Date: 10.12.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 611 #Essay on Meat Industry

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Essay on Meat Industry

Essay on Meat Industry

Nov/Tue/2017 | Uncategorized

Meatingplace com

Essay on Meat Industry

Order Essays Online: No Plagiarism And Top Quality -
Meatingplace com

Nov 28, 2017 Essay on Meat Industry, buy essay online at professional writing service -
Farming News | Stuff co nz

College Admissions Information: University of Connecticut. Industry? Welcome to an Ongoing Series on Pediatric Essay College Admissions. If youre starting the Industry, college admissions process youve probably discovered that its not always easy to find answers to your college admissions questions. That#8217;s why I created a place where you can hear directly from college admission counselors about applying to college , interviewing for college , writing the A Walk by Nicholas Essays, college application essay and financial aid . I developed these questions with help from families whove recently been through the college application process. Because each school answers the on Meat Industry, same questions you#8217;ll be able to compare information with other schools. I hope you find this a valuable resource for college admissions information. Who knows? You might even find yourself considering options you hadnt thought of A Walk to Remember by Nicholas Essays, before.

With the introduction out of the way, let#8217;s find out on Meat about the University of Connecticut . Founded in 1881 and set in the beautiful unspoiled forests of the northeast, the University of Connecticut is located in Storrs . To Remember By Nicholas? There are 5 regional campuses : Avery Point, Greater Hartford, Stamford, Torrington, and Essay on Meat Industry Waterbury. UConn is one of the premier national public universities in the country, recently ranking in the Top 20 Public Universities by U.S. Bipolar Disorder:? News World Report. It offers world-class faculty and academics, as well as vibrant activities and NCAA Athletics, including recent national championships in Mens and Womens Basketball. UConn students come from diverse backgrounds : More than a quarter of Essay, students represent ethnic minorities, and the student body is selected from countries and cultures around the Hybrid Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Essay, globe. The school#8217;s proximity to Boston and New York City affords students easy access to on Meat Industry, internships or simply a weekend escape. This post focuses on UConn#8217;s main campus at Storrs . Look for judith wright south of my days information on the regional campuses in a later post. Facts about UConn/Storrs Campus. Industry? Undergraduate enrollment: 17,815 (2011) Entering freshmen enrollment: 3,327 (2011) Connecticut residents: 75% of undergrads Undergraduate costs 2012-13: In State : $22,382 (Tuition Fees: $11,242; Room Board: $11,140) Out of State : $40,214 (Tuition Fees: $29,074; Room Board: $11,140) Average SAT score: 1216 Students receiving financial aid: Over 75 percent Athletics: NCAA Division I. Nathan Fuerst, Director of Undergraduate Admissions , answered the the go synopsis, following questions during a recent interview: Q: What percentage of applicants does UConn admit? A: Approximately 45% of applicants are successful in gaining admission to UConns Storrs campus.

Q: Does applying early decision/action improve a student#8217;s chances for Essay on Meat admission? A: For the Fall 2013 term, UConn will no longer facilitate an early action/decision program. Q: How important are extracurricular activities in admissions decisions? A: Involvement beyond academics is important and is considered . We encourage students to focus on investing themselves heavily in a limited number of annabel, activities and demonstrate the Industry, impact from their activity on both the community as well as their development as young adults. Q: How important is taking advanced, accelerated, or honors courses?

A: It#8217;s important that students take the appropriate opportunities to challenge themselves academically. Therefore, we do consider advanced and honors courses . A Walk To Remember Essays? However, it#8217;s just as important for students to remain in Essay Industry, course levels that are appropriate for their level of Hybrid Identities: Conflicts of Cultural Identity Essay, skill and aptitude for the particular subject. Q: Which teachers should write a recommendation? A: Recommendations that make the most impact come across as authentic and Essay Industry personal. Students should approach teachers with whom they have strong relationships.

Teachers who contribute beyond just academic performance provide the most revealing and helpful information in the recommendation letters. Q: Do you look for Disorder: Essay what is on Meat, not said in a recommendation? A: We avoid drawing conclusions or speculating on what may or may not be omitted from a recommendation. Pediatric Or Fiction? Essay? However, it is often apparent when there is inconsistency in Essay Industry, message between the recommendations that we receive. Q: Is the Hybrid Identities: Conflicts, quality of an applicants high school taken into consideration? A: The application review is a holistic one that allows us to take any and all factors in to consideration . Strength of school is something that could be considered in the context of how the Industry, student has performed given the educational opportunities and judith wright days challenges that are available within a particular school. Q: What is the relative importance of grades versus board scores? A: Both factors are critical pieces in our review of applicants for Essay Industry admission for different reasons. Therefore, it is difficult to the go synopsis, cast one against Essay Industry, the other. Grades provide great insight on a students capacity for academic success, but using board scores remains the Identities: Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Identity Essay, only reliable method of comparing applicant performance that transcends an individual school.

Q: Does UConn offer interviews with admissions counselors? A: Given the size of our applicant pool and staff, we are unable to offer interviews . Q: What qualities do you look for in a well-written essay? A: We challenge students to write on a unique subject that has either defined who they are as a person or demonstrates the Essay Industry, impact of their contributions through their activity in their environment. Q: Is there a type of essay you would recommend against ? A: Applicants should consider their subject matter more globally and how it sets them apart from other students in the applicant pool. For example, when writing on a life event, consider what makes this a unique life event compared to annabel lee tone, other applicants. Industry? Q: Can an essay make or break an admission? A: Yes. I recall an applicant whose subject and style was so profound and unique that I felt honored to the go synopsis, offer such a talented author admission. Another example included a student who wrote about community contributions that had incredible global impact.

The subject of on Meat Industry, this essay was driven by extremely hard work that impacted the lives of A Walk Sparks Essays, students in villages in Industry, India and Africa. Hybrid Contemporary Conflicts Essay? It was very inspiring! Q: Should a student discuss or explain a poor grade or marking period(s)? A: When a grade is out of character, it may justify the student addressing this. However, we encourage students to use their personal statements as an opportunity to present their unique qualities, contributions and achievements . A single grade should not be made the Essay, focus of an application. Q: Where do you stand on the 500 word limit on the Common Application#8217;s personal statement? Can a student go over the Common Application#8217;s 500 word limit? A: We do have some amount of flexibility . We want students to express themselves as best they can. Disorder: Fact Or Fiction? Essay? If that means that they go a few words over #8212; about 100 #8212; that#8217;s okay. Essay On Meat Industry? But we also want the judith, student to be cognizant of the on Meat, Common Application#8217;s 500 word limit because some students can carry on for a while.

I#8217;d say to students write your college application essay as briefly and succinctly as you can, but don#8217;t feel like you need to leave out any major pieces, either. Q: How has the economic climate affected the admissions process and the availability of financial aid at Hybrid Identities: Conflicts of Cultural Essay UConn? A: This year (2012) seems to be an improvement over the past several years. When the economy struggles, it forces families to take a closer look at finances and seriously consider their educational options based on cost of attendance. Over the past several years, there has been an increase in the number of Industry, students submitting the FAFSA to us. UConn has a priority of providing as much financial assistance as possible to students who demonstrate financial need. Q: What part of the admissions process is most misunderstood? A: I think the financial piece of going to wright days, college is most misunderstood , as it can vary dramatically from one institution to the next . Eligibility for scholarships varies widely from school to Essay on Meat Industry, school. Different schools have different policies, different requirements and different ways to apply, and that can make the scholarship process difficult to understand.

If students or families need help understanding the scholarship opportunities at UConn, they should visit our undergraduate admissions page, student financial aid web page, or contact the Office of Student Financial Aid Services at (860) 486-2819. Q: How can people connect with UConn? A: Students can connect with us via Facebook and our YouTube channel. We also have a Twitter account and student bloggers. Students who connect with UConn via these channels get regular updates on deadlines as well as updates on relevant activity at UConn. Q: Please ask and answer a question that you#8217;d like students and families to know about UConn. Question: What is the retention rate of first year students returning in their second year? A: Ninety-three percent of judith wright of my days, first year students and 92% of students of color return for on Meat their sophomore year, exceeding the national average of 72.9%. Office of Undergraduate Admissions.

2131 Hillside Road, Unit 3088. Storrs, CT 06269-3088. Between? Phone: (860) 486-3137. other posts in this series: Housatonic Community College. University of Bridgeport. Need help? I work with students everywhere: in-person, over the phone, and by computer. Visit my website for more info. Connect with me on Google+, Twitter and Pinterest: Leave a comment let me know what you think! College consultant, teaching students how to write memorable college application essays, grad school and prep school essays, and succeed at job and college interviews.

5 thoughts on “ College Admissions Information: University of Connecticut ” COLLEGE ESSAY WRITING AND INTERVIEW SKILLS AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Welcome! I'm a Writers Guild Award Winner and Essay Industry Two-Time Emmy Nominee for writing who teaches people around the world how to write memorable college, prep and grad school essays, write outstanding resumes, and Hybrid Identities: Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Identity succeed at on Meat Industry college and job interviews. My business is First Impressions College Consulting, based in Redding, Connecticut.

Order Essay from Experienced Writers with Ease -
Meatingplace com

Nov 28, 2017 Essay on Meat Industry, order your own writing help now -
Unhappy Meals - Michael Pollan - The

naukri resume sample provides the Essay Industry, quickest and the most relevant job search to its users. We achieve this through continuous innovation, based on feedback from judith south days our users. This blog is to highlight the salient features on that help you manage your job search better, and it is also your platform to talk to us. Industry! We look forward to your readership and between welcome your feedback. SMS Apply : apply to on Meat, jobs from your mobile - 385,832 views 5 ways to increase your chances of getting the right job! - 349,708 views The Case of Duplicate Mobile Numbers - 298,471 views SMS your CV from anywhere, anytime.

Instantly. - 176,306 views Naukri CareerNavigator All you want to know - 35,092 views Get the best Job Alerts for yourself - 31,848 views Search for age uk, jobs while chatting - 18,397 views Benefits of creating Multiple Profiles on - 18,174 views Naukri Job Alerts- How to get the maximum out of Essay Industry them? - 17,920 views Benefits of Registration on - 17,856 views. 1. Write a compelling Resume Headline: Your Resume Headline needs to be interesting, and has to reflect your experience and Hybrid Contemporary Conflicts Essay skills to catch the attention of Essay on Meat a recruiter. The more precise it is, the more chances of it getting noticed by recruiters. For example, writing Experienced in software industry is too generic, but 3 years experience in Java/J2EE highlights your experience and your skill-set precisely. Similarly, Executive in the go between synopsis chemical industry is too broad and Essay on Meat Industry doesnt really highlight your designation or level of experience; whereas, Senior manager-Operations, with 7 years in the chemical and polymer industry does. 2. Enter the wright south, right keyskills: The keyskills you enter in Essay Industry your Naukri Profile need to reflect your professional strengths. What is the best way to figure that out?

Here is a tip: Fill the the go between synopsis, blanks in the following statements: I am proficient in ______; I have developed expertise in ______; I have done projects in the field of _____; I have a certification in ______; I have a sound knowledge of _____. Whatever you write in these blanks are your keyskills. Write your Technical skills, soft skills, and tools and softwares that you know well. 3. Update your profile regularly: Make sure you update your profile at least once in 6 months. 6 months is a long time and most people add new skills, take up new responsibilities, or complete new projects in that much time and that information should be reflected in your resume. Moreover, your total years of experience changes in 6 months and needs to be updated. Every week lakhs of jobseekers update their Naukri profile with their recent professional accomplishments so if your resume is outdated by more than 6 months you may be losing out on those new job opportunities.

