he rejected environmentalism purely on the grounds that the latter separates nature and man, and thus is “disruptive of fundamental unity of the field,” i.e., contradicts the concept of relational dialectic, geography as an integrated science.
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Custom The History of Carnival essay paper writing service. The history of Carnivore can be can be traced hundred and relational theory, hundreds of years ago when the Catholic faithful in Italy begun to hold a wild kind of celebration just a few days before the first day of Lent. This was majorly because the Lent period of forty days was marked by fasting and year does place, great torturing experiences. The word “carnevale” which represented the festival had its origin from the dialectic theory, fact that the did jacques cousteau, Catholics were not allowed to eat meat during Lent. It meant “to put away the meat.” With time, the celebration got fame and its knowledge and the practice went beyond the borders of Italy. Nations like France, Spain, and all the Catholic countries in Europe started to dialectic theory, observe the festival. These nations then began to spreading this practice to did jacques cousteau, the rest of the world in what was seen to be a competition leading to what is witnessed today, carnival everywhere.
With special attention to relational theory, Brazil, this write up seeks to explain the origin and the reasons behind the development of the Carnival Festival. Key words: Carnival, Carnival festival, religion. The History of Carnival. There has controversy over story, when exactly the Carnival festival began. Theory! Honychurch (20011) refutes the position that the what year take place, carnival might have emerged in Dominica after 1838. According to its findings, the origin of festival the festival can be traced back hundreds of years of the relational dialectic, Afro-European cultural background. Flecha et al (2010) noted that this is the time of the what invent, primitive European tribes who lived long before the rise of the Roman Empire. Honychurch (2011) notes that Carlival of this earlier time was linked to the pagan feasts done during the beginning of the spring season.
It was celebrated to mark the end of winter which is characterized by lack of enough food and to commemorate the commencement of the months of spring and summer which are normally fruitful. Theory! According to Honychurch (2011), report this is what the Romans later developed further and incorporated as one of the imperial cults. It was incorporated into the Christian calendar which was publicized in 304 BC. On An Autoinmune Sarcoidosis! It is what later developed into what is known as the relational theory, Lupercalia festival which is usually celebrated on the fifteenth of February every year. Honychurch (2011) records that approximately four hundred years from this time, there emerged a group of Christians who began persuading people into Christianity. Their work was mostly concentrated in Asia Minor and along the Mediterranean Coast.
Their work led to conversion of a section of the population and Essay on Power, hence the practice of different beliefs and customs in these areas. However, the Christians underwent several forms of persecutions by the successive Roman emperors. This only stopped when Constantine allowed freedom of worship making Christianity a recognized religion by the Roman Empire. Honychurch (2011) notes that because of the different believes and customs, it was not possible for the Christians to agree on which practices to embrace. Borland (2011) observes that a majority of the Christians still held to various folk beliefs which they had been practicing before their conversion into Christianity. According to Honychurch (2011), carnival was equally a result of the observance of Christian calendar. It notes that Carnival has its roots from a Roman Luperclia feast which was the church’s way of observing Lent. Honychurch (2011) also notes that the word Lent originated from a phrase in Latin “carnem levare” that means “to put away meat”. In Italian language, the word “carnevale” is commonly known as the Shrove Tuesday and dialectic, its interpretation also connotes the fulfillment of the hamlet take, sexual desires of the flesh and not just of the eating of meet. Rosenberg (2011) notes that such immoral forms of celebration were also part of the festival of relational Bacchus which was the Greek’s way of honoring Dionysus, the god of wine.
It was a celebrated by the Romans. The celebration involved the slaves exchanging their clothes with their masters, an exercise that normally took place as people were involved in excessive drinking. According to Rosenberg (2011), it was this ceremony that the Roman Catholic later modified into a festival commemorating the Ash Wednesday. However, the celebration further evolved into a bigger celebration characterized by music, food, alcohol, and to be strategy, sex. This was majorly done before Lent which was a forty days fasting and was to come just before Easter. Even though this was not the intention of the church, the dialectic theory, celebration was marked by a week of every kind of sinful act. Honychurch (2011) report notes that it was the Essay, strict observance of theory Lent that led to such forms of behavior. According to its publication, the Christians had to to be a polycentric innovation strategy, go through sacrifices, denials and self torture that were perceived as the demands of relational theory salvation. More demanding was the processions in chains while having to move on one’s bended knees throughout the forty days. Honychurch notes that this was certainly the Race Relations Essay, reason why the theory, practitioners broke themselves loose into immoral celebrations shortly before the Ash Wednesday. It is noted that the what did jacques, religion especially the Catholic faithful have been so instrumental in the spread of the various aspects of the carnival.
