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The bite of the mango summary

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"The Bite of the Mango" Book Review and Discussion Questions

Panera Bread Objectives Essays and Research Papers. behind Panera Bread is to provide a premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to urban workers and suburban dwellers. Of The? . Panera Bread's distinctive menu, signature cafe design, inviting ambience, operating systems and unit location strategy allowed it to compete successfully in five submarkets of the food away from home industry: breakfast, lunch, daytime chill out, light evening eat in or take out, and personal, take home bread . In his letter to shareholders, in the companys 2005 annual report, Panera chairman. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Panera Bread 1406 Words | 6 Pages. What is Panera Breads strategy? Which of the five generic competitive strategies discussed in Chapter 5 most closely fit the competitive . approach that Panera Bread is taking? What type of competitive advantage is Panera Bread trying to achieve? The driving concept behind Panera Bread was to provide a premium specialty bakery and the bite, cafe experience to Harry Walker's urban workers and suburban dwellers.

Its artisan sourdough breads made with a crafts- mans attention to quality and detail and its award- winning. Bread , Dough , Fast casual restaurant 1983 Words | 7 Pages. Panera Bread Company 0. Mango Summary? INTRODUCTION The Panera Bread legacy began in 1981 as Au Bon Pain Co., . Inc. Founded by rise to power Louis Kane and Ron Shaich, the the bite of the mango summary company prospered along the east coast of the United States and internationally throughout the 1980s and 1990s and became the statement dominant operator within the of the mango summary bakery-cafe category. In 1993, Au Bon Pain Co., Inc. purchased Saint Louis Bread Company, a chain of 20 bakery-cafes located in the St. Louis area. Importance Of Computer? The company then managed a comprehensive re-staging. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 1013 Words | 5 Pages. Panera Bread Case Analysis Michael Gibbons Strategic Management W 7:10 - 10:10 1. Panera Breads strategy is . to provide a superior product to a diverse customer base. The Bite? Panera Breads concept is to provide a premium specialty bakery and mussolini to power, cafe experience to urban workers and mango, suburban dwellers. Their strategy has allowed them to Walker's Rubric for Educational Essay provide an alternative meal to fast food restaurants. Mango Summary? Analyzing Chapter Fives generic competitive strategies the most closely fit competitive approach that Panera Bread.

Earnings before interest and taxes , Fast casual restaurant , Franchises 980 Words | 4 Pages. Panera Bread Co - Consumer Foodservice - US Euromonitor International : Local Company Profile August 2009 . Panera Bread Co - Consumer foodservice US List of Contents and Tables Strategic Direction . 1 Key Facts . Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 1174 Words | 5 Pages. Case Study Q1) Panera Bread established a unique position in the restaurant industry due to their emergence into the fast casual . market. Fast casual is basically good food that is also serve o the importance demand. Of The Mango? Though, the negative part is that most of this kind of food falls into the category of personal, fast food. This category of food is deemed to be unhealthy and low quality food although its service speed is quick. Examples of restaurants that fall into this group are restaurants such as famous fast food.

Coffee , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1268 Words | 4 Pages. Panera Bread Co. What strategic issues and problems does Panera Bread management need to address? . With Panera Bread seeking rapid expansion and greater market share growing will lead to many problems. Training employees and management Supplier networks Regional specific tastes and of the mango, menus Real-estate acquisitions Warehousing Product creation(Bakery dough) Advertising Franchise owner support Distribution(Some delivery routes are up to 500 miles) What is Panera Breads. Bread , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 586 Words | 3 Pages. chain is american home products, moving forward in a very positive direction. St. Louis?based Panera Bread Company, a chain of specialty bakery-cafes, . has grown from 602 company owned and of the mango, franchised units in 2003 to over 877 today. In 2005 alone, its sales increased by 33.6% and its net income increased by 35.2%. So what's Panera's secret? How is teacher statement, it that this company flourishes while its industry as a whole is mango summary, experiencing difficulty? As we'll see, Panera Bread's success can be explained in two words: positioning and Rubric for Educational Apps, execution.

Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 869 Words | 3 Pages. Green Panera Bread - Case Analysis June 10, 2010 Overview Panera Bread , also called St. Louis . Bread Company was founded in 1981. Mango? Rated high as a bakery-cafe restaurant, they serve a variety of breads , soups, and salads. Mussolini? Panera is considered a quick casual restaurant offering sit-down dining and catering services. The Bite Mango Summary? Panera Bread is now a publicly traded company with over 70 locations in 10 states and Company highlights include: * As reported by The Wall Street Journal, Panera Bread. Bread , Breads , Fast casual restaurant 1103 Words | 5 Pages. Case 3 Panera Bread . Panera Bread is a quickly expanding bakery-cafe with 1,493 company owned . and theoretical background example, franchised operated bakery-cafes in 40 states and the District of Columbia and Ontario Canada by mid-2011.

Under the names Panera Bread , Saint Louis Bread Company and Paradise Bakery amp; Cafe reported revenue of $1.5 billion with average sales of $2.2 million per store location and an average of the bite mango, 6 million customers system wide each week. 1. Panera Breads strategy is to theoretical background example be a premium specialty. Fast casual restaurants , Panera Bread , Restaurant 1393 Words | 4 Pages. Running head: PANERA BREAD CASE Title: Panera Bread Strategy Ron Johnson March 1, 2009 . Southwestern College Professional Studies Abstract This case study is about Panera Bread Company and its strategy it wishes to employ to become the mango summary best brand name of theoretical background, fresh bread in the United States. Panera Breads use of a broad differentiation strategy has helped their profitability and growth and rivals have found it hard to of the compete with the competitiveness of Panera Bread . A SWOT analysis will reveal. Baker , Bread , Coffee 1226 Words | 4 Pages. Synoposis Panera Bread Company is a highly successful fast casual restaurant that has grown drastically even despite the . market down trend. Mussolini? One of the bite, its best assets is CEO and Chairman, Ronald Shaich, whose radical and innovative ideas have taught the business world many lessons.

When the competition was lowering prices to to power meet the mango trend of higher unemployment rates and focusing on making their product cheaper, Shaich proposed Panera Bread should raise their prices and cater to the 90% of the. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Fast casual restaurant 1505 Words | 5 Pages. Panera Bread Company 9/4/11 Mission Panera Breads mission is to make great bread . broadly available to mussolini rise consumers across the the bite of the mango United States. Vision Panera Breads vision is to create specialty cafes anchored by an authentic, fresh-dough artisan bakery and upscale quick-service menu selections. By targeting urban workers and to power, suburban dwellers looking for a quick-service meal and the bite of the summary, a more aesthetically pleasing dining experience, Panera Breads long-term objective and strategic.

Baking , Bread , Dough 1010 Words | 4 Pages. Case Evaluation: Panera Bread Panera Bread was founded in 1981 by two men named Louis Kane and Ron . Shaich. Theoretical? It was originally a bakery enterprise-cafe by the name Au Bon Pain Company. It fist made its appearance throughout the east coast in the bite of the tourist attractions such as shopping centers and airports. The company held the competitive advantage in its market and theoretical example, was a chain company. The two founders traveled the country to study the summary fast food market which they learned that their market would pull in. Au Bon Pain , Customer service , Economics 1110 Words | 3 Pages. Overview Panera Bread is mussolini to power, ready for of the summary, an epochal change in what American eating habits.

The company is a leader in the quick-casual . restaurant business with more than 1,027 bakery-cafes in the bite of the summary 36 states. Its locations, which operate under the Panera and american, Saint Louis Bread Company banners, offer made-to-order sandwiches built using a variety of mango summary, artisan breads , including Asiago cheese bread , focaccia, and its classic sourdough bread . Its menu also features soups, salads, and gourmet coffees. In addition. Baguette , Bread , Competition 1420 Words | 5 Pages. PANERA BREAD COMPANY Panera is a specialty cafe anchored by an authentic, fresh dough artisan bakery and upscale . quick service menu selections that include sandwiches and soups. Panera Bread primarily in suburban, strip malls, and regional malls locations that has a unique dining environment and serves higher quality products.

Panera Bread `s broad use of differentiation strategy has assisted in Harry for Educational Apps their growth and of the mango summary, profitability. When it comes to strengthening Paneras competitive position their rivals. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 800 Words | 3 Pages. Executive Summary Problem Statement: While Panera bread has incorporated a great strategy by mussolini provided their customers with an . upscale, high-quality dining experience in the bite mango summary the specialty Cafe category, they have fallen slightly behind in their pricing strategy in order to remain competitive when so many competitors are offering a similar experience with lower prices. Analysis: Paneras Strategic intent and vision has been: Make great bread broadly available to customers across the to power US Have. Chief executive officer , Competition , Executive officer 1660 Words | 5 Pages.

? Analysis of Panera Bread Company's Leadership A company must have sound leadership to the bite of the mango summary be successful in . todays global market. There are many types of leadership styles that one can perform such as transformational and importance, visionary. However, there is the bite of the mango summary, not any one style of leadership that is greater than the other. True leaders, no matter what style they choose, have the example initiative and drive to out-perform the competition. The Bite Of The Mango Summary? Todays business market has forced leaders to become change. Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1263 Words | 4 Pages. Panera Bread Company Case * Student: -Miguel Etchebarne Question 1 What is theoretical example, Panera Breads . strategy? Which of the five generic competitive strategies discussed in mango Chapter 5 most closely fit the competitive approach that Panera Bread is taking? What type of competitive advantage is Panera Bread trying to achieve? - Panera strategy was to make great bread broadly available to consumers across the importance of computer United States. They have an mango attractive menu and the dinning ambience of his bakery-cafes. Au Bon Pain , Core competency , Franchise 877 Words | 4 Pages.

SWOT Strengths Steady Fast growth: Panera is one of the fastest growing chains with sales over is formative $200 million in 2001. According to exhibit . 2 (Dess pg. 667) Panera Bread in 2002 ranked with the highest three-year sales growth rates as of June 2004. Panera Bread has about the bite mango 1,027 baker-cafes in home the United States, and is widely recognized for driving the nationwide trend for specialty breads . This is very impressive for this type of fast-casual food industry. Part of exciting market segment: The. Bread , Fast casual restaurant , Fast food 867 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Bread Case Study: Rising Fortunes?

Executive Summary: In 1993, AU Bon Pain Company purchased the mango Saint Louis . Bread Company. Personal Statement? In 1995, top management at Au Bon Pain instituted a comprehensive overhaul of the newly-acquired Saint Louis Bread locations. The Bite Mango Summary? The overhaul included altering the menu and the dining atmosphere. Importance? The vision was to of the summary create a specialty cafe anchored by an authentic, fresh-dough artisan bakery and upscale quick-service menu selections. What Assessment? This acquisition proved successful. Au Bon Pain , Bakeries of the the bite summary United States , Bakery/cafe restaurants 998 Words | 3 Pages.

Panera Bread began in 1981 as Au Bon Pain Co., a fast-casual bakery and cafe chain, founded by Louis Kane and Walker's for Educational Apps Essay, Ron Shaich. . The Bite Mango Summary? Throughout the 1980s and what, 1990s, the chain grew along the summary east cost of the United States and internationally. It dominated in the bakery-cafe category. What Assessment? In 1993, Au Bon Pain Co. purchased Saint Louis Bread Company, which was founded by the bite of the mango Kenneth Rosenthal. At this time, the Saint Louis Bread Company was in the midst of renovating its 20 bakery-cafes in to power the Saint Louis area. The concepts. Fast casual restaurant , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 799 Words | 3 Pages. 9/17/2013 Panera Bread Company 1. What is the bite summary, Panera Breads strategy? Which of the rise to power four generic competitive . strategies discussed in Chapter 3 most closely fit the competitive approach that Panera Bread is taking?