4. Fill in Industry relevant fields in between synopsis your profile: Recruiters search candidates based on Essay on Meat Industry, various parameters of candidates: such as Functional Area, Education, Current Salary, Keywords, Skills, Designation, Company name etc. This means there are multiple ways in which your Resume can show up in front of a recruiter. The Go Between Synopsis! So the Essay, more information you enter in your profile the more the chances that your resume shows up. Make sure your profile completeness bar displayed in the My Naukri Home page is legal age uk close to on Meat, 100% 5. Verify your contact details: Recruiters hesitate to contact candidates with unverified contact details. When an lee tone, employer sees that your mobile number and e-mail id are verified, he/she is Essay Industry more likely to contact you for new job opportunities. Dear Naukri team, my wishes to age uk, you for the wonderful job you r doing. I suggest naukri to have paid services for on Meat, 3,6 months posting of profile with exclusive access to to Remember Sparks Essays, prospective recruiters. This paid services should include jobseekers photo, voice, video clippings of jobseeker telling about himself. so that it will be easy for an employer/ HR person to abserve a candidate , confidence level,gestures etc. Essay On Meat! without having to spend actually calling for judith south of my days, personal interview. for this paid service employer will spend money and definately it will become popular and unique services to Essay, naukri.

i suggest it can be done as a optional with password etc.. this is a suggestion to your team. thanks best regards. Its a very good service for all college student and job seekers.. Thank you for Nakuri.. No doubt about it that your team doing a well job for us. but it is true that Iv updated my profile two-three times but cant get any suitable job since long time. Annabel Lee Tone! So pls do the needful. Good luck for Essay Industry, all of to Remember Sparks you. No doubt about it that your team doing a well job for us. but it is true that Iv updated my profile two-three times but cant get any suitable job since long time.

So pls do the needful. Good luck for all of you. its not naukris fault dat u havnt found a suitable opening..better upgrade ur prorifile or consult their team. Good Job doneWants to Essay on Meat Industry, give thanks to to be a leading and best support system for Job Seekers. Sorry to say this so may times i have been updated my profile but i didnt get any positive approach except one time. No doubt about it that your team doing a well job for us. but it is true that Iv updated my profile two-three times but cant get any suitable job since long time.

So pls do the needful in Pune ,Nagapur. Good luck for all of you. How i am verify my cell number to judith south days, They have a mobile verification section here. ofcoursly is the Essay, best way for legal drinking age uk, finding a suitable job. thanks for team. I am really very happy with you services ! you guys are doing great jobs to on Meat Industry, help us the finding the right job and choices as well ! My wishes for you fo this wornderful job ! Dear Naukri team, i wish for all naukri team member becoz all the getting job through your webiste. its a realy fantsic website for all people. but u how people get a call for Bipolar Disorder: Fact, this company pls give the step for me. How can I subscribe the paid service from How much it costs? Where I have to on Meat, contact?

I wonder how people give a good comment, I have paid and got my CV upgraded by Disorder: Fact, yes I do get some jobs to apply but till date I have never heard from one EMPLOYERS, I have no idea if they are telling the truth of are paid to write all the nonsense. is undoubtably the best site within its category, aligning the requirement of recruiters with the job skills of the Industry, job seekers. Pediatric Disorder: Fact! It is designed in a very user friendly way the best part is that you continuosly improve the features. Excellent ! Keep it up. i regularly visit and Essay on Meat update my profile daily. bt still i didnt find ny positive approach no recruiter has visited my profile from the Pediatric Disorder: Fact, last 1 monthcan any1 help ..wat should i do to make my resume preview better and to get more job is an instant job searching site,during this recession period also great. Its very nice system of updating our resume any time. Congrats to on Meat,, you have been steady and progressing at speed even during recession times. You are providing excellent and fantastic services for people like who are searching correct jobs. That is Disorder: or Fiction? Essay completely providing us. Once again sincerely thanking you. U guys are really doing well and this site helps lot to see the job market comparison/requirements.

Dear Naukri Team, Your Naukri organisation is best organisation in india comparision to other job sites, right now i m working a consultancy as a recruiter but i m looking for manufacturing area, if u give me this oppurtunity i really thankful to on Meat, u. Congrats to Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: Fact Essay,, you have been steady and on Meat progressing at Pediatric Bipolar or Fiction? speed even during recession times. and I m very happy with u r service.If i will got more job information about my field that will be great.plz try I am and my colleagues are not satisfied with the responses of, definitely wont suggest to any one for the same. Essay! It is absolutely a waste.

I and my colleagues are not satisfied with the responses of, definitely wont suggest to any one for the same. It is absolutely a waste. Very good results with brand equity among job seekers and employers community. Keep it up your job messanger is supper but doesnt have the contact details or industry type details. if this can be available then naukri portel can be on top. i regularly visit and update my profile daily. bt still i didnt find ny positive approach no recruiter has visited my profile from the last 1 monthcan any1 help ..wat should i do to make my resume preview better and to get more job oppurtunities. is good site, compare to other job portal its having more features as its one of the lee tone, best job site in INDIA today.. Essay On Meat! but I would love to see the job alert on annabel lee tone, mobile also some how i couldnt find out.

Thank u naukri team ,I got so many reponses 4m But there is problem in my profile coz its showing only 90 percent completion .I think dis is d reason where i am not getting proper response by recruitersand another problem of my location which is Essay AMRAVTI not NAGPUR. .Its not showing option in Maharashtra-other This Is My Writen Notes is undoubtably the best site within its category, aligning the requirement of recruiters with the Disorder: or Fiction?, job skills of the job seekers. It is designed in Industry a very user friendly way the best part is that you continuosly improve the features. Excellent ! Keep it up Congrats to drinking age uk,, you have been steady and progressing at Essay on Meat Industry speed even during recession times. is an instant job searching site,during this recession period also,GREAT Its very useful information for every job searchers through, thanks. is the judith wright south of my, no. 1 website in india, i have uploaded my resume on Essay on Meat Industry, most of placements sites but i have get all the interview calls from this site only Dear Team Naukri,

You are doing such a wonderful joib for wright south of my days, all employee who are looking for Essay on Meat Industry, new job. Pediatric Bipolar Essay! In fact, its most advantageous for those who are seeking for change. Keep It up. Thanks for your comments.This is very useful for all who are searching job by through . Good wishes to u.As u r one of the best site which i defend.Im very happy with ur servive. thanks to Essay on Meat, u. Realy wonderful and fast services by

appreciating IT skill as day to day improvment in searching .great team work and never seen in this country. is undoubtably the best site within its category, aligning the requirement of recruiters with the job skills of the job seekers. It is designed in a very user friendly way the best part is that you continuosly improve the features. Excellent ! Keep it up. Dear Naukri Team, Really, you people r doing a great job for those who are actively searcing for job in now a days critical market for those who are financilally not strong enough. Between Synopsis! So i like to thanks personnaly to all paticipating members of Naukri . hi your naukri. com is very useful site because some middle class person are intelligent but they are not getting the on Meat Industry, right way but naukri,com can give the so many source that why i like the A Walk to Remember Sparks, site best of luck to the is Essay on Meat undoubtably the best site within its category, aligning the requirement of synopsis recruiters with the Essay on Meat Industry, job skills of the job seekers. It is designed in a very user friendly way the best part is drinking age uk that you continuosly improve the features. Excellent ! Keep it up. Naukri website is in line with advanced technology having fast results.

I think naukri must conduct prelimnary interview with high profile candidates i.e. screening so that the Corprates confidence trust will be enhanced. Essay! The prelimnary screening can be by the go video conferance mode, tele talks screening etc. Naukri can then confidentially give ranking to candidates base on their profile interview which can only be seen by Recruiters. At Present also is giving excellant service I think this is Indias No#1 website for naukries. Congrats to Essay Industry,, you have been steady and progressing at the go between speed even during recession times. is undoubtably the best site within its category, aligning the requirement of on Meat Industry recruiters with the job skills of the job seekers. the best part is that you continuosly improve the features. i found ur service to be excellent you always provided me the short and crisp information exactly what is judith wright required. I am really very happy with you services ! you guys are doing great jobs to help us the finding the right job and choices as well ! My wishes for you fo this wornderful job ! I am really veryhappy with you services ! you guys are doing great jobs to help us the finding the Essay on Meat, right job and choices as well ! My wishes for you this wonderful job! thanks. I think your service to be excellent!

You always provide me the short and crisp information exactly which is required! My E-mail I D is co0rrected. I am thankful to Mynaukri as it is giving its best service for job seekers. The tips to synopsis, maintain our profile is on Meat Industry very good. I wish all the annabel lee tone, best to continue. recession is a challenge to every one and more so to jobs are becoming scarce and compensatios are crashing.Naukri stands out and aquits it self extremely well in these difficult circumstances. i am really very impressed with your team of on Meat and a lot of things which i do not used to by Nicholas Sparks, write in my informations in cv and that is now updated and i am learning from you. i am thankful to Mynaukri as it is giving its best service for job seekers,the tip to maintain our profile is very good. I am getting interview calls from your excilent service. i am thankful to Mynaukri as it is on Meat giving its best service for Hybrid of Cultural Identity, job seekers,the tip to maintain our profile is very good. you are doing very good performance which is very essential during present modern computer world.

its a wonderful time to have registered at individual dreams as been through the path of their thorogh satisfication by Essay getting their suitable jobs through to the Team of it up. absolutely fabulous jobs done by this site with a lot of thanks.! Good i have got very good offers through Naukri only to reach to 7 PLA where i have started my career at Pediatric Fact Essay 1.5 LPA , 3 years back , I am grateful to Thanks to Naukri for get me some golden oportunity since 4 years. Ive been updating my resume regularly but couldnt find a suitable job for me yet even though ive set the job preferences well like field of interest as Marketing and Systems preferably in on Meat Hyderabad in B2B Marketing/ Market Research/ Supply Chain Management/ Internet Marketing/ Systems Analyst / Advertising/ Purchase. Please help me. This is best effort of which would rapidly replace the manual employment exchange.

i am really very impressed with your team of and a lot of things which i do not used to write in judith wright days my informations in cv and that is now updated and Essay i am learning from you. I am really very impressed with your team of and a lot of things which i do not used to write in my informations in cv and that is now updated and the go between synopsis i am learning from you. I am thankful to Mynaukri as it is giving its best service for Essay Industry, job seekers. The tips to maintain our profile is Pediatric Disorder: Fact or Fiction? very good. Essay Industry! I wish all the best to continue. This is like a revolution tor the job seekers n you are the finest job sites i have visited immidiate responses n everything is just superb. Thanks n best luck.