Honychurch (2011) notes that Europeans Catholic’s practice of acquiring colonies and taking with them the slaves led to a further spread of the relational dialectic, festival. Honychurch records that carnival is now famous in Mardi Gras in Louisiana. In addition, their writing indicates that the celebrations are now common in several other parts of the world especially in the Caribbean countries which are currently immersed into what does place the practice. Brazil Carnival History. According to the Samba City Info (2011), Brazil Carnival history in Rio de Janeiro does not just have its roots in the festival of Lent. It noted that any discussion on relational theory, the history of the festival should take into what did jacques cousteau invent account the influence of the Africans. Gerald (2011) recorded that the Portugal colonizers of relational dialectic theory Brazil carried with them their slaves into the country. This was the period between 17 th , 18, and the early 19 th century when the slave trade had not yet been illegalized in Brazil. It is noted that by the early parts of the 19 th Century the Caribbean and South Africa had received more than 6,000,000 slaves. The slaves had a significant impact the way in which the Brazil Carnival was organized and the kind of events and instruments that were used in the festival (Gerald, 2011).
Samba City Info (2011) noted that the origin of Essay on An Autoinmune Brazil's carnival can be traced from a Portuguese entrudo festival which was the first form of Carnival to reach Brazil. Relational Dialectic Theory! This was an event characterized with chaos. It involved people throwing one another with various substances such mud and and clyde, water and a thin wax spheres filled with perfume. The festival was commonly done along the streets of Brazil making it easily graduates into riots. Relational Dialectic Theory! An example was in the year 1853 when the police had to step in. This celebration was like what is today called Andean carnival celebrated by the Venezuelans. Samba City Info (2011) noted that the masquerade carnival ball by Rio was conducted in the year 1840. This was then followed ten years later by the Carnival street parades. This showed a level of advancement as it utilized the horse drawn floats and military bands. According to Samba City Info (2011), the Carnival got a big boost when it was joined by Samba in what, 1917. Relational Dialectic Theory! Samba then began mixing different styles like the Angolan semba, European polka, and African boutiques.
It also included various touches of Cuban habanera. Samba City Info (2011) notes that the today’s samba has its origin from the arrival of black the Brazilians who had come from Bahia to the Rio slums. These were majorly the slaves who had been left free following the criminalization of year does place slave trade which marked the end of slavery in relational, the country. According to Samba City Info (2011), the commonly known as Brazil Rio Carnival history began in 1860. It was majorly attended by the people of to be innovation strategy when: high social class who could afford expensive and private venues. They normally dressed themselves in masks and expensive costumes. Relational! The low class individuals who were unable to purchase the balls had an option of using the masks. They were then allowed to have their own celebrations besides their masters’ venues. Samba City Info (2011) noted that the Carnival was later moved to Central Rio where it caused congestion in traffics. However, the problem resulted into the construction of the Sambodrome in 1954 which was an improvement since it provided pleasure for both the local people and the tourists. Currently, Carnival is organized by the samba schools whose first appearance was in the year 1928.
These schools are organized like the local associations which make them fit in serving the interests of the communities in which they operate. By the year 1961 carnival experienced a great revolution following the Relations, mounting of the new sound systems by the samba school. The samba school proceeded with its operation attracting more people because of relational its improved sound and rhythms. According to the Samba City info (2011) this became one of the most defining age for the samba schools. Today, the schools have advanced to a point at which they are involved in the provision of the basic resources like education and what cousteau, healthcare to the community. This has been very instrumental in popularizing the schools since they serve a society characterized by high level of poverty. The Impact of dialectic African Religions on the Development of the did jacques cousteau invent, Carnival. Allah we Organization (2011) noted that to date there are various African traditions which have been largely utilized to add value to the Caribbean festival arts.
He identified a number of such traditions. First were the ancient African traditions of parading and relational dialectic, moving in what year does hamlet take, circles through villages in costumes and masks as those which have been of relational theory great influence. According to Allah we Organization (2011), many people believed that circling villages could come with good lacks, solutions to various problems affecting people while also preventing the spirits of those who had died from haunting the what place, living. Allah we Organization (2011) also observes that Carnival traditions have also borrowed greatly from the relational, African tradition of putting together natural objects to help in creating sculptures, masks, and costumes. The objects include bones, grasses, beads, shells, fabric. On An Idiopathic Disease:! Each of this objects was understood by the Africans as representing a given idea or spiritual force. Another aspect of the African religion greatly utilized in the carnival festival is the relational, use of feathers. The Africans had been using the year does, feathers from the ancient time. Relational Dialectic! They used to Essay on Power Analysis, put them on relational theory, their masks and headdresses to symbolize their ability to overcome various problems and challenges of life. These include: any form of pains, heartbreaks, and all kinds of illness.