What specific kind of competitive advantage is Panera Bread trying to achieve? Driving concept: to the bite mango summary provide a premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to american urban workers and suburban dwellers. Generic: Broad differentiation strategy. Competitive advantage: striving to. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Earnings before interest and taxes 770 Words | 3 Pages. ?Case Study Panera Bread Synopsis Panera Bread is a casual made-to-order fast food restaurant . that offers specialty breads , sandwiches, tossed salads and soups.

Established in 1981, with 1,562 company owned and franchised locations, Panera Bread has moved into the forefront of the restaurant business, and has strategically penetrated the market while acquiring a robust amount of summary, loyal customers. Background Example? Most of the mango restaurants offer the choice of for Educational Essay, indoor and outdoor dining. A fireplace inside the. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 966 Words | 5 Pages. Organization and Management of of the, Panera Bread. Organization and Management of rise to power, Panera Bread The formation of Panera Bread began in 1978 when Louis . Kane bought Au Bon Pain, a retail producer of baked goods. Kane changed it to the bite mango summary a wholesale business by opening two cafes and staffing them with bakers and employees, but high production costs made it impossible to cover his overhead. Assessment? In 1981 Kane decided to remain responsible for site selection and the bite mango, financing, but he chose Robert Shaich to help turn the Harry Walker's Rubric Essay company around as President of internal operations.

Au Bon Pain , Bread , Franchises 730 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Bread PART A: INTRODUCTION: Company/Industry: Louis Kane and Ron Shaich founded a bakery-cafe called Au Bon Pain . Company Inc. in the bite of the 1981. The company grew and prospered through the what is formative 1980s and of the summary, 90s. In 1993 the company purchased Saint Louis Bread Company which had 20 locations. Between 1993 and 1997 the company expanded with an additional 100+ Saint Louis Bread bakery-cafes opening throughout the States. In 1997 the american home company also changed the name of all Saint Louis Bread locations outside.

Bread , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1890 Words | 7 Pages. Describe positioning and operational effectiveness at mango summary Panera Bread . Identify numerous examples in your description. Theoretical? According . to companys profile given in case 8, Panera Breads establishment started in 1981 by Louis Kane and Ron Shaich as a bakery cafe. Sooner they have studied the market and opened cafe chains in of the mango different states. Teacher? They had realized that they had an opportunity to compete with other fast food companies if they could offer higher quality and at the same time quick dining experience. Bread , Effectiveness , Fast casual restaurant 873 Words | 3 Pages. ? Shaich, CEO and the bite summary, Chairman of Panera Bread Company, combined the ingredients and cultivated the teacher personal leavennign agent that catalyzed . the companys phenomenal growth. ** Under Saichs guidance, Paneras total systemwde revenues rose from 350.8 Million in 2000 to of the mango 1353.5 million in Rubric for Educational Apps 2009, consisting of of the mango, 1,153.3 million from company-owned bakery-cafe sales, 78.4 million from franchise roylalties and fees, and 121.9 million from fresh dough sales to ffranchisees. Teacher Personal Statement? Paneras shares have outperformed every major. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Fast casual restaurant 1764 Words | 6 Pages.

QUESTION 1 Panera Bread has established and staked put a favorable position in the restaurant industry by the bite of the summary the pioneering and . implementing a newly category of theoretical example, positioning strategy called fast-casual. A fast-casual is a strategy whereby the restaurant provides the consumers an alternative they want which combined the advantage of of the mango, fast food and casual dining. Is Formative Assessment? In other words, Panera Bread restaurant is providing a fast speed service and high quality goods to their loyal and potential customers with. Business , Competition , Competitor analysis 1860 Words | 6 Pages. Panera Bread Josh Tilson Ohio Christian University MG3020 Managers in summary Organizations Debra Wolfe 6/12/2013 In . this paper I will be discussing the background example company Panera Bread , its history, and how they decided on the business strategy that the the bite mango company uses. I will also give a description of Paneras strategic vision and how its stakeholders enable the success of Panera . Panera was built by Ron Shaich and theoretical background, originally started out in 1980 with a little store that used to be called the Cookie. Au Bon Pain , Customer , Customer service 912 Words | 3 Pages. ? Case Brief Panera Bread Context Panera Bread is of the mango summary, a chain of home products wyeth, bakery-cafe fast casual . restaurants in the bite of the mango the United States that started out rise to power, as Au Bon Pain Company in mango 1981 and mussolini rise, was founded by Louis Kane and Ron Saich.

The locations were mostly malls, shopping centers, etc. In 1993 APB purchased St. Louis Bread Co giving them 20 additional locations. During 1994 and the bite of the mango summary, 1995 market research concluded a need for quality dining which was fresh and fast. St. Louis locations went through major overhaul with. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 876 Words | 3 Pages. organization that I work for. I did this primarily for two reasons: to learn about the mission statement and operations strategy of another company and to . Home? apply the the bite mango summary quality improvement concepts to a completely new operations environment. I chose The Panera Bread Company (NASDAQ: PNRA).

That is the place I have been studying for the last year where I could observe how they operate. Teacher Statement? During this time, I have seen several areas that could be improved. The Bite Of The Mango Summary? For this assignment I chose one in Walker's for Educational Essay particular that has. Accessibility , Americans with Disabilities Act of the bite summary, 1990 , Bread 1447 Words | 7 Pages. ?Synopsis Panera Bread Company began in assessment 1981 as Au Bon Pain Co. founded by Louis Kane and Ron Shaich . Ron Shaich befriended . cofounder Louis Kane in of the 1980, shortly after opening the Cookie Jar bakery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Kane, a venture capitalist, had recently purchased the Au Bon Pain Company in of computer 1978.

Shaich was interested in adding bread and croissants to mango his menu to stimulate morning sales . Shaich recalled, 50,000 people a day were going past my store, and I had nothing to sell. Au Bon Pain , De facto , Fast casual restaurant 1462 Words | 7 Pages. Panera Bread : A Case Study Misti Walker Panera Bread : A Case Study 1 Strategy . Panera Breads strategy is to provide a premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to urban workers and suburban dwellers. This strategy is most closely aligned with a broad differentiation strategy, or being unique in ways that a broad range of consumers find appealing. Theoretical? Prior to of the mango summary taking the Panera concept nationwide, the owners performed cross-country market research and concluded that consumers could get excited. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Panera Bread 734 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Bread Company Swot Analysis. Organization This case study identified many strengths Panera Bread has including those dating back to Au Bon Pain Company; . however, this section will only identify those strengths associated with the current position of importance, Panera Bread Company. First and foremost is customer service. The company has been awarded with two major customer service awards including the J.D. Power and Associates restaurant satisfaction study which ranked Panera Bread highest among quick-service restaurants in the Midwest.

Au Bon Pain , Customer , Customer service 1505 Words | 4 Pages. Amber E Mones-Jackson Drop Box #1: Panera Bread Company Case MGMT 479 Synopsis: The Au Bon Pain Bakery was first opened in the bite mango . 1976 to fulfill the concept of a fast casual restaurant. Following a period of example, debt; the Cookie Jar Bakery owned by of the Ronald Shaich and example, Aub Bon Pain Bakery owned by Louis Kane merged to become Au Bon Pain Co. Inc. in the bite of the mango summary 1981. In 1985 after noticing customers buying bread and adding their own sandwich meat, the company decided to add fresh made sandwiches to mussolini their menu to capitalize. Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1503 Words | 5 Pages. The extent of this report is to analyze Panera Bread Company in terms of sustainability. The Bite Of The Summary? Content Introduction Overview . Sustainability Conclusion References Introduction For restaurateurs, study results suggest that developing positive indicators of customer behavioral intentions relies not only on the restaurants ability to increase customer satisfaction, but also to theoretical example establish a favorable image and perceived value.

Hence, restaurateurs are keen to of the strengthen in pursuit. Fast casual restaurants , Panera Bread , Sustainability 1164 Words | 4 Pages. Name: Wong Chung Hoe Group: 12 C) Case Study Q1. Importance Of Computer? How has Panera Bread established a unique position in the restaurant . industry? How has this unique position contributed to the firms success? Do you think Panera Bread will reach its goal of becoming a leading national brand in the restaurant industry?

Why or Why not? Panera Bread success to of the mango summary establish a unique position in the restaurant industry by Essay repositioned their restaurant to the bite summary a new category in the restaurant industry, called fast casual. Barriers to rise to power entry , Bread , Fast casual restaurant 1740 Words | 5 Pages. Panera Bread is the bite of the mango summary, ready for the currentchange in American eating habits. Mussolini To Power? The company is a leader in the quick-casual restaurant . business with more than 1,027 bakery-cafes in mango summary 36 states. Its locations, which operate under the Panera and Saint Louis Bread Company banners, offer made-to-order sandwiches built using a variety of american products wyeth, artisan breads , including Asiago cheese bread , focaccia, and summary, its classic sourdough bread . Its menu also features soups, salads, and gourmet coffees. In addition, Panera sells its. Bread , Competition , Fast casual restaurant 847 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Bread Company: Still Rising Fortunes? ? Panera Bread is a renowned restaurant that has come about from the merging of great companies and people.

However, the . beginning was actually with Au Bon Pain which was started in Bostons Feneuil Hall as a demonstration bakery. Louis Kane was struck by this stores growth potential and purchased the business in 1978. American Products? Between 1978 and 1981 the the bite mango company opened 13 stores, but subsequently closed 10 of these stores, in what the Boston area and had major debt. Ronald Shaich, a recent graduate from Harvard. Au Bon Pain , Customer , Customer service 2063 Words | 7 Pages. Panera Case Review TOPIC PAGE Synopsis.

3 LITERATURE REVIEW KEY . PROBLEM AND THE OPPORTUNITY....4 ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS . . 5-6 SELECTED SOLUTION6 IMPLEMENTATION/RECCOMENDATION . WORKS CITED..10 SYNOPSIS This video highlights the origins of Panera Bread. Au Bon Pain , Business school , Goal 937 Words | 3 Pages. MGMT479H June 23, 2013 Panera Case Study Week 3 Panera Bread Company's beginnings come from a vision of of the mango summary, one man . Background? who purchased the company from a French oven manufacturer Pavailler who opened a demonstration bakery. Louis Kane was struck by the potential of what the business could be so he purchased this business from Pavailler.

Named Au Bon Pain (French for of the, where good bread is) and opened 13 stores and closed 10 stores between 1978 and 1981. With bankruptcy in the future, Kane meets a fellow. Au Bon Pain , Customer , Customer service 1369 Words | 4 Pages. The overview of Company situation : Panera Bread Company Panera Bread company is one of the leading . fast-causal restaurant and widely recognized as the nationwide leader in the baked breads , made-to-order sandwishes, salads, custom roasted coffees and cafe beverages. The company targets to urban workers and suburban dwellers who looking for a quick service meal, qualify foods and environment. Importance Of Computer? In 2004, the customers ranked Panera Bread highest among quick-service restaurants in the Mid-west and Northeast. Asset , Balance sheet , Customer 1211 Words | 3 Pages. Chipotle vs. Panera Bread Company Introduction Fast Casual Restaurant fast casual restaurant is a type of restaurant that . does not offer full table service but promises a higher quality of the bite mango, food and atmosphere than a fast food restaurant. Is Formative Assessment? In the USA it is a relatively new and growing concept to mango summary fill the space between fast food and casual dining.

The typical cost per statement, meal is in the US$8$15 range. Two emerging fast casual restaurants are Chipotle Mexican Grill and Panera Bread . When Chipotle. Au Bon Pain , Chipotle Mexican Grill , Fast casual restaurant 1784 Words | 6 Pages. Case Study: Panera Danielle Fausti @00939465 MGMT 495 Section 801 February 27, 2014 1. What does a SWOT analysis reveal about the . overall attractiveness of its situation? The SWOT Analysis revealed about Panera Bread Co. (PBC) in its overall attractiveness in the bite the following.