I am very very happy with the service of Hybrid of Cultural Identity your team of sent me so many mails and Essay Industry so many opportunities related my Professional qualification . There is no change in my C.V. so please update now as it is. thanks with regards. YOGITA SHARMA. I think your service to be excellent! You always provide me the short and wright of my days crisp information exactly which is required! My E-mail I D is co0rrected.u r doing such kind of great job. Congrats to

This is a very useful website for job seekers.I got lots of opportunities from this websites.Thanks to naukri. On Meat Industry! If u dont have job then dont forger to register thanks for drinking, ur kind information. good stuff in naukri in naukri site. i am getting more calls now a days. I found more and Essay on Meat Industry more informations than I had before, user friendly site, excellent team work and judith wright south thanks for Naukri team. thanks for ur kind information.

good stuff in naukri in naukri site. i am getting more calls now a days. I must thankyou for this beautiful services offered free of on Meat Industry cost. This site helps in keeping hopes alive of or Fiction? Essay lacs of people and they do get calls from various employers and Essay Industry Recruiters. I feel this site shold get reward from Govt. By Nicholas Sparks Essays! Of India and on Meat I strongly propose this. Lacs and lacs of people have been benifited and lee tone are successfully working. Commendable job done no doubt for team, they are doing excellent job.

I m very thankfull to you for this efficient quick service that you are providing us which is free of cost it gives sutable direction to our future. but i have filled whole form it still displaying 99% completion i m not getting calls mails pls look after for on Meat, it . looking for lee tone, job in ahmedabad. I must thankyou for this beautiful services offered free of cost. This site helps in keeping hopes alive of lacs of people and they do get calls from various employers and Recruiters. I feel this site shold get reward from Govt. Of India and I strongly propose this. Lacs and lacs of people have been benifited and are successfully working.

Commendable job done it is true that is like a tourch bearers because it provides higher chances to be posted. so everybody should be very thankful to it. i am looking for a job since three months but still no success. i hope will provide good vacancies . i receive many offers from BPO but i want a job in IT sector.please send more messages regarding hardware and networking. Thanks a lot. Really ur team is doing a great job by on Meat Industry assisting youngesters all busy people in Pediatric Disorder: Fact or Fiction? Essay finding a suitable job matches with their profile. I found more and Essay Industry more informations than I had before, user friendly site, excellent team work and thanks for Naukri team. Its is really good. It very worth to both Employer Employee.. Any how I would like to between synopsis, say a lot of Thanks to Naukri. I must thankyou for Essay on Meat Industry, this beautiful services offered free of cost.

This site helps in keeping hopes alive of lacs of people and they do get calls from legal various employers and Recruiters. I feel this site shold get reward from Essay on Meat Industry Govt. Of India and I strongly propose this. Lacs and lacs of people have been benifited and are successfully working.

Write my essay, paper -
Meatingplace com

Nov 28, 2017 Essay on Meat Industry, essay writer for all kinds of papers -
Animal Cruelty Is the Price We Pay for

Muddy Waters Investment Competition. At Muddy Waters, our mission is to foster transparency no matter how unpopular it might be. We pride ourselves on the depth and Essay Industry, breadth of our analytical research into often-opaque and hard-to-value companies. The Economist is the go between synopsis a publication firmly established as one of the worlds most authoritative and influential publications. Editorial independence with a commitment to the facts lies at the heart of the The Economist. With this spirit in mind, we partnered with The Economist for this MBA Investment Case Study: Investment Challenge. Each school in the competition picked three of their best students to complete the on Meat Industry, case study. Each team produced a thorough report as well as a 15-minute video explaining their analysis that was posted to The Economists Which MBA? site.

The presentations were recorded live so the pressure was on. My colleagues and Identities: Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Identity, I at Muddy Waters are the case competition judges and selected the three winners. The Peoples Choice prize was awarded to the team that received the most votes from visitors to The Economist website. First place team received $10,000. Second place received $5,000. Third place received $3,000. Peoples Choice received $3,000. The challenge involves evaluating Zillows $3.5 billion acquisition of Essay Industry rival real estate website, Trulia in a stock-only transaction. More specifically, we are looking for you to answer these key questions about the deal. Which company is getting the better deal and why?

Does the structure of the of my, deal make sense for each company? What will the futures likely be for each company on a standalone basis if the transaction fails to close? Based on the companies present combined market valuations, what assumptions about their future would you have to make in order to buy stock in the combined company? What trades, if any, would you recommend around this transaction and why? The more in-depth and unconventional the answers, the better. Wall Street analysts and the media have already pored over this deal and on Meat, issued their opinions. Were looking for something deeper.

Please Check the Economist s Which MBA website? Site for frequent updates. Good Luck! * Update 10/16/2014- Please note the the go between, description of the Essay, case was updated to indicate this was not a cash only transaction rather a stock only transaction. While the transcript of the wright south days, video contains the description all cash that is an error. The video has been updated accordingly.

In evaluating the pending Zillow-Trulia merger, our discounted cash flow model reveals that Zillow is currently overvalued in the market, while Trulia is undervalued. Valuing the combined firm, we see that the synergies exceed the premium to Trulia shareholders. For these reasons, Zillow emerges as the Industry, winner in this deal. Read more Carson Block is director of research and founding partner of synopsis Muddy Waters Research LLC. Muddy Waters is a due diligence-based investment and research firm that conducts extensive accounting and Industry, on-the-ground investigations of public companies. Muddy Waters gained notoriety following its research on Sino-Forest Corp., a China-based forestry company listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange. Shortly after Muddy Waters issued its report in June 2011, Sino-Forest lost nearly $6 billion in market capitalization, its auditor resigned and lee tone, regulators halted its shares. The company filed for bankruptcy and in June 2012, the Ontario Securities Commission filed formal fraud charges against Essay, Sino-Forest and A Walk to Remember Sparks, its senior management for overstating its timber assets and misleading investigators. In total, Muddy Waters has issued eight strong sell recommendations resulting more than $8 billion of downward market cap adjustments, four de-listings and six or more regulatory investigations.

Mr. Block appears frequently as a commentator on Bloomberg Television, CNBC and Essay on Meat, the BBC. He wrote an A Walk Sparks, Op-Ed in the Wall Street Journal in 2012 that advocated for greater oversight of Chinese affiliates of U.S. accounting firms that were auditing companies listed on Western exchanges. Prior to forming Muddy Waters, Mr. Block was an entrepreneur in on Meat China and worked as a lawyer in the Shanghai office of the U.S. law firm Jones Day.

In 2007, he co-authored Doing Business in China for Dummies, a primer on wright of my, doing business in China. In 2011, Bloomberg Markets Magazine named Mr. Block to its list of the 50 Most Influential people in Essay on Meat Industry global finance. In 2012, he won a Boldness in Contemporary of Cultural Business Award from Essay on Meat ArcelorMittal and the Financial Times for Best Newcomer. He holds a B.S. in business from the University of Southern California and Pediatric Essay, a J.D. from the Chicago-Kent College of Law, where he has also served as an adjunct professor. The Economist welcomes your views. Please stay on topic and be respectful of other readers. Review our comments policy. You must be logged in to post a comment. Log in to Essay, your account. Don't have an account? Register.

Very interesting to legal drinking age uk, see the on Meat Industry, different presentation approaches. pame stoixima. Research and lee tone, big data analysis will be a really important in Industry technology growth, many start up co. The Go Between Synopsis? can make all complexity to very simple thing like Berita Tinju who one of the best boxing news and Cara Mengecilkan Perut. I think it was one of opportunity to young generation to be innovators, I hope this case study competition or business incubator did more and more, I also hope this program can did in Asia to Cara mengecilkan perut success for Muddy waters. Good evening. In the spirit of the competition you wanted to Essay Industry, see an iconoclastic approach to the Case study, using provocative strategies to make your case for your customers. Wagner College proposed an aggressive Bullish short put position for investors with an appetite for risk, with a limited downside, even if they did not like the deal or the Hybrid Contemporary of Cultural Identity, companies.

The Wagner Strategy delivered almost $1,000,000 of paper profits, can you explain which other Colleges came close to this result and how much it was counted when making your decision. All the presentations had investment views and were polished but isn't the whole idea to provide potential money making strategies. Dr Donald L. Crooks. Very interesting to Essay on Meat Industry, see the different presentation approaches. Have to agree that BYU's seemed the most polished and coherent. I'm a VP in Bipolar Disorder: Fact or Fiction? one of the largest property management firms in the US, and the national head of business development and on Meat Industry, marketing. I've secured somewhere around $1billion in 3rd party assets under our management.

We are a private firm with 14 offices in ten states, soon to south of my, be seventeen in twelve states. I use Zillow and Trulia dozens of Essay on Meat Industry times a day. I read hours a day in trends and directions, and A Walk Sparks, I am coming from a position of experience when commenting. I've reviewed now about on Meat, half of the wright south days, submissions. The BYU submission I believe is most on target with the probable outcome. More importantly, it pointed towards other real estate tech ventures that are up and coming, versus simply stating that the merger will not work out. In other words, it placed the merger not just in terms of internal company performances, but the broader market in which those companies operate. Ball State's paper also reached a good conclusion, though lacked the Essay on Meat Industry, larger market insight. I don't want to specifically knock any submissions from other schools. Drinking? Suffice it to Essay, say, those who are optimistic do not appear to grasp the deeper market complexities. The BYU study rightly cited regional MLS's pulling out from Zillow and Trulia.

I can name many more MLS's that have done the same. This merger will not create synergy, it will weigh both beleaguered companies down. Hybrid Contemporary Of Cultural? Instead of 2+2=5, or even 2+2=4, it will be 2+2=3, or even 2. Essay? If I had stock in legal Zillow, I would sell and invest elsewhere in the real estate technology field. ** Some insight into the broader market *** Zillow was useful (and still is) because of how it used the data from MLS's and other sites that those sites did not properly harness themselves. Their additional focus on the Rental side a few years back was excellent, as the rental industry for single family residences is growing fast and was undeserved on all fronts in terms of data availability.

In the last couple of years however, we have seen two major trends. 1) Local and Regional MLS expansion: This cannot be underestimated. On Meat Industry? This was lead by major MLS's such as Their forward thinking private and public faces and one stop shop for rentals and sales dominate the Houston market on all things real estate. Recently, HAR announced and began rolling out the go synopsis, their services across the Industry, entire state of Texas. Bipolar Fact Essay? I expect that within a few years they will aim for expansion to Oklahoma, Louisiana, and other southern states if they can create the right agreements with the MLS's in Essay on Meat those states. While they do share information with Zillow and Trulia, I do not foresee this lasting for A Walk Sparks, long. Other MLS's are following suit, and Essay, we are seeing once localized MLS's without public faces growing into the go between synopsis or combining with sites similar to HAR. This cuts into Essay the uniqueness of Zillow/Trulia. To top it off, these MLS's have large syndication platforms, pushing listings to sometimes over Bipolar Disorder: or Fiction? 100 different websites, of which Zillow is just one (and not an effective one at that).

In other words, Zillow finds itself in the middle of a red ocean, versus a blue ocean. 2) Pricing via Back-End software: Companies such as AppFolio and Essay, YARDI that deliver the software driving large amounts of the property management industry and similar software offered via the of my, larger MLS's and available privately, gather actual final rental and sales prices versus the on Meat Industry, marketed amounts. They gather it in annabel larger quantities, even from off-market real estate. These software providers are growing fast, and MLS's are partnering with them more and more as value-added services for their agents. The public angle of Zillow as a way of providing the non-agent public with previously difficult to obtain from the source information is fading. The public more and more is being better served elsewhere as MLS's and Industry, other software and websites step up. The agent appeal of useful tools has been poorly implemented and now supplanted by the MLS's and industry software, services they already pay for. You cannot really invest in an MLS. What you can invest in are the companies creating the software fueling their growth, and the go, the software solutions for the rental and sales industry in general. Essay Industry? Tools that make their job easier, tools that integrate with an MLS or a management platform, etc.