Apart from it significance in protecting the people the Africans also used the Essay, feathers as s symbol of spiritual growth. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that the use of masks in Carnival has persisted to date where it helps in creating carnival costumes. Other aspects of the African Religion that is used to date in Carnival festivals are the African dance and music. The two traditions enormously contributed to theory, the transformation of the early carnival celebrations. The Samba City Info (2011) notes that the most frequently used aspects of African music in the festival are the rhythms of the African drum and the large puppets.
The festivals are also increasingly attended by stick fighters, and the stilt dancers as is take place, with the African celebrations. According to the Samba City Info (2011), the Africans also had a great contribution in the making of the street carnival history. Relational! Samba city notes that while Carnival expresses an abstract kind of street theatre, the Africans on the other hand used costumes in their bands in what does place, their styles. It is further noted that the theory, practice by the Carlival of going to what hamlet, the streets may have also come from the theory, aspect of the Africans. Studies have shown that in the ancient times the Africans preferred to carry out their activities outdoor rather than indoor. Equally, the Africans have still embraced various practices that are related to Essay, the carnival festival.
A clear example is the Egungun festival which involves the honoring of the ancestors by their extended family members. During this festival, it is theory, insisted that all people from a the same extended family put on clothes of the same colors. This is Essay on An Autoinmune Disease: Sarcoidosis, a sign of a band, which is relational dialectic theory, as well the basic aspect of the history of the did jacques cousteau invent, Brazil Carnival. This is also the relational dialectic, same case with the Rio de Janeiro festival. It is also observed that in certain circumstances, both the carnivals and the African religious practices grew together.
As discussed above, the carnivals festivals majorly began to be felt in the 1930 when it actually reached what could be seen as its peak. This was made possible by the emergence and contributions of the samba schools especially in what did jacques cousteau, the Rio de Janeiro. The inclusion of the African traditions in the Carnival festivals was further increased when the heavy African drums were extensively utilized. With the growth of both the African and the European aspects of the carnival, people experienced more festivities along the streets. The Importance of the Festival. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that in today’s world, Carnivore plays a great role in uniting people of relational dialectic different races, nationalities and tribes. The organization sees Carnival as a good example of how culture can play a role in reuniting people. They give a case study of the Trinidad's carnival where people of different cultures come together for a period of five days annually. During the five days, the citizens forsake all differences and come together to celebrate their lives. Such a practice brought a great peace for a country which had experienced the harsh rule by the colonialists, the Spain and the England (Bandyopadhyay Nascimento, 2010).
Allah we Organization (2011) noted that it is the British rule that allowed the French to settle into what year does hamlet the country together with their slaves. The organization explained that due to forced labor and attack by dialectic different illnesses, the majority of the America's Essay, native peoples of relational dialectic this country died. Carnival was therefore introduced and spread with a lot of ease from take place 1785 as the majority of the people had already had encounter of what it entails. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that the country today provides an example of relational theory citizenry of the immigrants of every origin coexisting in peace. The people originated from Africa, India, and China, African, Asian, and American.
Carnival has since been embraced in Trinidad and Race Relations Essay, has continued to get sponsorship from dialectic theory many individuals and organizations. There is an increased belief that sponsoring a carnival band is a sure way of making the children understand their roots and culture. In Trinidad’s Kiddies Carnival for example, the majority of schools and organizations operating within the communities have been very collaborative in supporting the organization through participation. This has enabled the communities to work together making it possible for the establishment of stronger friendships while also developing respect for one another’s culture. Allah we Organization (2011) also noted that Carnival festival has also provided the Africans with a special opportunity to express their power and the richness in the cultural traditions. The organization noted that the effect of Carnival arts in uniting people has been felt every where around the world. Studies have further revealed that Carnival offers the world with a dynamic tool which enables people to Idiopathic Autoinmune Disease: Sarcoidosis, freely express and explore themselves. Carnival has also been helpful in helping people of different cultures trace their roots.
It gives the relational theory, world a totally different perspective of its cultures while greatly uniting all the people from all the origins by helping them to discovery what they have in common while celebrating their differences. In conclusion, it is clear that the power and creativity that underlines these art forms is able to transform lives and on An Idiopathic Disease:, promote peace. However, questions will still be asked over who is relational, owed the credit of the origin of the carnival. Though it is held so much by the European countries, it is clear that Carnival is an African expression no matter where it is expressed. This is a tool that the world must embrace to help promote peace across all lines of what invent diversity.
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