SWOT analysis is a simple but powerful tool for sizing up a companys strengths and weaknesses, its market opportunities, and the external threats to its future wellbeing. Strengths of the company have made it. Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1521 Words | 6 Pages. is Panera Breads Present Strategy Working? 2 Financial Analysis: 2 Sales Growth 3 SWOT Analysis 4 Strengths 4 Weaknesses 5 . Opportunities 5 Threats 5 What is the Companys Relative Cost Position/Value Chain Analysis?

6 Cost advantage versus competitors 6 Value Chain Analysis 6 What is the Walker's for Educational Apps Companys Competitive Position in Relation to Rivals? 7 What are the the bite important issues/problems facing the company? 8 Competition 8 Lawsuits/Health concerns 8 How well is Panera Breads. Bread , Income , Income statement 1906 Words | 7 Pages. | Panera Bread Company in 2011: Pursuing growth in a difficult economy. | | Module II | | Panera . Bread Company in 2011: Pursuing growth in assessment a difficult economy. | | Module II | MGT 495 March 30, 2013 Nate Huffman 127203 MGT 495 March 30, 2013 Nate Huffman 127203 Table of of the mango, Contents What are the strategy elements of Harry Walker's Rubric, Panera Bread Company? How well do the pieces fit together? The two best indicators of how well a companys strategy is working are whether the.

Fast casual restaurant , Finance , Financial ratio 1317 Words | 5 Pages. Panera Bread (Draft) February 14, 2012 Table of Contents Executive Summary- Poligone (0) 3 Organizational Mission- . The Bite Of The? Poligone () 3 Strategic Analysis 4 Five Forces- Ortiz (1) 4 Competitive Strength Assessment- Ortiz () 7 SWOT Analysis- Bodenheimer () 8 SWOT Matrix- Bodenheimer 8 TOWS Matrix- Bodenheimer 8 Financial Analysis- Rhody () 8 Critical Issues- Miller (2) 11 Alternative Courses of mussolini to power, Action- Williams (3) 13 Recommended Solution-Williams 15 Executive Summary- (0) . Coeliac disease , Complementors , Fast casual restaurant 3759 Words | 11 Pages. Panera Bread XXXXXXXX Stevens-Henager College Management Principles XXXXX Do you want a cafe in the bite summary your . community that genuinely cares about the people that surrounds their business? If so you would really enjoy Panera Bread in your neighborhood. Panera Bread has established a mission, vision and personal statement, goals for their well-founded business. Panera is part of of the mango, a movement that strives toward healthier living and eating. Panera has a commitment to their communities that they take very seriously;. Bread , Community , Corporation 584 Words | 2 Pages. components of Panera Breads value chain? The primary components of Panera Breads value chain are 2. What strategic . issues and problems does Panera Bread management need to address? The strategic issues and problems that Panera Bread management needs to address are to Harry for Educational Apps do with their previously discussed strategy.

They want to provide premium bakery and cafe experience, broaden their stores and of the mango summary, locations in the states, and make Panera a nationwide brand name. Theoretical Background? The management at the bite of the summary Panera needs to. Brand , Brand management , Marketing 402 Words | 2 Pages. Making the Dough at Panera Bread Company Terri Wilson John Totherow Rebecca Hall March 3, 2013 Executive Summary . Repetti and Vincelette (2005) found that Panera Bread Company Panera opened 419 new bakery-cafe stores from the initial unit expansion beginning in 1999 through 2003 as system-wide revenues increased (p. 29-1). Annualized unit volumes and system-wide comparable sales percentages declined each year since 2003 indicating a decrease in company growth and narrowing profit-margin. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Fast casual restaurant 4900 Words | 12 Pages. As of Spring 2012, the two core elements of what assessment, Panera Bread Companys strategy were to the bite of the mango aggressively expand its market presence . across North America and improve the quality of the background example dining experience it provided to customers. Panera Bread believes that success is dependent on being better than the the bite guys across the street. They also wanted to make customers travel past other food establishment to dine at Panera Bread . Panera adopted a way for personal, attracting and retaining customers called Concept Essence. Bread , Customer , Customer service 516 Words | 2 Pages.

1. Where is summary, Panera today? Panera Bread Company is a NASDAQ (Symbol: PNRA) traded company, which currently has over . 1,500 company-owned and franchise-operated bakery-cafes in 40 U.S. Walker's Rubric For Educational? stated and Canada. Of The Summary? Approximately 47 % of the bakery-cafes are company owned, and most franchisees have 30 to american home products wyeth 40 units . A review of the 2010 annual report shows that the company is doing very well financially as it ended the the bite summary year with $229 in what cash on the Balance Sheet and the bite of the, no debt, while generating approximately $238. Bread , Customer , Fast casual restaurant 617 Words | 2 Pages. Miami. Importance Of Computer? At that places, people maybe know more or less about Panera Bread , enlarge the of the mango summary market that help company improve their . brand awareness, also can improve profits.

Panera Bread need inspect the low penetration markets cities or pilot project. Open new stores at untapped markets. Teacher? Like New York City, New Orleans and Toronto. As a franchise restaurant, Panera Bread need open new market to attract people come the restaurant, Panera Bread need open new one at a big city like New York. Firstly we need. Food , Marketing , New York City 560 Words | 4 Pages. Sunny Hill 1.) Panera Breads mission is to of the summary serve quality, fresh baked goods, sandwiches, soups, salads, and beverages to teacher personal statement their target . market of urban workers and suburban dwellers looking for a quick service meal that is more aesthetically pleasing than that offered by the traditional fast food restaurant. Their vision was to make this available to the bite mango summary consumers all across the teacher personal United States. Of The Mango? Their goal is to have nearly 2000 Panera Bread bakery-cafes open by is formative assessment the end of 2010. 2.) Their franchise.

Fast casual restaurant , Fast food , Franchise 417 Words | 2 Pages. Panera Bread Company Crafting and Executing Strategy Executive Summary The Panera Bread Company . is starting 2007 with unfinished goals and summary, missed targets previously set and a review of their strategy is in order to american home continue their ongoing success. The company has grown substantially since its inception in the competitive restaurant industry; however, an aggressive target of 2,000 Panera Bread bakery-cafes will require a focused strategic plan. The company has a strong base with loyal customers. Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Franchise 5823 Words | 21 Pages.

forensic practitioner and baker has changed my plans dramatically. After researching the career as a baker I now know that that is the bite, not a job that I would . want to pursue. Background Example? As a baker I dont feel like I am making much of of the mango summary, a difference, baking a cake or bread will not save someones life. I want to make a difference in life and help people. Becoming a forensic practitioner I can do that. I found more excitement in american products researching that career. When I think about choosing a career, I feel it must be something. Au Bon Pain , Baker , Baking 641 Words | 3 Pages.

GBA 490 Dr. Martin 09/18/2013 CASE: Panera Bread Company in 2013 1. What is Panera Breads strategy? Which . The Bite Of The Summary? of the Harry Walker's for Educational Essay five generic competitive strategies discussed in Chapter 5 most closely fit the competitive approach that Panera Bread is taking? What type of the bite of the mango, competitive advantage is statement, Panera Bread trying to achieve? The two core elements of Paneras strategy were to of the mango summary aggressively expand its market presence across North America and to improve the importance quality of the dining experience it provided. Au Bon Pain , Current ratio , Fast casual restaurant 780 Words | 3 Pages. this number is reasonable. Value Chain The main market segment that my business is mango summary, trying to market to are those over the age of 30 who live near the . east side of example, Madison that enjoy deli type foods and a quite environment. Based off what Panera Breads general manager had said I believe this segment is summary, increasing, due to Harry Rubric Apps more and more people wanting to try and eat healthier while on the go.

I would start by marketing my products to the early birds. I would try and spread the word that my bakery. Fast casual restaurant , Fast food restaurant , Food 2310 Words | 7 Pages. PANERA BREAD (CASE #8) CURRENT SITUATION * The principal strategic was to the bite summary make great bread broadly available . to theoretical background consumers across the United States. * The strategic give us the recognized as the nation ide leader in the specialty bread . The Bite Summary? * The driving concept behind panera bread was to home products provide a Premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to the bite of the summary urban workers a suburban dwellers looking for a quick-service meal and move aesthetically pleasing dining experience. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE . Consultative selling , Customer , Panera Bread 1558 Words | 7 Pages.

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Troubleshooting VLAN Trunk Protocol (VTP) View with Adobe Reader on a variety of devices. This document provides information on how to troubleshoot VLAN Trunk Protocol (VTP). There are no specific requirements for this document. This document is not restricted to specific software and summary hardware versions. Refer to for Educational Essay, Cisco Technical Tips Conventions for more information on document conventions. This section discusses some common troubleshooting situations for VTP. Unable to mango summary, See VLAN Details in the show run Command Output. Configuration changes in CatOS are written to NVRAM immediately after a change is made. In contrast, Cisco IOS ® Software does not save configuration changes to NVRAM unless you issue the copy running-config startup-config command.

VTP client and what is formative assessment server systems require VTP updates from other VTP servers to be immediately saved in NVRAM without user intervention. The VTP update requirements are met by the default CatOS operation, but the Cisco IOS update model requires an alternative update operation. For this alteration, a VLAN database was introduced into of the mango summary, Cisco IOS Software as a method to immediately save VTP updates for VTP clients and servers. In some versions of software, this VLAN database is in the form of a separate file in NVRAM, called the theoretical background vlan.dat file. You can view VTP/VLAN information that is stored in the vlan.dat file for the bite of the, the VTP client or VTP server if you issue the show vtp status command. VTP server/client mode switches do not save the teacher entire VTP/VLAN configuration to of the mango, the startup config file in the NVRAM when you issue the copy running-config startup-config command on these systems. It saves the configuration in the vlan.dat file. This does not apply to of computer, systems that run as VTP transparent. VTP transparent systems save the entire VTP/VLAN configuration to the startup config file in NVRAM when you issue the the bite copy running-config startup-config command. For example, if you delete vlan.dat file after the configuration of the VTP in server or client mode and reload the switch, it resets the VTP configuration to default settings.

However, if you configure VTP in importance transparent mode, delete the vlan.dat and reload the switch. The Bite Of The Summary! This retains the VTP configuration. This is an example of teacher personal statement, a default VTP configuration: You can configure normal-range VLANs (2 through 1000) when the switch is in either VTP server or transparent mode. However, you can only the bite mango summary, configure extended-range VLANs (1025 through 4094) in VTP transparent switches. In order to display all the VLAN configurations, the importance VLAN ID, name, and so forth, that are stored in the binary file, you must issue the show vlan command. You can display the VTP information, the mode, domain, and mango so forth, with use of the what show vtp status command. The VLAN information and the VTP information are not displayed in the show running-config command output when the switch is in the VTP server/client mode. This is normal behavior of the switch. Switches that are in of the VTP transparent mode display the VLAN and VTP configurations in the show running-config command output because this information is also stored in the configuration text file. Note: Extended-range VLANs are not supported by Rubric Essay, 3500XL . The 2900XL and 3500XL can use only the bite summary, VLANs in the range of 1 to 1001, and they do not support extended-range VLANs.

If you upgrade the software of the switch, it does not bring an enhancement to support the configuration of american home products wyeth, extended-range VLANs. Catalyst Switches Do Not Exchange VTP Information. VTP allows switches to of the, advertise VLAN information between other members of the same VTP domain. Teacher Personal! VTP allows a consistent view of the switched network across all switches. There are several reasons why the the bite of the summary VLAN information can fail to be exchanged.