This was longer than anticipated. As you can tell, I am passionate about understanding and tracking the dynamics of my industry. There are several other factors contributing to judith wright south, why I believe the Zillow/Trulia ship has sailed, including their mismanagement and decline in forward thinking, but I believe this sums up the critical points. With the case competition drawing to a close, I wanted to take a moment to respond to a number of your remarks. As a starting point, your accomplishments are impressive, your passion is evident, and I think you provide tremendously valuable insight from the standpoint of the real estate professional. While my team viewed the case through a finance and strategy lens, we sought feedback from individuals in a number of organizations across the country. Unfortunately, given the steep learning curve and time constraints, we were limited in our ability to conduct primary research. That notwithstanding, there were two common threads we encountered: 1) By way of listings aggregation and estimates, Zillow generates perceived value for potential home buyers/sellers; however, their practices create a variety of very real headaches for realtors.

2) The acquisition of Trulia is not considered a trivial matter; real estate professionals are/have been keeping close tabs on Essay, the merger. I am not a fan of the manner in which either Zillow or Trulia count unique users because the tallies are based on devices used to access content vs. individuals, which leads to double and triple counting. Additionally, estimates based on historical sales prices rather than current market conditions, recent property upgrades, and the like leads to unrealistic buy and/or sell side expectations. South Of My Days? I also question the prospects of Essay on Meat companies that buy growth--both Zillow and Trulia have made a number of acquisitions in recent years, and judith wright south, revenue has been tracking SGA on an almost one-to-one basis. Geographic fragmentation ensures the relevance of local service providers, which cannot be understated, and I agree that companies such as YARDI have access to the information likely to be considered the on Meat, most valuable. However, Zillow and Trulia lie outside the annabel, conduct constraints of Essay on Meat Industry real estate professionals and competing sites like Additionally, while it does not ensure usage growth, the popularity of Zillow and Trulia with the judith of my days, general public is a strong indicator of continued relevance. To the extent that real estate professionals represent a significant portion of Zillow's and Trulia's revenue stream and the fact many of these paying customers seem less than enthusiastic about the bang they get for their buck, I would agree with your assessment of the future of the combined companies.

However, as long as potential buyers and on Meat Industry, sellers continue to find their way to the site(s), those who want their business (agents, lenders, etc.) will be compelled to sign on the go between synopsis, or stay on as paying subscribers. I both agree and disagree with the statements regarding the likelihood of Industry achieving synergy. I played a role in the integration aspects of Pediatric three acquisitions at my previous employer, and I have observed the on Meat Industry, outcomes of a number of other MAs. Sparks? In my experience, they frequently fail to deliver the level of benefits that were promised or anticipated. Furthermore, initial statements concerning the end-state fail to synch with logic or reality and exist to Essay, prevent internal panic. That said, cost reductions are achievable. Legal? I cannot see how labor optimization will fail to occur or that two separate web presences for similar service offerings will be maintained for any substantial length of time post-merger. Finally, considering a significant portion of SGA is tied to marketing expenditures, a combined Zillow/Trulia should be able to achieve substantial cost reductions through competitive advertising cuts. As expected, the fervor and Essay Industry, associated spike in stock prices that occurred at the time of the announcement in July has subsided, and prices have stabilized in recent months. Furthermore, the price of Trulia stock continues to wright south of my days, track Zillow, which leads us to the conclusion that the market is optimistic. On Meat? Although it has not been able to do so every year, Zillow has reported positive net income since its IPO, and we anticipate the or Fiction?, merger has significant potential to facilitate profitability.

Only time will tell who is correct. Nevertheless, we are grateful for Essay, the many benefits this competition has facilitated, including the opportunity to the go synopsis, interact with you. Watched all the Presentations and wanted to know what the criteria will be as you pick the winner's. How much impact does the Essay on Meat Industry, recommended Trading Strategy have on the outcome? Take our weekly news quiz to stay on top of the headlines.

Visit The Economist e-store and youll find a range of carefully selected products for Contemporary of Cultural Identity Essay, business and pleasure, Economist books and diaries, and much more.

Order Essay Online -
Unhappy Meals - Michael Pollan - The

Nov 28, 2017 Essay on Meat Industry, order your own writing help now -
Farming News | Stuff co nz

Accenture - SAP PI Consultant Resume Example. July 2009 to March 2016 Accenture - Berwyn , PA. March 2005 to July 2006 Keane - Noida , UP. March 2005 to February 2006 IGT - Gurgoan , HR. March 2004 to Essay on Meat February 2005 Maintec - Bangalore , KA. July 2009 to April 2016. November 2008 to age uk June 2009 Whirlpool Corporation Environment SAP XI , SAP-R/3, Seeburger BIS Spoke Project Name ABT Electronics 856 Outbound Setup Client ABT Electronics is an existing Trade Customer of Whirlpool. Till now ABT is Essay Industry involved in doing manual EDI transaction with whirlpool. In order to convert these manual trading processes to automated one, ABT Electronics Trade Customer is requesting Edi 856 to replace existing manual processes. After this electronic implementation of EDI X12 856 transactions between ABT Electronics and Whirlpool 856 will be processed in XI/Seeburger application and wright of my the data will be sent through AS2 to ABT Electronics.

Responsibilities Created ROME (Rough Order of Magnitude Estimate) for the PI. Essay On Meat? Created Functional / Technical Specification. Disorder: Fact Or Fiction? Essay? Converted the VAN communication for on Meat, invoice to DESADV to EDIX12 856 format. Created Mapping between DESADV and legal age uk EDIX12 format. Created BIS Spoke setup for ABT Electronics.

Configured AS2 Adapter, IDOC adapter, file adapters. On Meat? Perform Unit Testing and user acceptance testing. Perform production implementation and support. Create functional and business documents. February 2008 to July 2008 SAP XI , SAP-R/3, Seeburger BIS Spoke, MQ Series.

Project Name. Marcone 850 Interface changes. Client. August 2007 to December 2007 Whirlpool Corporation SAP XI , SAP-R/3, Seeburger BIC Mapping Designer, Seeburger BIS Spoke, MQ Series Project Name Whirlpool Warranty Claims Processing Client Service bench is the warranty service provider for Whirlpool. It handles all the service claims and processes them to whirlpool for Credit memos. The Service Bench Warranty Processing Module offers a complete solution for managing and processing warranty and extended warranty (service contract) claims. Warranty claims are collected MQ process them and posted to SAP in wright the form of IDOC. Responsibilities Team Members Analysis and Essay on Meat Industry requirement gathering for PI/XI. Created Functional / Technical Specification.

Create Mapping spec for 850 order creation for credit memos. Create XSD, Message Type, Massage Interface, Message Mapping etc. Configured Scenario using JMS and legal Idoc adapter to fetch the data from Essay, MQ post the to Remember Sparks Essays, same to Essay R/3 in the form of IDOC after mapping transformation. Annabel? Perform Unit Testing and user acceptance testing. On Meat? Perform production implementation and judith wright of my days support. Create functional and business documents. February 2007 to July 2007. September 2006 to January 2007 Accessory Expansion BSS AE CTD AE TP2 Product Availability Client Whirlpool Corporation, Europe Project Description The request is to provide technical assistance to interface the Product Availability and Order Simulation into and out of SAP. The Product Availability triggered when customer want to Essay find the availability of the product or want to do the Contemporary Conflicts, Order Simulation. Responsibilities Team Members Created ROME (Rough Order of Magnitude Estimate) for the PI. Created Technical Specification.

Created Design and Configuration objects. Creation of Configuration Scenario, Business System Environment SAP XI, SAP-R/3 Duration. March 2006 to July 2009 Keane India Ltd. March 2006 to May 2006 Environment Z/Os, COBOL, JCL, VSAM, DB2, IMS DB/DC, SPUFI, File Aid, CHGMAN Project Name Corporate Billing System Client Galileo International, US Project Description Corporate Billing System is maintenance and enhancement type of Essay project, the client for this project is Galileo International, USA. It is a world's leading providers of electronic global distribution services -- connecting approximately 47,000 travel agency locations to Conflicts of Cultural Identity 503 airlines, 34 car rental companies, 51,000 hotel properties, 431 tour operators and all major cruise lines throughout the world.

Global Revenue Billing Group is on Meat responsible for developing and monitoring the company's Billing Systems ensuring that Galileo customers are accurately billed and that revenues and commissions are accurately recorded and supported by comprehensive management reporting. The scope of the legal, project primarily covers the production support maintenance of applications, as part of Corporate Billing System: Car Hotel. March 2005 to February 2006 Interglobe Technologies. March 2005 to February 2006 Maintec Technologies Pvt. Ltd Analysis understand the Essay Industry, business requirement. Code changes as per Fact, requirement. Industry? Unit Testing Review the code, test Plans, test result and other deliverables. Involved in unit testing, system testing with team. Implementation to production. 24 * 7 production support. SQA audits, documentation, weekly meetings with in the team.

Duration Environment Z/Os, VS COBOL II, JCL, VSAM, DB2, SPUFI, QMF, File Aid, Endeover Project Name MSTP Project Description Called, as MTPL has expanded its branches all over the country and the branches will increase worldwide, this internal project is to provide online test and keeps track all the Disorder: Fact Essay, students, the aim of this internal project to provide online examination in Essay mainframe skills for all the students from MTPL across the country. This package helps the A Walk to Remember by Nicholas Sparks, faculty and lab in- charge to identify the Essay, student weakness and strengths. July 2004 to January 2005 Environment. OS/390, VS COBOL II, JCL, VSAM, DB2, SPUFI, QMF, File Aid. Professional Qualification. B.E in computer science and engineering from, Dr. A Walk To Remember By Nicholas Sparks? B.R.A University (1998-2002).

March 2004 to Essay Industry February 2005 Maintec Technologies - New Delhi Project(s) Summary. Project Name. US Global Serialization. Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: Or Fiction?? Whirlpool Corporation Marcone is one of the biggest Trading Partner for Whirlpool Corporation and Industry purchase orders are coming thru EDI in various formats like X12 and EDITFACT. This project's objective includes some additional fields in current design and map changes of address overridden logic and create order in Hybrid Identities: of Cultural Essay SAP R/3 system. Responsibilities As Team Member Created ROME (Rough Order of Magnitude Estimate) for the project. Created Functional / Technical Specification. Create the design and configuration objects.

Create the message mapping as per functional specification. Configured JMS, AS2 adapters. Perform Unit Testing and Integration testing. Perform the production implementation and Essay on Meat support. Create all functional and business documents. Toyota Motors Toyota is Pediatric Bipolar or Fiction? Essay a Japanese multinational corporation and Essay on Meat the world's second largest automaker company.

The company was founded in 1933 by to Remember by Nicholas, Kiichiro Toyota as a part of Essay on Meat Industry Toyota industries to create automobiles. Accessory Expansion - Financial Systems, project contains the responsibilities regarding the sub-project to the master Vehicle Accessory Expansion project necessary to expand the accessory field length from 2 to 4 characters and the accessory array from 15 to 60 to accumulate total 300 accessories. The module contains to analyze, modify and test the impacted financial Customer relation systems for applications components like copybooks, programs and procedures. Analysis understand the business requirement. Code changes as per requirement. Unit Testing Review the code, test Plans, test result and synopsis other deliverables. Involved in unit testing, system testing with team. Implementation to production.

SQA audits, documentation, weekly meetings with in the team as well as with Project lead/Project Manager. Date of Essay on Meat Birth: Dec 24th, 1980 Material Status: Married H1-B Visa: Valid till April 2017. I hereby declare that the above particulars furnished by me are true to the best of my knowledge and annabel belief. Shelendra Kumar Sharma Resume of. SAP SD Functional Consultant@ESAB Welding Cutting. Business Analyst@Deloitte Consulting via Singh3 Consulting.

Business Analyst@Callidus Software, Inc. Project Management Consultant@FDM Group. Essay On Meat? Featured Jobs in Devon:View More Devon Jobs. Get job alerts sent to Identities: Contemporary Conflicts Identity your inbox for. SAP PI Consultant Team Lead Software Engineer Developer Assistant Manager Project Description Duration Environment Environment SAP XI, SAP-R/3, JMS Adapter Project Name Team Member Client.

Where can I find a Accenture SAP PI Consultant resume example in Devon, Pennsylvania 19333? This is an actual resume example of a SAP PI Consultant who works in the IT Consulting Industry. LiveCareer has 4325 IT Consulting resumes in its database. LiveCareers Resume Directory contains real resumes created by Essay, subscribers using LiveCareers Resume Builder. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. Pediatric Disorder: Essay? 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.

Buy Essay UK -
Essay Writing Service -

Nov 28, 2017 Essay on Meat Industry, buy essay online for cheap -
Animal Cruelty Is the Price We Pay for

competence essay Copyright 2001 Eric S. Raymond. As editor of the Jargon File and author of Essay on Meat a few other well-known documents of similar nature, I often get email requests from annabel, enthusiastic network newbies asking (in effect) how can I learn to be a wizardly hacker?. On Meat. Back in 1996 I noticed that there didn't seem to be any other FAQs or web documents that addressed this vital question, so I started this one. A lot of hackers now consider it definitive, and I suppose that means it is. Still, I don't claim to be the exclusive authority on this topic; if you don't like what you read here, write your own. If you are reading a snapshot of this document offline, the current version lives at drinking age uk, Note: there is a list of Essay Frequently Asked Questions at the end of this document. Please read thesetwicebefore mailing me any questions about this document. The five-dots-in-nine-squares diagram that decorates this document is called a glider . It is legal drinking age uk, a simple pattern with some surprising properties in a mathematical simulation called Life that has fascinated hackers for many years. Industry. I think it makes a good visual emblem for what hackers are like abstract, at first a bit mysterious-seeming, but a gateway to a whole world with an Disorder: intricate logic of its own.

Read more about the glider emblem here. If you find this document valuable, please support me on Patreon. And consider also supporting other hackers who have produced code that you use and value. Lots of small but continuing donations add up quickly, and on Meat, can free the people who have given you gifts of their labor to create more value. The Jargon File contains a bunch of definitions of the term hacker, most having to do with technical adeptness and a delight in solving problems and drinking age uk, overcoming limits. If you want to know how to on Meat Industry become a hacker, though, only two are really relevant. There is a community, a shared culture, of expert programmers and annabel, networking wizards that traces its history back through decades to the first time-sharing minicomputers and Essay on Meat, the earliest ARPAnet experiments.

The members of this culture originated the term hacker. The Go Between Synopsis. Hackers built the Internet. Hackers made the Unix operating system what it is Essay on Meat Industry, today. Hackers make the World Wide Web work. If you are part of drinking age uk this culture, if you have contributed to it and Industry, other people in it know who you are and call you a hacker, you're a hacker. The hacker mind-set is not confined to this software-hacker culture. There are people who apply the legal, hacker attitude to other things, like electronics or music actually, you can find it at the highest levels of any science or art. Software hackers recognize these kindred spirits elsewhere and on Meat Industry, may call them hackers too and some claim that the hacker nature is really independent of the lee tone, particular medium the hacker works in.

But in the rest of this document we will focus on the skills and attitudes of Essay on Meat Industry software hackers, and legal, the traditions of the shared culture that originated the Industry, term hacker. There is another group of people who loudly call themselves hackers, but aren't. These are people (mainly adolescent males) who get a kick out of breaking into computers and phreaking the phone system. Real hackers call these people crackers and Identities: Conflicts Essay, want nothing to Essay do with them. Real hackers mostly think crackers are lazy, irresponsible, and not very bright, and object that being able to break security doesn't make you a hacker any more than being able to hotwire cars makes you an legal automotive engineer.

Unfortunately, many journalists and writers have been fooled into using the word hacker to describe crackers; this irritates real hackers no end. The basic difference is this: hackers build things, crackers break them. If you want to be a hacker, keep reading. On Meat. If you want to be a cracker, go read the alt.2600 newsgroup and get ready to of Cultural Identity Essay do five to ten in the slammer after finding out you aren't as smart as you think you are. And that's all I'm going to on Meat Industry say about crackers. Hackers solve problems and build things, and they believe in Identities: Conflicts freedom and voluntary mutual help. To be accepted as a hacker, you have to behave as though you have this kind of attitude yourself. And to behave as though you have the attitude, you have to really believe the attitude.

But if you think of cultivating hacker attitudes as just a way to gain acceptance in the culture, you'll miss the point. Becoming the kind of Industry person who believes these things is important for you for helping you learn and keeping you motivated. As with all creative arts, the the go between, most effective way to become a master is to imitate the mind-set of masters not just intellectually but emotionally as well. Or, as the following modern Zen poem has it: To follow the Essay Industry, path: look to the master, follow the master, walk with the master, see through the master, become the master. So, if you want to be a hacker, repeat the Bipolar or Fiction? Essay, following things until you believe them: 1. The world is full of fascinating problems waiting to be solved. Being a hacker is lots of fun, but it's a kind of fun that takes lots of effort. The effort takes motivation.

Successful athletes get their motivation from a kind of physical delight in making their bodies perform, in pushing themselves past their own physical limits. Similarly, to be a hacker you have to Essay on Meat get a basic thrill from solving problems, sharpening your skills, and exercising your intelligence. If you aren't the kind of person that feels this way naturally, you'll need to become one in synopsis order to make it as a hacker. Otherwise you'll find your hacking energy is sapped by distractions like sex, money, and social approval. (You also have to develop a kind of faith in your own learning capacity a belief that even though you may not know all of what you need to solve a problem, if you tackle just a piece of it and learn from that, you'll learn enough to solve the next piece and so on, until you're done.)

2. No problem should ever have to be solved twice. Creative brains are a valuable, limited resource. They shouldn't be wasted on re-inventing the Essay, wheel when there are so many fascinating new problems waiting out there. To behave like a hacker, you have to A Walk to Remember by Nicholas believe that the thinking time of other hackers is Industry, precious so much so that it's almost a moral duty for you to share information, solve problems and then give the solutions away just so other hackers can solve new problems instead of having to perpetually re-address old ones. Note, however, that No problem should ever have to the go between be solved twice. does not imply that you have to Industry consider all existing solutions sacred, or that there is only one right solution to legal any given problem. Often, we learn a lot about the on Meat, problem that we didn't know before by studying the first cut at a solution. It's OK, and often necessary, to decide that we can do better.

What's not OK is artificial technical, legal, or institutional barriers (like closed-source code) that prevent a good solution from the go between, being re-used and force people to re-invent wheels. (You don't have to believe that you're obligated to give all your creative product away, though the Essay Industry, hackers that do are the ones that get most respect from other hackers. It's consistent with hacker values to sell enough of between it to Essay Industry keep you in age uk food and rent and computers. It's fine to use your hacking skills to support a family or even get rich, as long as you don't forget your loyalty to your art and your fellow hackers while doing it.) Hackers (and creative people in general) should never be bored or have to Essay on Meat Industry drudge at stupid repetitive work, because when this happens it means they aren't doing what only they can do solve new problems. This wastefulness hurts everybody. Therefore boredom and drudgery are not just unpleasant but actually evil. To behave like a hacker, you have to believe this enough to want to automate away the boring bits as much as possible, not just for yourself but for everybody else (especially other hackers). (There is Pediatric Disorder: or Fiction?, one apparent exception to this.

Hackers will sometimes do things that may seem repetitive or boring to an observer as a mind-clearing exercise, or in order to Essay on Meat acquire a skill or have some particular kind of experience you can't have otherwise. But this is by choice nobody who can think should ever be forced into a situation that bores them.) Hackers are naturally anti-authoritarian. Anyone who can give you orders can stop you from solving whatever problem you're being fascinated by and, given the way authoritarian minds work, will generally find some appallingly stupid reason to do so. So the authoritarian attitude has to legal age uk be fought wherever you find it, lest it smother you and Essay, other hackers.

(This isn't the legal drinking, same as fighting all authority. Children need to Essay Industry be guided and criminals restrained. The Go Between. A hacker may agree to accept some kinds of on Meat Industry authority in order to Hybrid Identities: Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Essay get something he wants more than the time he spends following orders. But that's a limited, conscious bargain; the kind of Essay personal surrender authoritarians want is not on offer.) Authoritarians thrive on censorship and secrecy. And they distrust voluntary cooperation and information-sharing they only annabel lee tone, like cooperation that they control. So to behave like a hacker, you have to develop an Industry instinctive hostility to censorship, secrecy, and the use of force or deception to compel responsible adults. And you have to be willing to south days act on Essay on Meat that belief.

5. Hybrid Identities: Of Cultural Identity Essay. Attitude is no substitute for competence. To be a hacker, you have to develop some of these attitudes. But copping an attitude alone won't make you a hacker, any more than it will make you a champion athlete or a rock star. On Meat. Becoming a hacker will take intelligence, practice, dedication, and hard work. Therefore, you have to learn to distrust attitude and respect competence of wright of my days every kind. Essay Industry. Hackers won't let posers waste their time, but they worship competence especially competence at hacking, but competence at anything is valued. Competence at demanding skills that few can master is especially good, and competence at demanding skills that involve mental acuteness, craft, and concentration is A Walk to Remember by Nicholas Sparks, best. If you revere competence, you'll enjoy developing it in yourself the hard work and dedication will become a kind of intense play rather than drudgery. That attitude is vital to becoming a hacker.

The hacker attitude is vital, but skills are even more vital. Attitude is no substitute for Essay on Meat Industry, competence, and there's a certain basic toolkit of skills which you have to have before any hacker will dream of calling you one. This toolkit changes slowly over time as technology creates new skills and makes old ones obsolete. For example, it used to the go synopsis include programming in machine language, and didn't until recently involve HTML. But right now it pretty clearly includes the following: This, of on Meat Industry course, is the fundamental hacking skill. If you don't know any computer languages, I recommend starting with Python. It is wright of my, cleanly designed, well documented, and relatively kind to Essay Industry beginners. Despite being a good first language, it is not just a toy; it is very powerful and flexible and Hybrid Identities: Contemporary of Cultural Essay, well suited for large projects.

I have written a more detailed evaluation of Python. On Meat. Good tutorials are available at judith, the Python web site; there's an excellent third-party one at Computer Science Circles. I used to recommend Java as a good language to learn early, but this critique has changed my mind (search for on Meat Industry, The Pitfalls of Java as a First Programming Language within it). A hacker cannot, as they devastatingly put it approach problem-solving like a plumber in a hardware store ; you have to know what the components actually do . Now I think it is probably best to learn C and Lisp first, then Java. There is perhaps a more general point here. If a language does too much for you, it may be simultaneously a good tool for production and a bad one for learning. Lee Tone. It's not only languages that have this problem; web application frameworks like RubyOnRails, CakePHP, Django may make it too easy to reach a superficial sort of understanding that will leave you without resources when you have to tackle a hard problem, or even just debug the on Meat, solution to the go between an easy one.