Verify these items if switches that run VTP fail to exchange VLAN information: VTP information only passes through a trunk port. Is Formative! Make sure that all ports that interconnect switches are configured as trunks and are actually trunking. Make sure that if EtherChannels are created between two switches, only Layer 2 EtherChannels propagate VLAN information. Make sure that the VLANs are active in all the devices. One of the switches must be the VTP server in a VTP domain. All VLAN changes must be done on this switch in the bite mango order to have them propagated to the VTP clients. The VTP domain name must match and it is case sensitive. CISCO and cisco are two different domain names. Make sure that no password is set between the server and client. If any password is set, make sure that the password is the same on both sides.

Every switch in mussolini the VTP domain must use the same VTP version. VTP V1 and VTP V2 are not compatible on switches in the same VTP domain. The Bite Of The Summary! Do not enable VTP V2 unless every switch in the VTP domain supports V2. Note: VTP V2 is is formative assessment, disabled by default on VTP V2-capable switches. When you enable VTP V2 on a switch, every VTP V2-capable switch in of the the VTP domain enables V2. You can only configure the version on switches in VTP server or transparent mode. Switches that operate in transparent mode drop VTP advertisements if they are not in the same VTP domain.

The extended-range VLANs are not propagated. Therefore, you must configure extended-range VLANs manually on rise to power each network device. Note: In the future, the Catalyst 6500 Cisco IOS Software switches support VTP Version 3. This version is able to transmit extended-range VLANs. So far, VTP Version 3 is only supported on the bite summary CatOS. Refer to the Understanding How VTP Version 3 Works section of Configuring VTP for more information on VTP Version 3. The Security Association Identifier (SAID) values must be unique. SAID is a user-configurable, 4-byte VLAN identifier. The SAID identifies traffic that belongs to a particular VLAN. The SAID also determines to which VLAN each packet is switched. The SAID value is 100,000 plus the VLAN number.

These are two examples: The SAID for VLAN 8 is 100008. The SAID for american wyeth, VLAN 4050 is 104050. The updates from a VTP server do not get updated on a client if the client already has a higher VTP revision number. Also, the client does not allow these updates to flow to the bite, its downstream VTP clients if the client has a higher revision number than that which the VTP server sends.

Catalyst Switch Automatically Changes VTP Mode from Client to Transparent. Some Catalyst Layer 2 and background Layer 3 fixed configuration switches change the the bite mango summary VTP mode automatically from client to transparent with this error message: Either of these two reasons can cause the automatic VTP mode change in these switches: More VLANs run on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) than the switch can support. Catalyst Layer 2 and Layer 3 fixed configuration switches support a different maximum number of home products wyeth, instances of STP with the use of per-VLAN spanning tree+ (PVST+). For example, the Catalyst 2940 supports four instances of STP in PVST+ mode, while the Catalyst 3750 supports 128 instances of STP in PVST+ mode. If more than the maximum number of VLANs is defined in the VTP, the VLANs that remain operate with STP disabled. If the number of instances of STP that is already in use is greater than the maximum number, you can disable STP on one of the VLANs and enable it on the bite mango summary the VLAN where you want STP to run. Issue the no spanning-tree vlan vlan-id global configuration command in order to disable STP on what a specific VLAN.

Then, issue the of the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id global configuration command in Harry Rubric for Educational order to enable STP on the desired VLAN. Note: Switches that do not run STP still forward the bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) that they receive. Of The Summary! In this way, the other switches on the VLAN that have a running STP instance can break loops. Therefore, STP must run on enough switches in order to break all the loops in importance of computer the network. For example, at least one switch on each loop in the VLAN must run STP. You do not need to mango summary, run STP on all switches in the VLAN. However, if you run STP only on a minimal set of switches, a change to the network can introduce a loop into the network and is formative can result in a broadcast storm. Reduce the number of VLANs that are configured to mango summary, a number that the switch supports.

Configure the IEEE 802.1s Multiple STP (MSTP) on the switch in order to map multiple VLANs to a single STP instance. Use switches and/or images (Enhanced Image [EI]) which support a greater number of importance of computer, VLANs. The switch receives more VLANs from a connected switch than the the bite of the mango switch can support. An automatic VTP mode change also can occur if the switch receives a VLAN configuration database message that contains more than a set number of VLANs. This normally happens in teacher personal Catalyst Layer 2 and Layer 3 fixed configuration switches when they are connected to a VTP domain that has more VLANs than are supported locally. Configure the the bite of the mango summary allowed VLAN list on the trunk port of the connected switch in order to restrict the number of VLANs that are passed to the client switch. Enable pruning on the VTP server switch. Use switches and/or images (EI) which support a greater number of VLANs. Data Traffic Blocked between VTP Domains.

Sometimes it is required to connect to switches that belong to two different VTP domains. For example, there are two switches called Switch1 and Switch2. Switch1 belongs to VTP domain cisco1 and Switch2 belongs to VTP domain cisco2. When you configure trunk between these two switches with the Dynamic Trunk Negotiation (DTP), the trunk negotiation fails and the trunk between the switches does not form, because the example DTP sends the VTP domain name in a DTP packet. Because of this, the data traffic does not pass between the switches.

It is possible that you can also see this error message. Note: Some of the switches do not show this error message. The solution for this issue is to manually force the summary trunking instead in order to importance, rely on the DTP. Configure the trunk ports between the switches with the switchport mode trunk command. CatOS Switch Changes to the bite of the mango, VTP Transparent Mode, VTP-4-UNSUPPORTEDCFGRCVD: A recent change in CatOS incorporated a protective feature that causes a CatOS switch to go into VTP transparent mode in order to prevent the possibility of a switch reset because of a watchdog timeout. This change is documented in these Cisco bug IDs: How Do I Determine If My Switch Might Be Affected? The watchdog timeout can occur if these two conditions are met:

The Token Ring VLAN (1003) is translated to VLAN 1. You make a change in VLAN 1. Issue the show vlan command on the Catalyst in order to observe the Token Ring VLAN translation. This is an example of show vlan command output: How Does CatOS Version 6.3(3) Protect My Switch from a Watchdog Timeout? There is a protective feature in order to what, prevent a watchdog timeout in this CatOS version.

The Catalyst switch switches from VTP server or client to the bite summary, VTP transparent mode. How Do I Determine If My Switch Has Gone to VTP Transparent Mode in Order to Protect Against a Watchdog Timeout? Your switch has gone to VTP transparent mode if the logging level for the VTP is home wyeth, raised to 4. You see this message when the switchover occurs: What Are the mango Negative Effects When the Harry Rubric Apps Switch Goes to VTP Transparent Mode? If pruning is enabled, the trunks go down. If the trunks go down and no other ports are in that VLAN, the mango summary VLAN interface in the installed Multilayer Switch Feature Card (MSFC) goes down. If these effects occur, and this switch is in the core of your network, your network can be negatively affected. Where Does the Unsupported VTP Configuration Come From? Any Cisco IOS Software-based switch, such as the switches in this list, can supply the unsupported VTP configuration:

A Catalyst 2900/3500XL. A Cisco IOS Software Catalyst 6500. A Cisco IOS Software-based Catalyst 4000. These products translate the 1003 VLAN to VLAN 1 by default. The solution in CatOS-based switches enables the switches to handle this translated information properly. The solution for the Cisco IOS Software-based switches is to remove this default translation and match the behavior of the CatOS-based switches. These are the integrated fixed versions that are currently available: If you cannot upgrade to images that have these fixes integrated, you can modify the importance configuration in the Cisco IOS Software-based switches. The Bite Of The Mango! Use this procedure if the switch is a VTP server: The 1002 VLAN can be translated, but you can also remove it if you include this in your configuration: When Exactly Does My Switch Change to VTP Transparent Mode?

Some confusion exists about when this switchover to american home, VTP transparent mode occurs. The scenarios in this section provide examples of when the switchover can happen. These are the initial conditions: Both the Catalyst 6500 and the Catalyst 3500XL are VTP servers with the same VTP configuration revision number. Both servers have the same VTP domain name and the same VTP password, if the mango summary password is configured. The Catalyst 3500XL has the translated Token Ring VLAN. You start the what assessment servers while they are disconnected. If you connect these two switches, the mango summary Catalyst 6500 goes to VTP transparent mode.

Of course, this also happens if the Cisco 3500XL has a higher VTP configuration revision number than the Catalyst 6500 configuration revision number. Moreover, if the switch to VTP transparent mode occurs when you physically connect the importance of computer two switches, you can reasonably assume that the change would also occur if you booted the Catalyst 6500 for the first time while the the bite of the switch was already connected. These are the initial conditions: The Catalyst 6500 is a VTP server. The Catalyst 3500XL is a VTP client. The Catalyst 3500XL has a higher VTP configuration revision number than the Catalyst 6500 configuration revision number. Both switches have the same VTP domain and importance of computer the same VTP password, if the password is the bite summary, configured. The Catalyst 3500XL has the translated Token Ring VLAN.

You start the servers while they are disconnected. If you connect these two switches, the Catalyst 6500 goes to VTP transparent mode. Mussolini Rise! In this scenario, if the Catalyst 3500XL has a lower configuration revision number than the Catalyst 6500 configuration revision number, the Catalyst 6500 does not switch to VTP transparent mode. If the Catalyst 3500XL has the same configuration revision number, the mango Catalyst 6500 does not go to teacher statement, VTP transparent mode. However, the the bite of the summary translation is still present in the Catalyst 3500XL. What Is the Quickest Way to Recover After I Notice the Translation in My Network? Even if you correct the Token Ring VLAN information in one switch, such as the statement switch that malfunctioned, the information can propagate throughout your network. You can use the show vlan command in order to the bite of the, determine if this occurred. Therefore, the quickest way to recover is to perform these steps: Take a Cisco IOS Software-based switch, such as a Catalyst XL that is connected to the network, and change the switch to a VTP server.

Remove the translated VLANs. After you apply the change in products the switch, reconnect the switch to the network. The change should be propagated to all the the bite summary other VTP servers and background example clients. You can use the show vlan command in order to verify that the translation is gone in the network. At this point, you should be able to the bite of the mango summary, change the importance of computer affected CatOS 6.3(3) switch back to a VTP server. Note: The Catalyst XL switches do not support as many VLANs as the Catalyst 6500s support. Ensure that all the VLANs in the Catalyst 6500 exist in the Catalyst XL switch before you reconnect them. For example, you do not want to connect a Catalyst 3548XL with 254 VLANs and a higher VTP configuration revision number to a Catalyst 6500 that has 500 VLANs configured. How a Recently Inserted Switch Can Cause Network Problems. This problem occurs when you have a large switched domain that is all in the same VTP domain, and you want to add one switch in the network.

This switch was previously used in the bite of the mango summary the lab, and a good VTP domain name was entered. The switch was configured as a VTP client and was connected to statement, the rest of the of the summary network. Then, you brought the ISL link up to the rest of the network. In just a few seconds, the home whole network was down. Of The Mango! How did this happen?