If you get into serious programming, you will have to learn C, the on Meat, core language of Unix. C++ is very closely related to C; if you know one, learning the other will not be difficult. Fact Essay. Neither language is Essay on Meat Industry, a good one to try learning as your first, however. And, actually, the more you can avoid programming in C the more productive you will be. C is Hybrid Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Identity Essay, very efficient, and very sparing of on Meat your machine's resources. Unfortunately, C gets that efficiency by requiring you to do a lot of Pediatric Disorder: Essay low-level management of resources (like memory) by hand. All that low-level code is complex and bug-prone, and will soak up huge amounts of your time on Essay on Meat Industry debugging. With today's machines as powerful as they are, this is usually a bad tradeoff it's smarter to use a language that uses the age uk, machine's time less efficiently, but your time much more efficiently.

Thus, Python. Other languages of particular importance to hackers include Perl and LISP. Perl is worth learning for practical reasons; it's very widely used for active web pages and system administration, so that even if you never write Perl you should learn to read it. Many people use Perl in the way I suggest you should use Python, to avoid C programming on jobs that don't require C's machine efficiency. Essay On Meat Industry. You will need to A Walk Essays be able to understand their code. LISP is worth learning for Essay, a different reason the profound enlightenment experience you will have when you finally get it.

That experience will make you a better programmer for synopsis, the rest of your days, even if you never actually use LISP itself a lot. On Meat Industry. (You can get some beginning experience with LISP fairly easily by lee tone writing and modifying editing modes for the Emacs text editor, or Script-Fu plugins for the GIMP.) It's best, actually, to learn all five of Python, C/C++, Java, Perl, and LISP. Besides being the most important hacking languages, they represent very different approaches to programming, and each will educate you in valuable ways. But be aware that you won't reach the Essay, skill level of a hacker or even merely a programmer simply by accumulating languages you need to the go learn how to Essay think about the go synopsis, programming problems in a general way, independent of any one language. To be a real hacker, you need to get to the point where you can learn a new language in days by relating what's in on Meat Industry the manual to what you already know. This means you should learn several very different languages. I can't give complete instructions on annabel how to learn to program here it's a complex skill. But I can tell you that books and courses won't do it many, maybe most of the best hackers are self-taught. On Meat. You can learn language features bits of knowledge from books, but the between, mind-set that makes that knowledge into Essay living skill can be learned only by practice and apprenticeship.

What will do it is (a) reading code and (b) writing code . Peter Norvig, who is one of Google's top hackers and the co-author of the most widely used textbook on AI, has written an excellent essay called Teach Yourself Programming in Ten Years. His recipe for programming success is worth careful attention. Learning to program is like learning to write good natural language. The best way to annabel do it is to read some stuff written by masters of the form, write some things yourself, read a lot more, write a little more, read a lot more, write some more . and Industry, repeat until your writing begins to develop the kind of strength and economy you see in your models. I have had more to say about this learning process in How To Learn Hacking. It's a simple set of between instructions, but not an easy one. Finding good code to Essay Industry read used to judith wright of my days be hard, because there were few large programs available in source for fledgeling hackers to read and tinker with. This has changed dramatically; open-source software, programming tools, and operating systems (all built by hackers) are now widely available. Which brings me neatly to our next topic.

2. Get one of the open-source Unixes and learn to use and on Meat, run it. I'll assume you have a personal computer or can get access to one. (Take a moment to appreciate how much that means. The hacker culture originally evolved back when computers were so expensive that individuals could not own them.) The single most important step any newbie can take toward acquiring hacker skills is to Contemporary get a copy of Linux or one of the BSD-Unixes, install it on a personal machine, and run it. Yes, there are other operating systems in the world besides Unix. But they're distributed in binary you can't read the code, and Industry, you can't modify it.

Trying to learn to hack on a Microsoft Windows machine or under any other closed-source system is like trying to learn to Hybrid Identities: Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Identity dance while wearing a body cast. Under Mac OS X it's possible, but only part of the system is Essay Industry, open source you're likely to hit a lot of walls, and to Remember by Nicholas Essays, you have to be careful not to Essay on Meat develop the bad habit of depending on Apple's proprietary code. Lee Tone. If you concentrate on the Unix under the hood you can learn some useful things. Unix is the operating system of the Internet. While you can learn to Essay on Meat Industry use the Internet without knowing Unix, you can't be an Internet hacker without understanding Unix. For this reason, the hacker culture today is pretty strongly Unix-centered. (This wasn't always true, and some old-time hackers still aren't happy about judith wright of my days, it, but the symbiosis between Unix and the Internet has become strong enough that even Microsoft's muscle doesn't seem able to seriously dent it.) So, bring up a Unix I like Linux myself but there are other ways (and yes, you can run both Linux and Industry, Microsoft Windows on the same machine). Learn it.

Run it. Tinker with it. Talk to the Internet with it. Read the code. Modify the Hybrid Identities: Conflicts Identity Essay, code. Essay On Meat. You'll get better programming tools (including C, LISP, Python, and Perl) than any Microsoft operating system can dream of hosting, you'll have fun, and you'll soak up more knowledge than you realize you're learning until you look back on wright days it as a master hacker.

For more about learning Unix, see The Loginataka. On Meat. You might also want to to Remember by Nicholas Sparks have a look at The Art Of Unix Programming. The blog Let's Go Larval! is a window on the learning process of a new Linux user that I think is unusually lucid and helpful. The post How I Learned Linux makes a good starting point. To get your hands on a Linux, see the Linux Online! site; you can download from there or (better idea) find a local Linux user group to help you with installation.

During the Essay on Meat Industry, first ten years of A Walk by Nicholas Sparks Essays this HOWTO's life, I reported that from on Meat Industry, a new user's point of view, all Linux distributions are almost equivalent. But in 2006-2007, an actual best choice emerged: Ubuntu. Of My Days. While other distros have their own areas of strength, Ubuntu is far and away the Essay on Meat, most accessible to Linux newbies. Beware, though, of the hideous and nigh-unusable Unity desktop interface that Ubuntu introduced as a default a few years later; the lee tone, Xubuntu or Kubuntu variants are better. You can find BSD Unix help and resources at A good way to dip your toes in the water is to boot up what Linux fans call a live CD, a distribution that runs entirely off a CD or USB stick without having to modify your hard disk. This may be slow, because CDs are slow, but it's a way to get a look at the possibilities without having to do anything drastic. I used to recommend against installing either Linux or BSD as a solo project if you're a newbie. Essay On Meat. Nowadays the installers have gotten good enough that doing it entirely on your own is possible, even for a newbie.

Nevertheless, I still recommend making contact with your local Linux user's group and wright south of my, asking for help. It can't hurt, and may smooth the process. 3. Essay. Learn how to use the World Wide Web and write HTML. Most of the lee tone, things the hacker culture has built do their work out of sight, helping run factories and offices and Essay, universities without any obvious impact on how non-hackers live. The Web is the one big exception, the huge shiny hacker toy that even politicians admit has changed the world. For this reason alone (and a lot of other good ones as well) you need to learn how to work the Web. This doesn't just mean learning how to drive a browser (anyone can do that), but learning how to write HTML, the Web's markup language. If you don't know how to Identities: Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Identity program, writing HTML will teach you some mental habits that will help you learn. So build a home page. But just having a home page isn't anywhere near good enough to make you a hacker.

The Web is full of home pages. Most of them are pointless, zero-content sludge very snazzy-looking sludge, mind you, but sludge all the Essay Industry, same (for more on this see The HTML Hell Page). To be worthwhile, your page must have content it must be interesting and/or useful to other hackers. And that brings us to legal the next topic. 4. If you don't have functional English, learn it. As an American and Essay on Meat, native English-speaker myself, I have previously been reluctant to suggest this, lest it be taken as a sort of cultural imperialism. Judith Wright Of My. But several native speakers of other languages have urged me to point out on Meat that English is the working language of the hacker culture and the Internet, and that you will need to know it to function in the hacker community. Back around 1991 I learned that many hackers who have English as a second language use it in technical discussions even when they share a birth tongue; it was reported to me at the time that English has a richer technical vocabulary than any other language and is therefore simply a better tool for the job.

For similar reasons, translations of technical books written in A Walk to Remember English are often unsatisfactory (when they get done at all). Linus Torvalds, a Finn, comments his code in Essay English (it apparently never occurred to him to do otherwise). His fluency in English has been an important factor in his ability to recruit a worldwide community of developers for Linux. It's an example worth following. Being a native English-speaker does not guarantee that you have language skills good enough to function as a hacker. If your writing is semi-literate, ungrammatical, and Hybrid Identity, riddled with misspellings, many hackers (including myself) will tend to ignore you. While sloppy writing does not invariably mean sloppy thinking, we've generally found the correlation to Essay be strong and we have no use for sloppy thinkers. Sparks Essays. If you can't yet write competently, learn to. Like most cultures without a money economy, hackerdom runs on reputation.

You're trying to solve interesting problems, but how interesting they are, and whether your solutions are really good, is something that only Essay, your technical peers or superiors are normally equipped to judge. Accordingly, when you play the hacker game, you learn to keep score primarily by what other hackers think of your skill (this is why you aren't really a hacker until other hackers consistently call you one). Legal Age Uk. This fact is obscured by the image of hacking as solitary work; also by a hacker-cultural taboo (gradually decaying since the late 1990s but still potent) against Essay, admitting that ego or external validation are involved in one's motivation at all. Specifically, hackerdom is what anthropologists call a gift culture . You gain status and reputation in it not by dominating other people, nor by being beautiful, nor by having things other people want, but rather by age uk giving things away. Specifically, by giving away your time, your creativity, and the results of your skill.

There are basically five kinds of things you can do to be respected by hackers: The first (the most central and most traditional) is to write programs that other hackers think are fun or useful, and give the program sources away to the whole hacker culture to Industry use. (We used to call these works free software, but this confused too many people who weren't sure exactly what free was supposed to mean. Hybrid Identities: Contemporary. Most of us now prefer the Essay on Meat, term open-source software). Hackerdom's most revered demigods are people who have written large, capable programs that met a widespread need and given them away, so that now everyone uses them. But there's a bit of a fine historical point here. A Walk By Nicholas Sparks Essays. While hackers have always looked up to Essay Industry the open-source developers among them as our community's hardest core, before the mid-1990s most hackers most of the time worked on closed source. This was still true when I wrote the first version of this HOWTO in 1996; it took the mainstreaming of open-source software after 1997 to legal age uk change things.

Today, the hacker community and open-source developers are two descriptions for Essay Industry, what is essentially the same culture and the go, population but it is worth remembering that this was not always so. (For more on this, see the section called Historical Note: Hacking, Open Source, and Free Software.) 2. Help test and debug open-source software. They also serve who stand and debug open-source software. In this imperfect world, we will inevitably spend most of our software development time in the debugging phase. That's why any open-source author who's thinking will tell you that good beta-testers (who know how to describe symptoms clearly, localize problems well, can tolerate bugs in a quickie release, and are willing to apply a few simple diagnostic routines) are worth their weight in rubies. Even one of these can make the difference between a debugging phase that's a protracted, exhausting nightmare and one that's merely a salutary nuisance. If you're a newbie, try to Industry find a program under development that you're interested in judith wright south and be a good beta-tester. There's a natural progression from helping test programs to helping debug them to Essay on Meat helping modify them. Annabel. You'll learn a lot this way, and generate good karma with people who will help you later on. Another good thing is to collect and filter useful and interesting information into web pages or documents like Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) lists, and make those generally available.

Maintainers of major technical FAQs get almost as much respect as open-source authors. 4. Help keep the on Meat Industry, infrastructure working. The hacker culture (and the engineering development of the Internet, for A Walk by Nicholas Essays, that matter) is run by volunteers. There's a lot of on Meat Industry necessary but unglamorous work that needs done to annabel keep it going administering mailing lists, moderating newsgroups, maintaining large software archive sites, developing RFCs and Essay on Meat Industry, other technical standards. People who do this sort of thing well get a lot of respect, because everybody knows these jobs are huge time sinks and not as much fun as playing with code. Doing them shows dedication. 5. Serve the hacker culture itself.

Finally, you can serve and legal drinking age uk, propagate the culture itself (by, for example, writing an accurate primer on how to become a hacker :-)). This is not something you'll be positioned to do until you've been around for Essay on Meat, while and become well-known for one of the first four things. The hacker culture doesn't have leaders, exactly, but it does have culture heroes and tribal elders and Bipolar or Fiction? Essay, historians and spokespeople. When you've been in the trenches long enough, you may grow into one of Essay these. Beware: hackers distrust blatant ego in their tribal elders, so visibly reaching for this kind of fame is dangerous. Rather than striving for it, you have to sort of position yourself so it drops in your lap, and then be modest and gracious about your status. Contrary to popular myth, you don't have to be a nerd to to Remember by Nicholas Sparks Essays be a hacker. It does help, however, and many hackers are in fact nerds.

Being something of Essay on Meat a social outcast helps you stay concentrated on the really important things, like thinking and hacking. For this reason, many hackers have adopted the wright, label geek as a badge of pride it's a way of declaring their independence from normal social expectations (as well as a fondness for other things like science fiction and strategy games that often go with being a hacker). Essay. The term 'nerd' used to be used this way back in the 1990s, back when 'nerd' was a mild pejorative and 'geek' a rather harsher one; sometime after 2000 they switched places, at least in U.S. popular culture, and there is now even a significant geek-pride culture among people who aren't techies. If you can manage to concentrate enough on hacking to be good at it and still have a life, that's fine. This is a lot easier today than it was when I was a newbie in the 1970s; mainstream culture is much friendlier to techno-nerds now.

There are even growing numbers of judith people who realize that hackers are often high-quality lover and spouse material. If you're attracted to hacking because you don't have a life, that's OK too at least you won't have trouble concentrating. Maybe you'll get a life later on. Again, to be a hacker, you have to enter the hacker mindset. There are some things you can do when you're not at Essay Industry, a computer that seem to annabel help. They're not substitutes for hacking (nothing is) but many hackers do them, and feel that they connect in Essay on Meat Industry some basic way with the essence of A Walk to Remember Essays hacking. Learn to write your native language well. Though it's a common stereotype that programmers can't write, a surprising number of hackers (including all the most accomplished ones I know of) are very able writers. Read science fiction. Essay Industry. Go to science fiction conventions (a good way to Pediatric Fact Essay meet hackers and proto-hackers).

Join a hackerspace and make things (another good way to meet hackers and proto-hackers). Train in a martial-arts form. The kind of mental discipline required for martial arts seems to be similar in Essay Industry important ways to what hackers do. The most popular forms among hackers are definitely Asian empty-hand arts such as Tae Kwon Do, various forms of Karate, Kung Fu, Aikido, or Ju Jitsu. Annabel. Western fencing and on Meat Industry, Asian sword arts also have visible followings. In places where it's legal, pistol shooting has been rising in popularity since the legal age uk, late 1990s.

The most hackerly martial arts are those which emphasize mental discipline, relaxed awareness, and precise control, rather than raw strength, athleticism, or physical toughness. Study an Essay on Meat actual meditation discipline. The perennial favorite among hackers is Zen (importantly, it is possible to benefit from wright of my, Zen without acquiring a religion or discarding one you already have). Other styles may work as well, but be careful to choose one that doesn't require you to Essay Industry believe crazy things. Develop an analytical ear for A Walk to Remember by Nicholas Sparks Essays, music. Industry. Learn to appreciate peculiar kinds of music. Learn to play some musical instrument well, or how to judith wright sing.

Develop your appreciation of puns and wordplay. The more of Essay Industry these things you already do, the more likely it is that you are natural hacker material. The Go Between Synopsis. Why these things in particular is Industry, not completely clear, but they're connected with a mix of Pediatric Disorder: Fact left- and right-brain skills that seems to be important; hackers need to be able to both reason logically and Essay Industry, step outside the apparent logic of a problem at a moment's notice. Work as intensely as you play and play as intensely as you work. Synopsis. For true hackers, the boundaries between play, work, science and art all tend to Essay Industry disappear, or to merge into a high-level creative playfulness.

Also, don't be content with a narrow range of skills. Though most hackers self-describe as programmers, they are very likely to be more than competent in legal several related skills system administration, web design, and PC hardware troubleshooting are common ones. A hacker who's a system administrator, on the other hand, is likely to be quite skilled at Essay Industry, script programming and web design. Hackers don't do things by halves; if they invest in Disorder: Fact a skill at all, they tend to get very good at it. Finally, a few things not to do.

Don't use a silly, grandiose user ID or screen name. Don't get in flame wars on Usenet (or anywhere else). Don't call yourself a cyberpunk, and don't waste your time on anybody who does. Don't post or email writing that's full of spelling errors and Essay Industry, bad grammar. The only reputation you'll make doing any of these things is as a twit. Hackers have long memories it could take you years to live your early blunders down enough to be accepted. The problem with screen names or handles deserves some amplification. Annabel Lee Tone. Concealing your identity behind a handle is a juvenile and silly behavior characteristic of crackers, warez d00dz, and other lower life forms. Essay On Meat. Hackers don't do this; they're proud of what they do and wright south, want it associated with their real names. So if you have a handle, drop it.

In the on Meat, hacker culture it will only mark you as a loser. Historical Note: Hacking, Open Source, and Free Software. When I originally wrote this how-to in A Walk to Remember by Nicholas late 1996, some of the conditions around it were very different from the Essay, way they look today. A few words about these changes may help clarify matters for people who are confused about the relationship of Bipolar Disorder: or Fiction? Essay open source, free software, and Essay Industry, Linux to the hacker community. If you are not curious about this, you can skip straight to the FAQ and bibliography from by Nicholas Essays, here. The hacker ethos and community as I have described it here long predates the emergence of on Meat Linux after 1990; I first became involved with it around 1976, and, its roots are readily traceable back to the early 1960s. Of Cultural Identity Essay. But before Linux, most hacking was done on either proprietary operating systems or a handful of quasi-experimental homegrown systems like MIT's ITS that were never deployed outside of their original academic niches. While there had been some earlier (pre-Linux) attempts to Essay Industry change this situation, their impact was at best very marginal and confined to Contemporary of Cultural Identity Essay communities of Essay dedicated true believers which were tiny minorities even within the hacker community, let alone with respect to the larger world of software in general.

What is now called open source goes back as far as the hacker community does, but until 1985 it was an Conflicts Identity Essay unnamed folk practice rather than a conscious movement with theories and Essay Industry, manifestos attached to of my it. Industry. This prehistory ended when, in synopsis 1985, arch-hacker Richard Stallman (RMS) tried to give it a name free software. But his act of naming was also an act of claiming; he attached ideological baggage to the free software label which much of the existing hacker community never accepted. As a result, the free software label was loudly rejected by a substantial minority of the hacker community (especially among those associated with BSD Unix), and used with serious but silent reservations by on Meat a majority of the the go synopsis, remainder (including myself). Despite these reservations, RMS's claim to define and lead the hacker community under the free software banner broadly held until the mid-1990s. Essay On Meat Industry. It was seriously challenged only by the rise of Linux. Linux gave open-source development a natural home. Many projects issued under terms we would now call open-source migrated from proprietary Unixes to Linux. Bipolar Or Fiction?. The community around Linux grew explosively, becoming far larger and more heterogenous than the on Meat Industry, pre-Linux hacker culture. Between Synopsis. RMS determinedly attempted to co-opt all this activity into Essay on Meat his free software movement, but was thwarted by both the to Remember Sparks Essays, exploding diversity of the on Meat Industry, Linux community and the public skepticism of its founder, Linus Torvalds. Torvalds continued to Hybrid Identities: of Cultural use the Industry, term free software for lack of legal any alternative, but publicly rejected RMS's ideological baggage.

Many younger hackers followed suit. In 1996, when I first published this Hacker HOWTO, the hacker community was rapidly reorganizing around Linux and a handful of on Meat Industry other open-source operating systems (notably those descended from the go between, BSD Unix). Community memory of the on Meat Industry, fact that most of lee tone us had spent decades developing closed-source software on Essay closed-source operating systems had not yet begun to fade, but that fact was already beginning to legal age uk seem like part of Essay on Meat a dead past; hackers were, increasingly, defining themselves as hackers by their attachments to open-source projects such as Linux or Apache. The term open source, however, had not yet emerged; it would not do so until early 1998. When it did, most of the hacker community adopted it within the following six months; the exceptions were a minority ideologically attached to the term free software. Since 1998, and especially after about 2003, the annabel lee tone, identification of 'hacking' with 'open-source (and free software) development' has become extremely close. On Meat. Today there is A Walk to Remember, little point in attempting to on Meat distinguish between these categories, and it seems unlikely that will change in the go the future.

It is worth remembering, however, that this was not always so. Paul Graham has written an essay called Great Hackers, and another on Undergraduation, in which he speaks much wisdom. Younger hackers might find Things Every Hacker Once Knew interesting and useful. I have written a paper, The Cathedral and Essay on Meat, the Bazaar , which explains a lot about how the Linux and Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: Fact Essay, open-source cultures work. I have addressed this topic even more directly in Essay Industry its sequel Homesteading the Noosphere . Rick Moen has written an by Nicholas excellent document on Essay on Meat how to run a Linux user group. Rick Moen and I have collaborated on another document on How To Ask Smart Questions. This will help you seek assistance in a way that makes it more likely that you will actually get it. If you need instruction in the basics of how personal computers, Unix, and the Internet work, see The Unix and Internet Fundamentals HOWTO. When you release software or write patches for annabel lee tone, software, try to follow the guidelines in the Software Release Practice HOWTO.

How do I tell if I am already a hacker? Ask yourself the following three questions: Do you speak code, fluently? Do you identify with the Industry, goals and values of the hacker community? Has a well-established member of the hacker community ever called you a hacker? If you can answer yes to all three of Hybrid Identities: Identity these questions, you are already a hacker.

No two alone are sufficient. The first test is about skills. You probably pass it if you have the minimum technical skills described earlier in this document. You blow right through it if you have had a substantial amount of code accepted by an open-source development project. The second test is about attitude.

If the five principles of the hacker mindset seemed obvious to you, more like a description of the way you already live than anything novel, you are already halfway to passing it. That's the inward half; the on Meat, other, outward half is the degree to which you identify with the hacker community's long-term projects. Here is an incomplete but indicative list of Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: or Fiction? some of those projects: Does it matter to on Meat Industry you that Linux improve and legal, spread? Are you passionate about Essay Industry, software freedom? Hostile to monopolies? Do you act on the belief that computers can be instruments of Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: empowerment that make the world a richer and more humane place? But a note of caution is in Essay on Meat Industry order here. Between. The hacker community has some specific, primarily defensive political interests two of them are defending free-speech rights and fending off intellectual-property power grabs that would make open source illegal. Some of those long-term projects are civil-liberties organizations like the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and the outward attitude properly includes support of them.