The configuration revision number of the switch that you inserted was higher than the configuration revision number of the VTP domain. Mussolini To Power! Therefore, your recently introduced switch, with almost no configured VLANs, erased all VLANs through the summary VTP domain. This occurs whether the switch is a VTP client or a VTP server. A VTP client can erase VLAN information on a VTP server. You can tell that this has occurred when many of the ports in your network go into inactive state but continue to be assigned to a nonexistent VLAN. Quickly reconfigure all of the VLANs on Harry Apps one of the of the mango VTP servers. Always make sure that the configuration revision number of all switches that you insert into statement, the VTP domain is lower than the configuration revision number of the switches that are already in the VTP domain. If you have the output of a show tech-support command from of the mango summary, your Cisco device, you can use the Output Interpreter (registered customers only) in order to display potential issues and fixes. Complete these steps in personal statement order to see an example of this problem:

Issue these commands in order to the bite mango summary, see that clic has 7 VLANs (1, 2, 3, and the defaults), clic is the VTP server in the domain named test, and port 2/3 is in VLAN 3: Connect bing, which is a lab switch on which VLANs 4, 5, and 6 were created. Note: The configuration revision number is 3 in this switch. Place bing in the same VTP domain (test). Configure the trunk between the two switches in for Educational Apps Essay order to integrate bing in the network. Bing erased the clic VLAN, and now clic has VLANs 4, 5, and 6. However, clic no longer has VLANs 2 and 3, and port 2/3 is the bite of the summary, inactive. Recently Added Switch Does Not Get the VLANs From the VTP Server. Make sure that the newly added switch has a configuration revision number that is less than the current revision number of the theoretical domain. See the How a Recently Inserted Switch Can Cause Network Problems and Reset the the bite mango Configuration Revision Number sections for more information. The new switch might not immediately receive the list of configured VLANs from the VTP server.

In order to overcome this, make any of these modifications to the VLAN database: Create any VLAN. Delete any VLAN. Modify the properties of any current VLAN. Make modifications to the VLAN database at any VTP server of the american home products wyeth same domain. Once the modification is completed, the of the summary newly added switch receives the VLAN information from the VTP server. Reset the Configuration Revision Number.

You can easily reset the importance configuration revision number by of the summary, either of the two procedures provided in this section. Reset the Configuration Revision using Domain Name. Complete these steps in order to reset the configuration revision number with the Harry Walker's Apps change of the domain name: Issue this command in order to see that the the bite summary configuration is empty: Configure the domain name, which is test in this example, and theoretical create two VLANs. The configuration revision number goes up to 2:

Change the domain name from test to cisco. The configuration revision number is back to 0, and all the VLANs are still present: Change the VTP domain name from cisco back to test. The configuration revision is 0. There is no risk that anything can be erased, and the bite all the previously configured VLANs remain: Reset the importance of computer Configuration Revision using VTP Mode. Complete these steps in the bite of the summary order to reset the configuration revision number with the change of the VTP mode: Issue this command in rise order to of the mango summary, see that the configuration is empty: Configure the domain name, which is what is formative assessment, test in this example, and create two VLANs. The configuration revision number goes up to 2: Change the VTP mode from server to transparent. The configuration revision number is back to 0, and all the VLANs are still present:

Change the VTP mode from transparent to the bite, server or client. The configuration revision is 0. There is no risk that anything can be erased, and all the previously configured VLANs remain: All Ports Inactive After Power Cycle. Switch ports move to the inactive state when they are members of VLANs that do not exist in the VLAN database. A common issue is what assessment, that all the ports move to this inactive state after a power cycle. Generally, you see this when the the bite switch is configured as a VTP client with the uplink trunk port on a VLAN other than VLAN 1. Because the switch is in VTP client mode, when the switch resets, it loses its VLAN database and causes the uplink port and any other ports that were not members of products wyeth, VLAN 1 to go into inactive mode.

Complete these steps in order to solve this problem: Temporarily change the VTP mode to transparent. Add the VLAN to the bite of the mango, which the uplink port is assigned to the VLAN database. Note: This example assumes that VLAN 3 is the VLAN that is assigned to the uplink port. Change the VTP mode back to client after the example uplink port begins forwarding. After you complete these steps, VTP should re-populate the VLAN database from the VTP server. Of The Summary! The re-population moves all ports that were members of VLANs that the VTP server advertised back into american home products, the active state. Trunk Down, which Causes VTP Problems. Remember that VTP packets are carried on VLAN 1, but only on trunks (ISL, dot1q, or LAN emulation [LANE]). If you make VLAN changes during a time when you have a trunk down or when LANE connectivity is down between two parts of the bite mango, your network, you can lose your VLAN configuration.

When the personal trunk connectivity is of the summary, restored, the two sides of the what is formative assessment network resynchronize. The Bite Mango Summary! Therefore, the switch with the highest configuration revision number erases the VLAN configuration of the lowest configuration revision switch. VTP and american products wyeth STP (Logical Spanning Tree Port) When you have a large VTP domain, you also have a large STP domain. VLAN 1 must span through the whole VTP domain. Therefore, one unique STP is the bite mango, run for that VLAN in importance of computer the whole domain. When VTP is used and the bite mango summary a new VLAN is created, the VLAN is propagated through the entire VTP domain. The VLAN is then created in all switches in the VTP domain. All Cisco switches use PVST, which means that the switches run a separate STP for each VLAN.

This adds to the CPU load of the switch. You must refer to the maximum number of logical ports (for the STP) that are supported on the switch in teacher statement order to have an idea of the number of STPs that you can have on each switch. The number of logical ports is mango, roughly the number of ports that run STP. Note: A trunk port runs one instance of STP for each active VLAN on the trunk. You can perform a rapid evaluation of this value for your switch with this formula:

This number, which is the maximum number of logical ports for STP, varies from switch to switch and is documented in the release notes for each product. For example, on a Catalyst 5000 with Supervisor Engine 2, you can have a maximum of 1500 STP instances. Each time you create a new VLAN with VTP, the VLAN is propagated by default to background example, all switches and mango is subsequently active on all ports. You might need to prune unnecessary VLANs from the trunk in order to avoid inflation of the number of logical ports. Note: Pruning unnecessary VLANs from the trunk can be performed with one of two methods: Manual pruning of the theoretical background unnecessary VLAN on the trunk This is the best method, and it avoids the use of the spanning tree. Instead, the method runs the pruned VLAN on trunks. The VTP Pruning section of this document describes manual pruning further. VTP pruning Avoid this method if the summary goal is to statement, reduce the number of STP instances. VTP-pruned VLANs on a trunk are still part of the spanning tree.

Therefore, VTP-pruned VLANs do not reduce the number of spanning tree port instances. VTP pruning increases the available bandwidth. VTP pruning restricts flooded traffic to those trunk links that the traffic must use in order to access the the bite appropriate network devices. By default, VTP pruning is disabled. The enablement of VTP pruning on a VTP server enables pruning for the entire management domain. The set vtp pruning enable command prunes VLANs automatically and stops the inefficient flooding of theoretical background example, frames where the frames are not needed.

By default, VLANs 2 through 1000 are pruning eligible. VTP pruning does not prune traffic from pruning-ineligible VLANs. Of The Mango! VLAN 1 is always pruning ineligible; traffic from what assessment, VLAN 1 cannot be pruned. Note: Unlike manual VLAN pruning, automatic pruning does not limit the spanning tree diameter. All devices in the management domain must support VTP pruning in order for the bite of the, VTP pruning to be effective. Mussolini Rise To Power! On devices that do not support VTP pruning, you must manually configure the VLANs that are allowed on trunks. You can perform manual pruning of the VLAN from the trunk with the clear trunk mod / port command and the clear trunk vlan_list command.

For example, you can choose to the bite mango, only allow, on each trunk, a core switch to the VLANs that are actually needed. This helps to reduce the load on the CPUs of all switches (core switches and access switches) and avoids the use of STP for those VLANs that extend through the entire network. This pruning limits STP problems in the VLAN. This is an example: Topology The topology is products wyeth, two core switches that are connected to of the mango, each other, each with 80 trunk connections to Walker's Apps, 80 different access switches. With this design, each core switch has 81 trunks, and each access switch has two uplink trunks. This assumes that access switches have, in addition to the two uplinks, two or three trunks that go to a Catalyst 1900. This is a total of four to five trunks per of the mango summary access switch. Platform Core switches are Catalyst 6500s with Supervisor Engine 1A and Policy Feature Card 1 (PFC1) that run software release 5.5(7). According to the Release Notes for Catalyst 6000/6500 Software Release 5.x, this platform cannot have more than 4000 STP logical ports.

Access switches Access switches are either: Catalyst 5000 switches with Supervisor Engine 2, which do not support more than 1500 STP logical ports. Catalyst 5000 switches with Supervisor Engine 1 and 20 MB of DRAM, which do not support more than 400 STP logical ports. Number of VLANs Remember to theoretical background, use VTP. A VLAN on the VTP server is of the mango summary, created on background all switches in the network. The Bite Of The! If you have 100 VLANs, the importance core must handle roughly 100 VLANs x 81 trunks = 8100 logical ports, which is the bite of the, above the limit. The access switch must handle 100 VLANs x 5 trunks = 500 logical ports.

In this case, Catalysts in the core exceed the products supported number of logical ports, and access switches with Supervisor Engine 1 are also above the the bite of the mango limit. Solution If you assume that only background, four or five VLANs are actually needed in of the each access switch, you can prune all the wyeth other VLANs from the trunk on of the summary the core layer. For example, if only VLANs 1, 10, 11, and 13 are needed on trunk 3/1 that goes to that access switch, the importance configuration on the core is: Note: Even if you do not exceed the number of allowed logical ports, prune VLANs from a trunk. Of The Mango Summary! The reason is that an STP loop in one VLAN only extends where the VLAN is home wyeth, allowed and does not go through the entire campus. The broadcast in one VLAN does not reach the switch that does not need the mango broadcast. In releases that are earlier than software release 5.4, you cannot clear VLAN 1 from trunks. In later releases, you can clear VLAN 1 with this command: The Case of VLAN 1 section of this document discusses techniques on how to theoretical example, keep VLAN 1 from spanning the whole campus. If two switches, A and B, are connected with one port of Switch A, which is configured as trunk, and is connected to an IP phone, then the VTP joins the of the mango messages that pass from Switch A to Switch B. Therefore, Switch B is not able to prune the unused VLANS. This issue can be resolved if you configure the port connected to IP Phone as an access port voice VLAN . You cannot apply VTP pruning to VLANs that need to exist everywhere and that need to be allowed on all switches in american home products wyeth the campus, in order to be able to carry VTP, Cisco Discovery Protocol [CDP] traffic, and other control traffic.

However, there is a way to limit the mango extent of VLAN 1. The feature is what is formative assessment, called VLAN 1 disable on trunk. The feature is available on Catalyst 4500/4000, 5500/5000, and 6500/6000 series switches in CatOS software release 5.4(x) and later. The Bite Mango! The feature allows you to prune VLAN 1 from a trunk, as you do for any other VLAN. This pruning does not include all the control protocol traffic that is still allowed on the trunk (DTP, PAgP, CDP, VTP, and others). However, the pruning does block all user traffic on mussolini rise that trunk. With this feature, you can keep the VLAN from spanning the entire campus.

STP loops are limited in of the mango summary extent, even in VLAN 1. Walker's For Educational Essay! Configure VLAN 1 to the bite mango, be disabled, as you would configure other VLANs to be cleared from the trunk: UDLD uses native VLAN in order to talk to the neighbor. So, in a trunk port, the native VLAN must not be pruned in order for UDLD to work properly. Troubleshoot VTP Configuration Revision Number Errors That Are Seen in teacher personal the show vtp statistics Command Output. VTP is mango summary, designed for an administrative environment in which the VLAN database for the domain is changed at only one switch at any one time. It assumes that the new revision propagates throughout the domain before another revision is made. If you change the database simultaneously on two different devices in the administrative domain, you can cause two different databases to be generated with the same revision number.

These databases propagate and overwrite the existing information until they meet at an intermediate Catalyst switch on the network. This switch cannot accept either advertisement because the packets have the same revision number but a different MD5 value. When the switch detects this condition, the switch increments the No of config revision errors counter. Note: The show vtp statistics command output in this section provides an mussolini rise example. If you find that the VLAN information is the bite, not updated on a certain switch, or if you encounter other, similar problems, issue the Walker's for Educational show vtp statistics command. Determine if the count of VTP packets with configuration revision number errors is increasing: If you observe a configuration revision error, you can resolve this problem if you change the VLAN database in the bite mango some way so that a VTP database with a higher revision number than the revision number of the competing databases is created.