But beyond that, most hackers view attempts to systematize the hacker attitude into an explicit political program with suspicion; we've learned, the Essay, hard way, that these attempts are divisive and A Walk to Remember Essays, distracting. If someone tries to recruit you to march on your capitol in the name of the hacker attitude, they've missed the point. The right response is probably Shut up and show them the on Meat Industry, code. . The third test has a tricky element of recursiveness about it. I observed in the section called What Is a Hacker? that being a hacker is partly a matter of belonging to a particular subculture or social network with a shared history, an inside and an outside.

In the far past, hackers were a much less cohesive and self-aware group than they are today. But the importance of the Pediatric Disorder: Essay, social-network aspect has increased over the last thirty years as the Essay on Meat Industry, Internet has made connections with the core of the hacker subculture easier to develop and maintain. One easy behavioral index of the change is that, in this century, we have our own T-shirts. Sociologists, who study networks like those of the hacker culture under the general rubric of invisible colleges, have noted that one characteristic of Sparks Essays such networks is that they have gatekeepers core members with the social authority to endorse new members into the network. Essay On Meat. Because the invisible college that is hacker culture is a loose and Pediatric Bipolar Fact Essay, informal one, the Essay on Meat, role of gatekeeper is informal too. Pediatric Fact. But one thing that all hackers understand in their bones is that not every hacker is Essay Industry, a gatekeeper.

Gatekeepers have to have a certain degree of seniority and accomplishment before they can bestow the title. How much is judith wright south days, hard to Essay on Meat quantify, but every hacker knows it when they see it. Will you teach me how to hack? Since first publishing this page, I've gotten several requests a week (often several a day) from people to teach me all about hacking. Unfortunately, I don't have the south of my, time or energy to do this; my own hacking projects, and working as an Essay open-source advocate, take up 110% of drinking age uk my time. Even if I did, hacking is an Industry attitude and skill you basically have to teach yourself. You'll find that while real hackers want to legal help you, they won't respect you if you beg to be spoon-fed everything they know. Learn a few things first. Show that you're trying, that you're capable of Essay on Meat learning on your own. Then go to the hackers you meet with specific questions. If you do email a hacker asking for advice, here are two things to know up front.

First, we've found that people who are lazy or careless in their writing are usually too lazy and careless in their thinking to make good hackers so take care to spell correctly, and use good grammar and punctuation, otherwise you'll probably be ignored. Secondly, don't dare ask for a reply to to Remember Sparks an ISP account that's different from the account you're sending from; we find people who do that are usually thieves using stolen accounts, and we have no interest in rewarding or assisting thievery. How can I get started, then? The best way for Essay Industry, you to get started would probably be to go to a LUG (Linux user group) meeting. You can find such groups on lee tone the LDP General Linux Information Page; there is probably one near you, possibly associated with a college or university. LUG members will probably give you a Linux if you ask, and will certainly help you install one and get started. Your next step (and your first step if you can't find a LUG nearby) should be to Essay find an open-source project that interests you.

Start reading code and reviewing bugs. Learn to wright of my days contribute, and Essay Industry, work your way in. The only way in the go between synopsis is by working to improve your skills. If you ask me personally for advice on how to Essay on Meat get started, I will tell you these exact same things, because I don't have any magic shortcuts for you. Synopsis. I will also mentally write you off as a probable loser - because if you lacked the stamina to read this FAQ and the intelligence to understand from it that the only way in is by working to improve your skills , you're hopeless.

Another interesting possibility is to go visit a hackerspace. On Meat Industry. There is a burgeoning movement of people creating physical locations - maker's clubs - where they can hang out to work on hardware and software projects together, or work solo in Bipolar Disorder: Essay a cogenial atmosphere. Hackerspaces often collect tools and specialized equipment that would be too expensive or logistically inconvenient for individuals to own. Essay Industry. Hackerspaces are easy to Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: or Fiction? Essay find on on Meat Industry the Internet; one may be located near you. When do you have to start? Is it too late for me to learn?

Any age at which you are motivated to start is a good age. Most people seem to get interested between ages 15 and 20, but I know of exceptions in both directions. How long will it take me to learn to hack? That depends on how talented you are and how hard you work at it. Most people who try can acquire a respectable skill set in Contemporary Essay eighteen months to Essay on Meat Industry two years, if they concentrate. Don't think it ends there, though; in hacking (as in many other fields) it takes about ten years to achieve mastery.

And if you are a real hacker, you will spend the annabel, rest of your life learning and perfecting your craft. Is Visual Basic a good language to start with? If you're asking this question, it almost certainly means you're thinking about trying to hack under Microsoft Windows. This is a bad idea in itself. Essay Industry. When I compared trying to A Walk by Nicholas Sparks Essays learn to hack under Windows to on Meat Industry trying to learn to the go synopsis dance while wearing a body cast, I wasn't kidding. Don't go there. On Meat Industry. It's ugly, and it never stops being ugly.

There is a specific problem with Visual Basic; mainly that it's not portable. Though there is a prototype open-source implementations of Visual Basic, the applicable ECMA standards don't cover more than a small set of its programming interfaces. On Windows most of its library support is proprietary to a single vendor (Microsoft); if you aren't extremely careful about which features you use more careful than any newbie is really capable of being you'll end up locked into only those platforms Microsoft chooses to support. Wright South Days. If you're starting on a Unix, much better languages with better libraries are available. Python, for example. Also, like other Basics, Visual Basic is Industry, a poorly-designed language that will teach you bad programming habits.

No, don't ask me to wright south days describe them in detail; that explanation would fill a book. Essay On Meat. Learn a well-designed language instead. One of those bad habits is Bipolar Essay, becoming dependent on a single vendor's libraries, widgets, and development tools. In general, any language that isn't fully supported under at least Linux or one of the Essay on Meat, BSDs, and/or at least three different vendors' operating systems, is a poor one to learn to hack in. Would you help me to crack a system, or teach me how to crack? No. Anyone who can still ask such a question after reading this FAQ is too stupid to be educable even if I had the time for tutoring. Any emailed requests of this kind that I get will be ignored or answered with extreme rudeness. How can I get the password for someone else's account? This is south of my, cracking. Go away, idiot.

How can I break into/read/monitor someone else's email? This is cracking. Get lost, moron. How can I steal channel op privileges on Industry IRC? This is cracking. Begone, cretin. I've been cracked. Will you help me fend off further attacks? No. Every time I've been asked this question so far, it's been from some poor sap running Microsoft Windows. It is legal, not possible to effectively secure Windows systems against Essay Industry, crack attacks; the code and architecture simply have too many flaws, which makes securing Windows like trying to bail out a boat with a sieve.

The only legal, reliable prevention starts with switching to Linux or some other operating system that is designed to at least be capable of security. I'm having problems with my Windows software. Will you help me? Yes. Go to a DOS prompt and type format c:. Any problems you are experiencing will cease within a few minutes. Where can I find some real hackers to talk with?

The best way is to find a Unix or Linux user's group local to you and go to Essay Industry their meetings (you can find links to several lists of user groups on to Remember by Nicholas Sparks the LDP site at Essay Industry, ibiblio). (I used to say here that you wouldn't find any real hackers on IRC, but I'm given to understand this is changing. Apparently some real hacker communities, attached to things like GIMP and between synopsis, Perl, have IRC channels now.) Can you recommend useful books about Essay on Meat Industry, hacking-related subjects? I maintain a Linux Reading List HOWTO that you may find helpful. The Loginataka may also be interesting.

For an Bipolar Fact or Fiction? Essay introduction to Python, see the Industry, tutorial on the Python site. Do I need to judith be good at math to become a hacker? No. Hacking uses very little formal mathematics or arithmetic. In particular, you won't usually need trigonometry, calculus or analysis (there are exceptions to this in a handful of Essay Industry specific application areas like 3-D computer graphics).

Knowing some formal logic and Boolean algebra is Identities: Contemporary Conflicts of Cultural Essay, good. Essay On Meat Industry. Some grounding in finite mathematics (including finite-set theory, combinatorics, and graph theory) can be helpful. Much more importantly: you need to be able to think logically and follow chains of exact reasoning, the way mathematicians do. While the content of most mathematics won't help you, you will need the discipline and intelligence to handle mathematics. If you lack the intelligence, there is little hope for you as a hacker; if you lack the discipline, you'd better grow it. I think a good way to find out if you have what it takes is to pick up a copy of Raymond Smullyan's book What Is The Name Of This Book? . Smullyan's playful logical conundrums are very much in the hacker spirit. Being able to annabel solve them is a good sign; enjoying solving them is an even better one. What language should I learn first?

HTML if you don't already know it. There are a lot of glossy, hype-intensive bad HTML books out Essay on Meat there, and distressingly few good ones. The one I like best is HTML: The Definitive Guide . But HTML is not a full programming language. To Remember. When you're ready to start programming, I would recommend starting with Python. You will hear a lot of Essay on Meat people recommending Perl, but it's harder to learn and to Remember by Nicholas Sparks, (in my opinion) less well designed. C is really important, but it's also much more difficult than either Python or Perl.

Don't try to learn it first. Windows users, do not settle for Visual Basic. It will teach you bad habits, and on Meat, it's not portable off Windows. Avoid. What kind of hardware do I need? It used to be that personal computers were rather underpowered and memory-poor, enough so that they placed artificial limits on a hacker's learning process. This stopped being true in the mid-1990s; any machine from an Intel 486DX50 up is more than powerful enough for development work, X, and Internet communications, and the smallest disks you can buy today are plenty big enough. The important thing in choosing a machine on legal which to learn is whether its hardware is Linux-compatible (or BSD-compatible, should you choose to on Meat Industry go that route). Again, this will be true for almost all modern machines.

The only really sticky areas are modems and synopsis, wireless cards; some machines have Windows-specific hardware that won't work with Linux. There's a FAQ on hardware compatibility; the latest version is here. I want to contribute. Can you help me pick a problem to Essay on Meat Industry work on? No, because I don't know your talents or interests. You have to be self-motivated or you won't stick, which is why having other people choose your direction almost never works.

Do I need to Bipolar Disorder: or Fiction? Essay hate and bash Microsoft? No, you don't. Not that Microsoft isn't loathsome, but there was a hacker culture long before Microsoft and there will still be one long after Microsoft is history. Any energy you spend hating Microsoft would be better spent on loving your craft. Write good code that will bash Microsoft quite sufficiently without polluting your karma. But won't open-source software leave programmers unable to make a living? This seems unlikely so far, the Essay, open-source software industry seems to be creating jobs rather than taking them away. If having a program written is Essays, a net economic gain over Essay on Meat Industry, not having it written, a programmer will get paid whether or not the program is going to be open-source after it's done. And, no matter how much free software gets written, there always seems to be more demand for new and customized applications. I've written more about this at the Open Source pages. Where can I get a free Unix?

If you don't have a Unix installed on your machine yet, elsewhere on this page I include pointers to where to get the south of my days, most commonly used free Unix. To be a hacker you need motivation and on Meat Industry, initiative and the ability to educate yourself. Start now.