For example, on the switch that acts as the primary VTP server, add or delete a false VLAN in the administrative domain. This updated revision is products wyeth, propagated throughout the domain and overwrites the database at the bite of the mango all devices. When all the wyeth devices in the bite of the mango the domain advertise an Harry Rubric for Educational Apps Essay identical database, the error no longer appears. Troubleshoot VTP Configuration Digest Errors That Are Seen in the show vtp statistics Command Output. This section addresses how to the bite summary, troubleshoot VTP configuration digest errors that you see when you issue the Walker's for Educational show vtp statistics command. Of The Mango Summary! This is an example: The general purpose of an MD5 value is to verify the integrity of importance of computer, a received packet and to detect any changes to the packet or corruption of the packet during transit. When a switch detects a new revision number that is different from the currently stored value, the the bite mango summary switch sends a request message to the VTP server and requests the VTP subsets. Products Wyeth! A subset advertisement contains a list of VLAN information.

The switch calculates the the bite MD5 value for the subset advertisements and compares the value to the MD5 value of the VTP summary advertisement. If the two values are different, the switch increases the american products wyeth No of config digest errors counter. A common reason for these digest errors is that the VTP password is not configured consistently on mango all VTP servers in the VTP domain. Troubleshoot these errors as a misconfiguration or data corruption issue. When you troubleshoot this problem, ensure that the assessment error counter is not historical. The statistics menu counts errors since the most recent device reset or the VTP statistics reset. Unable to Change the VTP Mode of a Switch from Server / Transparent. If the switch is a standalone (that is, not connected to the network), and of the summary you want to configure the importance of computer VTP mode as the client, after reboot, the of the summary switch comes up either as a VTP server or VTP transparent, dependent upon the VTP mode of the switch before it was configured as the VTP client. The switch does not allow itself to american, be configured as a VTP client when there is no VTP server nearby.

OSPF Hellos Blocked in a VTP Domain. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Hellos can get blocked and the adjacency can be dropped if a switch in the VTP domain is changed from the the bite mango summary server or client mode to transparent mode. This issue can occur if VTP pruning is enabled in the domain. Use any of these options in order to resolve the issue: Hard code the OSPF neighbors. Disable VTP pruning in the domain. Revert the VTP mode of the switch to importance of computer, server or client. This section talks about the commonly occuring variants of this error message: %SW_VLAN-4-VTP_USER_NOTIFICATION: VTP protocol user notification: Version 1 device detected on of the summary [int] after grace period has ended. By default, the VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) Version on Cisco switches is mussolini rise to power, Version 2 and is compatible with Version 1. This message is just a notification that indicates that there is a switch connected on port Gig0/10 that runs VTP Version 1. Everything continues to work fine, unless you run IPX, and there is nothing harmful for the switch. In order to resolve this issue, change the VTP version with these commands.

For Cisco IOS switches, use these commands: For CatOS switches, use this command: %SW_VLAN-SP-4-VTP_USER_NOTIFICATION: VTP protocol user notification: MD5 digest checksum mismatch on receipt of equal revision summary on trunk: [int] %SW_VLAN-4-VTP_USER_NOTIFICATION: VTP protocol user notification: Error detected in the bite of the VTP Revision Number for VTP Domain Index [dec] Single Switchport Trunk That Allowed the vlan command Appears as Multiple Commands in the show running-config command Output.

When the number of importance of computer, allowed VLANs extends past a certain number of characters, which is the default terminal width, the the bite mango summary show running-config command wraps the rise line and adds the switchport trunk allowed vlan add command to the line. This is the summary way Cisco IOS handles long lists in the switchport trunk allowed vlan command. The output of show running-config looks similar to this: You can also notice that the VLAN list has been order in ascending order and displayed in background the output. Remove VLAN 1 from the allowed list so you can disable VLAN 1 on any individual VLAN trunk port in order to reduce the risk of spanning-tree loops or storms. When you remove VLAN 1 from a trunk port, the interface continues to send and receive management traffic, for example, Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP), Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP), Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP), Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP), and VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) in VLAN 1. The no form of the allowed vlan command resets the list to the default list, which allows all VLANs. All packets sent to the EARL must be prefixed by a VLAN ID, because that is the packet format the EARL expects. Of The Mango! Routed ports do not have a visible VLAN ID since one is not explicitly configured, so the switch borrows a VLAN from the pool of 4096 that it has.

You can instruct the Catalyst 6500 series switch to start to borrow VLANs from the top, and descend from 4096, or from bottom, and ascend from 1006, with the use the importance global config mode vlan allocation policy command. Thus it is normal behavior for internal VLAN to be utilized with routed or WAN interface.

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Alliance Healthcare Services - MRI Technologist Resume Example. Motivational and experienced Registered Radiologic Technologist with knowledge and background in mango Radiography as well Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Walker's Rubric? Fully credentialed in both modalities with over 5 years experience total in the radiology field. Mango? Looking for wyeth, opportunity to grow and hone skills in Magnetic Resonance Imaging to the bite of the mango, assist in rise to power achieving higher levels of patient satisfaction. Nebraska Medical License. Basic Life Support. American Registry of of the mango Radiology Technologists: Radiography and MRI.

Fluoroscopic Radiologic Technologist (California) Certified Radilologic Technologist (California) Kansas Board of Healing Arts. Microsoft Office, Excel, and Outlook, and Harry Walker's for Educational Essay, Powerpoint Experience with multiple RIS systems Utilized several CR, DR, and the bite of the, film screen systems. Over 5 years experience in Radiography Over 2 1/2 years experience in personal MRI Utilized several scanners: Seimens, Hitachi, Phillips, and GE. February 2012 to September 2012 Alliance Healthcare Services - California Mobile setting Serviced several Kaiser Permanente Hospital sites in Northern California Scanned on GE 15x 1.5T closed magnet 22-24 patients scanned in the bite of the mango summary a 12 hour period studies include brain, upper/lower extremities, neck, abdomen, spines, and is formative assessment, vascular anatomy Daily SNR quality check. Of The Summary? July 2011 to teacher, February 2012 Med7 Urgent Care - Roseville , California Simultaneously served as a radiologic technologist and a medical assistant Provided care in an urgent care setting during 12 hour shifts Helped to extend services to the bite mango summary, patients that would arrive upon closing time Radiographed patients using the Konica Minolta CR system Utilized my role as a radiographer in other Med7 Urgent Care clinics as needed Perfomed laboratory orders Assisted doctors in minor procedures Performed drug screens Cleaned and sterilized instruments and disposed of importance of computer contaminated supplies Assessed patients and of the mango summary, performed vitals on patients of all ages Maintained patient charts and confidential files. Mussolini Rise To Power? Follow-up care with each patient 2 days after their visit. August 2010 to the bite, July 2011 Saint-Luke's Northland Hospital Barry Road Campu - Kansas City , Missouri Employed as PRN technologist Assisted to mussolini rise to power, aid in the bite summary coverage for what assessment, full-time technologists Performed MRI scans on a Seimen's Magnetom Symphony 1.5T closed system Practiced patient and personnel safety by utilizing 3 processes of screenings before either patient or personnel enter the MRI suite Peformed studies of the the bite, brain, neck, spines, upper/lower extremities, abdomen, and vascular anatomy on mussolini rise, inpatients, outpatients, and trauma patients Administered contrast through power and hand injections as needed for contrasted studies Performed daily SNR Uitlized Mckesson RIS system. July 2009 to July 2011 North Kansas City Hospital - Kansas City , MO Served as a PRN Technologist in the bite of the multiple areas of the hospital including outpatient radiology, inpatient/ER radiology, surgery, pain management, and the MRI suite Experience with several systems including Phillips CR and DR, Konica Minolta CR, Kodak CR, Seimens and Toshiba Fluoroscopy tables, Agfa CR, Fuji CR, and american wyeth, GE Eqipment Aided in mobile radiography in the ER for trauma patients as well as patients that are considered immobile on each patient floor Utilized fluoroscopy in surgery and in pain management MRI suite: practiced magnet/RF safety through screening with patients and personnel entering the the bite of the, suite Performing venipuncture per contrasted study though machine or hand injection Reviewed as a key PRN technologist for reliaibility and flexibility Utilized Cerner as the main RIS system f. April 2010 to January 2011 Northland Imaging - Kansas City , MO PRN Technologist Small professional clinical setting Utilized skills as a MRI Technologist and scanned on a Hitachi II OPEN magnet Peformed 5 to 8 scheduled scans in 10 hour period Studies include brain, spine, upper/lower extremities, and limited vascular anatomy Utilized venipuncture as needed per contrasted study. May 2007 to November 2008 Cushing Memorial Hospital - Leavenworth , Kansas Full-time technologist Peformed diagnostic radiography during 2nd shift on inpatients, outpatients, and trauma patients Peformed scheduled fluoroscopy exams in radiology Aided in surgery and american home products wyeth, pain clinic with fluoroscopy required in different procedures Experience on Kodak and mango summary, Fuji CR and film/screen systems Experience in quality control and processor maintenance.

named a key PRN technologist in one of mussolini to power my reviews at North Kansas City Hospital due to my flexibility and reliability Pro-active in participation with training upcoming Radiologic Technologists from Avila College in the bite mango summary Kansas City. Surgical Technologist/ Operating Room Technician@Bay Area Medical Center. LPN Nurse@White Glove Community Care. Lpn Charge Nurse@Claremore Nursing Home. Teaching Assistant@Marian University of Fond du Lac Nursing Resource Center.

Registered Respiratory Therapist@Scripps Hospital. Certified RN Nurse Trainer/Program Nurse@Association for Individual Development. Harry Walker's Apps Essay? Featured Jobs in the bite Omaha:View More Omaha Jobs. Get job alerts sent to your inbox for. MRI Technologist Radiologic Technologist/Medical Assistant Radiologic Technologist/MRI Technologist Radiologic Technologist. Kaiser Permanent Allied Health School of Sciences Kaiser Permanente School of Allied Health Sciences Southwest Missouri Allied Health Education Hillyard Technical Center Missouri Western State University. Certificate : Fluorocopy permit , 2012.

Certificate : Venipuncture , 2012. Home Products Wyeth? Certificate : Magnetic Resonance Imaging , 2009. Certificate : Radiologic Technology , 2007. No Degree : General Studies , 2005. The Bite Mango? Where can I find a Alliance Healthcare Services MRI Technologist resume example in Omaha, Nebraska 68136? This is an actual resume example of a MRI Technologist who works in the Nurses Industry. LiveCareer has 63739 Nurses resumes in its database. LiveCareers Resume Directory contains real resumes created by subscribers using LiveCareers Resume Builder. Importance? Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.

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Edna Lewis and the Black Roots of mango, American Cooking. The chef and author made the case for black Southern cooking as the foundation of our national cuisine. Does she get the credit she deserves? By FRANCIS LAM OCT. What Is Formative Assessment! 28, 2015. T he air around Bethel Baptist Church in Unionville, Va., is sweet with pine and moss. From the road, Bethel seems like any other small-town white clapboard church, though a closer look shows some wear: a few holes in the windows, spidery cracks in the vinyl siding, a plastic Christmas tree tossed into the woods behind its gravel lot, sun-bleached to a shade of blue God never intended.

But the church was built to last, and its still solid at nearly 125 years old. It sits at of the mango summary, the corner of Marquis and Independence Roads: nobility and freedom, a fitting location for a place founded by black people who decided they werent going to worship at the back of white churches anymore. One of those founders was Chester Lewis, an angular man with wide, piercing eyes who spent much of his life enslaved a couple of american home products, miles down Marquis Road. The Bite Of The Summary! After emancipation, he built a house and planted orchards with a few other families on a plot of land his former master ceded to him. He and his wife, Lucinda, were illiterate, but they welcomed Isabella Lightfoot, a black graduate of Oberlin College, to use a part of importance, their home as a school for the fledgling communitys children. Summary! They farmed, fished and foraged all their food, threshing their own wheat, raising their own animals and walking over to what, Jacksons General Store for salt, spices, vanilla and Valentines Day presents. Mango Summary! They struggled but were self-reliant, relishing their freedom, and they named their settlement Freetown. In Freetown, the people lived close to rise, the land, cooking their harvest in wood stoves, using wells and streams to keep food cool. And they lived close to one another. Chester and Lucindas granddaughter Edna Lewis remembered food as the center of the bite, its culture of work and is formative community.

In 1984, she told Phil Audibert, a documentarian: If someone borrowed one cup of sugar, they would return two. If someone fell ill, the of the mango neighbors would go in and milk the cows, feed the chickens, clean the house, cook the food and come and sit with whoever was sick. I guess rural life conditioned people to cooperate with their neighbors. Their conversation was recorded a half-century after Lewis moved away, but the impression her community made on her was still profound. Her father died in theoretical, 1928, and the rest of the family, which included six children who survived into adulthood, struggled during the Depression. Lewis left Freetown by herself as a teenager, joining the Great Migration north. Eventually, the rest of the summary community left, too. Today, Freetown is just a stand of fruit trees, and Jacksons store has become someones rickety machine shop, its porch greening with vines of Virginia creeper crawling through the floorboards. But nearby, there are a few gravestones behind a white fence. I read the epitaphs when I visited, arriving at the grave I had come to pay my respects to: Dr. Edna Lewis, April 13, 1916February 13, 2006, Grande Dame of Southern Cooking. I reached out to touch it, but then pulled back my hand; I remembered that I had the scent of cheap fried chicken on teacher, my fingers, fried chicken that I am sure Miss Lewis, as she was always known, would not have approved of.

It was tasty, that chicken, in the bite of the mango, the way that pre-fried chicken plucked out from a pile under heatlamps can be tasty: salty and greasy, slicking the lips with bird fat. But Lewis, who placed Southern cooking in the pantheon of great cuisines, respected fried chicken as a special-occasion food. She made hers not by punishing it in a pot of hot grease, but by patiently turning it in a shallow pan, crisping it over time in a blend of lard, butter and country ham, a technique that reflects something greater than the assessment flavor of of the, conjoined fats. When Lewis was growing up in products, Freetown, she learned that there was a season truly perfect for the bite frying chickens late spring to early summer, when the birds were the right size and teacher personal statement had the right feed just as there was a season for peaches and a season for blackberries. Foods, Lewis argued, are always temporal, so all good tastes are special. And when you have only the bite mango a few chances every year to make something, you make it well. You use home-rendered lard to cook the bird. You brown the breasts first, then lay them on top of the products sizzling legs so that they finish cooking gently in summary, the heat above the pan. To Power! You slip in a slice of the bite, country ham to season the fat. Thats how you give thanks for it.

Along the way, fried chicken has become a fraught food, somehow both universally beloved and what also used in ugly stereotypes of black people. But Lewis treated all the mango food she prepared, perhaps all things she did, with dignity and sensitivity. You get this sense in Walker's Apps Essay, photos of her: She always stood tall, often dressed in clothes made of African fabrics, her white hair crowning her head. Almost everyone who met her describes her as regal. Its almost as if her parents knew, when they gave her the middle name Regina. Lewis went on from Freetown to become a revered chef and the bite summary cookbook author, a friend to literati and movie stars and the winner of nearly every award our culinary institutions had to give. Today, her name is example, revered among food-world cognoscenti but less well known than your average Food Network star, and yet her championing of Southern food, and cooking it close to the land, is of the, more relevant than ever. We werent ready for background her then, one of her acolytes, Alice Waters, says. Now we are. Our mother was an excellent cook, Lewiss younger sister, Ruth Lewis Smith, told me recently. Our Aunt Jennie was an excellent cook. A lot of our family went to Washington, D.C., to the bite of the summary, work as cooks.

When they came home, they all learned from each other. The elite homes of Rubric, Virginia, going back to the days when the of the Colonial elite socialized with French politicians and generals during the what is formative assessment Revolutionary War, dined on a cuisine inspired by France. It was built on local ingredients many originally shared by Native Americans or brought by slaves from Africa and developed by enslaved black chefs like James Hemings, who cooked for Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. Because this aristocratic strain of Southern cuisine was provisioned and cooked largely by black people, it came into their communities as well, including Freetown. Smith is 91 and the bite still raises chickens; a cage of quail coo in her kitchen. Importance! When I called her, she asked me to call back later because her apple butter had been on the bite of the mango summary, the stove for is formative two days, and it was ready for canning. As a girl, Lewis busied herself with gathering berries, sewing and other home-taught skills. Of The Mango Summary! She watched the older women intently, learning to cook alongside them. After leaving Freetown, she made her way to New York City, where she took a job at a laundry and was fired three hours later: Shed never ironed before.

She became a Communist and bristled at having to enter employers buildings through the back door but nonetheless worked for a time as a domestic, helping to background example, put her baby sister Naomi through art school. At one point, she became a sought-after seamstress, making dresses for Doe Avedon and Marilyn Monroe, and dressing windows for the high-end department store Bonwit Teller. Surrounded by of the bohemians and fashion figures, she gave dinner parties for personal statement her friends, channeling her memories of the bite of the, her mother and teacher aunt at the bite, the stove. In 1948, Johnny Nicholson, a regular at Lewiss table, was getting ready to open a cafe on the Upper East Side. As Nicholson used to tell it, Lewis walked by, about to take another job as a domestic, when she looked into theoretical background example her friends place and said it would make a terrific restaurant. A week later, Lewis was cooking lunch at Cafe Nicholson. She offered a tidy menu: herbed roast chicken, filet mignon, a piece of fish, some cake, a chocolate souffle. The restaurant was a smash.

It had a dining room like a fabulists dream: floral displays and mango summary soaring palm fronds dipping down to personal, kiss the heads of the bite summary, guests like Paul Robeson, Tennessee Williams and Gore Vidal. Truman Capote would come into the kitchen, purring at his new friend Edna for a fix of biscuits. William Faulkner once flattered Lewis by asking if she had studied cooking in Paris. But no, her sister Ruth Lewis Smith told me: She learned to make souffles from their mother, back in products wyeth, Virginia. Smith, in of the mango summary, fact, often made them herself, after the restaurant took off and she came to help out. The restaurant critic Clementine Paddleford reviewed the restaurant in 1951 in of computer, The New York Herald Tribune, calling that souffle light as a dandelion seed in a wind and noting a sense of pride in the chef: We saw Edna peering in from the kitchen, just to of the summary, see the teacher statement effect on the guests and hear the echoes of praise. But Lewis wasnt just the chef. Of The! With Jim Crow in Walker's for Educational Apps Essay, full effect and de facto segregation the the bite of the reality in Harry Walker's Rubric Apps, most of the North, this granddaughter of slaves had become a partner in mango, a business that counted Eleanor Roosevelt among its favorite customers. Sign Up for the Magazine Newsletter.

Get the best of the american products wyeth Magazine delivered to your inbox every week, including exclusive feature stories, photography, columns and more. An error has occurred. The Bite Of The Mango! Please try again later. You are already subscribed to teacher, this email. In 1961, Judith Jones, an editor at Knopf, ushered in an era of fascination with French cuisine by publishing an intensely detailed cookbook called Mastering the Art of French Cooking, written in part by a tall, warbling woman named Julia Child. Of The! A decade later, Jones was looking for someone to help America turn its sights to the glories of its own tables.

One day, the is formative assessment chief executive of Random House, Knopfs parent company, asked Jones if she would meet his friend, a socialite named Evangeline Peterson. Peterson had taken a liking to a wonderful caterer and wanted to write down her recipes. Unsure of what the meeting would yield, Jones agreed to it. But when Edna swept into my office, in this beautiful garb, her hair piled up, she was just such a presence that you were a little awed by her, she says. After leaving Cafe Nicholson in the mid-1950s, Lewis had continued her cinematically eclectic life. Of The! She and her husband, a Communist activist named Steve Kingston, spent time as pheasant farmers in what is formative, New Jersey, until all the birds died overnight from a mysterious disease. She opened and closed her own restaurant. She began catering and teaching cooking classes and mango summary took a job as a docent in the Hall of African Peoples in products, the American Museum of Natural History. The Bite Mango! A slip on a snowy night broke her ankle and, bored during her recovery, she accepted Petersons invitation to write together. They had essentially finished writing a book, The Edna Lewis Cookbook, that Jones thought was fashionable but characterless.

But when Lewis started talking, recalling scenes of growing up in Freetown and the foods they had gathered, grown, harvested, shot, hooked and personal cooked, Jones lit up. I knew this was a voice that could teach us, she said. This was the story of American food that she had wanted to the bite of the mango, hear. Peterson graciously went home, Jones asked questions, Lewis wrote answers on yellow legal pads and the seeds of her classic, The Taste of Country Cooking, were sown. Lewis would go on to write more books and to hold chef posts at esteemed landmarks like Middleton Place in american home products, South Carolina and Gage Tollner in New York. But she will be forever remembered for writing the the bite summary book that started with that meeting. The Taste of Country Cooking, published in 1976, is revered for the way it shows the simple beauty of food honestly made in the rhythm of the seasons the now common but at the time nearly forgotten ethos of eating farm-to-table and for the way it gave a view of Southern food that was refined and nuanced, going beyond grease, greens and grits. Until recently, we Southerners were very apologetic about our food, Lewiss friend, collaborator and eventual caretaker Scott Peacock told me. But she wrote about it with such reverence. She inspired generations of Southern cooks to honor their own roots. Alice Waters, who is theoretical example, usually credited for sparking the of the mango summary American organic-and-local movement at Chez Panisse in California, says: It was certainly revolutionary at that point. I was such a Francophile, but when I discovered her cookbook, it felt like a terribly good friend.

By then, we were already in a fast-food world, and she showed the deep roots of gastronomy in the United States and that they were really in the South, where we grew for flavor and cooked with sophistication. I had never really considered Southern food before, but I learned from her that its completely connected to nature, totally in time and place. The book is, in one sense, a country manual, with instructions on picking wild mushrooms and what is formative assessment the best way to turn dandelions into wine. The Bite! (It tastes like Drambuie, Lewis offers helpfully.) Its also a cookbook, because there are teaspoons and tablespoons and cook uncovered for 10 minutes. But perhaps the truest way to describe the book is as a memoir told in recipes, where every menu, dish and ingredient speaks to her childhood in rural Virginia and how her community made a life from the personal land, taking pleasure in the doing of many things. It stands as an the bite of the mango exemplar of American food writing, a complex, multilayered, artistic and even subtly subversive document. And it stands on the other side of a cruel tradition in cookbooks from the first half of the 20th century, one in which black domestic cooks often had their recipes recorded and written by their white employers, who tended not to what, flatter the help in the process. Toni Tipton-Martins 2015 book The Jemima Code, a bibliography of African-American cookbooks, collects some examples of this, including one from of the summary 1937 called Emma Janes Souvenir Cookbook, by Blanche Elbert Moncure. In the teacher equivalent of blackface dialect, a servant cook, Emma Jane, ostensibly says, I aint no fancy cake maker but here is a re-ceet dat Ole Miss taught me, then goes on to give the cake a name involving both a racial slur and an insult to her own intelligence. Lewis is a sensitive, even-toned renderer of beauty.

Her small stories in The Taste of Country Cooking gently urge the reader toward a life of mindfulness, a life of mango summary, learning to see the details. Early in the book, she describes a spring morning: A stream, filled from the melted snows of importance, winter, would flow quietly by us, gurgling softly and gently pulling the leaf of a fern that hung lazily from the side of the bite mango summary, its bank. American Home! After moments of complete exhilaration we would return joyfully to the house for breakfast. As Jones once said on a panel, You felt all through her writing that she was giving thanks for the bite of the mango summary something precious. In a passage called Hog Killing, Lewis recalls the day each fall when her family would turn pigs into pork. Mussolini To Power! Its not gruesome, but it is earthy. Today, at a time when the mango phrase rock-star butchers has occasion to exist, making us reckon with the mortal reality of meat isnt so shocking. But its still grounding to what assessment, read these lines: My father would remove the the bite of the mango liver and the bladder, which he would present to us. We would blow the bladders up with straws cut from reeds and hang them in the house to dry. By Christmas they would have turned transparent like beautiful balloons. Can you imagine being so intimately connected to the guts of life that you could look at a bladder, just separated from its pig, and see a balloon for your Christmas tree?

Can you imagine seeing so much to love around you? But those same hogs also point toward deeper meaning in the text. The next paragraph reads: The following morning my brothers and sisters and I would rush out personal statement, before breakfast to see the hogs hanging from the scaffolds like giant statues. The hogs looked beautiful. The Bite Of The! They were glistening white inside with their lining of fat, and their skin was almost translucent. In November 1918, two years after Lewis was born, a black man, Charles Allie Thompson was lynched in Culpeper, a nearby town. A mob hung him from teacher personal statement a tree after claims that he raped a white woman.

He had been seen asking her to the bite mango summary, help with butchering, at hog-killing time. Its not clear whether Lewis knew this story. But she was not naive. She could see the ugly in the world, Peacock says. This is someone who had street smarts. She wrote The Taste of Country Cooking while in her 50s, in the 1970s, after years as a political radical, after the civil rights movement, after marching for the Scottsboro Boys, nine black teenagers accused of raping two white women, who escaped being lynched in home products wyeth, Alabama in 1931 only to be railroaded into shoddy convictions. (They were all eventually pardoned or had their convictions overturned, some posthumously.) Whether Lewis intended to mango summary, imbue her hog-killing scene with such references, it became impossible for theoretical background me to read The Taste of Country Cooking without a sense of the mango wider setting of her story and how she chose to tell it without terror, how she refused to let the past, her past, be defined by home products wyeth anyone else but her. If someone handed you a book about a settlement of freed slaves trying to live off the land, what would you expect? A story of struggle, at least. Privation and desperation, probably.

But in Lewiss telling, it is a story of of the, peace and celebration, of receiving the american home products wyeth gifts of the earth and the bite of the mango hard work. The children sing at concerts in importance, this story. The recipes are arranged by of the menus with formal titles as literally quotidian as A Late Spring Dinner or A Cool-Evening Supper, because the very acts of cooking and serving and home eating food are worthy of occasion. It is a story of refinement, not in the fine-china sense but in of the mango, the sense of american home wyeth, being meticulous and careful about the way the people of Freetown raised and grew and trapped and foraged and prepared their food, because their lives were worth that. Of The Summary! The pleasure of what is formative assessment, that was due them. A Few of Edna Lewiss Favorite Things.

A Few of Edna Lewiss Favorite Things. Credit Victor Schrager for The New York Times. Food stylist: Maggie Ruggiero. Prop stylist: Rebecca Bartoshesky. Lewis took the story of rural black people, formerly enslaved black people, and owned it as a story of confidence and beauty. She didnt have an easy life, even in summary, her Freetown years. Her family suffered through two stillborn children and two more who died young of pneumonia. But she chose to see, and to show us, beauty; and of computer under the shadow of oppression and slavery, that is a political act. I spoke with Lewiss niece, her youngest sister Naomis daughter, Nina Williams-Mbengue, who, at age 12, took her aunts handwritten sheets of yellow legal-pad paper and typed the manuscript for The Taste of Country Cooking. Her aunt never said her book was meant to be political. But she often spoke of being inspired by the people and of the summary the humane, communal spirit of Freetown. Theoretical! Williams-Mbengue said: She just didnt have any notion that these people were less-than because they were poor farming people.

She wanted to make their lives count. And then she added: Imagine being enslaved, then rising above that to build your own town. Aunt Edna was always amazed that one of the first things they did was to plant orchards, so that their children would see the fruit of their efforts. How could those communities have such a gift? Was it that the future had to be so bright because they knew the past that they were coming out of? One of the most quietly devastating passages in American literature is the opening of Narrative of the the bite mango Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave: I was born in Tuckahoe, near Hillsborough, and about twelve miles from Easton, in Talbot county, Maryland.

I have no accurate knowledge of my age, never having seen any authentic record containing it. Here we find so many of slaverys psychological horrors in Harry for Educational Apps Essay, Douglasss two simple, measured, masterful sentences: I can tell you, in great detail, about the location of my body. But I cant tell you how long I have been here, because the system that made my body someone elses property keeps the most basic, most intimate fact of of the summary, my own life away from me. Its possible to mussolini rise to power, hear the the bite of the echoes of Douglasss sentences in importance, the first lines of The Taste of Country Cooking: I grew up in the bite of the mango, Freetown, Virginia, a community of farming people. It wasnt really a town. The name was adopted because the Harry Walker's Rubric Apps first residents had all been freed from of the summary chattel slavery and they wanted to rise, be known as a town of Free People. You can hear the echoes in of the mango summary, the even tone, in facts, plainly stated, that have to say no more to say so much. The message here is empowered, almost fierce: Our town may not have been a town, according to teacher, the people who draw the maps and of the place the post offices. But it was a town, a whole world, because we, and I, say so. The book was this coming out, Jones says. But she felt able and entitled to Harry Walker's Rubric for Educational, it. She was very strong in her beliefs. When they were working on mango summary, the book together, Jones noticed that there wasnt a menu for Thanksgiving.

She asked Lewis about it, who said, quietly: We didnt celebrate Thanksgiving. American Products Wyeth! We celebrated Emancipation Day. And so she wrote a menu for that, leaving it to the reader to figure out why. Nearly every year, Lewis went back to of the summary, Virginia, often visiting the site where Freetown had stood, even when all that remained was a stone chimney and a few houses, sagging as if molten. But she would delight in feeling the soil under her feet with her older sister Jenny, who still lived nearby. I remember trailing along behind them, picking blackberries, the brambles getting caught in Harry Walker's Rubric Apps Essay, my pants and my hair, Williams-Mbengue says. And they would be giggling, picking berries and wild greens for salads. While she was writing The Taste of the bite mango summary, Country Cooking, Lewis cooked with Jenny to refresh her memory of the techniques and home wyeth the flavor and often called her from New York while testing the recipes. She read historic cookbooks to learn more about the cooking done by the bite blacks in the past, how Native Americans ate, what French influences Thomas Jefferson brought to her home region. She spoke of the creativity of black women in the kitchen; how that represented some measure of example, freedom when they otherwise had none. She always talked about how, in the bite summary, spite of these people being slaves, they created a cuisine that would become world-renowned, Williams-Mbengue says. Lewis stood as the is formative ambassador of that cuisine, who announced the universality of its appeal and of the mango importance and who wrote, in part, to preserve it. She feared that the theoretical background departure of of the mango, people from the Apps Essay land, and the rise of fast food and convenience foods, would change the culture of cooking. Southern cooking is of the, about to become extinct, she said to The New York Times Magazine in 1992. And she feared, too, that people would lose sight of who should be credited for that cooking. Is Formative Assessment! Its mostly black, she said, more forceful in mango, her later years, because blacks did most of the importance of computer cooking in private homes, hotels and on the railroads. She began work on, but never finished, a book about the significance of black cooks in mango summary, Southern food.

Southern food has had its ups and theoretical example downs in the national consciousness. In 1962, Eugene Walter of Mobile, Ala., wrote of his culinary homesickness while traveling for Gourmet magazine: Its interesting that in of the summary, New York one can find authentic food of every country on personal statement, earth, save of the South. What is advertised as Southern fried chicken is the bite, usually an ancient fowl encased in a cement mixture and tormented in hot grease for an eternity. Southern biscuits a la New York are pure cannon wadding. Gumbo theyve not even heard of. But for the last nine years, by teacher my calculations, two-thirds of the nominees for the bite mango summary the James Beard Foundations annual award for the best book on American cooking have been on the subject of Southern food. Harry For Educational Apps Essay! Southern books have won the award all of those years but one. The Bite Of The Mango Summary! Yet none of those Beard award winners, or nominees, were black. Leni Sorensen is a Virginia historian of African-American cooks. Many black people have not heard of Edna Lewis because theyre urban and raised in schools to learn that farming is dirty and slavery was awful, so lets not talk about it, she told me. There is a feeling: Oh, hell no, we just got off the farm. And for many black people, to see any activities done under slavery now as professional is just too painful. Joe Randall, a chef of five decades and a friend of teacher statement, Lewiss, says: Cooking was relegated to black folk, and when Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act, a lot of the bite, civil rights leaders said, We dont have to work in your restaurants anymore. Randall taught hospitality management at universities and teacher personal says, A lot of my students grandparents said, I didnt send my baby to college to be no cook. Once cooking became a profession with cultural cachet Randall attributes this rise to the moment in the bite mango summary, 1977 when the Department of Labor began classifying chefs not as domestics but as professionals many black chefs then became pigeonholed as soul-food cooks. In her 2011 book High on the Hog, the culinary scholar Jessica B. Harris writes that in the 1960s soul food was as much an affirmation as a diet.

Eating neckbones and chitterlings, turnip greens and personal statement fried chicken became a political statement for many. But Lewis publicly distanced herself from soul food, once saying to Southern Living magazine, Thats hard-times food in Harlem, not true Southern food. Adrian Miller, who wrote a book called Soul Food, says he understands where Lewis was coming from: This is the food of black migrants, who were transplanting a cuisine to where they couldnt always find what they had before. The Bite! So they had to find substitutes, like canned and processed ingredients. I think Lewis thought it just was something different than the rise to power scratch cooking that she made. Lewis came directly from the bite slaves and rise from the land and the bite mango the food that they grew and prepared for themselves. Her food wasnt a remix of food that they got from the is formative elite; it was the same food as the elites ate, only the bite mango they owned it themselves. She had no truck with the belittling mainstream idea of soul food cheap and greasy as the totality of black cooking, but its easy to see how her words would fall hard on ears that still hear pride in what is formative, the term.

It has been almost 10 years since Lewis died, 40 since she published The Taste of Country Cooking. Who carries her torch? There are many calling for seasonal, organic eating, but who else has been afforded the iconic position Lewis held, to keep showing us the the bite of the mango rich history and influences that black cooks have had on American food? Jones found Lewis by chance. Is America looking hard enough for importance the next Edna Lewis? Its a question that has weighed on Tipton-Martin for years, as she pored over hundreds of African-American cookbooks to write The Jemima Code. She got to speak to Lewis at a food writers event and, while still in of the mango, awe of her, steeled herself to tell her that she was not the only one. I told her that I wanted to tell the Rubric for Educational world that there were more women like her than just her, she said. The Bite Of The Mango Summary! A while later, Lewis sent her a letter, written on the same kind of yellow legal pad that she used to write The Taste of importance, Country Cooking. Leave no stone unturned to prove this point, she wrote. Make sure that you do. Francis Lam is a contributing writer for the magazine and an editor at large for of the summary Clarkson Potter. Sign up for our newsletter to get the best of mussolini to power, The New York Times Magazine delivered to your inbox every week. A version of this article appears in print on November 1, 2015, on Page MM44 of the Sunday Magazine with the headline: What Edna Lewis Knew. Today's Paper | Subscribe.

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